Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Confer Old French communage
.] The right of pasturing on a common; the right of using anything in common with others.
The claim of commonage . . . in most of the forests.
; plural Commonalties
. [ Old French communalté
; French communauté
, from communal
. See Communal
.] 1. The common people; those classes and conditions of people who are below the rank of nobility; the commons.
The commonalty , like the nobility, are divided into several degrees.
The ancient fare of our kings differed from that of the commonalty in plenteousness only. 2. The majority or bulk of mankind.
[ Obsolete] Hooker.
Commoner noun 1. One of the common people; one having no rank of nobility.
All below them [ the peers] even their children, were commoners , and in the eye of the law equal to each other. 2. A member of the House of Commons. 3. One who has a joint right in common ground.
Much good land might be gained from forests . . . and from other commonable places, so as always there be a due care taken that the poor commoners have no injury. 4. One sharing with another in anything.
[ Obsolete] Fuller. 5. A student in the university of Oxford, Eng., who is not dependent on any foundation for support, but pays all university charges; - - at Cambridge called a pensioner . 6. A prostitute.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Commonish adjective Somewhat common; commonplace; vulgar.
[ Latin commonitio
. See Monition
.] Advice; warning; instruction.
[ Obsolete] Bailey.
Commonitive adjective Monitory.
Only commemorative and commonitive .
Commonitory adjective [ Latin commonitorius .] Calling to mind; giving admonition. [ Obsolete] Foxe.
1. Usually; generally; ordinarily; frequently; for the most part; as, confirmed habits commonly continue through life. 2. In common; familiarly. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
1. State or quality of being common or usual; as, the commonness of sunlight. 2. Triteness; meanness.
Commonplace adjective Common; ordinary; trite; as, a commonplace person, or observation.
Commonplace noun 1. An idea or expression wanting originality or interest; a trite or customary remark; a platitude. 2. A memorandum; something to be frequently consulted or referred to.
Whatever, in my reading, occurs concerning this our fellow creature, I do never fail to set it down by way of commonplace . Commonplace book
, a book in which records are made of things to be remembered.
Commonplace transitive verb To enter in a commonplace book, or to reduce to general heads. Felton.
Commonplace intransitive verb To utter commonplaces; to indulge in platitudes. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Commonplaceness noun The quality of being commonplace; commonness.
Commons noun plural
, 1. The mass of the people, as distinguished from the titled classes or nobility; the commonalty; the common people.
'T is like the commons , rude unpolished hinds,
Could send such message to their sovereign.
The word commons in its present ordinary signification comprises all the people who are under the rank of peers. 2. The House of Commons, or lower house of the British Parliament, consisting of representatives elected by the qualified voters of counties, boroughs, and universities.
It is agreed that the Commons were no part of the great council till some ages after the Conquest. 3. Provisions; food; fare, -- as that provided at a common table in colleges and universities.
Their commons , though but coarse, were nothing scant. 4. A club or association for boarding at a common table, as in a college, the members sharing the expenses equally; as, to board in commons . 5. A common; public pasture ground.
To shake his ears, and graze in commons . Doctors' Commons
, a place near St. Paul's Churchyard in London where the doctors of civil law used to common together, and where were the ecclesiastical and admiralty courts and offices having jurisdiction of marriage licenses, divorces, registration of wills, etc.
-- To be on short commons
, to have a small allowance of food.
Commonty noun (Scots Law) A common; a piece of land in which two or more persons have a common right. Bell.
Such a prince,
So kind a father of the commonweal .
well-being.] 1. A state; a body politic consisting of a certain number of men, united, by compact or tacit agreement, under one form of government and system of laws.
The trappings of a monarchy would set up an ordinary commonwealth .
» This term is applied to governments which are considered as free or popular, but rarely, or improperly, to an absolute government. The word signifies, strictly, the common well-being
; and hence, a form of government in which the general welfare is regarded rather than the welfare of any class. 2. The whole body of people in a state; the public. 3. (Eng. Hist.) Specifically, the form of government established on the death of Charles I., in 1649, which existed under Oliver Cromwell and his son Richard, ending with the abdication of the latter in 1659. Syn.
-- State; realm; republic.
Commorancy noun 1. (Law) A dwelling or ordinary residence in a place; habitation.
Commorancy consists in usually lying there. 2. (Am. Law) Residence temporarily, or for a short time.
[ Latin commorans
, present participle of commorari
to abide; com-
to delay.] 1. (Law) Ordinarily residing; inhabiting.
All freeholders within the precinct . . . and all persons commorant therein. 2. (Am. Law) Inhabiting or occupying temporarily.
Commorant noun A resident. Bp. Hacket.
Commoration noun [ Latin commoratio .] The act of staying or residing in a place. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Commorient adjective [ Latin commoriens , present participle of commoriri .] Dying together or at the same time. [ R.] Sir G. Buck.
Commorse noun [ Latin commorsus , past participle of commordere to bite sharply.] Remorse. [ Obsolete] "With sad commorse ." Daniel.
Commote transitive verb
[ See Commove
.] To commove; to disturb; to stir up.
Society being more or less commoted and made uncomfortable.
[ Latin commotio
: confer French commotion
. See Motion
.] 1. Disturbed or violent motion; agitation.
[ What] commotion in the winds ! 2. A popular tumult; public disturbance; riot.
When ye shall hear of wars and commotions . 3. Agitation, perturbation, or disorder, of mind; heat; excitement.
Luke xxi. 9.
"He could not debate anything without some commotion
." Clarendon. Syn.
-- Excitement; agitation; perturbation; disturbance; tumult; disorder; violence.
Commove transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Commoved
; present participle & verbal noun Commoving
.] [ Latin commovere
to move.] 1. To urge; to persuade; to incite.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. To put in motion; to disturb; to unsettle.
Straight the sands,
Commoved around, in gathering eddies play.
Communal adjective [ Confer French communal .] Pertaining to a commune.
Communalism noun A French theory of government which holds that commune should be a kind of independent state, and the national government a confederation of such states, having only limited powers. It is advocated by advanced French republicans; but it should not be confounded with communism.
Communalist noun [ Confer French communaliste .] An advocate of communalism.
Communalistic adjective Pertaining to communalism.
Commune intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Communed
; present participle & verbal noun Communing
.] [ Old French communier
, from Latin communicare
to communicate, from communis
common. See Common
, and confer Communicate
.] 1. To converse together with sympathy and confidence; to interchange sentiments or feelings; to take counsel.
I would commune with you of such things 2. To receive the communion; to partake of the eucharist or Lord's supper.
That want no ear but yours.
To commune under both kinds. To commune with one's self
or one's heart
, to think; to reflect; to meditate.
Commune noun Communion; sympathetic intercourse or conversation between friends.
For days of happy commune dead.
[ French, from commun
. See Common
.] 1. The commonalty; the common people.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
In this struggle -- to use the technical words of the time -- of the " commune ", the general mass of the inhabitants, against the "prudhommes" or "wiser" few. 2. A small territorial district in France under the government of a mayor and municipal council; also, the inhabitants, or the government, of such a district. See Arrondissement . 3. Absolute municipal self- government. The Commune of Paris
J. R. Green.
, or The Commune (a) The government established in Paris (1792-94) by a usurpation of supreme power on the part of representatives chosen by the communes; the period of its continuance is known as the "Reign of Terror." (b) The revolutionary government, modeled on the commune of 1792, which the communists, so called, attempted to establish in 1871.
Communicability noun [ Confer French communicabilité .] The quality of being communicable; capability of being imparted.
Communicable adjective [ Confer French communicable , Late Latin communicabilis .]
1. Capable of being communicated, or imparted; as, a communicable disease; communicable knowledge. 2. Communicative; free-speaking. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson. -- Com*mu"ni*ca*ble*ness , noun -- Com*mu"ni*ca"bly , adverb
[ Latin communicans
, present participle] 1. One who partakes of, or is entitled to partake of, the sacrament of the Lord's supper; a church member.
A never-failing monthly communicant . 2. One who communicates. Foxe.
Communicant adjective Communicating. [ R.] Coleridge.
Communicate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Communicated
; present participle & verbal noun Communicating
.] [ Latin communicatus
, past participle of communicare
to communicate, from communis
common. See Commune
, intransitive verb
] 1. To share in common; to participate in.
To thousands that communicate our loss. 2. To impart; to bestow; to convey; as, to communicate a disease or a sensation; to communicate motion by means of a crank.
Where God is worshiped, there he communicates his blessings and holy influences. 3. To make known; to recount; to give; to impart; as, to communicate information to any one. 4. To administer the communion to.
She [ the church] . . . may communicate him.
» This verb was formerly followed by with
before the person receiving, but now usually takes to
He communicated those thoughts only with the Lord Digby. Syn.
-- To impart; bestow; confer; reveal; disclose; tell; announce; recount; make known. -- To Communicate
is the more general term, and denotes the allowing of others to partake or enjoy in common with ourselves. Impart
is more specific. It is giving to others a part of what we had held as our own, or making them our partners; as, to impart
our feelings; to impart
of our property, etc. Hence there is something more intimate in imparting
intelligence than in communicating
it. To reveal
is to disclose something hidden or concealed; as, to reveal
Communicate intransitive verb 1. To share or participate; to possess or enjoy in common; to have sympathy.
Ye did communicate with my affliction. 2. To give alms, sympathy, or aid.
Philip. iv. 4.
To do good and to communicate forget not. 3. To have intercourse or to be the means of intercourse; as, to communicate with another on business; to be connected; as, a communicating artery.
Hebrew xiii. 16.
Subjects suffered to communicate and to have intercourse of traffic.
The whole body is nothing but a system of such canals, which all communicate with one another. 4. To partake of the Lord's supper; to commune.
The primitive Christians communicated every day.
[ Latin communicatio
.] 1. The act or fact of communicating; as, communication of smallpox; communication of a secret. 2. Intercourse by words, letters, or messages; interchange of thoughts or opinions, by conference or other means; conference; correspondence.
Argument . . . and friendly communication . 3. Association; company.
Evil communications corrupt good manners. 4. Means of communicating; means of passing from place to place; a connecting passage; connection.
1 Cor. xv. 33.
The Euxine Sea is conveniently situated for trade, by the communication it has both with Asia and Europe. 5. That which is communicated or imparted; intelligence; news; a verbal or written message. 6. Participation in the Lord's supper. Bp. Pearson. 7. (Rhet.) A trope, by which a speaker assumes that his hearer is a partner in his sentiments, and says we , instead of I or you . Beattie. Syn.
-- Correspondence; conference; intercourse.
[ Confer French Communicatif
, Late Latin communicativus
.] Inclined to communicate; ready to impart to others.
Determine, for the future, to be less communicative .
Communicativeness noun The quality of being communicative. Norris.
Communicator noun [ Latin ] One who communicates. Boyle.
[ Late Latin communicatorius
.] Imparting knowledge or information.
Canonical and communicatory letters.
[ Latin communio
: confer French communion
. See Common
.] 1. The act of sharing; community; participation.
of goods." Blackstone. 2. Intercourse between two or more persons; esp., intimate association and intercourse implying sympathy and confidence; interchange of thoughts, purposes, etc.; agreement; fellowship; as, the communion of saints.
We are naturally induced to seek communion and fellowship with others.
What communion hath light with darkness?
2 Cor. vi. 14.
Bare communion with a good church can never alone make a good man. 3. A body of Christians having one common faith and discipline; as, the Presbyterian communion . 4. The sacrament of the eucharist; the celebration of the Lord's supper; the act of partaking of the sacrament; as, to go to communion ; to partake of the communion . Close communion
. See under Close , adjective
-- Communion elements
, the bread and wine used in the celebration of the Lord's supper.
-- Communion service
, the celebration of the Lord's supper, or the office or service therefor.
-- Communion table
, the table upon which the elements are placed at the celebration of the Lord's supper.
-- Communion in both kinds
, participation in both the bread and wine by all communicants.
-- Communion in one kind
, participation in but one element, as in the Roman Catholic Church, where the laity partake of the bread only. Syn.
-- Share; participation; fellowship; converse; intercourse; unity; concord; agreement.
Communism noun [ French communisme , from commun common.] A scheme of equalizing the social conditions of life; specifically, a scheme which contemplates the abolition of inequalities in the possession of property, as by distributing all wealth equally to all, or by holding all wealth in common for the equal use and advantage of all. » At different times, and in different countries, various schemes pertaining to socialism in government and the conditions of domestic life, as well as in the distribution of wealth, have been called communism .
Communist noun [ French communiste .]
1. An advocate for the theory or practice of communism. 2. A supporter of the commune of Paris.
1. Of or pertaining to communism or communists; as, communistic theories. 2. (Zoology) Living or having their nests in common, as certain birds.