Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Cyclop noun See Note under Cyclops , 1.

Cyclopean adjective [ Latin Cyclopeus , Greek ..............., from ............... Cyclops: confer French cyclopeen .] Pertaining to the Cyclops; characteristic of the Cyclops; huge; gigantic; vast and rough; massive; as, Cyclopean labors; Cyclopean architecture.

Cyclopedia, Cyclopædia noun [ New Latin , from Greek ky`klos circle + paidei`a the bringing up of a child, education, erudition, from paidey`ein to bring up a child. See Cycle , and confer Encyclopedia , Pedagogue .] The circle or compass of the arts and sciences (originally, of the seven so-called liberal arts and sciences); circle of human knowledge. Hence, a work containing, in alphabetical order, information in all departments of knowledge, or on a particular department or branch; as, a cyclopedia of the physical sciences, or of mechanics. See Encyclopedia .

Cyclopedic adjective Belonging to the circle of the sciences, or to a cyclopedia; of the nature of a cyclopedia; hence, of great range, extent, or amount; as, a man of cyclopedic knowledge.

Cyclopedist noun A maker of, or writer for, a cyclopedia.

Cyclopic adjective [ Greek ..............., from .............] Pertaining to the Cyclops; Cyclopean.

Cyclops noun sing. & plural [ Latin Cyclops , Greek Ky`klwps (strictly round- eyed), plural Ky`klwpes ; ky`klos circle + 'w`ps eye.]
1. (Gr. Myth.) One of a race of giants, sons of Neptune and Amphitrite, having but one eye, and that in the middle of the forehead. They were fabled to inhabit Sicily, and to assist in the workshops of Vulcan, under Mt. Etna.

» Pope, in his translation of the "Odyssey," uniformly spells this word Cyclop , when used in the singular.

2. (Zoology) A genus of minute Entomostraca, found both in fresh and salt water. See Copepoda .

3. A portable forge, used by tinkers, etc.

Cyclorama noun [ Cyclo- + Greek "o`rama sight, spectacle.] A pictorial view which is extended circularly, so that the spectator is surrounded by the objects represented as by things in nature. The realistic effect is increased by putting, in the space between the spectator and the picture, things adapted to the scene represented, and in some places only parts of these objects, the completion of them being carried out pictorially.

Cycloscope noun [ Cyclo- + -scope .] A machine for measuring at any moment velocity of rotation, as of a wheel of a steam engine. Knight.

Cyclosis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ky`klwsis circulation, from kykloy^n . See Cyclone .] (Botany) The circulation or movement of protoplasmic granules within a living vegetable cell.

Cyclostomata (s?`kl?-st?m"?-t?), Cy*clos"to*ma (s?-kl?s"t?-m?) noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ky`klos circle + sto`ma , -atos mouth.] (Zoology) A division of Bryozoa, in which the cells have circular apertures.

Cyclostome (s?"kl?-st?m), Cy*clos"to*mous (s?-kl?s"t?-m?s) , adjective (Zoology) Pertaining to the Cyclostomi.

Cyclostomi noun plural [ New Latin See Cyclostomata .] (Zoology) A glass of fishes having a suckerlike mouth, without jaws, as the lamprey; the Marsipobranchii.

Cyclostylar adjective [ Cyclo- + Greek sty^los column.] Relating to a structure composed of a circular range of columns, without a core or building within. Weale.

Cyclostyle noun [ Cyclo + style .] A contrivance for producing manifold copies of writing or drawing. The writing or drawing is done with a style carrying a small wheel at the end which makes minute punctures in the paper, thus converting it into a stencil. Copies are transferred with an inked roller.

Cyder noun See Cider . [ Archaic]

Cydonin noun (Chemistry) A peculiar mucilaginous substance extracted from the seeds of the quince ( Cydonia vulgaris ), and regarded as a variety of amylose.

Cygnet (sĭg"nĕt) noun [ Dim. of French cygne swan, Latin cycnus . cygnus , from Greek ky`klos : but French cygne seems to be an etymological spelling of Old French cisne , from Late Latin cecinus , cicinus , perhaps ultimately also from Greek ky`klos .] (Zoology) A young swan. Shak.

Cygnus noun [ Latin , a swan.] (Astron.) A constellation of the northern hemisphere east of, or following, Lyra; the Swan.

Cylinder noun [ French cylindre , Old French cilindre , Latin cylindrus , from Greek ky`lindros , from kyli`ndein , kyli`ein , to roll. Confer Calender the machine.]


1. (Geom.) (a) A solid body which may be generated by the rotation of a parallelogram round one its sides; or a body of rollerlike form, of which the longitudinal section is oblong, and the cross section is circular. (b) The space inclosed by any cylindrical surface. The space may be limited or unlimited in length.

2. Any hollow body of cylindrical form , as: (a) The chamber of a steam engine in which the piston is moved by the force of steam. (b) The barrel of an air or other pump. (c) (Print.) The revolving platen or bed which produces the impression or carries the type in a cylinder press. (d) The bore of a gun; the turning chambered breech of a revolver.

3. The revolving square prism carrying the cards in a Jacquard loom.

Cylinder axis . (Anat.) See Axis cylinder , under Axis . -- Cylinder engine (Paper Making) , a machine in which a cylinder takes up the pulp and delivers it in a continuous sheet to the dryers. -- Cylinder escapement . See Escapement . -- Cylinder glass . See Glass . -- Cylinder mill . See Roller mill . -- Cylinder press . See Press .

Cylindraceous adjective [ Confer French cylyndracé ] Cylindrical, or approaching a cylindrical form.

Cylindric adjective [ Greek kylindriko`s , from ky`lindros cylinder: confer French cylindrique .] Having the form of a cylinder, or of a section of its convex surface; partaking of the properties of the cylinder.

Cylindrical lens , a lens having one, or more than one, cylindrical surface. -- Cylindric, or Cylindrical , surface (Geom.) , a surface described by a straight line that moves according to any law, but so as to be constantly parallel to a given line. -- Cylindrical vault . (Architecture) See under Vault , noun

Cylindrically adverb In the manner or shape of a cylinder; so as to be cylindrical.

Cylindricity noun The quality or condition of being cylindrical.

Cylindriform adjective [ Latin cylindrus (Gr. ky`lindros ) cylinder + -form : confer French cylindriforme .] Having the form of a cylinder.

Cylindroid noun [ Greek ky`lindros cylinder + -oid : confer French cylindroïde .]
1. A solid body resembling a right cylinder, but having the bases or ends elliptical.

2. (Geom.) A certain surface of the third degree, described by a moving straight line; -- used to illustrate the motions of a rigid body and also the forces acting on the body.

Cylindrometric (sĭ*lĭn`dro*mĕt"rĭk) adjective [ Greek ky`lindros + me`tron measure.] Belonging to a scale used in measuring cylinders.

Cyma (sī"mȧ) noun [ New Latin , from Greek ky^ma . See Cyme ]


1. (Architecture) A member or molding of the cornice, the profile of which is wavelike in form.

2. (Botany) A cyme. See Cyme .

Cyma recta , or Cyma , a cyma, hollow in its upper part and swelling below. -- Cyma reversa , or Ogee , a cyma swelling out on the upper part and hollow below.

Cymar (sī*mär") noun [ French simarre . See Chimere .] A slight covering; a scarf. See Simar .

Her body shaded with a light cymar .
Dryden.

Cymatium (sĭ*mā"shĭ*ŭm) noun [ Latin , from Greek kyma`tion , dim. of ky^ma a wave.] (Architecture) A capping or crowning molding in classic architecture.

Cymbal (sĭm"b a l). noun [ Middle English cimbale , simbale , Old French cimbale , French cymbale , Latin cymbalum , from Greek ky`mbalon , from ky`mbh , ky`mbos , anything hollow, hollow vessel, basin, akin to Sanskrit kumbha pot. Confer Chime .]
1. A musical instrument used by the ancients. It is supposed to have been similar to the modern kettle drum, though perhaps smaller.

2. A musical instrument of brass, shaped like a circular dish or a flat plate, with a handle at the back; -- used in pairs to produce a sharp ringing sound by clashing them together.

» In orchestras, one cymbal is commonly attached to the bass drum, and the other heid in the drummer's left hand, while his right hand uses the drumstick.

3. A musical instrument used by gypsies and others, made of steel wire, in a triangular form, on which are movable rings.

Cymbalist noun A performer upon cymbals.

Cymbiform (s?m"b?-f?rm),, adjective [ Latin cymba boat (Gr. ............) + -form : confer French cymbiforme .] Shaped like a boat; (Botany) elongated and having the upper surface decidedly concave, as the glumes of many grasses.

Cymbium noun [ Latin , a small cup, from Greek .............] (Zoology) A genus of marine univalve shells; the gondola.

Cyme noun [ Latin cyma the young sprount of a cabbage, from Greek ........., prop., anything swollen, hence also cyme, wave, from ......... to be pregnant.] (Botany) A flattish or convex flower cluster, of the centrifugal or determinate type, differing from a corymb chiefly in the order of the opening of the blossoms.

Cymene noun (Chemistry) A colorless, liquid, combustible hydrocarbon, CH 3 . C 6 H 4 .C 3 H 7 , of pleasant odor, obtained from oil of cumin, oil of caraway, carvacrol, camphor, etc.; -- called also paracymene , and formerly camphogen .

Cymenol noun (Chemistry) See Carvacrol .

Cymidine noun (Chemistry) A liquid organic base, C 10 H 13 .NH 2 , derived from cymene.

Cymiferous adjective [ Cyme + -ferous .] Producing cymes.

Cymling, Cymbling (s?m"l?ng) , noun A scalloped or "pattypan" variety of summer squash.

Cymogene noun (Chemistry) A highly volatile liquid, condensed by cold and pressure from the first products of the distillation of petroleum; -- used for producing low temperatures.

Cymograph noun [ Cyma + - graph .] (a) An instrument for making tracings of the outline or contour of profiles, moldings, etc. (b) Var. of Kymograph . -- Cy`mo*graph"ic adjective

Cymograph transitive verb To trace or copy with a cymograph.

Cymoid adjective [ Cyme + -oid .] (Botany) Having the form of a cyme.

Cymometer noun [ Greek ... wave - meter .] An instrument for exhibiting and measuring wave motion ; specif. (Electricity) , an instrument for determining the frequency of electic wave oscillations, esp. in connection with wireless telegraphy.

Cymophane noun [ Greek ......... wave + ......... To appear: confer French cymophane . So named in allusion to a peculiar opalescence often seen in it.] (Min.) See Chrysoberyl .

Cymophanous adjective Having a wavy, floating light; opalescent; chatoyant.

Cymoscope noun [ Greek ... wave + - scope .] (Electricity) Any device for detecting the presence of electric waves. The influence of electric waves on the resistance of a particular kind of electric circuit, on the magnetization of steel, on the polarization of an electrolytic cell, or on the electric condition of a vacuum has been applied in the various cymoscopes.

Cymose adjective [ Latin cymosus full of shoots: confer FF. cymeux . See Cyme.] (Botany) Having the nature of a cyme, or derived from a cyme; bearing, or pertaining to, a cyme or cymes.

Cymric adjective [ W. Cymru Wales.] Welsh. -- noun The Welsh language. [ Written also Kymric .]