Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Cymry noun [ W., pl .] A collective term for the Welsh race; -- so called by themselves . [ Written also Cymri , Cwmry , Kymry , etc.]
[ Confer Latin cymula
a tender sprout, dim. of cyna
. See Cyme
.] (Botany) A small cyme, or one of very few flowers.
[ Latin , from Greek ............... a dog's collar, a bad kind of sore throat. Confer Quinsy
.] (Medicine) Any disease of the tonsils, throat, or windpipe, attended with inflammation, swelling, and difficulty of breathing and swallowing.
Cynanthropy noun [ Greek ............... of a dog-man; ............, ........., dog + ............... man: confer French cynanthropie .] (Medicine) A kind of madness in which men fancy themselves changed into dogs, and imitate the voice and habits of that animal.
Cynarctomachy (s?n`?rk-t?m"?-k?). noun [ Greek ............, ............, dog + ......... bear + ......... fight.] Bear baiting with a dog. Hudibras.
Cynarrhodium noun [ New Latin , from Greek ............... dog-rose; ............, ........., dog + ......... rose.] (Botany) A fruit like that of the rose, consisting of a cup formed of the calyx tube and receptacle, and containing achenes.
Cynegetics (sĭn`e*jĕt"ĭks) noun [ Greek kynhgetikh` (sc. te`chnh art), from kynhge`ths hunter; ky`wn , kyno`s , dog + ......... to lead.] The art of hunting with dogs.
[ Latin cynicus
of the sect of Cynics, from Greek kyniko`s
, prop., dog- like, from ky`wn
, dog. See Hound
.] 1. Having the qualities of a surly dog; snarling; captious; currish.
I hope it is no very cynical asperity not to confess obligations where no benefit has been received. 2. Pertaining to the Dog Star; as, the cynic , or Sothic, year; cynic cycle. 3. Belonging to the sect of philosophers called cynics; having the qualities of a cynic; pertaining to, or resembling, the doctrines of the cynics. 4. Given to sneering at rectitude and the conduct of life by moral principles; disbelieving in the reality of any human purposes which are not suggested or directed by self-interest or self-indulgence; as, a cynical man who scoffs at pretensions of integrity; characterized by such opinions; as, cynical views of human nature.
» In prose, cynical
is used rather than cynic
, in the senses 1 and 4. Cynic spasm (Medicine)
, a convulsive contraction of the muscles of one side of the face, producing a sort of grin, suggesting certain movements in the upper lip of a dog.
Cynic noun (Gr. Philos) 1. One of a sect or school of philosophers founded by Antisthenes, and of whom Diogenes was a disciple. The first Cynics were noted for austere lives and their scorn for social customs and current philosophical opinions. Hence the term Cynic symbolized, in the popular judgment, moroseness, and contempt for the views of others. 2. One who holds views resembling those of the Cynics; a snarler; a misanthrope; particularly, a person who believes that human conduct is directed, either consciously or unconsciously, wholly by self-interest or self-indulgence, and that appearances to the contrary are superficial and untrustworthy.
He could obtain from one morose cynic , whose opinion it was impossible to despise, scarcely any not acidulated with scorn.
Cynically (sĭn"ĭ*k a l*lȳ) adverb In a cynical manner.
Cynicalness noun The quality of being cynical.
Cynicism (sĭn"ĭ*sĭz'm) noun The doctrine of the Cynics; the quality of being cynical; the mental state, opinions, or conduct, of a cynic; morose and contemptuous views and opinions.
Cynoidea noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ........., ........., a dog + -oid .] (Zoology) A division of Carnivora, including the dogs, wolves, and foxes.
Cynorexia noun [ New Latin , from Greek ............, ........., dog + ............... appetite. ] (Medicine) A voracious appetite, like that of a starved dog.
Cynosural adjective Of or pertaining to a cynosure.
[ Latin Cynosura
theconstellation Cynosure, Greek ............... dog's tail, the constellation Cynosure; ............, ............, dog + ............ tail. See Cynic
.] 1. The constellation of the Lesser Bear, to which, as containing the polar star, the eyes of mariners and travelers were often directed. 2. That which serves to direct. Southey. 3. Anything to which attention is strongly turned; a center of attraction.
Where perhaps some beauty lies,
The cynosure of neighboring eyes.
Cyperaceous adjective (Botany) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a large family of plants of which the sedge is the type.
Cyperus noun [ New Latin , from Greek ............ sedge.] (Botany) A large genus of plants belonging to the Sedge family, and including the species called galingale, several bulrushes, and the Egyptian papyrus.
Cyphonautes noun [ New Latin , from Greek ......... bent + ............ sailor.] (Zoology) The free-swimming, bivalve larva of certain Bryozoa.
Cyphonism noun [ Greek ............, from ............ a crooked piece of wood, a sort of pillory, from ......... bent, stooping.] A punishment sometimes used by the ancients, consisting in the besmearing of the criminal with honey, and exposing him to insects. It is still in use among some Oriental nations.
Cypres noun [ Old French , nearly.] (Law) A rule for construing written instruments so as to conform as nearly to the intention of the parties as is consistent with law. Mozley & W.
; plural Cypresses
(-...z). [ Middle English cipres
, Old French cipres
, F. cypr...s
, Latin cupressus
(cf. the usual Lat. form cupressus
), from Greek ............, perhaps of Semitic origin; confer Hebrew g...pher
, Gen. vi. 14.] (Bot) A coniferous tree of the genus Cupressus . The species are mostly evergreen, and have wood remarkable for its durability.
» Among the trees called cypress
are the common Oriental cypress, Cupressus sempervirens
, the evergreen American cypress, C. thyoides
(now called Chamaecyparis sphaeroidea
), and the deciduous American cypress, Taxodium distichum
. As having anciently been used at funerals, and to adorn tombs, the Oriental species is an emblem of mourning and sadness. Cypress vine (Botany)
, a climbing plant with red or white flowers ( Ipotœa Quamoclit , formerly Quamoclit vulgaris ).
Cyprian adjective [ Latin Cyprius , from Cyprus , Greek ............, an island in the Mediterranean, renowned for the worship of Venus.]
1. Belonging to Cyprus. 2. Of, pertaining, or conducing to, lewdness.
1. A native or inhabitant of Cyprus, especially of ancient Cyprus; a Cypriot. 2. A lewd woman; a harlot.
[ Confer Cypress
.] Of or pertaining to the cypress.
[ See Cyprinoid
.] (Zoology) Cyprinoid.
[ Greek ............ kind of carp + ............, ............, a tooth.] (Zoology) One of the Cyprinodontidae , a family of fishes including the killifishes or minnows. See Minnow .
Cyprinoid adjective [ Greek ............ a kind of carp + -oid .] (Zoology) Like the carp ( Cyprinus ). -- noun One of the Cyprinidae , or Carp family, as the goldfish, barbel, etc.
Cypriot noun [ French Cypriot , Chypriot .] A native or inhabitant of Cyprus.
Cypripedium noun [ New Latin , from Cypris Venus + pes , pedis , foot.] (Botany) A genus of orchidaceous plants including the lady's slipper.
; plural Cyprides
(s...p"r...-d...z). [ Latin Cypris
, the Cyprian goddess Venus, Greek Ky`pris
. See Cyprian
.] (Zoology) A genus of small, bivalve, fresh-water Crustacea, belonging to the Ostracoda; also, a member of this genus.
[ Middle English cipres
; perhaps so named as being first manufactured in Cyprus. Confer Cipers
.] A thin, transparent stuff, the same as, or corresponding to, crape. It was either white or black, the latter being most common, and used for mourning.
Lawn as white as driven snow,
Cyprus black as e'er was crow.
Cypruslawn noun Same as Cyprus . Milton.
[ New Latin ; confer Greek ............ a name of Venus.] (Zoology) A genus of mollusks, including the cowries. See Cowrie .
Cypsela noun [ New Latin , from Greek ............ any hollow vessel.] (Botany) A one-seeded, one-celled, indehiscent fruit; an achene with the calyx tube adherent.
Cypseliform adjective [ Latin cypselus a kind of swallow, Greek ............ + - form .] (Zoology) Like or belonging to the swifts ( Cypselidæ .)
[ Latin Cyrenaicus
, from Cyrene
, in Libya.] Pertaining to Cyrenaica, an ancient country of northern Africa, and to Cyrene, its principal city; also, to a school of philosophy founded by Aristippus, a native of Cyrene.
-- noun A native of Cyrenaica; also, a disciple of the school of Aristippus. See Cyrenian , noun
Cyrenian adjective Pertaining to Cyrene, in Africa; Cyrenaic.
1. A native or inhabitant of Cyrene. 2. One of a school of philosophers, established at Cyrene by Aristippus, a disciple of Socrates. Their doctrines were nearly the same as those of the Epicureans.
[ See Curiologic
.] Relating to capital letters.
Cyrtostyle noun [ Greek ............ bent + ......... pillar.] (Architecture) A circular projecting portion.
[ Greek ky`stis
bladder, bag, pouch, from ky`ein
to be pregnant. Confer Cyme
.] 1. (Medicine) (a) A pouch or sac without opening, usually membranous and containing morbid matter, which is accidentally developed in one of the natural cavities or in the substance of an organ. (b) In old authors, the urinary bladder, or the gall bladder.
[ Written also cystis
.] 2. (Botany) One of the bladders or air vessels of certain algæ, as of the great kelp of the Pacific, and common rockweeds ( Fuci ) of our shores. D. C. Eaton. 3. (Zoology) (a) A small capsule or sac of the kind in which many immature entozoans exist in the tissues of living animals; also, a similar form in Rotifera, etc. (b) A form assumed by Protozoa in which they become saclike and quiescent. It generally precedes the production of germs. See Encystment .
Cysted adjective Inclosed in a cyst.
Cystic adjective [ Confer French cystique .] Cystic duct , the duct from the gall bladder which unites with the hepatic to form the common bile duct. -- Cystic worm (Zoology) , a larval tape worm, as the cysticercus and echinococcus.
1. Having the form of, or living in, a cyst; as, the cystic entozoa. 2. Containing cysts; cystose; as, cystic sarcoma. 3. (Anat.) Pertaining to, or contained in, a cyst; esp., pertaining to, or contained in, either the urinary bladder or the gall bladder.
[ New Latin cysticercus
, from Greek ............ bladder + ............ tail: confer French cysticerque
.] (Zoology) The larval form of a tapeworm, having the head and neck of a tapeworm attached to a saclike body filled with fluid; -- called also bladder worm , hydatid , and measle (as, pork measle ).
» These larvae live in the tissues of various living animals, and, when swallowed by a suitable carnivorous animal, develop into adult tapeworms in the intestine. See Measles
, 4, Tapeworm
Cysticule noun [ Dim. of cyst .] (Anat.) An appendage of the vestibular ear sac of fishes. Owen.
Cystid noun (Zoology) One of the Cystidea.
Cystidea noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ............ a bladder, pouch.] (Zoology) An order of Crinoidea, mostly fossils of the Paleozoic rocks. They were usually roundish or egg-shaped, and often unsymmetrical; some were sessile, others had short stems.