Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ French confit
, prop. a past participle , from confire
to preserve, pickle, from Latin conficere
to prepare; con-
to make. See Fact
, and confer Confect
.] A dry sweetmeat; any kind of fruit, root, or seed preserved with sugar and dried; a confection.
Comfit transitive verb To preserve dry with sugar.
The fruit which does so quickly waste, . . .
Thou comfitest in sweets to make it last.
[ French confiture
; confer Late Latin confecturae
a preparing. See Comfit
, and confer Confiture
.] See Comfit , noun
Comfort transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Comforted
; present participle & verbal noun Comforting.
] [ French conforter
, from Latin confortare
to strengthen much; con-
strong. See Fort
.] 1. To make strong; to invigorate; to fortify; to corroborate.
[ Obsolete] Wyclif.
God's own testimony . . . doth not a little comfort and confirm the same. 2. To assist or help; to aid.
I . . . can not help the noble chevalier: 3. To impart strength and hope to; to encourage; to relieve; to console; to cheer.
God comfort him in this necessity!
Light excelleth in comforting the spirits of men.
That we may be able to comfort them that are in any affliction.
2 Cor. i. 4 (Rev. Ver.).
A perfect woman, nobly planned, Syn.
To warn, to comfort , and command.
-- To cheer; solace; console; revive; encourage; enliven; invigorate; inspirit; gladden; recreate; exhilarate; refresh; animate; confirm; strengthen. -- To Comfort
. These verbs all suppose some antecedent state of suffering or sorrow. Console
is confined to the act giving sympathetic relief to the mind under affliction or sorrow, and points to some definite source of that relief; as, the presence of his friend consoled
him; he was much consoled
by this intelligence. The act of consoling commonly implies the inculcation of resignation. Comfort
points to relief afforded by the communication of positive pleasure, hope, and strength, as well as by the diminution of pain; as, "They brought the young man alive, and were not a little comforted
." Acts xx. 12. Solace
is from Latin solacium
, which means according to Dumesnil, consolation inwardly felt or applied to the case of the sufferer. Hence, the verb to solace
denotes the using of things for the purpose of affording relief under sorrow or suffering; as, to solace
one's self with reflections, with books, or with active employments.
[ Old French confort
, from conforter
.] 1. Assistance; relief; support.
[ Obsolete except in the phrase "aid and comfort
." See 5 below.] Shak. 2. Encouragement; solace; consolation in trouble; also, that which affords consolation.
In comfort of her mother's fears.
Cheer thy spirit with this comfort .
Speaking words of endearment where words of comfort availed not. 3. A state of quiet enjoyment; freedom from pain, want, or anxiety; also, whatever contributes to such a condition.
I had much joy and comfort in thy love.
Phil. 7 (Rev. Ver.).
He had the means of living in comfort . 4. A wadded bedquilt; a comfortable.
[ U. S.] 5. (Law) Unlawful support, countenance, or encouragement; as, to give aid and comfort to the enemy. Syn.
has two meanings: 1.
Strength and relief received under affliction; 2.
Positive enjoyment, of a quiet, permanent nature, together with the sources thereof; as, the comfort
of love; surrounded with comforts
; but it is with the former only that the word consolation
is brought into comparison. As thus compared, consolation
points to some specific source of relief for the afflicted mind; as, the consolations
of religion. Comfort
supposes the relief to be afforded by imparting positive enjoyment, as well as a diminution of pain. " Consolation
, or comfort
, signifies some alleviation to that pain to which it is not in our power to afford the proper and adequate remedy; they imply rather an augmentation of the power of bearing, than a diminution of the burden." Johnson.
[ Old French confortable
.] 1. Strong; vigorous; valiant.
[ Obsolete] Wyclif.
Thy conceit is nearer death than thy powers. For my sake be comfortable ; hold death a while at the arm's end. 2. Serviceable; helpful.
Be comfortable to my mother, your mistress, and make much of her. 3. Affording or imparting comfort or consolation; able to comfort; cheering; as, a comfortable hope.
"Kind words and comfortable
A comfortable provision made for their subsistence. 4. In a condition of comfort; having comforts; not suffering or anxious; hence, contented; cheerful; as, to lead a comfortable life.
My lord leans wondrously to discontent; 5. Free, or comparatively free, from pain or distress; -- used of a sick person.
His comfortable temper has forsook him:
He is much out of health.
[ U. S.]
Comfortable noun A stuffed or quilted coverlet for a bed; a comforter; a comfort. [ U. S.]
Comfortableness noun State of being comfortable.
Comfortably adverb In a comfortable or comforting manner.
Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem.
Is. xl. 2.
Comforter noun 1. One who administers comfort or consolation.
Let no comforter delight mine ear 2. (Script.) The Holy Spirit, -- referring to his office of comforting believers.
But such a one whose wrongs do suit with mine.
But the Comforter , which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things. 3. A knit woolen tippet, long and narrow.
John xiv. 26.
[ U. S.]
The American schoolboy takes off his comforter and unbuttons his jacket before going in for a snowball fight. 4. A wadded bedquilt; a comfortable.
Pop. Sci. Monthly.
[ U. S.] Job's comforter
, a boil.
Comfortless adjective Without comfort or comforts; in want or distress; cheerless.
Comfortless through tyranny or might. Syn.
-- Forlorn; desolate; cheerless; inconsolable; disconsolate; wretched; miserable. -- Com"fort*less*ly
When all is coldly, comfortlessly costly.
Comfortment noun Act or process of administering comfort.
The gentle comfortment and entertainment of the said embassador.
Comfortress noun A woman who comforts.
To be your comfortress , and to preserve you.
Comfrey noun [ Prob. from French conferve , Latin conferva , from confervere to boil together, in medical language, to heal, grow together. So called on account of its healing power, for which reason it was also called consolida .] (Botany) A rough, hairy, perennial plant of several species, of the genus Symphytum . » A decoction of the mucilaginous root of the "common comfrey" ( S. officinale ) is used in cough mixtures, etc.; and the gigantic "prickly comfrey" ( S. asperrimum ) is somewhat cultivated as a forage plant.
[ Latin comicus
pertaining to comedy, Greek ...: confer French comique
. See Comedy
.] 1. Relating to comedy, as distinct from tragedy.
I can not for the stage a drama lay, 2. Causing mirth; ludicrous.
Tragic or comic , but thou writ'st the play.
Comic noun A comedian. [ Obsolete] Steele.
Comical adjective 1. Relating to comedy.
They deny it to be tragical because its catastrophe is a wedding, which hath ever been accounted comical . 2. Exciting mirth; droll; laughable; as, a comical story.
adventures." Dryden. Syn.
-- Humorous; laughable; funny. See Droll
. -- Com"ic*al*ly
; plural Comicalities
. The quality of being comical; something comical.
Comicry noun The power of exciting mirth; comicalness. [ R.] H. Giles.
Coming adjective 1. Approaching; of the future, especially the near future; the next; as, the coming week or year; the coming exhibition.
Welcome the coming , speed the parting, guest.
Your coming days and years. 2. Ready to come; complaisant; fond.
[ Obsolete] Pope.
Coming noun Coming in . (a) Entrance; entrance way; manner of entering; beginning. "The goings out thereof, and the comings in thereof." Ezek. xliii. 11 (b) Income or revenue. "What are thy comings in ?" Shak.
1. Approach; advent; manifestation; as, the coming of the train. 2. Specifically: The Second Advent of Christ.
Comitia noun plural [ Latin ] (Rom. Antiq.) A public assembly of the Roman people for electing officers or passing laws. » There were three kinds of comitia : comitia curiata , or assembly of the patricians, who voted in curiæ; comitia centuriata , or assembly of the whole Roman people, who voted by centuries; and comitia tributa , or assembly of the plebeians according to their division into tribes.
Comitial adjective [ Latin comitialis .] Relating to the comitia, or popular assemblies of the Romans for electing officers and passing laws. Middleton.
Comitiva noun [ Italian ] A body of followers; -- applied to the lawless or brigand bands in Italy and Sicily.
; plural Comities
. [ Latin comitas
, from comis
courteous, kind.] Mildness and suavity of manners; courtesy between equals; friendly civility; as, comity of manners; the comity of States. Comity of nations (International Law)
, the courtesy by which nations recognize within their own territory, or in their courts, the peculiar institutions of another nation or the rights and privileges acquired by its citizens in their own land. By some authorities private international law rests on this comity, but the better opinion is that it is part of the common law of the land, and hence is obligatory as law. Syn.
-- Civility; good breeding; courtesy; good will.
[ Latin comma
part of a sentence, comma, Greek ... clause, from ... to cut off. Confer Capon
.] 1. A character or point [ ,] marking the smallest divisions of a sentence, written or printed. 2. (Mus.) A small interval (the difference between a major and minor half step), seldom used except by tuners. Comma bacillus (Physiol.)
, a variety of bacillus shaped like a comma, found in the intestines of patients suffering from cholera. It is considered by some as having a special relation to the disease; -- called also cholera bacillus .
-- Comma butterfly (Zoology)
, an American butterfly ( Grapta comma ), having a white comma-shaped marking on the under side of the wings.
Command transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Commanded
; present participle & verbal noun Commanding
.] [ Middle English comaunden
, Old French comander
, French commander
, from Latin com-
to commit to, to command. Confer Commend
.] 1. To order with authority; to lay injunction upon; to direct; to bid; to charge.
We are commanded to forgive our enemies, but you never read that we are commanded to forgive our friends.
Go to your mistress: 2. To exercise direct authority over; to have control of; to have at one's disposal; to lead.
Say, I command her come to me.
Monmouth commanded the English auxiliaries.
Such aid as I can spare you shall command . 3. To have within a sphere of control, influence, access, or vision; to dominate by position; to guard; to overlook.
Bridges commanded by a fortified house.
Up to the eastern tower,
Whose height commands as subject all the vale.
One side commands a view of the finest garden. 4. To have power or influence of the nature of authority over; to obtain as if by ordering; to receive as a due; to challenge; to claim; as, justice commands the respect and affections of the people; the best goods command the best price.
'Tis not in mortals to command success. 5. To direct to come; to bestow.
I will command my blessing upon you. Syn.
Lev. xxv. 21.
-- To bid; order; direct; dictate; charge; govern; rule; overlook.
Command intransitive verb 1. To have or to exercise direct authority; to govern; to sway; to influence; to give an order or orders.
And reigned, commanding in his monarchy.
For the king had so commanded concerning [ Haman]. 2. To have a view, as from a superior position.
Esth. iii. 2.
Far and wide his eye commands .
Command noun 1. An authoritative order requiring obedience; a mandate; an injunction.
Awaiting what command their mighty chief 2. The possession or exercise of authority.
Had to impose.
Command and force may often create, but can never cure, an aversion. 3. Authority; power or right of control; leadership; as, the forces under his command . 4. Power to dominate, command, or overlook by means of position; scope of vision; survey.
The steepy stand 5. Control; power over something; sway; influence; as, to have command over one's temper or voice; the fort has command of the bridge.
Which overlooks the vale with wide command .
He assumed an absolute command over his readers. 6. A body of troops, or any naval or military force or post, or the whole territory under the authority or control of a particular officer. Word of command (Mil.)
, a word or phrase of definite and established meaning, used in directing the movements of soldiers; as, aim ; fire ; shoulder arms , etc. Syn.
-- Control; sway; power; authority; rule; dominion; sovereignty; mandate; order; injunction; charge; behest. See Direction
Commandable adjective Capable of being commanded.
Commandant noun [ French, orig. present participle of commander .] A commander; the commanding officer of a place, or of a body of men; as, the commandant of a navy-yard.
Commandatory adjective Mandatory; as, commandatory authority. [ Obsolete]
Commandeer transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Commandeered
; present participle & verbal noun Commandeering
.] [ Dutch kommandeeren
to command, in South Africa to commandeer, from French commander
to command. See Command
.] 1. (Mil.) To compel to perform military service; to seize for military purposes; -- orig. used of the Boers. 2. To take arbitrary or forcible possession of.
[ Confer French commandeur
. Confer Commodore
.] 1. A chief; one who has supreme authority; a leader; the chief officer of an army, or of any division of it.
A leader and commander to the people. 2. (Navy) An officer who ranks next below a captain, -- ranking with a lieutenant colonel in the army. 3. The chief officer of a commandery. 4. A heavy beetle or wooden mallet, used in paving, in sail lofts, etc. Commander in chief
Is. lv. 4.
, the military title of the officer who has supreme command of the land or naval forces or the united forces of a nation or state; a generalissimo. The President is commander in chief of the army and navy of the United States. Syn.
-- See Chief
Commandership noun The office of a commander.
; plural Commanderies
. [ French commanderie
.] 1. The office or rank of a commander.
[ Obsolete] 2. A district or a manor with lands and tenements appertaining thereto, under the control of a member of an order of knights who was called a commander ; -- called also a preceptory . 3. An assembly or lodge of Knights Templars (so called) among the Freemasons.
[ U. S.] 4. A district under the administration of a military commander or governor.
[ R.] Brougham.
1. Exercising authority; actually in command; as, a commanding officer. 2. Fitted to impress or control; as, a commanding look or presence. 3. Exalted; overlooking; having superior strategic advantages; as, a commanding position. Syn. -- Authoritative; imperative; imperious.
Commandingly adverb In a commanding manner.
[ Old French commandement
, French commandement
.] 1. An order or injunction given by authority; a command; a charge; a precept; a mandate.
A new commandment I give unto you, that ye love one another. 2. (Script.) One of the ten laws or precepts given by God to the Israelites at Mount Sinai. 3. The act of commanding; exercise of authority.
John xiii. 34.
And therefore put I on the countenance 4. (Law) The offense of commanding or inducing another to violate the law. The Commandments
Of stern commandment .
, The Ten Commandments
, the Decalogue, or summary of God's commands, given to Moses at Mount Sinai. ( Ex. xx. )
[ Dutch See Command
, transitive verb
] In South Africa, a military body or command; also, sometimes, an expedition or raid; as, a commando of a hundred Boers.
The war bands, called commandos , have played a great part in the . . . military history of the country. James Bryce.
Commandress noun A woman invested with authority to command. Hooker.
[ Old French comarque
, or Late Latin commarca
, boundary. See March
a confine.] The frontier of a country; confines.
[ Obsolete] Shelton.
Commaterial adjective Consisting of the same material. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
[ Latin commaticus
, Greek .... See Comma
.] Having short clauses or sentences; brief; concise.
[ See Commatic
.] Conciseness in writing. Bp. Horsley.
[ Confer Commensurable
.] Having the same measure; commensurate; proportional.
She being now removed by death, a commeasurable grief took as full possession of him as joy had done.
Commeasure transitive verb To be commensurate with; to equal. Tennyson.
Commemorable adjective [ Latin commemorabilis .] Worthy to be commemorated.
Commemorate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Commemorated
; present participle & verbal noun Commemorating
.] [ Latin commemoratus
, past participle of commemorare
to remember; com-
to mention, from memor
mindful. See Memory
.] To call to remembrance by a special act or observance; to celebrate with honor and solemnity; to honor, as a person or event, by some act of respect or affection, intended to preserve the remembrance of the person or event; as, to commemorate the sufferings and dying love of our Savior by the sacrament of the Lord's Supper; to commemorate the Declaration of Independence by the observance of the Fourth of July.
We are called upon to commemorate a revolution. Syn.
-- See Celebrate
[ Latin commemoratio
.] 1. The act of commemorating; an observance or celebration designed to honor the memory of some person or event.
This sacrament was designed to be a standing commemoration of the death and passion of our Lord.
The commonwealth which . . . chooses the most flagrant act of murderous regicide treason for a feast of eternal commemoration . 2. Whatever serves the purpose of commemorating; a memorial. Commemoration day
, at the University of Oxford, Eng., an annual observance or ceremony in honor of the benefactors of the University, at which time honorary degrees are conferred.