Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Written also counsellable
.] 1. Willing to receive counsel or follow advice.
Few men of so great parts were upon all occasions more counselable than he. 2. Suitable to be advised; advisable, wise.
He did not believe it counselable .
[ Written also counsellor
.] [ Middle English conseiler
, F. conseiller
, from Latin consiliarius
, from consilium counsel.] 1. One who counsels; an adviser.
Can he that speaks with the tongue of an enemy be a good counselor , or no? 2. A member of council; one appointed to advise a sovereign or chief magistrate. [ See under Consilor .] 3. One whose profession is to give advice in law, and manage causes for clients in court; a barrister.
Good counselors lack no clients.
Counselorship noun The function and rank or office of a counselor. Bacon.
(kount) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Counted
; present participle & verbal noun Counting
.] [ Old French conter
, and later (etymological spelling) compter
, in modern French thus distinguished; conter
to relate (cf. Recount
to count; from Latin computuare
to reckon, compute; com-
to reckon, settle, order, prune, orig., to clean. See Pure
, and confer Compute
.] 1. To tell or name one by one, or by groups, for the purpose of ascertaining the whole number of units in a collection; to number; to enumerate; to compute; to reckon.
Who can count the dust of Jacob?
Num. xxiii. 10.
In a journey of forty miles, Avaux counted only three miserable cabins. 2. To place to an account; to ascribe or impute; to consider or esteem as belonging.
Abracham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. 3. To esteem; to account; to reckon; to think, judge, or consider.
Rom. iv. 3.
I count myself in nothing else so happy To count out
As in a soul remembering my good friends.
. (a) To exclude (one) from consideration; to be assured that (one) will not participate or cannot be depended upon. (b) (House of Commons) To declare adjourned, as a sitting of the House, when it is ascertained that a quorum is not present. (c) To prevent the accession of (a person) to office, by a fraudulent return or count of the votes cast; -- said of a candidate really elected.
[ Colloq.] Syn.
-- To calculate; number; reckon; compute; enumerate. See Calculate
Count intransitive verb 1. To number or be counted; to possess value or carry weight; hence, to increase or add to the strength or influence of some party or interest; as, every vote counts ; accidents count for nothing.
This excellent man . . . counted among the best and wisest of English statesmen. 2. To reckon; to rely; to depend; -- with on or upon .
J. A. Symonds.
He was brewer to the palace; and it was apprehended that the government counted on his voice.
I think it a great error to count upon the genius of a nation as a standing argument in all ages. 3. To take account or note; -- with of
. [ Obsolete] "No man counts
of her beauty." Shak. 4. (Eng. Law) To plead orally; to argue a matter in court; to recite a count. Burrill.
[ French conte
, with different meanings, from Latin computus
a computation, from computare
. See Count
, transitive verb
] 1. The act of numbering; reckoning; also, the number ascertained by counting.
Of blessed saints for to increase the count .
By this count , I shall be much in years. 2. An object of interest or account; value; estimation.
[ Obsolete] "All his care and count
." Spenser. 3. (Law) A formal statement of the plaintiff's case in court; in a more technical and correct sense, a particular allegation or charge in a declaration or indictment, separately setting forth the cause of action or prosecution. Wharton.
» In the old law books, count
was used synonymously with declaration
. When the plaintiff has but a single cause of action, and makes but one statement of it, that statement is called indifferently count
, most generally, however, the latter. But where the suit embraces several causes, or the plaintiff makes several different statements of the same cause of action, each statement is called a count
, and all of them combined, a declaration
. Bouvier. Wharton.
[ French conte
, from Latin comes
, associate, companion, one of the imperial court or train, properly, one who goes with another; com-
to go, akin to Sanskrit i
to go.] A nobleman on the continent of Europe, equal in rank to an English earl.
» Though the tittle Count
has never been introduced into Britain, the wives of Earls have, from the earliest period of its history, been designated as Countesses
. Brande & C. Count palatine
. (a) Formerly, the proprietor of a county who possessed royal prerogatives within his county, as did the Earl of Chester, the Bishop of Durham, and the Duke of Lancaster.
[ Eng.] See County palatine
, under County
. (b) Originally, a high judicial officer of the German emperors; afterward, the holder of a fief, to whom was granted the right to exercise certain imperial powers within his own domains.
Countable adjective Capable of being numbered.
[ Middle English contenance
, demeanor, composure, French contenance
demeanor, from Latin continentia
continence, Late Latin also, demeanor, from Latin continere
to hold together, repress, contain. See Contain
, and confer Continence
.] 1. Appearance or expression of the face; look; aspect; mien.
So spake the Son, and into terror changed 2. The face; the features.
His countenance .
In countenance somewhat doth resemble you. 3. Approving or encouraging aspect of face; hence, favor, good will, support; aid; encouragement.
Thou hast made him . . . glad with thy countenance .
Ps. xxi. 6.
This is the magistrate's peculiar province, to give countenance to piety and virtue, and to rebuke vice. 4. Superficial appearance; show; pretense.
The election being done, he made countenance of great discontent thereat. In countenance
, in an assured condition or aspect; free from shame or dismay.
"It puts the learned in countenance
, and gives them a place among the fashionable part of mankind." Addison.
-- Out of countenance
, not bold or assured; confounded; abashed.
"Their best friends were out of countenance
, because they found that the imputations . . . were well grounded." Clarendon.
-- To keep the countenance
, to preserve a composed or natural look, undisturbed by passion or emotion. Swift.
Countenance transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Countenanced
nst); present participle & verbal noun Countenancing
.] 1. To encourage; to favor; to approve; to aid; to abet.
This conceit, though countenanced by learned men, is not made out either by experience or reason.
Sir T. Browne.
Error supports custom, custom countenances error. 2. To make a show of; to pretend.
Which to these ladies love did countenance .
Countenancer noun One who countenances, favors, or supports.
(koun"t?r-). [ See Counter
] A prefix meaning contrary , opposite , in opposition ; as, counter act, counter balance, counter check. See Counter , adverb & adjective
[ Middle English countere
, a counter (in sense 1), Old French contere
, from conter
to count. See Count
, transitive verb
] 1. One who counts, or reckons up; a calculator; a reckoner. 2. A piece of metal, ivory, wood, or bone, used in reckoning, in keeping account of games, etc.
The old gods of our own race whose names . . . serve as counters reckon the days of the week.
E. B. Tylor.
What comes the wool to? . . . I can not do it without counters . 3. Money; coin; -- used in contempt.
To lock such rascal counters from his friends. 4. A prison; either of two prisons formerly in London.
Anne Aysavugh . . . imprisoned in the Counter . 5. A telltale; a contrivance attached to an engine, printing press, or other machine, for the purpose of counting the revolutions or the pulsations. Knight.
[ Middle English countour
, Old French contouer
, French comptoir
, Late Latin computatorium
, prop., a computing place, place of accounts, from Latin computare
. See Count
, transitive verb
] A table or board on which money is counted and over which business is transacted; a long, narrow table or bench, on which goods are laid for examination by purchasers, or on which they are weighed or measured.
[ French contre
, from Latin contra
against. Confer Contra-
.] 1. Contrary; in opposition; in an opposite direction; contrariwise; -- used chiefly with run or go .
Running counter to all the rules of virtue. 2. In the wrong way; contrary to the right course; as, a hound that runs counter .
This is counter , you false Danish dogs! 3. At or against the front or face.
Which [ darts] they never throw counter , but at the back of the flier.
Counter adjective Contrary; opposite; contrasted; opposed; adverse; antagonistic; as, a counter current; a counter revolution; a counter poison; a counter agent; counter fugue.
"Innumerable facts attesting the counter
principle." I. Taylor. Counter approach (Fort.)
, a trench or work pushed forward from defensive works to meet the approaches of besiegers. See Approach .
-- Counter bond (Law)
, in old practice, a bond to secure one who has given bond for another.
-- Counter brace
. See Counter brace , in Vocabulary.
-- Counter deed (Law)
, a secret writing which destroys, invalidates, or alters, a public deed.
-- Counter distinction
[ Obsolete] -- Counter drain
, a drain at the foot of the embankment of a canal or watercourse, for carrying off the water that may soak through.
-- Counter extension (Surg.)
, the fixation of the upper part of a limb, while extension is practiced on the lower part, as in cases of luxation or fracture.
-- Counter fissure (Surg.) Same as Contrafissure .
-- Counter indication
. (Medicine) Same as Contraindication .
-- Counter irritant (Medicine)
, an irritant to produce a blister, a pustular eruption, or other irritation in some part of the body, in order to relieve an existing irritation in some other part.
" Counter irritants
are of as great use in moral as in physical diseases." Macaulay.
-- Counter irritation (Medicine)
, the act or the result of applying a counter irritant .
-- Counter opening
, an aperture or vent on the opposite side, or in a different place.
- Counter parole (Mil.)
, a word in addition to the password, given in time of alarm as a signal.
-- Counter plea (Law)
, a replication to a plea. Cowell.
-- Counter pressure
, force or pressure that acts in a contrary direction to some other opposing pressure.
-- Counter project
, a project, scheme, or proposal brought forward in opposition to another, as in the negotiation of a treaty. Swift.
-- Counter proof
, in engraving, a print taken off from another just printed, which, by being passed through the press, gives a copy in reverse, and of course in the same position as that of plate from which the first was printed, the object being to enable the engraver to inspect the state of the plate.
-- Counter revolution
, a revolution opposed to a former one, and restoring a former state of things.
-- Counter revolutionist
, one engaged in, or befriending, a counter revolution.
-- Counter round (Mil.)
, a body of officers whose duty it is to visit and inspect the rounds and sentinels.
-- Counter sea (Nautical)
, a sea running in an opposite direction from the wind.
-- Counter sense
, opposite meaning.
-- Counter signal
, a signal to answer or correspond to another.
-- Counter signature
, the name of a secretary or other officer countersigned to a writing. Tooke.
-- Counter slope
, an overhanging slope; as, a wall with a counter slope . Mahan.
-- Counter statement
, a statement made in opposition to, or denial of, another statement.
-- Counter surety
, a counter bond, or a surety to secure one who has given security.
-- Counter tally
, a tally corresponding to another.
-- Counter tide
, contrary tide.
[ See Counter
.] 1. (Nautical) The after part of a vessel's body, from the water line to the stern, -- below and somewhat forward of the stern proper. 2. (Mus.) Same as Contra . Formerly used to designate any under part which served for contrast to a principal part, but now used as equivalent to counter tenor . 3. (Far.) The breast, or that part of a horse between the shoulders and under the neck. 4. The back leather or heel part of a boot.
Counter noun An encounter.
With kindly counter under mimic shade.
Counter intransitive verb (Boxing) To return a blow while receiving one, as in boxing.
His left hand countered provokingly.
Counter noun -- Over the counter (Stock Exchanges) , in an office; -- said of business so done, as distinguished from that done at an exchange. [ Cant]
Counter brace (br?s`).
1. (Nautical) The brace of the fore-topsail on the leeward side of a vessel. 2. (Engineering) A brace, in a framed structure, which resists a strain of a character opposite to that which a main brace is designed to receive. » In a quadrilateral system of bracing, the main brace is usually in the direction of one diagonal, and the counter brace in the direction of the other. Strains in counter braces are occasioned by the live load only, as, in a roof, by the wind, or, in a bridge, by a moving train.
(t?n`?r). [ Old French contreteneur
. Confer Contratenor
, and see Tenor
a part in music.] (Mus.) One of the middle parts in music, between the tenor and the treble; high tenor. Counter-tenor clef (Mus.)
, the C clef when placed on the third line; -- also called alto clef .
Counter weight (-wāt`) noun A counterpoise.
(-kŏm*pō`nȳ) adjective (Her.) See Compony .
Counter-couchant (koun"tẽr*kouch" a nt) adjective (Her.) Lying down, with their heads in opposite directions; -- said of animals borne in a coat of arms.
Counter-courant adjective (Her.) Running in opposite directions; -- said of animals borne in a coast of arms.
Counteract transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Counteracted
; present participle & verbal noun Counteracting
.] To act in opposition to; to hinder, defeat, or frustrate, by contrary agency or influence; as, to counteract the effect of medicines; to counteract good advice.
Counteraction noun Action in opposition; hindrance resistance.
[ They] do not . . . overcome the counteraction of a false principle or of stubborn partiality.
Counteractive adjective Tending to counteract.
Counteractive noun One who, or that which, counteracts.
Counteractively adverb By counteraction.
Counterbalance transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Counterbalanced
nst); present participle & verbal noun Counterbalancing
.] To oppose with an equal weight or power; to counteract the power or effect of; to countervail; to equiponderate; to balance.
The remaining air was not able to counterbalance the mercurial cylinder.
The study of mind is necessary to counterbalance and correct the influence of the study of nature.
Sir W. Hamilton.
Counterbalance noun A weight, power, or agency, acting against or balancing another
; as: (a) A mass of metal in one side of a driving wheel or fly wheel, to balance the weight of a crank pin, etc., on the opposite side of the wheel
. (b) A counterpoise to balance the weight of anything, as of a drawbridge or a scale beam.
Money is the counterbalance to all other things purchasable by it.
1. A flat-bottomed cylindrical enlargement of the mouth of a hole, usually of slight depth, as for receiving a cylindrical screw head. 2. A kind of pin drill with the cutting edge or edges normal to the axis; -- used for enlarging a hole, or for forming a flat-bottomed recess at its mouth.
Counterbore transitive verb To form a counterbore in, by boring, turning, or drilling; to enlarge, as a hole, by means of a counterbore.
Counterbrace transitive verb
1. (Nautical) To brace in opposite directions; as, to counterbrace the yards, i. e. , to brace the head yards one way and the after yards another. 2. (Engineering) To brace in such a way that opposite strains are resisted; to apply counter braces to.
Counterbuff transitive verb To strike or drive back or in an opposite direction; to stop by a blow or impulse in front. Dryden.
Counterbuff noun A blow in an opposite direction; a stroke that stops motion or cause a recoil.
Countercast noun A trick; a delusive contrivance. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Countercaster noun A caster of accounts; a reckoner; a bookkeeper; -- used contemptuously.
(koun`tẽr*chānj) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Counterchanged
(-ch?njd"); present participle & verbal noun Counterchanging
.] 1. To give and receive; to cause to change places; to exchange. 2. To checker; to diversify, as in heraldic counterchanging. See Counterchaged , adjective , 2.
Witch-elms, that counterchange the floor
Of this flat lawn with dusk and bright.
Counterchange (koun"tẽr*chānj`) noun Exchange; reciprocation.
1. Exchanged. 2. (Her.) Having the tinctures exchanged mutually; thus, if the field is divided palewise, or and azure , and cross is borne counterchanged , that part of the cross which comes on the azure side will be or , and that on the or side will be azure .
Countercharge noun An opposing charge.
Countercharm transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Countercharmed
(-ch?rmd`); present participle & verbal noun Countercharming
.] To destroy the effect of a charm upon.
Countercharm noun That which has the power of destroying the effect of a charm.
Countercheck transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Counterchecked
(-ch?ckt"); present participle & verbal noun Counterchecking
.] To oppose or check by some obstacle; to check by a return check.
Countercheck noun 1. A check; a stop; a rebuke, or censure to check a reprover. 2. Any force or device designed to restrain another restraining force; a check upon a check.
The system of checks and counterchecks .
J. H. Newton.
Counterclaim (-klām`) noun (Law) A claim made by a person as an offset to a claim made on him.