Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Confer Spanish cerozo
a kind of palm tree.] The name in Central America for the seed of a true palm; also, a commercial name for the true ivory nut. See Ivory nut .
[ Corrupted from French caporal
, Italian caporale
, from capo
head, chief, Latin caput
. See Chief
, and confer Caporal
.] (Mil.) A noncommissioned officer, next below a sergeant. In the United States army he is the lowest noncommissioned officer in a company of infantry. He places and relieves sentinels. Corporal's guard
, a detachment such as would be in charge of a corporal for guard duty, etc.; hence, derisively, a very small number of persons.
-- Lance corporal
, an assistant corporal on private's pay. Farrow.
-- Ship's corporal (Nautical)
, a petty officer who assists the master at arms in his various duties.
[ Latin corporalis
, from corpus
body. See Corpse
.] 1. Belonging or relating to the body; bodily.
Pillories and other corporal infections. Corporal punishment (law)
, punishment applied to the body of the offender, including the death penalty, whipping, and imprisonment. 2. Having a body or substance; not spiritual; material. In this sense now usually written corporeal . Milton.
A corporal heaven . . . .where the stare are.
What seemed corporal melted Syn.
As breath into the wind.
is opposed to mental
; as, bodily
refers to the whole physical structure or nature, of the body; as, corporeal
substance or frame. Corporal
, as now used, refers more to punishment or some infliction; as, corporal
punishment. To speak of corporeal
punishment is an error. Bodily
austerities; the corporeal
l), Cor`po*ra"le (-r?"l?) noun [ Late Latin corporale : confer French corporal . See Corporal , adjective ] A fine linen cloth, on which the sacred elements are consecrated in the eucharist, or with which they are covered; a communion cloth. Corporal oath , a solemn oath; -- so called from the fact that it was the ancient usage for the party taking it to touch the corporal, or cloth that covered the consecrated elements.
: plural Corporalities
(-t...z). [ Latin corporalitas
: confer French corporalit...
.] 1. The state of being or having a body; bodily existence; corporeality; -- opposed to spirituality . Dr. H. More. 2. A confraternity; a guild.
[ Obsolete] Milton.
Corporally adverb In or with the body; bodily; as, to be corporally present. Sharp.
Corporalship noun (Mil.) A corporal's office.
Corporas noun [ Prop. plural of corporal .] The corporal, or communion cloth. [ Obsolete] Fuller.
[ Latin corporatus
, past participle of corporare
to shape into a body, from corpus
body. See Corpse
.] 1. Formed into a body by legal enactment; united in an association, and endowed by law with the rights and liabilities of an individual; incorporated; as, a corporate town. 2. Belonging to a corporation or incorporated body.
property." Hallam. 3. United; general; collectively one.
They answer in a joint and corporate voice. Corporate member
, an actual or voting member of a corporation, as distinguished from an associate or an honorary member; as, a corporate member of the American Board.
Corporate transitive verb To incorporate. [ Obsolete] Stow.
Corporate intransitive verb To become incorporated. [ Obsolete]
1. In a corporate capacity; acting as a corporate body. 2. In, or as regarda, the body. Fabyan.
[ Latin corporatio
incarnation: confer French corporation
corporation.] A body politic or corporate, formed and authorized by law to act as a single person, and endowed by law with the capacity of succession; a society having the capacity of transacting business as an individual.
. Corporations aggregate
consist of two or more persons united in a society, which is preserved by a succession of members, either forever or till the corporation is dissolved by the power that formed it, by the death of all its members, by surrender of its charter or franchises, or by forfeiture. Such corporations are the mayor and aldermen of cities, the head and fellows of a college, the dean and chapter of a cathedral church, the stockholders of a bank or insurance company, etc. A corporation sole
consists of a single person, who is made a body corporate and politic, in order to give him some legal capacities, and especially that of succession, which as a natural person he can not have. Kings, bishops, deans, parsons, and vicars, are in England sole corporations. A fee will not pass to a corporation sole without the word "successors" in the grant. There are instances in the United States of a minister of a parish seized of parsonage lands in the right of his parish, being a corporation sole, as in Massachusetts. Corporations
are sometimes classified as public
being convertible with municipal
, and private corporations
being all corporations not municipal. Close corporation
. See under Close .
Corporator noun A member of a corporation, esp. one of the original members.
Corporature noun The state of being embodied; bodily existence. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.
[ Latin corporeus
, from corpus
body.] Having a body; consisting of, or pertaining to, a material body or substance; material; -- opposed to spiritual or immaterial .
His omnipotence Corporeal property
That to corporeal substance could add
Speed almost spiritual.
, such as may be seen and handled (as opposed to incorporeal , which can not be seen or handled, and exists only in contemplation). Mozley & W. Syn.
-- Corporal; bodily. See Corporal
Corporealism noun Materialism. Cudworth.
l*ĭst) noun One who denies the reality of spiritual existences; a materialist.
Some corporealists pretended . . . to make a world without a God.
: plural Corporealities
(-tĭz). The state of being corporeal; corporeal existence.
Corporeally (kŏr*pō"re* a l*lȳ) adverb In the body; in a bodily form or manner.
Corporealness noun Corporeality; corporeity.
[ Late Latin corporeitas
: confer French corpor...it...
.] The state of having a body; the state of being corporeal; materiality.
The one attributed corporeity to God.
Those who deny light to be matter, do not therefore deny its corporeity .
Corporify transitive verb [ Latin corpus body + -fy : confer French corporifier .] To embody; to form into a body. [ Obsolete] Boyle.
[ Italian corpo santo
holy body.] St. Elmo's fire. See under Saint .
kōrz) noun sing. & plural
[ French, from Latin corpus
body. See Corpse
.] 1. The human body, whether living or dead.
[ Obsolete] See Corpse
By what craft in my corps , it cometh [ commences] and where. 2. A body of men; esp., an organized division of the military establishment; as, the marine corps ; the corps of topographical engineers; specifically, an army corps.
A corps operating with an army should consist of three divisions of the line, a brigade of artillery, and a regiment of cavalry. 3. A body or code of laws.
Gen. Upton (U. S. Tactics. )
The whole corps of the law. 4. (Eccl.) The land with which a prebend or other ecclesiastical office is endowed.
The prebendaries over and above their reserved rents have a corps . Army corps
, or (French) Corps d'armée
(kor` där`ma"), a body containing two or more divisions of a large army, organized as a complete army in itself.
Corps noun [ German ] In some countries of Europe, a form of students' social society binding the members to strict adherence to certain student customs and its code of honor; -- German spelling usually korps .
[ Old French cors
(sometimes written corps
), F. corps
, Latin corpus
; akin to Anglo-Saxon hrif
womb. See Midriff
, and confer Corse
.] 1. A human body in general, whether living or dead; -- sometimes contemptuously.
[ Obsolete] » Formerly written (after the French form) corps
. See Corps
, 1. 2. The dead body of a human being; -- used also Fig.
He touched the dead corpse of Public Credit, and it sprung upon its feet. Corpse candle
. (a) A thick candle formerly used at a lich wake, or the customary watching with a corpse on the night before its interment. (b) A luminous appearance, resembling the flame of a candle, sometimes seen in churchyards and other damp places, superstitiously regarded as portending death.
-- Corpse gate
, the gate of a burial place through which the dead are carried, often having a covered porch; -- called also lich gate .
[ Latin corpulentia
: confer French corpulence
.] 1. Excessive fatness; fleshiness; obesity. 2. Thickness; density; compactness.
The heaviness and corpulency of water requiring a great force to divide it.
[ Latin corpulentus
, from corpus
: confer French corpulent
. See Corpse
.] 1. Very fat; obese. 2. Solid; gross; opaque.
[ Obsolete] Holland. Syn.
-- Stout; fleshy; bulky; obese. See Stout
Corpulently adverb In a corpulent manner.
; plural Corpora
(-po*rȧ). [ Latin ] A body, living or dead; the corporeal substance of a thing. Corpus callosum
(kăl*lō"sŭm); plural Corpora callosa
(-s...) [ New Latin , callous body] (Anat.)
, the great band of commissural fibers uniting the cerebral hemispheres. See Brain .
-- Corpus Christi
(krĭs"tī) [ Latin , body of Christ] (R. C. Ch.)
, a festival in honor of the eucharist, observed on the Thursday after Trinity Sunday.
-- Corpus Christi cloth
. Same as Pyx cloth , under Pyx .
-- Corpus delicti
(de*lĭk"tī) [ Latin , the body of the crime] (Law)
, the substantial and fundamental fact of the comission of a crime; the proofs essential to establish a crime.
-- Corpus luteum
(lū"te*ŭm); plural Corpora lutea
(-ȧ). [ New Latin , luteous body] (Anat.)
, the reddish yellow mass which fills a ruptured Graafian follicle in the mammalian ovary.
-- Corpus striatum
(stri*ā"tŭm); plural Corpora striata
(-tȧ). [ New Latin , striate body] (Anat.)
, a ridge in the wall of each lateral ventricle of the brain.
[ Latin corpusculum
, dim. of corpus
.] 1. A minute particle; an atom; a molecule. 2. (Anat.) A protoplasmic animal cell; esp., such as float free, like blood, lymph, and pus corpuscles ; or such as are imbedded in an intercellular matrix, like connective tissue and cartilage corpuscles . See Blood .
Virchow showed that the corpuscles of bone are homologous with those of connective tissue. Red blood corpuscles (Physiol.)
, in man, yellowish, biconcave, circular discs varying from 1/3500 to 1/3200 of an inch in diameter and about 1/12400 of an inch thick. They are composed of a colorless stroma filled in with semifluid hæmoglobin and other matters. In most mammals the red corpuscles are circular, but in the camels, birds, reptiles, and the lower vertebrates generally, they are oval, and sometimes more or less spherical in form. In Amphioxus, and most invertebrates, the blood corpuscles are all white or colorless.
-- White blood corpuscles (Physiol.)
, rounded, slightly flattened, nucleated cells, mainly protoplasmic in composition, and possessed of contractile power. In man, the average size is about 1/2500 of an inch, and they are present in blood in much smaller numbers than the red corpuscles.
Corpuscle noun (Physics) An electron.
Corpuscular adjective [ Confer French corpusculaire .] Pertaining to, or composed of, corpuscles, or small particles. Corpuscular philosophy , that which attempts to account for the phenomena of nature, by the motion, figure, rest, position, etc., of the minute particles of matter. -- Corpuscular theory (Opt.) , the theory enunciated by Sir Isaac Newton, that light consists in the emission and rapid progression of minute particles or corpuscles. The theory is now generally rejected, and supplanted by the undulatory theory .
Corpuscularian adjective Corpuscular. [ Obsolete]
Corpuscularian noun An adherent of the corpuscular philosophy. Bentley.
Corpuscule noun A corpuscle. [ Obsolete]
Corpusculous adjective Corpuscular. Tyndall.
Corrade transitive verb
[ Latin corradere
to rub.] 1. To gnaw into; to wear away; to fret; to consume.
[ Obsolete] Dr. R. Clerke. 2. (Geol.) To erode, as the bed of a stream. See Corrosion .
Corradial adjective Radiating to or from the same point. [ R.] Coleridge.
Corradiate transitive verb To converge to one point or focus, as light or rays.
Corradiation noun A conjunction or concentration of rays in one point. Bacom
[ Spanish , a yard, a yard for cattle, from corro
a circle or ring, from Latin currere
to run. Confer Kraal
.] A pen for animals; esp., an inclosure made with wagons, by emigrants in the vicinity of hostile Indians, as a place of security for horses, cattle, etc.
Corral transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Corraled
(-r?ld" or -r?ld"); present participle & verbal noun Corralling
.] To surround and inclose; to coop up; to put into an inclosed space; -- primarily used with reference to securing horses and cattle in an inclosure of wagons while traversing the plains, but in the Southwestern United States now colloquially applied to the capturing, securing, or penning of anything. Bartlett.
[ See Corrade
.] (Geol.) The erosion of the bed of a stream by running water, principally by attrition of the detritus carried along by the stream, but also by the solvent action of the water.
Corrasive adjective Corrosive.
Corrasive sores which eat into the flesh.
[ Latin correctus
, past participle of corrigere
to make straight, to correct; cor-
to lead straight: confer French correct
. See Regular
, and confer Escort
.] Set right, or made straight; hence, conformable to truth, rectitude, or propriety, or to a just standard; not faulty or imperfect; free from error; as, correct behavior; correct views.
Always use the most correct editions. Syn.
-- Accurate; right, exact; precise; regular; faultless. See Accurate
Correct transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Corrected
; present participle & verbal noun Correcting
.] 1. To make right; to bring to the standard of truth, justice, or propriety; to rectify; as, to correct manners or principles.
This is a defect in the first make of some men's minds which can scarce ever be corrected afterwards. 2. To remove or retrench the faults or errors of; to amend; to set right; as, to correct the proof (that is, to mark upon the margin the changes to be made, or to make in the type the changes so marked). 3. To bring back, or attempt to bring back, to propriety in morals; to reprove or punish for faults or deviations from moral rectitude; to chastise; to discipline; as, a child should be corrected for lying.
My accuser is my 'prentice; and when I did correct him for his fault the other day, he did vow upon his knees he would be even with me. 4. To counteract the qualities of one thing by those of another; -- said of whatever is wrong or injurious; as, to correct the acidity of the stomach by alkaline preparations. Syn.
-- To amend; rectify; emend; reform; improve; chastise; punish; discipline; chasten. See Amend
Correctible adjective Capable of being corrected.