Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Cruciate adjective [ Latin cruciatus , past participle of cruciare to crucify, torture, from crux , crucis , a cross. See Cross .]
1. Tormented. [ Obsolete] Bale.

2. (Botany) Having the leaves or petals arranged in the form of a cross; cruciform.

Cruciate transitive verb To torture; to torment. [ Obsolete] See Excruciate . Bale.

Cruciation noun [ Late Latin cruciatio .] The act of torturing; torture; torment. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Crucible (kru"sĭ*b'l) noun [ Late Latin crucibulum a hanging lamp, an earthen pot for melting metals (cf. Old French croisel , creuseul , sort of lamp, crucible, French creuset crucible), probably of German origin; confer Old High German krūsul , LG. krüsel , hanging lamp, kroos , kruus , mug, jug, jar, Dutch kroes cup, crucible, Dan. kruus , Swedish krus , E. cruse . It was confused with derivatives of Latin crux cross (cf. Crosslet ), and crucibles were said to have been marked with a cross, to prevent the devil from marring the chemical operation. See Cruse , and confer Cresset .]
1. A vessel or melting pot, composed of some very refractory substance, as clay, graphite, platinum, and used for melting and calcining substances which require a strong degree of heat, as metals, ores, etc.

2. A hollow place at the bottom of a furnace, to receive the melted metal.

3. A test of the most decisive kind; a severe trial; as, the crucible of affliction.

Hessian crucible (Chemistry) , a cheap, brittle, and fragile, but very refractory crucible, composed of the finest fire clay and sand, and commonly used for a single heating; -- named from the place of manufacture.

Crucible steel Cast steel made by fusing in crucibles crude or scrap steel, wrought iron, and other ingredients and fluxes.

Crucifer noun [ See Cruciferous .] (Botany) Any plant of the order Cruciferæ .

Cruciferous adjective [ Latin crux , crucis , cross + -ferous : confer French crucif...re .]
1. Bearing a cross.

2. (Botany) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a family of plants which have four petals arranged like the arms of a cross, as the mustard, radish, turnip, etc.

Crucifier noun One who crucifies; one who subjects himself or another to a painful trial.

Crucifix noun ; plural Crucifixes (-...z). [ French crucifix or LL . crucifixum , from Latin crux , crucis , cross + figere , fixum , to fix. See Cross , and Fix , and confer Crucify.]
1. A representation in art of the figure of Christ upon the cross; esp., the sculptured figure affixed to a real cross of wood, ivory, metal, or the like, used by the Roman Catholics in their devotions.

The cross, too, by degrees, become the crucifix .
Milman.

And kissing oft her crucifix ,
Unto the block she drew.
Warner.

2. The cross or religion of Christ. [ R.] Jer. Taylor.

Crucifixion noun
1. The act of nailing or fastening a person to a cross, for the purpose of putting him to death; the use of the cross as a method of capital punishment.

2. The state of one who is nailed or fastened to a cross; death upon a cross.

3. Intense suffering or affliction; painful trial.

Do ye prove
What crucifixions are in love?
Herrick.

Cruciform adjective [ Latin crux , crucis , cress + -form : confer French cruciforme .] Cross-shaped; (Botany) having four parts arranged in the form of a cross.

Crucify transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Crucified (-f?d); present participle & verbal noun Crucifying .] [ French crucifier , from (assumed) Late Latin crucificare , for crucifigere , fr, Latin crux , crucis , cross + figere to fix, the ending -figere being changed to -ficare , French -fier (in compounds), as if from Latin facere to do, make. See Cross , and Fix , and confer Crucifix .]
1. To fasten to a cross; to put to death by nailing the hands and feet to a cross or gibbet.

They cried, saying, Crucify him, cricify him.
Luke xxiii. 21.

2. To destroy the power or ruling influence of; to subdue completely; to mortify.

They that are Christ's have crucified the flesh, with the affections and lusts.
Gal. v. 24.

3. To vex or torment. Beau. & FL.

Crucigerous adjective [ Latin crux , cricis , cross + -gerous .] Bearing the cross; marked with the figure of a cross. Sir. T. Browne.

Crud noun See Curd . [ Obsolete]

Cruddle (-d'l) intransitive verb To curdle. [ Obsolete]

See how thy blood cruddles at this.
Bea... & FL.

Crude (krud) adjective [ Compar. Cruder (-ẽr); superl. Crudest .] [ Latin crudus raw; akin to cruor blood (which flows from a wound). See Raw , and confer Cruel .]
1. In its natural state; not cooked or prepared by fire or heat; undressed; not altered, refined, or prepared for use by any artificial process; raw; as, crude flesh. "Common crude salt." Boyle.

Molding to its will each successive deposit of the crude materials.
I. Taylor.

2. Unripe; not mature or perfect; immature.

I come to pluck your berries harsh and crude .
Milton.

3. Not reduced to order or form; unfinished; not arranged or prepared; ill-considered; immature. " Crude projects." Macaulay.

Crude , undigested masses of suggestion, furnishing rather raw materials for composition.
De Quincey.

The originals of Nature in their crude
Conception.
Milton.

4. Undigested; unconcocted; not brought into a form to give nourishment. " Crude and inconcoct." Bacon.

5. Having, or displaying, superficial and undigested knowledge; without culture or profundity; as, a crude reasoner.

6. (Paint.) Harsh and offensive, as a color; tawdry or in bad taste, as a combination of colors, or any design or work of art.

Crudely adverb In a crude, immature manner.

Crudeness noun A crude, undigested, or unprepared state; rawness; unripeness; immatureness; unfitness for a destined use or purpose; as, the crudeness of iron ore; crudeness of theories or plans.

Crudity (kru"dĭ*tȳ) noun ; plural Crudities (- tĭz). [ Latin cruditas , from crudus : confer French crudité . See Crude .]
1. The condition of being crude; rawness.

2. That which is in a crude or undigested state; hence, superficial, undigested views, not reduced to order or form. " Crudities in the stomach." Arbuthnot.

Crudle (-d'l) intransitive verb See Cruddle .

Crudy adjective [ From Crud .] Coagulated. [ Obsolete]

His cruel wounds with crudy blood congealed.
Spenser.

Crudy adjective [ From Crude .] Characterized by crudeness; raw. [ Obsolete]

The foolish and dull and crudy vapors .
Shak.

Cruel (kru"ĕl) noun See Crewel .

Cruel (kru"ĕl) adjective [ French cruel , from Latin crudelis , from crudus . See Crude .]
1. Disposed to give pain to others; willing or pleased to hurt, torment, or afflict; destitute of sympathetic kindness and pity; savage; inhuman; hard-hearted; merciless.

Behold a people cometh from the north country; . . . they are cruel and have no mercy.
Jer. vi. 22,23.

2. Causing, or fitted to cause, pain, grief, or misery.

Cruel wars, wasting the earth.
Milton.

Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their wrath for it was cruel .
Gen. xlix. 7.

3. Attended with cruetly; painful; harsh.

You have seen cruel proof of this man's strength.
Shak.

Cruelly adverb
1. In a cruel manner.

2. Extremely; very. [ Colloq.] Spectator.

Cruelness noun Cruelty. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Cruels (kru"ĕlz) noun plural [ Corrupt. from French écrouelles scrofula.] Glandular scrofulous swellings in the neck.

Cruelty (-tȳ) noun ; plural Cruelties (-tĭz). [ Old French cruelté , F. cruauté , from Latin crudelitas , from crudelis . See Cruel .]


1. The attribute or quality of being cruel; a disposition to give unnecessary pain or suffering to others; inhumanity; barbarity.

Pierced through the heart with your stern cruelty .
Shak.

2. A cruel and barbarous deed; inhuman treatment; the act of willfully causing unnecessary pain.

Cruelties worthy of the dungeons of the Inquisition.
Macaulay.

Cruentate adjective [ Latin cruentatus , past participle of cruentare to make bloody, from cruentus bloody, from cruor . See Crude .] Smeared with blood. [ Obsolete] Glanwill.

Cruentous adjective [ Latin cruentus .] Bloody; cruentate. [ Obsolete]

Cruet (kru"ĕt) noun [ Anglo-French cruet , a dim. from Old French crue , cruie ; of German or Celtic origin, and akin to English crock an earthen vessel.]
1. A bottle or vessel; esp., a vial or small glass bottle for holding vinegar, oil, pepper, or the like, for the table; a caster. Swift.

2. (Eccl.) A vessel used to hold wine, oil, or water for the service of the altar.

Cruet stand , a frame for holding cruets; a caster.

Cruise (krus) noun See Cruse , a small bottle.

Cruise (kruz) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cruised (kruzd); present participle & verbal noun Cruising .] [ Dutch kruisen to move crosswise or in a zigzag, to cruise, from kruis cross, from Old French crois , croiz , French croix , or directly from Old French croisier , French croiser , to cross, cruise, from crois a cross. See Cross .]


1. To sail back and forth on the ocean; to sail, as for the potection of commerce, in search of an enemy, for plunder, or for pleasure.

» A ship cruises in any particular sea or ocean; as, in the Baltic or in the Atlantic. She cruises off any cape; as, off the Lizard; off Ushant. She cruises on a coast; as, on the coast of Africa. A priate cruises to seize vessels; a yacht cruises for the pleasure of the owner.

Ships of war were sent to cruise near the isle of Bute.
Macaulay.

'Mid sands, and rocks, and storms to cruise for pleasure.
Young.

2. To wander hither and thither on land. [ Colloq.]

Cruise noun A voyage made in various directions, as of an armed vessel, for the protection of other vessels, or in search of an enemy; a sailing to and fro, as for exploration or for pleasure.

He feigned a compliance with some of his men, who were bent upon going a cruise to Manilla.
Dampier.

Cruise intransitive verb (Forestry) To inspect forest land for the purpose of estimating the quantity of lumber it will yield.

Cruise transitive verb
1. To cruise over or about.

2. (Forestry) To explore with reference to capacity for the production of lumber; as, to cruise a section of land.

Cruiser noun One who, or a vessel that, cruises; -- usually an armed vessel.

Cruiser noun Specif.: (Nav.) A man-of-war less heavily armed and armored than a battle ship, having great speed, and generally of from two thousand to twelve thousand tons displacement.

Cruive (kruv) noun A kind of weir or dam for trapping salmon; also, a hovel. [ Scot.]

Crull (krul) adjective [ See Curl .] Curly; curled. [ Obsolete]

Cruller (krŭl"lẽr) noun [ Confer Curl .] A kind of sweet cake cut in strips and curled or twisted, and fried crisp in boiling fat. [ Also written kruller .]

Crumb (krŭm) noun [ Anglo-Saxon cruma , akin to Dutch kruim , G. krume ; confer German krauen to scratch, claw.] [ Written also crum .]
1. A small fragment or piece; especially, a small piece of bread or other food, broken or cut off.

Desiring to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man's table.
Luke xvi. 21.

2. Fig.: A little; a bit; as, a crumb of comfort.

3. The soft part of bread.

Dust unto dust, what must be, must;
If you can't get crumb , you'd best eat crust.
Old Song.

Crumb brush , a brush for sweeping crumbs from a table. -- To a crum , with great exactness; completely.

Crumb transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Crumbed (kr?md); present participle & verbal noun Crumbing (kr?m"?ng).] To break into crumbs or small pieces with the fingers; as, to crumb bread. [ Written also crum .]

Crumbcloth (-kl...th`; 115) noun A cloth to be laid under a dining table to receive falling fragments, and keep the carpet or floor clean. [ Written also crumcloth .]

Crumble transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Crumbled (-b'ld); present participle & verbal noun Crumbling (-bl?ng).] [ Dim. of crumb , transitive verb , akin to D. krimelen German kr...meln .] To break into small pieces; to cause to fall in pieces.

He with his bare wand can unthread thy joints,
And crumble all thy sinews.
Milton.

Crumble intransitive verb To fall into small pieces; to break or part into small fragments; hence, to fall to decay or ruin; to become disintegrated; to perish.

If the stone is brittle, it will crumble and pass into the form of gravel.
Arbuthnot.

The league deprived of its principal supports must soon crumble to pieces.
Prescott.

Crumbly adjective Easily crumbled; friable; brittle. "The crumbly soil." Hawthorne.

Crumenal noun [ Latin crumena purse.] A purse. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.

Crummable (krŭm"mȧ*b'l) adjective Capable of being crumbed or broken into small pieces.

Crummy (krŭm"mȳ) adjective
1. Full of crumb or crumbs.

2. Soft, as the crumb of bread is; not crusty.

Crump adjective [ Anglo-Saxon crumb stooping, bent down; akin to Old High German chrumb , German krumm , Dan. krum , D. krom , and English cramp .]
1. Crooked; bent. [ Obsolete]

Crooked backs and crump shoulders.
Jer. Taylor.

2. Hard or crusty; dry baked; as, a crump loaf. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Hallivell.