Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin cornu
horn: confer French corne
horn, hornlike excrescence. See Horn
.] A thickening of the epidermis at some point, esp. on the toes, by friction or pressure. It is usually painful and troublesome.
Welcome, gentlemen! Ladies that have their toes
Unplagued with corns , will have a bout with you.
» The substance of a corn usually resembles horn, but where moisture is present, as between the toes, it is white and sodden, and is called a soft corn
[ Anglo-Saxon corn
; akin to Old Saxon korn
, Dutch koren
, G., Dan., Swedish , & Icelandic korn
, Goth. kaúrn
, Latin granum
, Russian zerno
. Confer Grain
.] 1. A single seed of certain plants, as wheat, rye, barley, and maize; a grain. 2. The various farinaceous grains of the cereal grasses used for food, as wheat, rye, barley, maize, oats.
» In Scotland, corn
is generally restricted to oats
, in the United States, to maize, or Indian corn
, of which there are several kinds; as, yellow corn
, which grows chiefly in the Northern States, and is yellow when ripe; white or southern corn
, which grows to a great height, and has long white kernels; sweet corn
, comprising a number of sweet and tender varieties, grown chiefly at the North, some of which have kernels that wrinkle when ripe and dry; pop corn
, any small variety, used for popping. 3. The plants which produce corn, when growing in the field; the stalks and ears, or the stalks, ears, and seeds, after reaping and before thrashing.
In one night, ere glimpse of morn, 4. A small, hard particle; a grain.
His shadowy flail had thrashed the corn .
of sand." Bp. Hall.
of powder." Beau. & Fl. Corn ball
, a ball of popped corn stuck together with soft candy from molasses or sugar.
-- Corn bread
, bread made of Indian meal.
-- Corn cake
, a kind of corn bread; johnny cake; hoecake.
-- Corn cockle (Botany)
, a weed ( Agrostemma or Lychnis Githago ), having bright flowers, common in grain fields.
-- Corn flag (Botany)
, a plant of the genus Gladiolus ; -- called also sword lily .
-- Corn fly
. (Zoology) (a) A small fly which, in the larval state, is injurious to grain, living in the stalk, and causing the disease called "gout," on account of the swelled joints. The common European species is Chlorops tæniopus . (b) A small fly ( Anthomyia ze ) whose larva or maggot destroys seed corn after it has been planted.
-- Corn fritter
, a fritter having green Indian corn mixed through its batter.
[ U. S.] - - Corn laws
, laws regulating trade in corn, especially those in force in Great Britain till 1846, prohibiting the importation of foreign grain for home consumption, except when the price rose above a certain rate.
-- Corn marigold
. (Botany) See under Marigold .
-- Corn oyster
, a fritter containing grated green Indian corn and butter, the combined taste resembling that of oysters.
[ U.S.] -- Corn parsley (Botany)
, a plant of the parsley genus ( Petroselinum segetum ), a weed in parts of Europe and Asia.
-- Corn popper
, a utensil used in popping corn.
-- Corn poppy (Botany)
, the red poppy ( Papaver Rhœas ), common in European cornfields; -- also called corn rose .
-- Corn rent
, rent paid in corn.
-- Corn rose
. See Corn poppy .
-- Corn salad (Botany)
, a name given to several species of Valerianella , annual herbs sometimes used for salad. V. olitoria is also called lamb's lettuce .
-- Corn stone
, red limestone.
[ Prov. Eng.] -- Corn violet (Botany)
, a species of Campanula .
-- Corn weevil
. (Zoology) (a) A small weevil which causes great injury to grain. (b) In America, a weevil ( Sphenophorus zeæ ) which attacks the stalk of maize near the root, often doing great damage. See Grain weevil , under Weevil .
Corn transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Corned
(k?rnd); present participle & verbal noun Corning
.] 1. To preserve and season with salt in grains; to sprinkle with salt; to cure by salting; now, specifically, to salt slightly in brine or otherwise; as, to corn beef; to corn a tongue. 2. To form into small grains; to granulate; as, to corn gunpowder. 3. To feed with corn or (in Sctland) oats; as, to corn horses. Jamieson. 4. To render intoxicated; as, ale strong enough to corn one.
[ Colloq.] Corning house
, a house or place where powder is corned or granulated.
Cornage noun [ Old French ,, horn- blowing, tax on horned cattle, from F. corne a horn, Latin cornu .] (Law) An ancient tenure of land, which obliged the tenant to give notice of an invasion by blowing a horn.
Cornamute noun A cornemuse. [ Obsolete]
Cornbind noun (Botany) A weed that binds stalks of corn, as Convolvulus arvensis , Polygonum Convolvulus . [ Prov. Eng.]
Corncob noun The cob or axis on which the kernels of Indian corn grow. [ U.S.]
Corncrake noun (Zoology) A bird ( Crex crex or C. pratensis ) which frequents grain fields; the European crake or land rail; -- called also corn bird .
Corncrib noun A crib for storing corn.
1. A machine for cutting up stalks of corn for food of cattle. 2. An implement consisting of a long blade, attached to a handle at nearly a right angle, used for cutting down the stalks of Indian corn.
Corndodger noun A cake made of the meal of Indian corn, wrapped in a covering of husks or paper, and baked under the embers. [ U.S.] Bartlett.
; plural Corneas
(-...z). [ Fem. sing., from Latin corneus
horny, from cornu
a horn. See Horn
.] (Anat.) The transparent part of the coat of the eyeball which covers the iris and pupil and admits light to the interior. See Eye .
Corneal (- al ) adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to the cornea.
[ Old French cornille
, F. cornouille
, cornel berry, Late Latin cornolium
cornel tree, from Latin cornus
, from cornu
horn, in allusion to the hardness of the wood. See Horn
.] 1. (Botany) The cornelian cherry ( Cornus Mas ), a European shrub with clusters of small, greenish flowers, followed by very acid but edible drupes resembling cherries. 2. Any species of the genus Cornus , as C. florida , the flowering cornel; C. stolonifera , the osier cornel; C. Canadensis , the dwarf cornel, or bunchberry.
[ French cornaline
, Old French corneline
, from Latin cornu
horn. So called from its horny appearance when broken. See Horn
, and confer Carnelian
.] (Min.) Same as Carnelian .
Cornemuse noun [ French] A wind instrument nearly identical with the bagpipe. Drayton.
1. (Zoology) Formed of a mixture of horny and calcareous materials, as some shells and corals. 2. Horny on one side and calcareous on the other.
Corneous adjective [ Latin corneus , from cornu horn.] Of a texture resembling horn; horny; hard. Sir T. Browne.
[ Old French corniere
, Late Latin cornerium
, from Latin cornu
horn, end, point. See Horn
.] 1. The point where two converging lines meet; an angle, either external or internal. 2. The space in the angle between converging lines or walls which meet in a point; as, the chimney corner . 3. An edge or extremity; the part farthest from the center; hence, any quarter or part.
From the four corners of the earth they come. 4. A secret or secluded place; a remote or out of the way place; a nook.
This thing was not done in a corner . 5. Direction; quarter.
Acts xxvi. 26.
Sits the wind in that corner ! 6. The state of things produced by a combination of persons, who buy up the whole or the available part of any stock or species of property, which compels those who need such stock or property to buy of them at their own price; as, a corner in a railway stock.
[ Broker's Cant] Corner stone
, the stone which lies at the corner of two walls, and unites them; the principal stone; especially, the stone which forms the corner of the foundation of an edifice; hence, that which is fundamental importance or indispensable.
"A prince who regarded uniformity of faith as the corner stone
of his government." Prescott.
-- Corner tooth
, one of the four teeth which come in a horse's mouth at the age of four years and a half, one on each side of the upper and of the lower jaw, between the middle teeth and the tushes.
Corner transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Cornered
(-n?rd); present participle & verbal noun Cornering
.] 1. To drive into a corner. 2. To drive into a position of great difficulty or hopeless embarrassment; as, to corner a person in argument. 3. To get command of (a stock, commodity, etc.), so as to be able to put one's own price on it; as, to corner the shares of a railroad stock; to corner petroleum.
Corner noun (Association Football) [ More fully corner kick .] A free kick from close to the nearest corner flag post, allowed to the opposite side when a player has sent the ball behind his own goal line.
Cornercap noun The chief ornament.
Thou makest the triumviry the cornercap of society.
Cornered p. adjective 1 Having corners or angles. 2. In a possition of great difficulty; brought to bay.
Cornerwise adverb With the corner in front; diagonally; not square.
[ French cornet
, m. (for senses 1 & 2), cornette
, f. & m. (for senses 3 & 4), dim. of corne horn
, Latin cornu
. See Horn
.] 1. (Mus.) (a) An obsolete rude reed instrument (Ger. Zinken ), of the oboe family. (b) A brass instrument, with cupped mouthpiece, and furnished with valves or pistons, now used in bands, and, in place of the trumpet, in orchestras. See Cornet-Ã -piston . (c) A certain organ stop or register. 2. A cap of paper twisted at the end, used by retailers to inclose small wares. Cotgrave. 3. (Mil.) (a) A troop of cavalry; -- so called from its being accompanied by a cornet player.
[ Obsolete] "A body of five cornets
of horse." Clarendon. (b) The standard of such a troop.
[ Obsolete] (c) The lowest grade of commissioned officer in a British cavalry troop, who carried the standard. The office was abolished in 1871. 4. A headdress
: (a) A square cap anciently worn as a mark of certain professions. (b) A part of a woman's headdress, in the 16th century. 5.
[ Confer Coronet
.] (Far.) See Coronet , 2.
Cornet-Ã -piston noun
; plural Cornets-Ã -piston
. [ French] (Mus.) A brass wind instrument, like the trumpet, furnished with valves moved by small pistons or sliding rods; a cornopean; a cornet.
Cornetcy noun The commission or rank of a cornet.
Corneter noun One who blows a cornet.
Corneule noun [ French, dim. of cornée the cornea.] (Zoology) One of the corneas of a compound eye in the invertebrates. Carpenter.
Cornfield noun A field where corn is or has been growing; -- in England, a field of wheat, rye, barley, or oats; in America, a field of Indian corn.
Cornfloor noun A thrashing floor. Hos. ix. 1.
Cornflower noun (Botany) A conspicuous wild flower ( Centaurea Cyanus ), growing in grainfields.
Cornic adjective Pertaining to, derived from, or resembling, the dogwood ( Cornus florida ).
[ French corniche
, Italian cornice
, Late Latin coronix
, from Latin coronis
a curved line, a flourish with the pen at the end of a book or chapter, Greek .........; akin to Latin corona
crown. sEE Crown
, and confer Coronis
.] (Architecture) Any horizontal, molded or otherwise decorated projection which crowns or finishes the part to which it is affixed; as, the cornice of an order, pedestal, door, window, or house. Gwilt. Cornice ring
, the ring on a cannon next behind the muzzle ring.
Corniced adjective Having a cornice.
Cornicle noun [ Latin corniculum , dim. of cornu horn.] A little horn. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Cornicular noun [ Latin cornicularius .] A secretary or clerk. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Corniculate adjective [ Latin corniculatus .]
1. Horned; having horns. Dr. H. More. 2. (Botany) Having processes resembling small horns.
; plural Cornicula
(- l...). [ Latin corniculum
little horn.] (Anat.) A small hornlike part or process.
[ Latin cornu
horn + -ferous
.] (Geol.) Of or pertaining to the lowest period of the Devonian age. (See the Diagram, under Geology .) The Corniferous period has been so called from the numerous seams of hornstone which characterize the later part of the period, as developed in the State of New York.
Cornific adjective [ Latin cornu horn + facere to make.] Producing horns; forming horn.
Cornification noun Conversion into, or formation of, horn; a becoming like horn.
Cornified adjective [ Latin cornu horn + -fy .] (Anat.) Converted into horn; horny.
Corniform adjective [ Latin cornu horn + -form .] Having the shape of a horn; horn-shaped.
Cornigerous adjective [ Latin corniger ; cornu horn + gerere to bear.] Horned; having horns; as, cornigerous animals. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Cornin noun (Chemistry) (a) A bitter principle obtained from dogwood ( Cornus florida ), as a white crystalline substance; -- called also cornic acid . (b) An extract from dogwood used as a febrifuge.
Corniplume noun [ Latin cornu horn + pluma feather.] (Zoology) A hornlike tuft of feathers on the head of some birds.
Cornish adjective Of or pertaining to Cornwall, in England. Cornish chough
. See Chough .
-- Cornish engine
, a single-acting pumping engine, used in mines, in Cornwall and elsewhere, and for water works. A heavy pump rod or plunger, raised by the steam, forces up the water by its weight, in descending.
Cornish noun The dialect, or the people, of Cornwall.
Cornist noun A performer on the cornet or horn.
Cornloft noun A loft for corn; a granary.
Cornmuse noun A cornemuse.