Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Co-sufferer noun One who suffers with another. Wycherley.

Coss (kŏs) noun [ Confer Pers. kōs a road measure of about two miles; or Sanskrit krōça .] A Hindoo measure of distance, varying from one and a half to two English miles. Whitworth.

Coss noun [ Italian cosa .] A thing (only in phrase below).

Rule of Coss , an old name for Algebra . [ Italian regola di cosa rule of thing, the unknown quantity being called the cosa , or the thing.]

Cossack noun [ Russian kozak' , kazak' : confer Turk. kazāk .] One of a warlike, pastoral people, skillful as horsemen, inhabiting different parts of the Russian empire and furnishing valuable contingents of irregular cavalry to its armies, those of Little Russia and those of the Don forming the principal divisions.

Cossack post (Mil.) An outpost consisting of four men, forming one of a single line of posts substituted for the more formal line of sentinels and line of pickets.

Cossas noun [ French] Plain India muslin, of various qualities and widths.

Cosset noun [ Confer Anglo-Saxon cotsetla cottager, German kossat , kothsasse , from kot , koth E. ( cot ) hut, and confer also English cade , adjective , cot a cade lamb.] A lamb reared without the aid of the dam. Hence: A pet, in general.

Cosset transitive verb To treat as a pet; to fondle.

She was cosseted and posseted and prayed over and made much of.
O. W. Holmes.

Cossette noun [ French] One of the small chips or slices into which beets are cut in sugar making.

Cossic adjective [ Italian cossico . See 2d Coss .] Of or relating to algebra; as, cossic numbers, or the cossic art. [ Obsolete] "Art of numbers cossical ." Digges (1579).

Cost noun [ Latin costa rib. See Coast .]
1. A rib; a side; a region or coast. [ Obsolete] Piers Plowman.

Betwixt the costs of a ship.
B. Jonson.

2. (Her.) See Cottise .

Cost (kŏst; 115) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cost ; present participle & verbal noun Costing .] [ Old French coster , couster , F. coûter , from Latin constare to stand at, to cost; con- + stare to stand. See Stand , and confer Constant .]
1. To require to be given, expended, or laid out therefor, as in barter, purchase, acquisition, etc.; to cause the cost, expenditure, relinquishment, or loss of; as, the ticket cost a dollar; the effort cost his life.

A diamond gone, cost me two thousand ducats.
Shak.

Though it cost me ten nights' watchings.
Shak.

2. To require to be borne or suffered; to cause.

To do him wanton rites, which cost them woe.
Milton.

To cost dear , to require or occasion a large outlay of money, or much labor, self-denial, suffering, etc.

Cost noun [ Old French cost , French coût . See Cost , transitive verb ]
1. The amount paid, charged, or engaged to be paid, for anything bought or taken in barter; charge; expense; hence, whatever, as labor, self-denial, suffering, etc., is requisite to secure benefit.

One day shall crown the alliance on 't so please you,
Here at my house, and at my proper cost .
Shak.

At less cost of life than is often expended in a skirmish, [ Charles V.] saved Europe from invasion.
Prescott.

2. Loss of any kind; detriment; pain; suffering.

I know thy trains,
Though dearly to my cost , thy gins and toils.
Milton.

3. plural (Law) Expenses incurred in litigation.

» Costs in actions or suits are either between attorney and client, being what are payable in every case to the attorney or counsel by his client whether he ultimately succeed or not, or between party and party, being those which the law gives, or the court in its discretion decrees, to the prevailing, against the losing, party.

Bill of costs . See under Bill . -- Cost free , without outlay or expense. "Her duties being to talk French, and her privileges to live cost free and to gather scraps of knowledge." Thackeray.

Costa (kŏs"tȧ) noun [ Latin , rib. See Coast .]
1. (Anat.) A rib of an animal or a human being.

2. (Botany) A rib or vein of a leaf, especially the midrib.

3. (Zoology) (a) The anterior rib in the wing of an insect. (b) One of the riblike longitudinal ridges on the exterior of many corals.

Costage noun [ Old French coustage .] Expense; cost. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Costal adjective [ Confer French costal . See Costa .]


1. (Anat.) Pertaining to the ribs or the sides of the body; as, costal nerves.

2. (Bot. & Zoology) Relating to a costa, or rib.

Costal cartilage . See Cartilage , and Illust. of Thorax .

Costal-nerved adjective (Botany) Having the nerves spring from the midrib.

Costard noun [ Prob. from Old French coste rib, side, French côte , and meaning orig., a ribbed apple, from the ribs or angles on its sides. See Coast .]
1. An apple, large and round like the head.

Some [ apples] consist more of air than water . . . ; others more of water than wind, as your costards and pomewaters.
Muffett.

2. The head; -- used contemptuously.

Try whether your costard or my bat be the harder.
Shak.

Costardmonger noun A costermonger.

Costate adjective [ Latin costatus , from costa rib.] Having ribs, or the appearance of ribs; (Botany) having one or more longitudinal ribs.

Costean intransitive verb [ Cornish cothas dropped + stean tin.] To search after lodes. See Costeaning .

Costeaning noun The process by which miners seek to discover metallic lodes. It consist in sinking small pits through the superficial deposits to the solid rock, and then driving from one pit to another across the direction of the vein, in such manner as to cross all the veins between the two pits.

Costellate adjective [ Latin costa rib.] Finely ribbed or costated.

Coster noun [ Abbrev. of costermonger .] One who hawks about fruit, green vegetables, fish, etc.

Costermonger noun [ See Costard .] An apple seller; a hawker of, or dealer in, any kind of fruit or vegetables; a fruiterer. [ Written also costardmonger .]

Costiferous adjective [ Costa + -ferous .] (Anat.) Rib-bearing, as the dorsal vertebræ.

Costive adjective [ Old French costevé , past participle of costever , French constiper , Latin constipare to press closely together, to cram; con- + stipare to press together, cram. See Stipulate , Stiff , and confer Constipate .]
1. Retaining fecal matter in the bowels; having too slow a motion of the bowels; constipated.

2. Reserved; formal; close; cold. [ Obsolete] "A costive brain." Prior. " Costive of laughter." B. Jonson.

You must be frank, but without indiscretion; and close, but without being costive .
Lord Chesterfield.

3. Dry and hard; impermeable; unyielding. [ Obsolete]

Clay in dry seasons is costive , hardening with the sun and wind.
Mortimer.

Costively adverb In a costive manner.

Costiveness noun
1. An unnatural retention of the fecal matter of the bowels; constipation.

2. Inability to express one's self; stiffness. [ Obsolete]

A reverend disputant of the same costiveness in public elocution with myself.
Wakefield.

Costless adjective Costing nothing.

Costlewe adjective Costly. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Costliness noun The quality of being costy; expensiveness; sumptuousness.

Costly adjective [ From Cost expense.]


1. Of great cost; expensive; dear.

He had fitted up his palace in the most costly and sumptuous style, for the accomodation of the princess.
Prescott.

2. Gorgeous; sumptuous. [ Poetic.]

To show how costly summer was at hand.
Shak.

Costmary noun [ Latin costum an Oriental aromatic plant (Gr. ........., confer Arabic kost , kust ) + Maria Mary. Confer Alecost .] (Botany) A garden plant ( Chrysanthemum Balsamita ) having a strong balsamic smell, and nearly allied to tansy. It is used as a pot herb and salad plant and in flavoring ale and beer. Called also alecost .

Coston lights Signals made by burning lights of different colors and used by vessels at sea, and in the life-saving service; -- named after their inventor.

Costotome noun [ Costa + Greek ............ to cut.] An instrument (chisel or shears) to cut the ribs and open the thoracic cavity, in post-mortem examinations and dissections. Knight.

Costrel noun [ CF. W. costrel , Old French costrel , Late Latin costrellum , a liquid measure, costrellus a wine cup.] A bottle of leather, earthenware, or wood, having ears by which it was suspended at the side. [ Archaic]

A youth, that, following with a costrel , bore
The means of goodly welcome, flesh and wine.
Tennyson.

Costume noun [ French costume , Italian costume custom, dress, from Latin consuetumen (not found), for consuetudo custom. See Custom , and confer Consuetude .]
1. Dress in general; esp., the distinctive style of dress of a people, class, or period.

2. Such an arrangement of accessories, as in a picture, statue, poem, or play, as is appropriate to the time, place, or other circumstances represented or described.

I began last night to read Walter Scott's Lay of the Last Minstrel . . . .I was extremely delighted with the poetical beauty of some parts . . . .The costume , too, is admirable.
Sir J. Mackintosh.

3. A character dress, used at fancy balls or for dramatic purposes.

Costumer noun One who makes or deals in costumes, as for theaters, fancy balls, etc.

Cosupreme noun A partaker of supremacy; one jointly supreme. Shak.

Cosurety noun ; plural Cosureties (-t...z). One who is surety with another.

Cosy adjective See Cozy .

Cot noun [ Middle English cot , cote , Anglo-Saxon cot , cote , cottage; akin to D. & Icelandic kot , G. koth , kot , kothe . Confer Coat .]


1. A small house; a cottage or hut.

The sheltered cot , the cultivated farm.
Goldsmith.

2. A pen, coop, or like shelter for small domestic animals, as for sheep or pigeons; a cote.

3. A cover or sheath; as, a roller cot (the clothing of a drawing roller in a spinning frame); a cot for a sore finger.

4. [ Confer Ir. cot .] A small, rudely- formed boat.

Bell cot . (Architecture) See under Bell .

Cot noun [ Anglo-Saxon cot cottage, bedchamber; or confer Old French coite , French couette (E. quilt ), Late Latin cottum , cottus , mattress. See Cot a cottage.] A sleeping place of limited size; a little bed; a cradle; a piece of canvas extended by a frame, used as a bed. [ Written also cott .]

Cotangent noun [ For co . tangens , an abbrev. of Latin complementi tangens . See Tangent .] (Trig.) The tangent of the complement of an arc or angle. See Illust. of Functions .

Cotarnine noun [ French, from narcotine , by transposition of letters.] (Chemistry) A white, crystalline substance, C 12 H 13 NO 3 , obtained as a product of the decomposition of narcotine. It has weak basic properties, and is usually regarded as an alkaloid.

Cote (kōt) noun [ See 1st Cot .]
1. A cottage or hut. [ Obsolete]

2. A shed, shelter, or inclosure for small domestic animals, as for sheep or doves.

Watching where shepherds pen their flocks, at eve,
In hurdled cotes .
Milton.

Cote transitive verb [ Prob. from French côté side, Old French costet , Late Latin costatus , costatum , from Latin costu rib, side: confer French côtoyer to go or keep at the side of. See Coast .] To go side by side with; hence, to pass by; to outrun and get before; as, a dog cotes a hare. [ Obsolete] Drayton.

We coted them on the way, and hither are they coming.
Shak.

Cote transitive verb [ See Quote .] To quote. [ Obsolete] Udall.

Coteau noun ; plural Coteaux . [ French, a hill.] [ Canada & U. S.]
1. A hilly upland including the divide between two valleys; a divide.

2. The side of a valley.

Cotemporaneous adjective [ See Contemporaneous .] Living or being at the same time; contemporaneous. -- Co*tem`po*ra"ne*ous*ly , adverb -- Co*tem`po*ra"ne*ous*ness , noun