Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Collusory adjective [ Latin collusorius .] Collusive.

Collutory noun [ Latin colluere , collutum , to wash.] (Medicine) A medicated wash for the mouth.

Colluvies noun [ Latin , a collection of washings, dregs, offscourings, from colluere to wash; col- + luere to wash.]
1. A collection or gathering, as of pus, or rubbish, or odds and ends.

2. A medley; offscourings or rabble.

Colly noun [ From Coal .] The black grime or soot of coal. [ Obsolete] Burton.

Col"ly transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Collied ; present participle & verbal noun Collying .] To render black or dark, as of with coal smut; to begrime. [ Archaic.]

Thou hast not collied thy face enough.
B. Jonson.

Brief as the lighting in the collied night.
Shak.

Colly noun A kind of dog. See Collie .

Collybist noun [ Greek ..., from ... a small coin.] A money changer. [ Obsolete]

In the face of these guilty collybists .
Bp. Hall.

Collyrium noun ; plural English Collyriums , Latin Collyria . [ Latin , from Greek ....] (Medicine) An application to the eye, usually an eyewater.

Coloboma noun [ New Latin from Greek ..., the part taken away in mutilation, from ... to mutilate.] (Anat. & Med.) A defect or malformation; esp., a fissure of the iris supposed to be a persistent embryonic cleft.

Colocolo noun (Zoology) A South American wild cat ( Felis colocolo ), of the size of the ocelot.

Colocynth noun [ Latin colocynthis , Greek .... Confer Coloquintida .] (Medicine) The light spongy pulp of the fruit of the bitter cucumber ( Citrullus, or Cucumis, colocynthis ), an Asiatic plant allied to the watermelon; coloquintida. It comes in white balls, is intensely bitter, and a powerful cathartic. Called also bitter apple , bitter cucumber , bitter gourd .

Colocynthin noun [ Confer French colocynthine .] (Chemistry) The active medicinal principle of colocynth; a bitter, yellow, crystalline substance, regarded as a glucoside.

Cologne noun [ Originally made in Cologne , the French name of Köln, a city in Germany.] A perfumed liquid, composed of alcohol and certain aromatic oils, used in the toilet; -- called also cologne water and eau de cologne .

Cologne earth [ From Cologne the city.] (Min.) An earth of a deep brown color, containing more vegetable than mineral matter; an earthy variety of lignite, or brown coal.

Colombier noun [ French] A large size of paper for drawings. See under Paper .

Colombin noun (Chemistry) See Calumbin .

Colombo noun (Medicine) See Calumba .

Colon noun [ Latin colon , colum , limb, member, the largest of the intestines, from Greek ..., and in sense of the intestine, ...: confer French colon . Confer Colic .]
1. (Anat.) That part of the large intestines which extends from the cæcum to the rectum. [ See Illust of Digestion .]

2. (Gram.) A point or character, formed thus [ :], used to separate parts of a sentence that are complete in themselves and nearly independent, often taking the place of a conjunction.

Colonel noun [ French colonel , Italian colonello , prop., the chief or commander of a column, from colonna column, Latin columna . See Column .] (Mil.) The chief officer of a regiment; an officer ranking next above a lieutenant colonel and next below a brigadier general.

Colonelcy noun (Mil.) The office, rank, or commission of a colonel.

Colonelship noun Colonelcy. Swift.

Coloner noun A colonist. [ Obsolete] Holland

Colonial adjective [ Confer French colonial .] Of or pertaining to a colony; as, colonial rights, traffic, wars.

Colonialism noun
1. The state or quality of, or the relationship involved in, being colonial.

The last tie of colonialism which bound us to the mother country is broken.
Brander Matthews.

2. A custom, idea, feature of government, or the like, characteristic of a colony.

3. The colonial system or policy in political government or extension of territory.

Colonical adjective [ Latin colonus husbandman.] Of or pertaining to husbandmen. [ Obsolete]

Colonist noun A member or inhabitant of a colony.

Colonitis noun (Medicine) See Colitis .

Colonization noun [ Confer French colonisation .] The act of colonizing, or the state of being colonized; the formation of a colony or colonies.

The wide continent of America invited colonization .
Bancroft.

Colonizationist noun A friend to colonization, esp. (U. S. Hist) to the colonization of Africa by emigrants from the colored population of the United States.

Colonize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Colonized ; present participle & verbal noun Colonizing .] [ Confer French coloniser .] To plant or establish a colony or colonies in; to people with colonists; to migrate to and settle in. Bacon.

They that would thus colonize the stars with inhabitants.
Howell.

Colonize intransitive verb To remove to, and settle in, a distant country; to make a colony. C. Buchanan.

Colonizer noun One who promotes or establishes a colony; a colonist. Bancroft.

Colonnade noun [ French colonnade , Italian colonnata , from colonna column. See Colonel .] (Architecture) A series or range of columns placed at regular intervals with all the adjuncts, as entablature, stylobate, roof, etc.

» When in front of a building, it is called a portico ; when surrounding a building or an open court or square, a peristyle .

Colony noun ; plural Colonies . [ Latin colonia , from colonus farmer, from colere to cultivate, dwell: confer French colonie . Confer Culture .]
1. A company of people transplanted from their mother country to a remote province or country, and remaining subject to the jurisdiction of the parent state; as, the British colonies in America.

The first settlers of New England were the best of Englishmen, well educated, devout Christians, and zealous lovers of liberty. There was never a colony formed of better materials.
Ames.

2. The district or country colonized; a settlement.

3. A company of persons from the same country sojourning in a foreign city or land; as, the American colony in Paris.

4. (Nat. Hist.) A number of animals or plants living or growing together, beyond their usual range.

Colony noun
1. (Botany) A cell family or group of common origin, mostly of unicellular organisms, esp. among the lower algæ. They may adhere in chains or groups, or be held together by a gelatinous envelope.

2. (Zoology) A cluster or aggregation of zooids of any compound animal, as in the corals, hydroids, certain tunicates, etc.

3. (Zoology) A community of social insects, as ants, bees, etc.

Colophany noun See Colophony .

Colophene noun (Chemistry) A colorless, oily liquid, formerly obtained by distillation of colophony. It is regarded as a polymeric form of terebenthene. Called also diterebene .

Colophon (kŏl"o*fŏn) noun [ Latin colophon finishing stroke, Greek kolofw`n ; confer Latin culmen top, collis hill. Confer Holm .] An inscription, monogram, or cipher, containing the place and date of publication, printer's name, etc., formerly placed on the last page of a book.

The colophon , or final description, fell into disuse, and . . . the title page had become the principal direct means of identifying the book.
De Morgan.

The book was uninjured from title page to colophon .
Sir W. Scott.

Colophonite (kŏl"o*fo*nīt or ko*lŏf"o*nīt) noun [ Confer French colophonite . So named from its resemblance to the color of colophony .] (Min.) A coarsely granular variety of garnet.

Colophony (kŏl"o*fō*nȳ or ko*lŏf"o*nȳ; 277) noun [ Greek 'h kolofwni`a (sc. "rhti`nh resin, gum) resin, from Kolofw`nios of or from Colophon in Ionia.] Rosin.

Coloquintida noun See Colocynth . Shak.

Color noun [ Written also colour .] [ Old French color , colur , colour , French couleur , Latin color ; probably akin to celare to conceal (the color taken as that which covers). See Helmet .]
1. A property depending on the relations of light to the eye, by which individual and specific differences in the hues and tints of objects are apprehended in vision; as, gay colors ; sad colors , etc.

» The sensation of color depends upon a peculiar function of the retina or optic nerve, in consequence of which rays of light produce different effects according to the length of their waves or undulations, waves of a certain length producing the sensation of red, shorter waves green, and those still shorter blue, etc. White, or ordinary, light consists of waves of various lengths so blended as to produce no effect of color, and the color of objects depends upon their power to absorb or reflect a greater or less proportion of the rays which fall upon them.

2. Any hue distinguished from white or black.

3. The hue or color characteristic of good health and spirits; ruddy complexion.

Give color to my pale cheek.
Shak.

4. That which is used to give color; a paint; a pigment; as, oil colors or water colors .

5. That which covers or hides the real character of anything; semblance; excuse; disguise; appearance.

They had let down the boat into the sea, under color as though they would have cast anchors out of the foreship.
Acts xxvii. 30.

That he should die is worthy policy;
But yet we want a color for his death.
Shak.

6. Shade or variety of character; kind; species.

Boys and women are for the most part cattle of this color .
Shak.

7. A distinguishing badge, as a flag or similar symbol (usually in the plural); as, the colors or color of a ship or regiment; the colors of a race horse (that is, of the cap and jacket worn by the jockey).

In the United States each regiment of infantry and artillery has two colors , one national and one regimental.
Farrow.

8. (Law) An apparent right; as where the defendant in trespass gave to the plaintiff an appearance of title, by stating his title specially, thus removing the cause from the jury to the court. Blackstone.

» Color is express when it is averred in the pleading, and implied when it is implied in the pleading.

Body color . See under Body . -- Color blindness , total or partial inability to distinguish or recognize colors. See Daltonism . -- Complementary color , one of two colors so related to each other that when blended together they produce white light; -- so called because each color makes up to the other what it lacks to make it white. Artificial or pigment colors, when mixed, produce effects differing from those of the primary colors, in consequence of partial absorption. -- Of color (as persons, races, etc.), not of the white race; -- commonly meaning, esp. in the United States, of negro blood, pure or mixed. -- Primary colors , those developed from the solar beam by the prism, viz., red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet, which are reduced by some authors to three, -- red, green, and violet-blue. These three are sometimes called fundamental colors . -- Subjective or Accidental color , a false or spurious color seen in some instances, owing to the persistence of the luminous impression upon the retina, and a gradual change of its character, as where a wheel perfectly white, and with a circumference regularly subdivided, is made to revolve rapidly over a dark object, the teeth of the wheel appear to the eye of different shades of color varying with the rapidity of rotation. See Accidental colors , under Accidental .

Color transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Colored ; present participle & verbal noun Coloring .] [ French colorer .]
1. To change or alter the hue or tint of, by dyeing, staining, painting, etc.; to dye; to tinge; to paint; to stain.

The rays, to speak properly, are not colored ; in them there is nothing else than a certain power and disposition to stir up a sensation of this or that color.
Sir I. Newton.

2. To change or alter, as if by dyeing or painting; to give a false appearance to; usually, to give a specious appearance to; to cause to appear attractive; to make plausible; to palliate or excuse; as, the facts were colored by his prejudices.

He colors the falsehood of Æneas by an express command from Jupiter to forsake the queen.
Dryden.

3. To hide. [ Obsolete]

That by his fellowship he color might
Both his estate and love from skill of any wight.
Spenser.

Color intransitive verb To acquire color; to turn red, especially in the face; to blush.

Color sergeant See under Sergeant .

Colorable adjective Specious; plausible; having an appearance of right or justice. " Colorable pretense for infidelity." Bp. Stillingfleet.

-- Col"or*a*ble*ness , noun -- Col"or*a*bly , adverb

Colorable and subtle crimes, that seldom are taken within the walk of human justice.
Hooker.

Colorado adjective [ Spanish , red.]
1. Reddish; -- often used in proper names of rivers or creeks. [ Southwestern U. S.]

2. Medium in color and strength; -- said of cigars. [ Cant]

Colorado beetle (Zoology) A yellowish beetle ( Doryphora decemlineata ), with ten longitudinal, black, dorsal stripes. It has migrated eastwards from its original habitat in Colorado, and is very destructive to the potato plant; -- called also potato beetle and potato bug . See Potato beetle .

Colorado group (Geol.) A subdivision of the cretaceous formation of western North America, especially developed in Colorado and the upper Missouri region.

Coloradoite noun (Min.) Mercury telluride, an iron-black metallic mineral, found in Colorado.

Colorate adjective [ Latin coloratus , past participle of colorare to color.] Colored. [ Obsolete] Ray.