|Collect Col·lect" transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Collected
; present participle & verbal noun Collecting
.] [ Latin collecrus
, past participle
to bind together; col-
to gather: confer Old French collecter
. See Legend
, and confer Coil
, transitive verb
, transitive verb
] 1. To gather into one body or place; to assemble or bring together; to obtain by gathering.
A band of men
Collected choicely from each country.
'Tis memory alone that enriches the mind, by preserving what our labor and industry daily collect . 2. To demand and obtain payment of, as an account, or other indebtedness; as, to collect taxes. 3. To infer from observed facts; to conclude from premises.
[ Archaic.] Shak.
Which sequence, I conceive, is very ill collected . To collect one's self
, to recover from surprise, embarrassment, or fear; to regain self- control. Syn.
-- To gather; assemble; congregate; muster; accumulate; garner; aggregate; amass; infer; deduce.
Collect Col·lect" intransitive verb 1. To assemble together; as, the people collected in a crowd; to accumulate; as, snow collects in banks. 2. To infer; to conclude.
Whence some collect that the former word imports a plurality of persons.
Collect Col"lect noun
[ Late Latin collecta
, from Latin collecta
a collection in money; an assemblage, from collerige
: confer French collecte
. See Collect
, transitive verb
] A short, comprehensive prayer, adapted to a particular day, occasion, or condition, and forming part of a liturgy.
The noble poem on the massacres of Piedmont is strictly a collect in verse.
Collectanea Col`lec·ta"ne·a noun plural [ Neut. plural from Latin collectaneus collected, from colligere . See Collect , transitive verb ] Passages selected from various authors, usually for purposes of instruction; miscellany; anthology.
Collected Col·lect"ed adjective 1. Gathered together. 2. Self-possessed; calm; composed.
Collectedly Col·lect"ed·ly adverb Composedly; coolly.
Collectedness Col·lect"ed·ness noun A collected state of the mind; self-possession.
Collectible Col·lect"i·ble adjective Capable of being collected.
Collection Col·lec"tion noun
[ Latin collectio
: confer French collection
.] 1. The act or process of collecting or of gathering; as, the collection of specimens. 2. That which is collected
; as: (a) A gathering or assemblage of objects or of persons.
of letters." Macaulay. (b) A gathering of money for charitable or other purposes, as by passing a contribution box for freewill offerings.
for the saints." 1 Cor. xvi. 1 (c)
( Usually in pl
.) That which is obtained in payment of demands. (d) An accumulation of any substance.
of moisture." Whewell.
"A purulent collection
." Dunglison. 3. The act of inferring or concluding from premises or observed facts; also, that which is inferred.
We may safely say thus, that wrong collections have been hitherto made out of those words by modern divines. 4. The jurisdiction of a collector of excise.
[ Eng.] Syn.
-- Gathering; assembly; assemblage; group; crowd; congregation; mass; heap; compilation.
l) adjective Of or pertaining to collecting.
The first twenty-five [ years] must have been wasted for collectional purposes.
H. A. Merewether.
Collective Col·lect"ive adjective
[ Latin collectivus
: confer French collectif
.] 1. Formed by gathering or collecting; gathered into a mass, sum, or body; congregated or aggregated; as, the collective body of a nation. Bp. Hoadley. 2. Deducing consequences; reasoning; inferring.
[ Obsolete] "Critical and collective
reason." Sir T. Browne. 3. (Gram.) Expressing a collection or aggregate of individuals, by a singular form; as, a collective name or noun, like assembly , army , jury , etc. 4. Tending to collect; forming a collection.
Local is his throne . . . to fix a point, 5. Having plurality of origin or authority; as, in diplomacy, a note signed by the representatives of several governments is called a collective note. Collective fruit (Botany)
A central point, collective of his sons.
, that which is formed from a mass of flowers, as the mulberry, pineapple, and the like; -- called also multiple fruit . Gray.
Collective Col·lect"ive noun (Gram.) A collective noun or name.
Collectively Col·lect"ive·ly adverb In a mass, or body; in a collected state; in the aggregate; unitedly.
Collectiveness Col·lect"ive·ness noun A state of union; mass.
Collectivism Col·lect"iv·ism noun [ Confer French collectivisme .] (Polit. Econ.) The doctrine that land and capital should be owned by society collectively or as a whole; communism. W. G. Summer.
Collectivist Col·lect"iv·ist noun [ Confer French collectiviste .] An advocate of collectivism. -- adjective Relating to, or characteristic of, collectivism.
Collectivity Col`lec·tiv"i·ty noun 1. Quality or state of being collective. 2. The collective sum. aggregate, or mass of anything; specif., the people as a body; the state.
The proposition to give work by the collectivity is supposed to be in contravention of the sacred principle of monopolistic competition. W. D. Howells. 3. (Polit. Econ.) Collectivism.
Collector Col·lect"or noun
[ Late Latin collector
one who collects: confer French collecteur
.] 1. One who collects things which are separate; esp., one who makes a business or practice of collecting works of art, objects in natural history, etc.; as, a collector of coins.
I digress into Soho to explore a bookstall. Methinks I have been thirty years a collector . 2. A compiler of books; one who collects scattered passages and puts them together in one book.
Volumes without the collector's own reflections. 3. (Com.) An officer appointed and commissioned to collect and receive customs, duties, taxes, or toll.
A great part of this is now embezzled . . . by collectors , and other officers. 4. One authorized to collect debts. 5. A bachelor of arts in Oxford, formerly appointed to superintend some scholastic proceedings in Lent. Todd.
Sir W. Temple.
Collectorate Col·lect"or·ate noun The district of a collector of customs; a collectorship.
Collectorship Col·lect"or·ship noun The office of a collector of customs or of taxes.
Colleen Col·leen" noun
[ Ir. cailin
.] A girl; a maiden.
Of all the colleens in the land The Century.
Sweet Mollie is the daisy.
Collegatary Col·leg"a·ta·ry noun [ Latin collegetarius . See Legatary .] (Law) A joint legatee.
College Col"lege noun
[ French collège
, Latin collegium
, from collega
colleague. See Colleague
.] 1. A collection, body, or society of persons engaged in common pursuits, or having common duties and interests, and sometimes, by charter, peculiar rights and privileges; as, a college of heralds; a college of electors; a college of bishops.
The college of the cardinals.
Then they made colleges of sufferers; persons who, to secure their inheritance in the world to come, did cut off all their portion in this. 2. A society of scholars or friends of learning, incorporated for study or instruction, esp. in the higher branches of knowledge; as, the colleges of Oxford and Cambridge Universities, and many American colleges .
» In France and some other parts of continental Europe, college
is used to include schools occupied with rudimentary studies, and receiving children as pupils. 3. A building, or number of buildings, used by a college.
"The gate of Trinity College
." Macaulay. 4. Fig.: A community.
Thick as the college of the bees in May. College of justice
, a term applied in Scotland to the supreme civil courts and their principal officers.
-- The sacred college
, the college or cardinals at Rome.
Collegial Col·le"gi·al noun [ Late Latin collegialis .] Collegiate. [ R.]
Collegian Col·le"gi·an noun A member of a college, particularly of a literary institution so called; a student in a college.
Collegiate Col·le"gi·ate adjective [ Latin collegiatus .] Of or pertaining to a college; as, collegiate studies; a collegiate society. Johnson. Collegiate church . (a) A church which, although not a bishop's seat, resembles a cathedral in having a college , or chapter of canons (and, in the Church of England, a dean), as Westminster Abbey. (b) An association of churches, possessing common revenues and administered under the joint pastorate of several ministers; as, the Reformed (Dutch) Collegiate Church of New York.
Collegiate Col·le"gi·ate noun A member of a college. Burton.
Collembola Col·lem"bo·la noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ko`lla glue + 'e`mbolon wedge, peg; -- so called from their having collophores.] (Zoology) The division of Thysanura which includes Podura , and allied forms.
Collenchyma Col·len"chy·ma noun [ New Latin , from Greek ko`lla glue + ... an infusion. Formed like parenchyma .] (Botany) A tissue of vegetable cells which are thickend at the angles and (usually) elongated.
Collet Col"let noun
[ French collet
, dim. from Latin collum
neck. See Collar
.] 1. A small collar or neckband. Foxe. 2. (Mech.) A small metal ring; a small collar fastened on an arbor; as, the collet on the balance arbor of a watch; a small socket on a stem, for holding a drill. 3. (Jewelry) (a) The part of a ring containing the bezel in which the stone is set. (b) The flat table at the base of a brilliant. See Illust. of Brilliant .
How full the collet with his jewel is!
Colleterial Col`le·te"ri·al adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the colleterium of insects. R. Owen.
Colleterium Col`le·te"ri·um noun [ New Latin See Colletic .] (Zoology) An organ of female insects, containing a cement to unite the ejected ova.
Colletic Col·let"ic adjective [ Latin colleticus suitable for gluing, Greek ..., from ... to glue, ko`lla glue.] Agglutinant. -- noun An agglutinant.
Colley Col"ley noun See Collie .
Collide Col·lide" intransitive verb
[ Latin collidere
to strike. See Lesion
.] To strike or dash against each other; to come into collision; to clash; as, the vessels collided ; their interests collided .
Across this space the attraction urges them. They collide , they recoil, they oscillate.
No longer rocking and swaying, but clashing and colliding .
Collide Col·lide" transitive verb To strike or dash against.
Scintillations are . . . inflammable effluencies from the bodies collided .
Sir T. Browne.
Collidine Col"li·dine noun [ Greek ko`lla glue.] (Chemistry) One of a class of organic bases, C 8 H 11 N, usually pungent oily liquids, belonging to the pyridine series, and obtained from bone oil, coal tar, naphtha, and certain alkaloids.
Collie Col"lie noun [ Gael. cuilean whelp, puppy, dog.] (Zoology) The Scotch shepherd dog. There are two breeds, the rough-haired and smooth-haired. It is remarkable for its intelligence, displayed especially in caring for flocks. [ Written also colly , colley .]
Collied Col"lied p. & adjective Darkened. See Colly , transitive verb
Collier Col"lier noun [ Middle English colier . See Coal .] 1. One engaged in the business of digging mineral coal or making charcoal, or in transporting or dealing in coal. 2. A vessel employed in the coal trade.
Colliery Col"lier·y noun
; plural Collieries
. [ Confer Coalery
.] 1. The place where coal is dug; a coal mine, and the buildings, etc., belonging to it. 2. The coal trade.
[ Obsolete] Johnson.
Colliflower Col"li·flow`er noun See Cauliflower .
Colligate Col"li·gate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Colligated
; present participle & verbal noun Colligating
.] [ Latin colligatus
, past participle of colligare
to collect; co-
to bind.] 1. To tie or bind together.
The pieces of isinglass are colligated in rows. 2. (Logic) To bring together by colligation; to sum up in a single proposition.
He had discovered and colligated a multitude of the most wonderful . . . phenomena.
Colligate Col"li·gate adjective Bound together.
Colligation Col`li·ga"tion noun
[ Latin colligatio
.] 1. A binding together. Sir T. Browne. 2. (Logic) That process by which a number of isolated facts are brought under one conception, or summed up in a general proposition, as when Kepler discovered that the various observed positions of the planet Mars were points in an ellipse.
of facts." Whewell.
Colligation is not always induction, but induction is always colligation .
J. S. Mill.
Collimate Col"li·mate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Collimated ; past participle & verbal noun Collimating .] [ See Collimation .] (Physics & Astron.) To render parallel to a certain line or direction; to bring into the same line, as the axes of telescopes, etc.; to render parallel, as rays of light. Collimating eyepiece , an eyepiece with a diagonal reflector for illumination, used to determine the error of collimation in a transit instrument by observing the image of a cross wire reflected from mercury, and comparing its position in the field with that of the same wire seen directly. -- Collimating lens (Optics) , a lens used for producing parallel rays of light.
Collimation Col`li·ma"tion noun [ Confer French collimation , from a false reading ( collimare ) for Latin collineare to direct in a straight line; col- + linea line. Confer Collineation .] The act of collimating; the adjustment of the line of the sights, as the axial line of the telescope of an instrument, into its proper position relative to the other parts of the instrument. Error of collimation , the deviation of the line collimation of an astronomical instrument from the position it ought to have with respect to the axis of motion of the instrument. -- Line of collimation , the axial line of the telescope of an astronomical or geodetic instrument, or the line which passes through the optical center of the object glass and the intersection of the cross wires at its focus.
Collimator Col"li·ma`tor noun 1. (Astron.) A telescope arranged and used to determine errors of collimation, both vertical and horizontal. Nichol. 2. (Optics) A tube having a convex lens at one end and at the other a small opening or slit which is at the principal focus of the lens, used for producing a beam of parallel rays; also, a lens so used.
Collin Col"lin noun [ Greek ko`lla glue.] A very pure form of gelatin.
Colline Col"line noun
[ French colline
, from Latin collis
a hill.] A small hill or mount.
And watered park, full of fine collines and ponds.
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