Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Collator noun [ Latin ]
1. One who collates manuscripts, books, etc. Addison.

2. (Eccl. Law) One who collates to a benefice.

3. One who confers any benefit. [ Obsolete] Feltham.

Collaud transitive verb [ Latin collaudare ; col- + laudare to praise.] To join in praising. [ Obsolete] Howell.

Colleague (kŏl"lēg) noun [ French collègue , Latin collega one chosen at the same time with another, a partner in office; col- + legare to send or choose as deputy. See Legate .] A partner or associate in some civil or ecclesiastical office or employment. It is never used of partners in trade or manufactures.

Syn. -- Helper; assistant; coadjutor; ally; associate; companion; confederate.

Colleague (kŏl*lēg") transitive verb & i. To unite or associate with another or with others. [ R.] Shak.

Colleagueship noun Partnership in office. Milton.

Collect transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Collected ; present participle & verbal noun Collecting .] [ Latin collecrus , past participle of collerige to bind together; col- + legere to gather: confer Old French collecter . See Legend , and confer Coil , transitive verb , Cull , transitive verb ]
1. To gather into one body or place; to assemble or bring together; to obtain by gathering.

A band of men
Collected choicely from each country.

'Tis memory alone that enriches the mind, by preserving what our labor and industry daily collect .

2. To demand and obtain payment of, as an account, or other indebtedness; as, to collect taxes.

3. To infer from observed facts; to conclude from premises. [ Archaic.] Shak.

Which sequence, I conceive, is very ill collected .

To collect one's self , to recover from surprise, embarrassment, or fear; to regain self- control.

Syn. -- To gather; assemble; congregate; muster; accumulate; garner; aggregate; amass; infer; deduce.

Collect intransitive verb
1. To assemble together; as, the people collected in a crowd; to accumulate; as, snow collects in banks.

2. To infer; to conclude. [ Archaic]

Whence some collect that the former word imports a plurality of persons.

Collect noun [ Late Latin collecta , from Latin collecta a collection in money; an assemblage, from collerige : confer French collecte . See Collect , transitive verb ] A short, comprehensive prayer, adapted to a particular day, occasion, or condition, and forming part of a liturgy.

The noble poem on the massacres of Piedmont is strictly a collect in verse.

Collectanea noun plural [ Neut. plural from Latin collectaneus collected, from colligere . See Collect , transitive verb ] Passages selected from various authors, usually for purposes of instruction; miscellany; anthology.

Collected adjective
1. Gathered together.

2. Self-possessed; calm; composed.

Collectedly adverb Composedly; coolly.

Collectedness noun A collected state of the mind; self-possession.

Collectible adjective Capable of being collected.

Collection noun [ Latin collectio : confer French collection .]
1. The act or process of collecting or of gathering; as, the collection of specimens.

2. That which is collected ; as: (a) A gathering or assemblage of objects or of persons. "A collection of letters." Macaulay. (b) A gathering of money for charitable or other purposes, as by passing a contribution box for freewill offerings. "The collection for the saints." 1 Cor. xvi. 1 (c) ( Usually in pl .) That which is obtained in payment of demands. (d) An accumulation of any substance. " Collections of moisture." Whewell. "A purulent collection ." Dunglison.

3. The act of inferring or concluding from premises or observed facts; also, that which is inferred. [ Obsolete]

We may safely say thus, that wrong collections have been hitherto made out of those words by modern divines.

4. The jurisdiction of a collector of excise. [ Eng.]

Syn. -- Gathering; assembly; assemblage; group; crowd; congregation; mass; heap; compilation.

Collectional (- a l) adjective Of or pertaining to collecting.

The first twenty-five [ years] must have been wasted for collectional purposes.
H. A. Merewether.

Collective adjective [ Latin collectivus : confer French collectif .]
1. Formed by gathering or collecting; gathered into a mass, sum, or body; congregated or aggregated; as, the collective body of a nation. Bp. Hoadley.

2. Deducing consequences; reasoning; inferring. [ Obsolete] "Critical and collective reason." Sir T. Browne.

3. (Gram.) Expressing a collection or aggregate of individuals, by a singular form; as, a collective name or noun, like assembly , army , jury , etc.

4. Tending to collect; forming a collection.

Local is his throne . . . to fix a point,
A central point, collective of his sons.

5. Having plurality of origin or authority; as, in diplomacy, a note signed by the representatives of several governments is called a collective note.

Collective fruit (Botany) , that which is formed from a mass of flowers, as the mulberry, pineapple, and the like; -- called also multiple fruit . Gray.

Collective noun (Gram.) A collective noun or name.

Collectively adverb In a mass, or body; in a collected state; in the aggregate; unitedly.

Collectiveness noun A state of union; mass.

Collectivism noun [ Confer French collectivisme .] (Polit. Econ.) The doctrine that land and capital should be owned by society collectively or as a whole; communism. W. G. Summer.

Collectivist noun [ Confer French collectiviste .] An advocate of collectivism. -- adjective Relating to, or characteristic of, collectivism.

Collectivity noun
1. Quality or state of being collective.

2. The collective sum. aggregate, or mass of anything; specif., the people as a body; the state.

The proposition to give work by the collectivity is supposed to be in contravention of the sacred principle of monopolistic competition.
W. D. Howells.

3. (Polit. Econ.) Collectivism.

Collector noun [ Late Latin collector one who collects: confer French collecteur .]
1. One who collects things which are separate; esp., one who makes a business or practice of collecting works of art, objects in natural history, etc.; as, a collector of coins.

I digress into Soho to explore a bookstall. Methinks I have been thirty years a collector .

2. A compiler of books; one who collects scattered passages and puts them together in one book.

Volumes without the collector's own reflections.

3. (Com.) An officer appointed and commissioned to collect and receive customs, duties, taxes, or toll.

A great part of this is now embezzled . . . by collectors , and other officers.
Sir W. Temple.

4. One authorized to collect debts.

5. A bachelor of arts in Oxford, formerly appointed to superintend some scholastic proceedings in Lent. Todd.

Collectorate noun The district of a collector of customs; a collectorship.

Collectorship noun The office of a collector of customs or of taxes.

Colleen noun [ Ir. cailin .] A girl; a maiden. [ Anglo-Irish]

Of all the colleens in the land
Sweet Mollie is the daisy.
The Century.

Collegatary noun [ Latin collegetarius . See Legatary .] (Law) A joint legatee.

College noun [ French collège , Latin collegium , from collega colleague. See Colleague .]
1. A collection, body, or society of persons engaged in common pursuits, or having common duties and interests, and sometimes, by charter, peculiar rights and privileges; as, a college of heralds; a college of electors; a college of bishops.

The college of the cardinals.

Then they made colleges of sufferers; persons who, to secure their inheritance in the world to come, did cut off all their portion in this.
Jer. Taylor.

2. A society of scholars or friends of learning, incorporated for study or instruction, esp. in the higher branches of knowledge; as, the colleges of Oxford and Cambridge Universities, and many American colleges .

» In France and some other parts of continental Europe, college is used to include schools occupied with rudimentary studies, and receiving children as pupils.

3. A building, or number of buildings, used by a college. "The gate of Trinity College ." Macaulay.

4. Fig.: A community. [ R.]

Thick as the college of the bees in May.

College of justice , a term applied in Scotland to the supreme civil courts and their principal officers. -- The sacred college , the college or cardinals at Rome.

Collegial noun [ Late Latin collegialis .] Collegiate. [ R.]

Collegian noun A member of a college, particularly of a literary institution so called; a student in a college.

Collegiate adjective [ Latin collegiatus .] Of or pertaining to a college; as, collegiate studies; a collegiate society. Johnson.

Collegiate church . (a) A church which, although not a bishop's seat, resembles a cathedral in having a college , or chapter of canons (and, in the Church of England, a dean), as Westminster Abbey. (b) An association of churches, possessing common revenues and administered under the joint pastorate of several ministers; as, the Reformed (Dutch) Collegiate Church of New York.

Collegiate noun A member of a college. Burton.

Collembola noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ko`lla glue + 'e`mbolon wedge, peg; -- so called from their having collophores.] (Zoology) The division of Thysanura which includes Podura , and allied forms.

Collenchyma noun [ New Latin , from Greek ko`lla glue + ... an infusion. Formed like parenchyma .] (Botany) A tissue of vegetable cells which are thickend at the angles and (usually) elongated.

Collet noun [ French collet , dim. from Latin collum neck. See Collar .]
1. A small collar or neckband. Foxe.

2. (Mech.) A small metal ring; a small collar fastened on an arbor; as, the collet on the balance arbor of a watch; a small socket on a stem, for holding a drill.

3. (Jewelry) (a) The part of a ring containing the bezel in which the stone is set. (b) The flat table at the base of a brilliant. See Illust. of Brilliant .

How full the collet with his jewel is!

Colleterial adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the colleterium of insects. R. Owen.

Colleterium noun [ New Latin See Colletic .] (Zoology) An organ of female insects, containing a cement to unite the ejected ova.

Colletic adjective [ Latin colleticus suitable for gluing, Greek ..., from ... to glue, ko`lla glue.] Agglutinant. -- noun An agglutinant.

Colley noun See Collie .

Collide intransitive verb [ Latin collidere , collisum ; col- + laedere to strike. See Lesion .] To strike or dash against each other; to come into collision; to clash; as, the vessels collided ; their interests collided .

Across this space the attraction urges them. They collide , they recoil, they oscillate.

No longer rocking and swaying, but clashing and colliding .

Collide transitive verb To strike or dash against. [ Obsolete]

Scintillations are . . . inflammable effluencies from the bodies collided .
Sir T. Browne.

Collidine noun [ Greek ko`lla glue.] (Chemistry) One of a class of organic bases, C 8 H 11 N, usually pungent oily liquids, belonging to the pyridine series, and obtained from bone oil, coal tar, naphtha, and certain alkaloids.

Collie noun [ Gael. cuilean whelp, puppy, dog.] (Zoology) The Scotch shepherd dog. There are two breeds, the rough-haired and smooth-haired. It is remarkable for its intelligence, displayed especially in caring for flocks. [ Written also colly , colley .]

Collied p. & adjective Darkened. See Colly , transitive verb

Collier noun [ Middle English colier . See Coal .]
1. One engaged in the business of digging mineral coal or making charcoal, or in transporting or dealing in coal.

2. A vessel employed in the coal trade.

Colliery noun ; plural Collieries . [ Confer Coalery , Collier .]
1. The place where coal is dug; a coal mine, and the buildings, etc., belonging to it.

2. The coal trade. [ Obsolete] Johnson.

Colliflower noun See Cauliflower .

Colligate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Colligated ; present participle & verbal noun Colligating .] [ Latin colligatus , past participle of colligare to collect; co- + ligare to bind.]
1. To tie or bind together.

The pieces of isinglass are colligated in rows.

2. (Logic) To bring together by colligation; to sum up in a single proposition.

He had discovered and colligated a multitude of the most wonderful . . . phenomena.

Colligate adjective Bound together.

Colligation noun [ Latin colligatio .]
1. A binding together. Sir T. Browne.

2. (Logic) That process by which a number of isolated facts are brought under one conception, or summed up in a general proposition, as when Kepler discovered that the various observed positions of the planet Mars were points in an ellipse. "The colligation of facts." Whewell.

Colligation is not always induction, but induction is always colligation .
J. S. Mill.