Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Compensate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Compensated
; present participle & verbal noun Compensating
.] [ Latin compensatus
, past participle of compensare
, prop., to weigh several things with one another, to balance with one another, verb intens. from compendere
. See Compendium
.] 1. To make equal return to; to remunerate; to recompense; to give an equivalent to; to requite suitably; as, to compensate a laborer for his work, or a merchant for his losses. 2. To be equivalent in value or effect to; to counterbalance; to make up for; to make amends for.
The length of the night and the dews thereof do compensate the heat of the day.
The pleasures of life do not compensate the miseries. Syn.
-- To recompense; remunerate; indemnify; reward; requite; counterbalance.
Compensate intransitive verb To make amends; to supply an equivalent; -- followed by for ; as, nothing can compensate for the loss of reputation.
[ Latin compensatio
a weighing, a balancing of accounts.] 1. The act or principle of compensating. Emerson. 2. That which constitutes, or is regarded as, an equivalent; that which makes good the lack or variation of something else; that which compensates for loss or privation; amends; remuneration; recompense.
The parliament which dissolved the monastic foundations . . . vouchsafed not a word toward securing the slightest compensation to the dispossessed owners.
No pecuniary compensation can possibly reward them. 3. (Law) (a) The extinction of debts of which two persons are reciprocally debtors by the credits of which they are reciprocally creditors; the payment of a debt by a credit of equal amount; a set-off. Bouvier. Wharton. (b) A recompense or reward for some loss or service. (c) An equivalent stipulated for in contracts for the sale of real estate, in which it is customary to provide that errors in description, etc., shall not avoid, but shall be the subject of compensation . Compensation balance
, or Compensated balance
, a kind of balance wheel for a timepiece. The rim is usually made of two different metals having different expansibility under changes of temperature, so arranged as to counteract each other and preserve uniformity of movement.
-- Compensation pendulum
. See Pendulum . Syn.
-- Recompense; reward; indemnification; consideration; requital; satisfaction; set-off.
Compensative adjective [ Late Latin compensativus .] Affording compensation.
Compensative noun Compensation. [ R.] Lamb.
1. One who, or that which, compensates; -- a name applied to various mechanical devices. 2. (Nautical) An iron plate or magnet placed near the compass on iron vessels to neutralize the effect of the ship's attraction on the needle.
Compensatory adjective Serving for compensation; making amends. Jer. Taylor.
Compense transitive verb
[ French compenser
. See Compensate
.] To compensate.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
Comperendinate transitive verb [ Latin comperendinatus , past participle of comperendinare to defer (the time of trial.)] To delay. Bailey.
Compesce transitive verb [ Latin compescere .] To hold in check; to restrain. [ R.] Carlyle.
Compete intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Competed
; present participle & verbal noun Competing
.] [ Latin completere
to seek. See Petition
.] To contend emulously; to seek or strive for the same thing, position, or reward for which another is striving; to contend in rivalry, as for a prize or in business; as, tradesmen compete with one another.
The rival statesmen, with eyes fixed on America, were all the while competing for European alliances.
Competence, Competency noun
[ Confer French compétence
, from Latin competentia
agreement.] 1. The state of being competent; fitness; ability; adequacy; power.
The loan demonstrates, in regard to instrumental resources, the competency of this kingdom to the assertion of the common cause.
To make them act zealously is not in the competence of law. 2. Property or means sufficient for the necessaries and conveniences of life; sufficiency without excess.
Reason's whole pleasure, all the joys of sense,
Lie in three words -- health, peace, and competence .
Superfluity comes sooner by white hairs, but competency lives longer. 3. (Law) (a) Legal capacity or qualifications; fitness; as, the competency of a witness or of a evidence. (b) Right or authority; legal power or capacity to take cognizance of a cause; as, the competence of a judge or court. Kent.
nt; 94) adjective
[ French compétent
, present participle of compéter
to be in the competency of, Late Latin competere
to strive after together, to agree with; hence, to be fit. See Compete
.] 1. Answering to all requirements; adequate; sufficient; suitable; capable; legally qualified; fit.
knowledge of the world." Atterbury.
witness." Bouvier. 2. Rightfully or properly belonging; incident; -- followed by to .
[ Rare, except in legal usage.]
That is the privilege of the infinite Author of things, . . . but is not competent to any finite being. Syn.
-- See Qualified
Competently adverb In a competent manner; adequately; suitably.
Competible adjective Compatible; suitable; consistent. [ Obsolete] Sir M. Hale.
[ Latin competition
. See Compete
.] The act of seeking, or endeavoring to gain, what another is endeavoring to gain at the same time; common strife for the same objects; strife for superiority; emulous contest; rivalry, as for approbation, for a prize, or as where two or more persons are engaged in the same business and each seeking patronage; -- followed by for before the object sought, and with before the person or thing competed with.
Competition to the crown there is none, nor can be.
A portrait, with which one of Titian's could not come in competition .
There is no competition but for the second place.
Where competition does not act at all there is complete monopoly. Syn.
A. T. Hadley.
-- Emulation; rivalry; rivalship; contest; struggle; contention; opposition; jealousy. See Emulation
Competitive adjective Of or pertaining to competition; producing competition; competitory; as, a competitive examination.
[ Latin : confer French compétiteur
.] 1. One who seeks what another seeks, or claims what another claims; one who competes; a rival.
And can not brook competitors in love. 2. An associate; a confederate.
Every hour more competitors
Flock to their aid, and still their power increaseth.
Competitory adjective Acting in competition; competing; rival.
Competitress noun A woman who competes.
Competitrix noun [ Latin ] A competitress.
[ Latin compilatio
: confer French compilation
.] 1. The act or process of compiling or gathering together from various sources. 2. That which is compiled; especially, a book or document composed of materials gathering from other books or documents.
His [ Goldsmith's] compilations are widely distinguished from the compilations of ordinary bookmakers.
Compilator noun [ Latin ] Compiler. [ Obsolete]
Compile transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Compiled
; present participle & verbal noun Compiling
.] [ French compiler
, from Latin compilare
to plunder, pillage; com-
to plunder. See Pill
, transitive verb
.] 1. To put together; to construct; to build.
Before that Merlin died, he did intend 2. To contain or comprise.
A brazen wall in compass to compile .
Which these six books compile . 3. To put together in a new form out of materials already existing; esp., to put together or compose out of materials from other books or documents.
He [ Goldsmith] compiled for the use of schools a History of Rome. 4. To write; to compose.
[ Obsolete] Sir W. Temple.
Compilement noun Compilation. [ R.]
Compiler noun [ Middle English compiluor ; confer Old French compileor , from Latin compilator .] One who compiles; esp., one who makes books by compilation.
Compinge transitive verb [ Latin compingere .] To compress; to shut up. [ Obsolete] Burton.
Complacence, Complacency noun
[ Late Latin complacentia
: confer French complaisance
. See Complacent
, and confer Complaisance
.] 1. Calm contentment; satisfaction; gratification.
The inward complacence we find in acting reasonably and virtuously.
Others proclaim the infirmities of a great man with satisfaction and complacency , if they discover none of the like in themselves. 2. The cause of pleasure or joy.
"O thou, my sole complacence
." Milton. 3. The manifestation of contentment or satisfaction; good nature; kindness; civility; affability.
Complacency , and truth, and manly sweetness,
Dwell ever on his tongue, and smooth his thoughts.
With mean complacence ne'er betray your trust.
[ Latin complacens
very pleasing, present participle of complacere
to please: confer French complaisant
. See Please
and confer Complaisant
.] Self-satisfied; contented; kindly; as, a complacent temper; a complacent smile.
They look up with a sort of complacent awe . . . to kings.
Complacential adjective Marked by, or causing, complacence. [ Obsolete] " Complacential love." Baxter.
Complacently adverb In a complacent manner.
Complain intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Complained
; present participle & verbal noun Complaining
.] [ French complaindre
, Late Latin complangere
+ Latin plangere
to strike, beat, to beat the breast or head as a sign of grief, to lament. See Plaint
.] 1. To give utterance to expression of grief, pain, censure, regret. etc.; to lament; to murmur; to find fault; -- commonly used with of . Also, to creak or squeak, as a timber or wheel.
O loss of sight, of thee I most complain ! 2. To make a formal accusation; to make a charge.
Now, Master Shallow, you'll complain of me to the king? Syn.
-- To repine; grumble; deplore; bewail; grieve; mourn; regret; murmur.
Complain transitive verb To lament; to bewail.
They might the grievance inwardly complain .
By chaste Lucrece's soul that late complain'd
Her wrongs to us.
Complainable adjective That may be complained of. [ R.] Feltham.
[ French complaignant
, present participle of complaindre
.] 1. One who makes complaint.
Eager complainants of the dispute. 2. (Law) (a) One who commences a legal process by a complaint. (b) The party suing in equity, answering to the plaintiff at common law.
He shall forfeit one moiety to the use of the town, and the other moiety to the use of the complainant .
Statutes of Mass.
Complainer noun One who complains or laments; one who finds fault; a murmurer. Beattie.
Speechless complainer , I will learn thy thought.
[ French complainte
. See Complain
.] 1. Expression of grief, regret, pain, censure, or resentment; lamentation; murmuring; accusation; fault-finding.
I poured out my complaint before him.
Ps. cxlii. 2.
Grievous complaints of you. 2. Cause or subject of complaint or murmuring.
The poverty of the clergy in England hath been the complaint of all who wish well to the church. 3. An ailment or disease of the body.
One in a complaint of his bowels. 4. (Law) A formal allegation or charge against a party made or presented to the appropriate court or officer, as for a wrong done or a crime committed (in the latter case, generally under oath); an information; accusation; the initial bill in proceedings in equity. Syn.
-- Lamentation; murmuring; sorrow; grief; disease; illness; disorder; malady; ailment.
Complaintful adjective Full of complaint. [ Obsolete]
[ French complaisance
. See Complaisant
, and confer Complacence
.] Disposition to please or oblige; obliging compliance with the wishes of others; a deportment indicative of a desire to please; courtesy; civility.
These [ ladies] . . . are by the just complaisance and gallantry of our nation the most powerful part of our people.
They strive with their own hearts and keep them down, Syn.
In complaisance to all the fools in town.
-- Civility; courtesy; urbanity; suavity; affability; good breeding.
[ French complaisant
, present participle of complaire
to acquiesce as a favor, from Latin complacere
. See Complacent
.] Desirous to please; courteous; obliging; compliant; as, a complaisant gentleman.
There are to whom my satire seems too bold: Syn.
Scarce to wise Peter complaisant enough.
-- Obliging; courteous; affable; gracious; civil; polite; well-bred. See Obliging
. -- Com"plai*sant`ly
[ Latin complanatus
, past participle of complanare
to make plane. See Plane
, transitive verb
] Flattened to a level surface.
Complanate transitive verb To make level. [ R.]
Complected adjective Complexioned. [ Low, New Eng.]
[ Latin complementun
: confer French complément
. See Complete
, transitive verb
, and confer Compliment
.] 1. That which fills up or completes; the quantity or number required to fill a thing or make it complete. 2. That which is required to supply a deficiency, or to complete a symmetrical whole.
History is the complement of poetry. 3. Full quantity, number, or amount; a complete set; completeness.
Sir J. Stephen.
To exceed his complement and number appointed him which was one hundred and twenty persons. 4. (Math.) A second quantity added to a given quantity to make it equal to a third given quantity. 5. Something added for ornamentation; an accessory.
Without vain art or curious complements . 6. (Nautical) The whole working force of a vessel. 7. (Mus.) The interval wanting to complete the octave; -- the fourth is the complement of the fifth, the sixth of the third. 8. A compliment.
[ Obsolete] Shak. Arithmetical compliment of a logarithm
. See under Logarithm .
-- Arithmetical complement of a number (Math.)
, the difference between that number and the next higher power of 10; as, 4 is the complement of 6, and 16 of 84.
-- Complement of an arc or angle (Geom.)
, the difference between that arc or angle and 90Â°.
-- Complement of a parallelogram
. (Math.) See Gnomon .
-- In her complement (Her.)
, said of the moon when represented as full.
Complement transitive verb
1. To supply a lack; to supplement. [ R.] 2. To compliment. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.
Complemental adjective Complemental air (Physiol.) , the air (averaging 100 cubic inches) which can be drawn into the lungs in addition to the tidal air, by the deepest possible inspiration. -- Complemental males (Zoology) , peculiar small males living parasitically on the ordinary hermaphrodite individuals of certain barnacles.
1. Supplying, or tending to supply, a deficiency; fully completing. " Complemental ceremony." Prynne. 2. Complimentary; courteous. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Complementary adjective Serving to fill out or to complete; as, complementary numbers. Complementary colors
. See under Color .
-- Complementary angles (Math.)
, two angles whose sum is 90Â°.
[ See Complimentary
.] One skilled in compliments.
[ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
[ Latin completus
, past participle of complere
to fill up; com-
to fill. See Full
, and confer Comply
.] 1. Filled up; with no part or element lacking; free from deficiency; entire; perfect; consummate.
Ye are complete in him.
Col. ii. 10.
That thou, dead corse, again in complete steel 2. Finished; ended; concluded; completed; as, the edifice is complete .
Revisit'st thus the glimpses of the moon.
This course of vanity almost complete . 3. (Botany) Having all the parts or organs which belong to it or to the typical form; having calyx, corolla, stamens, and pistil. Syn.
-- See Whole
Complete transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Completed
; present participle & verbal noun Completing
.] To bring to a state in which there is no deficiency; to perfect; to consummate; to accomplish; to fulfill; to finish; as, to complete a task, or a poem; to complete a course of education.
Bred only and completed to the taste
Of lustful appetence.
And, to complete her bliss, a fool for mate. Syn.
-- To perform; execute; terminate; conclude; finish; end; fill up; achieve; realize; effect; consummate; accomplish; effectuate; fulfill; bring to pass.