Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Co-mate noun [ Prefix co- + mate .] A companion. Shak.
Columbine adjective [ Latin columbinus , from columba dove.] Of or pertaining to a dove; dovelike; dove-colored. " Columbine innocency." Bacon.
Columbine noun [ LL . columbina , Latin columbinus dovelike, from columba dove: confer French colombine . Perh. so called from the beaklike spurs of its flowers.]
1. (Botany) A plant of several species of the genus Aquilegia ; as, A. vulgaris , or the common garden columbine; A. Canadensis , the wild red columbine of North America. 2. The mistress or sweetheart of Harlequin in pantomimes. Brewer.
[ Confer French colombite
. See Columbium
.] (Min.) A mineral of a black color, submetallic luster, and high specific specific gravity. It is a niobate (or columbate) of iron and manganese, containing tantalate of iron; -- first found in New England.
Columbium noun [ New Latin , from Columbia America.] (Chemistry) A rare element of the vanadium group, first found in a variety of the mineral columbite occurring in Connecticut, probably at Haddam. Atomic weight 94.2. Symbol Cb or Nb. Now more commonly called niobium .
Columbo noun (Medicine) See Calumba .
Columbus Day The 12th day of October, on which day in 1492 Christopher Columbus discovered America, landing on one of the Bahama Islands (probably the one now commonly called Watling Island), and naming it "San Salvador"; -- called also Discovery Day . This day is made a legal holiday in many States of The United States.
[ Latin , dim. of columen
column. See Column
.] 1. (Botany) (a) An axis to which a carpel of a compound pistil may be attached, as in the case of the geranium; or which is left when a pod opens. (b) A columnlike axis in the capsules of mosses. 2. (Anat.) A term applied to various columnlike parts; as, the columella , or epipterygoid bone, in the skull of many lizards; the columella of the ear, the bony or cartilaginous rod connecting the tympanic membrane with the internal ear. 3. (Zoology) (a) The upright pillar in the axis of most univalve shells. (b) The central pillar or axis of the calicles of certain corals.
Columelliform adjective [ Columella + -form .] Shaped like a little column, or columella.
[ Latin columna
, from columen
, from cellere
(used only in comp.), akin to English excel
, and probably to holm
. See Holm
, and confer Colonel
.] 1. (Architecture) A kind of pillar; a cylindrical or polygonal support for a roof, ceiling, statue, etc., somewhat ornamented, and usually composed of base, shaft, and capital. See Order . 2. Anything resembling, in form or position, a column in architecture; an upright body or mass; a shaft or obelisk; as, a column of air, of water, of mercury, etc.; the Column Vendôme; the spinal column . 3. (Mil.) (a) A body of troops formed in ranks, one behind the other; -- contradistinguished from line . Compare Ploy , and Deploy . (b) A small army. 4. (Nautical) A number of ships so arranged as to follow one another in single or double file or in squadrons; -- in distinction from "line", where they are side by side. 5. (Print.) A perpendicular set of lines, not extending across the page, and separated from other matter by a rule or blank space; as, a column in a newspaper. 6. (Arith.) A perpendicular line of figures. 7. (Botany) The body formed by the union of the stamens in the Mallow family, or of the stamens and pistil in the orchids. Attached column
. See under Attach , transitive verb
-- Clustered column
. See under Cluster , transitive verb
-- Column rule
, a thin strip of brass separating columns of type in the form, and making a line between them in printing.
Columnar adjective [ Latin columnaris , from columna .] Formed in columns; having the form of a column or columns; like the shaft of a column. Columnar epithelium (Anat.) , epithelium in which the cells are prismatic in form, and set upright on the surface they cover. -- Columnar structure (Geol.) , a structure consisting of more or less regular columns, usually six-sided, but sometimes with eight or more sides. The columns are often fractured transversely, with a cup joint, showing a concave surface above. This structure is characteristic of certain igneous rocks, as basalt, and is due to contraction in cooling.
Columnarity noun The state or quality of being columnar.
Columnated adjective Having columns; as, columnated temples.
Columned adjective Having columns.
Troas and Ilion's columned citadel.
Columniation noun The employment or arrangement of columns in a structure. Gwilt.
; plural Colures
. [ French colure
, Latin coluri
, plural, from Greek ko`loyros
dock-tailed, a"i ko`loyroi
lines) the colures; from ko`los
docked, stunted + o'yra`
tail. So named because a part is always beneath the horizon.] (Astron. & Geology) One of two great circles intersecting at right angles in the poles of the equator. One of them passes through the equinoctial points, and hence is denominated the equinoctial colure; the other intersects the equator at the distance of 90Â° from the former, and is called the solstitial colure.
Thrice the equinoctial line
He circled; four times crossed the car of night
From pole to pole, traversing each colure .
; plural Colies
. [ New Latin colius
, probably from Greek ... a kind of woodpecker.] Any bird of the genus Colius and allied genera. They inhabit Africa.
Colza noun [ French, from Dutch koolzaad , prop., cabbage seed; kool (akin to English cole ) + zaad , akin to English seed .] (Botany) A variety of cabbage ( Brassica oleracea ), cultivated for its seeds, which yield an oil valued for illuminating and lubricating purposes; summer rape.
Com- A prefix from the Latin preposition cum , signifying with , together , in conjunction , very , etc. It is used in the form com- before b , m , p , and sometimes f , and by assimilation becomes col- before l , cor- before r , and con- before any consonant except b , h , l , m , p , r , and w . Before a vowel com- becomes co- ; also before h , w , and sometimes before other consonants.
[ New Latin , from Greek kw^ma
lethargy, from koima^n
to put to sleep. See Cemetery
.] A state of profound insensibility from which it is difficult or impossible to rouse a person. See Carus .
Coma noun [ Latin , hair, from Greek ko`mh .] Coma Berenices [ Latin ] (Astron.) , a small constellation north of Virgo; -- called also Berenice's Hair .
1. (Astron.) The envelope of a comet; a nebulous covering, which surrounds the nucleus or body of a comet. 2. (Botany) A tuft or bunch, -- as the assemblage of branches forming the head of a tree; or a cluster of bracts when empty and terminating the inflorescence of a plant; or a tuft of long hairs on certain seeds.
Comanches noun plural ; sing. Comanche (? or ?). (Ethnol.) A warlike, savage, and nomadic tribe of the Shoshone family of Indians, inhabiting Mexico and the adjacent parts of the United States; -- called also Paducahs . They are noted for plundering and cruelty.
Comart noun A covenant. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Comate adjective [ Latin comatus , from comare to clothe with hair, from coma hair.] Encompassed with a coma, or bushy appearance, like hair; hairy.
[ From Coma
lethargy.] Relating to, or resembling, coma; drowsy; lethargic; as, comatose sleep; comatose fever.
Comatous adjective Comatose.
Comatula noun [ New Latin , from Latin comatulus having hair neatly curled, dim. from coma hair.] (Zoology) A crinoid of the genus Antedon and related genera. When young they are fixed by a stem. When adult they become detached and cling to seaweeds, etc., by their dorsal cirri; -- called also feather stars .
Comatulid noun (Zoology) Any crinoid of the genus Antedon or allied genera.
[ Anglo-Saxon camb
; akin to Swedish , Dan., & Dutch kam
, Icelandic kambr
, German kamm
, Greek ... a grinder tooth, Sanskrit jambha
tooth.] 1. An instrument with teeth, for straightening, cleansing, and adjusting the hair, or for keeping it in place. 2. An instrument for currying hairy animals, or cleansing and smoothing their coats; a currycomb. 3. (Manuf. & Mech.) (a) A toothed instrument used for separating and cleansing wool, flax, hair, etc. (b) The serrated vibratory doffing knife of a carding machine. (c) A former, commonly cone-shaped, used in hat manufacturing for hardening the soft fiber into a bat. (d) A tool with teeth, used for chasing screws on work in a lathe; a chaser. (e) The notched scale of a wire micrometer. (f) The collector of an electrical machine, usually resembling a comb. 4. (Zoology) (a) The naked fleshy crest or caruncle on the upper part of the bill or hood of a cock or other bird. It is usually red. (b) One of a pair of peculiar organs on the base of the abdomen of scorpions. 5. The curling crest of a wave. 6. The waxen framework forming the walls of the cells in which bees store their honey, eggs, etc.; honeycomb.
of honey." Wyclif.
When the bee doth leave her comb . 7. The thumbpiece of the hammer of a gunlock, by which it may be cocked.
Comb transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Combed
; present participle & verbal noun Combing
.] To disentangle, cleanse, or adjust, with a comb; to lay smooth and straight with, or as with, a comb; as, to comb hair or wool. See under Combing .
Comb down his hair; look, look! it stands upright.
Comb intransitive verb
[ See Comb
, 5.] (Nautical) To roll over, as the top or crest of a wave; to break with a white foam, as waves.
Comb noun A dry measure. See Coomb .
Comb, Combe noun
[ Anglo-Saxon comb
, probably of Celtic origin; confer W. cwm
a dale, valley.] That unwatered portion of a valley which forms its continuation beyond and above the most elevated spring that issues into it.
[ Written also coombe
A gradual rise the shelving combe
Combat intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Combated
; present participle & verbal noun Combating
.] [ French combattre
; prefix com-
to beat, from Latin battuere
to strike. See Batter
.] To struggle or contend, as with an opposing force; to fight.
To combat with a blind man I disdain.
After the fall of the republic, the Romans combated only for the choice of masters.
Combat transitive verb To fight with; to oppose by force, argument, etc.; to contend against; to resist.
When he the ambitious Norway combated .
And combated in silence all these reasons.
Minds combat minds, repelling and repelled. Syn.
-- To fight against; resist; oppose; withstand; oppugn; antagonize; repel; resent.
[ Confer French combat
.] 1. A fight; a contest of violence; a struggle for supremacy.
My courage try by combat , if thou dar'st.
The noble combat that 'twixt joy and sorrow was fought in Paulina. 2. (Mil.) An engagement of no great magnitude; or one in which the parties engaged are not armies. Single combat
, one in which a single combatant meets a single opponent, as in the case of David and Goliath; also, a duel. Syn.
-- A battle; engagement; conflict; contest; contention; struggle; fight, strife. See Battle
Combatable adjective [ Confer French combattable .] Such as can be, or is liable to be, combated; as, combatable foes, evils, or arguments.
Combatant adjective [ French combattant , present participle] Contending; disposed to contend. B. Jonson.
[ French combattant
.] One who engages in combat.
"The mighty combatants
A controversy which long survived the original combatants .
Combater noun One who combats. Sherwood.
Combative adjective Disposed to engage in combat; pugnacious.
1. The quality of being combative; propensity to contend or to quarrel. 2. (Phren.) A cranial development supposed to indicate a combative disposition.
Combattant adjective [ French] (Her.) In the position of fighting; -- said of two lions set face to face, each rampant.
Combbroach noun A tooth of a wool comb. [ Written also combrouch .]
1. One who combs; one whose occupation it is to comb wool, flax, etc. Also, a machine for combing wool, flax, etc. 2. A long, curling wave.
Comber transitive verb To cumber. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Comber noun Encumbrance. [ Obsolete]
Comber noun (Zoology) The cabrilla. Also, a name applied to a species of wrasse. [ Prov. Eng.]
Combinable adjective [ Confer French combinable .] Capable of combining; consistent with. [ R.] M. Arnold. -- Com*bin"a*ble*ness , noun