Colera Col"e·ra noun [ Latin cholera . See Choler .] Bile; choler. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Coleridgian Cole·ridg"i·an adjective Pertaining to Samuel Taylor Coleridge , or to his poetry or metaphysics.
Coleseed Cole"seed` noun The common rape or cole.
Coleslaw Cole"slaw` noun [ Dutch kool slaa cabbage salad.] A salad made of sliced cabbage.
Colestaff Cole"staff` noun See Colstaff .
Colet, Collet Col"et, Col"let [ Corrupted from acolyte .] An inferior church servant. [ Obsolete] See Acolyte .
Coletit, Coaltit Cole"tit`, Coal"tit noun (Zoology) A small European titmouse ( Parus ater ), so named from its black color; -- called also coalmouse and colemouse .
Coleus Co"le·us noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a sheath; -- referring to the manner in which the stamens are united.] (Botany) A plant of several species of the Mint family, cultivated for its bright-colored or variegated leaves.
Colewort Cole"wort` noun [ Anglo-Saxon cawlwyrt ; cawl cole + wyrt wort. Confer Collards .] 1. A variety of cabbage in which the leaves never form a compact head. 2. Any white cabbage before the head has become firm.
Colfox Col"fox` noun A crafty fox. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Colic Col"ic noun [ French colique, from Latin colicus sick with the colic, GR. ..., from ..., ..., the colon. The disease is so named from its being seated in or near the colon. See Colon .] (Medicine) A severe paroxysmal pain in the abdomen, due to spasm, obstruction, or distention of some one of the hollow viscera. Hepatic colic , the severe pain produced by the passage of a gallstone from the liver or gall bladder through the bile duct. -- Intestinal colic , or Ordinary colic , pain due to distention of the intestines by gas. -- Lead colic , Painter's colic , a violent form of intestinal colic, associated with obstinate constipation, produced by chronic lead poisoning. -- Renal colic , the severe pain produced by the passage of a calculus from the kidney through the ureter. -- Wind colic . See Intestinal colic , above.
Colic Col"ic adjective 1. Of or pertaining to colic; affecting the bowels. Milton. 2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the colon; as, the colic arteries.
Colical Col"ic·al adjective Of, pertaining to, or of the nature of, colic. Swift.
Colicky Col"ick·y adjective Pertaining to, or troubled with, colic; as, a colicky disorder.
Colicroot Col"ic·root` noun A bitter American herb of the Bloodwort family, with the leaves all radical, and the small yellow or white flowers in a long spike ( Aletris farinosa and A. aurea ). Called sometimes star grass , blackroot , blazing star , and unicorn root .
Colin Col"in noun [ French colin ; prop. a dim. of Colas , contr. from Nicolas Nicholas.] (Zoology) The American quail or bobwhite. The name is also applied to other related species. See Bobwhite .
Coliseum Col`i·se"um noun [ New Latin (cf. Italian coliseo , colosseo ), from Latin colosseus colossal, from colossus a colossus. See Colossus , and confer Colosseum .] The amphitheater of Vespasian at Rome, the largest in the world. [ Written also Colosseum .]
Colitis Co·li"tis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... + -itis .] (Medicine) An inflammation of the large intestine, esp. of its mucous membrane; colonitis.
Coll Coll transitive verb [ Old French coler , from Latin collum neck.] To embrace. [ Obsolete] "They coll and kiss him." Latimer.
Collaborateur Col·la`bo·ra·teur" noun [ French] See Collaborator .
Collaboration Col·lab`o·ra"tion noun The act of working together; united labor.
Collaborator Col·lab"o·ra`tor noun [ Latin collaborare to labor together; col- + laborare to labor: confer French collaborateur .] An associate in labor, especially in literary or scientific labor.
Collagen Col"la·gen noun [ Greek ko`lla glue + -gen .] (Physiol. Chem.) The chemical basis of ordinary connective tissue, as of tendons or sinews and of bone. On being boiled in water it becomes gelatin or glue.
Collagenous Col·lag"e·nous adjective (Physiol.) Containing or resembling collagen.
Collapse Col·lapse" intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Collapsed
; present participle & verbal noun Collapsing
] [ Latin collapsus
, past participle of collabi
to collapse; col-
to fall, slide. See Lapse
.] 1. To fall together suddenly, as the sides of a hollow vessel; to close by falling or shrinking together; to have the sides or parts of (a thing) fall in together, or be crushed in together; as, a flue in the boiler of a steam engine sometimes collapses .
A balloon collapses when the gas escapes from it. 2. To fail suddenly and completely, like something hollow when subject to too much pressure; to undergo a collapse; as, Maximilian's government collapsed soon after the French army left Mexico; many financial projects collapse after attaining some success and importance.
Collapse Col·lapse" noun 1. A falling together suddenly, as of the sides of a hollow vessel. 2. A sudden and complete failure; an utter failure of any kind; a breakdown. [ Colloq.] 3. (Medicine) Extreme depression or sudden failing of all the vital powers, as the result of disease, injury, or nervous disturbance.
Collapsion Col·lap"sion noun [ Latin collapsio .] Collapse. [ R.] Johnson.
Collar Col"lar noun [ Middle English coler , coller , Old French colier , French collier , necklace, collar, from Old French col neck, French cou , from Latin collum ; akin to Anglo-Saxon heals , G. & Goth. hals . Confer Hals , noun ] 1. Something worn round the neck, whether for use, ornament, restraint, or identification; as, the collar of a coat; a lady's collar ; the collar of a dog. 2. (Architecture) (a) A ring or cincture. (b) A collar beam. 3. (Botany) The neck or line of junction between the root of a plant and its stem. Gray. 4. An ornament worn round the neck by knights, having on it devices to designate their rank or order. 5. (Zoology) (a) A ringlike part of a mollusk in connection with esophagus. (b) A colored ring round the neck of a bird or mammal. 6. (Mech.) A ring or round flange upon, surrounding, or against an object, and used for restraining motion within given limits, or for holding something to its place, or for hiding an opening around an object; as, a collar on a shaft, used to prevent endwise motion of the shaft; a collar surrounding a stovepipe at the place where it enters a wall. The flanges of a piston and the gland of a stuffing box are sometimes called collars . 7. (Nautical) An eye formed in the bight or bend of a shroud or stay to go over the masthead; also, a rope to which certain parts of rigging, as dead-eyes, are secured. 8. (Mining) A curb, or a horizontal timbering, around the mouth of a shaft. Raymond. Collar beam (Architecture) , a horizontal piece of timber connecting and tying together two opposite rafters; -- also, called simply collar . -- Collar of brawn , the quantity of brawn bound up in one parcel. [ Eng.] Johnson. -- Collar day , a day of great ceremony at the English court, when persons, who are dignitaries of honorary orders, wear the collars of those orders. -- To slip the collar , to get free; to disentangle one's self from difficulty, labor, or engagement. Spenser.
Collar Col"lar transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Collared ; present participle & verbal noun Collaring .] 1. To seize by the collar. 2. To put a collar on. To collar beef (or other meat), to roll it up, and bind it close with a string preparatory to cooking it.
Collar bone Col"lar bone` (Anat.) The clavicle.
Collards Col"lards noun plural [ Corrupted from colewort .] Young cabbage, used as "greens"; esp. a kind cultivated for that purpose; colewort. [ Colloq. Souther U. S.]
Collared Col"lared adjective 1. Wearing a collar. " Collared with gold." Chaucer. 2. (Her.) Wearing a collar; -- said of a man or beast used as a bearing when a collar is represented as worn around the neck or loins. 3. Rolled up and bound close with a string; as, collared beef. See To collar beef , under Collar , transitive verb
Collaret Col`lar·et" Col`la*rette" noun [ French collerette , dim. of collier . See Collar .] A small collar; specif., a woman's collar of lace, fur, or other fancy material.
Collatable Col·lat"a·ble adjective Capable of being collated. Coleridge.
Collate Col·late" transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Collated
; present participle & verbal noun Collating
.] [ From Collation
.] 1. To compare critically, as books or manuscripts, in order to note the points of agreement or disagreement.
I must collage it, word, with the original Hebrew. 2. To gather and place in order, as the sheets of a book for binding. 3. (Eccl.) To present and institute in a benefice, when the person presenting is both the patron and the ordinary; -- followed by to . 4. To bestow or confer.
[ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.
Collate Col·late" intransitive verb (Ecl.) To place in a benefice, when the person placing is both the patron and the ordinary.
If the bishop neglets to collate within six months, the right to do it devolves on the archbishop.
Collateral Col·lat"er·al adjective
[ Late Latin collateralis
lateral. See Lateral
.] 1. Coming from, being on, or directed toward, the side; as, collateral pressure.
light." Shak. 2. Acting in an indirect way.
If by direct or by collateral hand 3. Related to, but not strictly a part of, the main thing or matter under consideration; hence, subordinate; not chief or principal; as, collateral interest; collateral issues.
They find us touched, we will our kingdom give . . .
To you in satisfaction.
That he [ Attebury] was altogether in the wrong on the main question, and on all the collateral questions springing out of it, . . . is true. 4. Tending toward the same conclusion or result as something else; additional; as, collateral evidence.
Yet the attempt may give 5. (Genealogy) Descending from the same stock or ancestor, but not in the same line or branch or one from the other; -- opposed to lineal .
Collateral interest to this homely tale.
descendants proceed one from another in a direct line; collateral
relations spring from a common ancestor, but from different branches of that common stirps
or stock. Thus the children of brothers are collateral
relations, having different fathers, but a common grandfather. Blackstone. Collateral assurance
, that which is made, over and above the deed itself.
-- Collateral circulation (Med. & Physiol.)
, circulation established through indirect or subordinate branches when the supply through the main vessel is obstructed.
-- Collateral issue
. (Law) (a) An issue taken upon a matter aside from the merits of the case. (b) An issue raised by a criminal convict who pleads any matter allowed by law in bar of execution, as pardon, diversity of person, etc. (c) A point raised, on cross-examination, aside from the issue fixed by the pleadings, as to which the answer of the witness, when given, cannot subsequently be contradicted by the party asking the question.
-- Collateral security
, security for the performance of covenants, or the payment of money, besides the principal security,
Collateral Col·lat"er·al noun 1. A collateral relative. Ayliffe. 2. Collateral security; that which is pledged or deposited as collateral security.
Collaterally Col·lat"er·al·ly adverb 1. Side by side; by the side.
These pulleys . . . placed collaterally . 2. In an indirect or subordinate manner; indirectly.
The will hath force upon the conscience collaterally and indirectly. 3. In collateral relation; not lineally.
Collateralness Col·lat"er·al·ness noun The state of being collateral.
Collation Col·la"tion noun
[ Middle English collacioun
speech, conference, reflection, Old French collacion
, French collation
, from Latin collatio
a bringing together, comparing, from collatum
(used as the supine of conferre
(used as the supine of ferre
to bear), for tlatum
. See Tolerate
, transitive verb
] 1. The act of collating or comparing; a comparison of one copy er thing (as of a book, or manuscript) with another of a like kind; comparison, in general. Pope. 2. (Print.) The gathering and examination of sheets preparatory to binding. 3. The act of conferring or bestowing.
Not by the collation of the king . . . but by the people. 4. A conference.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 5. (Eccl. Law) The presentation of a clergyman to a benefice by a bishop, who has it in his own gift. 6. (Law) (a) The act of comparing the copy of any paper with its original to ascertain its conformity. (b) The report of the act made by the proper officers. 7. (Scots Law) The right which an heir has of throwing the whole heritable and movable estates of the deceased into one mass, and sharing it equally with others who are of the same degree of kindred.
» This also obtains in the civil law, and is found in the code of Louisiana. Bouvier. 8. (Eccles.) A collection of the Lives of the Fathers or other devout work read daily in monasteries. 9. A light repast or luncheon; as, a cold collation ; -- first applied to the refreshment on fast days that accompanied the reading of the collation in monasteries.
A collation of wine and sweetmeats. Collation of seals (Old Law)
, a method of ascertaining the genuinendss of a$seal by'compariog it with another known to be genuine. Bouvier.
Collation Col·la"tion intransitive verb To partake of a collation.
May 20, 1658, I . . . collationed in Spring Garden.
Collationer Col·la"tion·er noun (Print.) One who examines the sheets of a book that has just been printed, to ascertain whether they are correctly printed, paged, etc. [ Eng.]
Collatitious Col`la·ti"tious adjective [ Latin collatitius . See Collation .] Brought together; contributed; done by contributions. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Collative Col·la"tive adjective [ Latin collativus brought together. ] Passing or held by collation; -- said of livings of which the bishop and the patron are the same person.
Collator Col·la"tor noun [ Latin ] 1. One who collates manuscripts, books, etc. Addison. 2. (Eccl. Law) One who collates to a benefice. 3. One who confers any benefit. [ Obsolete] Feltham.
Collaud Col·laud" transitive verb [ Latin collaudare ; col- + laudare to praise.] To join in praising. [ Obsolete] Howell.
Colleague Col"league (kŏl"lēg) noun [ French collègue , Latin collega one chosen at the same time with another, a partner in office; col- + legare to send or choose as deputy. See Legate .] A partner or associate in some civil or ecclesiastical office or employment. It is never used of partners in trade or manufactures. Syn. -- Helper; assistant; coadjutor; ally; associate; companion; confederate.
Colleague Col·league" (kŏl*lēg") transitive verb & i. To unite or associate with another or with others. [ R.] Shak.
Colleagueship Col"league·ship noun Partnership in office. Milton.
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