Webster's Dictionary, 1913
; plural Communities
. [ Latin communitas
: confer Old French communité
. Confer Commonalty
, and see Common
.] 1. Common possession or enjoyment; participation; as, a community of goods.
The original community of all things.
An unreserved community of thought and feeling. 2. A body of people having common rights, privileges, or interests, or living in the same place under the same laws and regulations; as, a community of monks. Hence a number of animals living in a common home or with some apparent association of interests.
Creatures that in communities exist. 3. Society at large; a commonwealth or state; a body politic; the public, or people in general.
Burdens upon the poorer classes of the community .
» In this sense, the term should be used with the definite article; as, the interests of the
community. 4. Common character; likeness.
The essential community of nature between organic growth and inorganic growth. 5. Commonness; frequency.
Eyes . . . sick and blunted with community .
Commutability noun The quality of being commutable.
[ Latin commutabilis
.] Capable of being commuted or interchanged.
The predicate and subject are not commutable .
Commutableness noun The quality of being commutable; interchangeableness.
[ Latin commutatio
: confer French commutation
.] 1. A passing from one state to another; change; alteration; mutation.
So great is the commutation that the soul then hated only that which now only it loves. 2. The act of giving one thing for another; barter; exchange.
The use of money is . . . that of saving the commutation of more bulky commodities. 3. (Law) The change of a penalty or punishment by the pardoning power of the State; as, the commutation of a sentence of death to banishment or imprisonment.
Suits are allowable in the spiritual courts for money agreed to be given as a commutation for penance. 4. A substitution, as of a less thing for a greater, esp. a substitution of one form of payment for another, or one payment for many, or a specific sum of money for conditional payments or allowances; as, commutation of tithes; commutation of fares; commutation of copyright; commutation of rations. Angle of commutation (Astron.)
, the difference of the geocentric longitudes of the sun and a planet.
-- Commutation of tithes
, the substitution of a regular payment, chargeable to the land, for the annual tithes in kind.
-- Commutation ticket
, a ticket, as for transportation, which is the evidence of a contract for service at a reduced rate. See 2d Commute , 2.
Commutation ticket A ticket for transportation at a reduced rate in consideration of some special circumstance, as increase of travel; specif., a ticket for a certain number of, or for daily, trips between neighboring places at a reduced rate, such as are commonly used by those doing business in a city and living in a suburb. Commutation tickets are excepted from the prohibition against special rates contained in the Interstate Commerce Act of Feb. 4, 1887 ( 24 Stat. 379 ), and in 145 U. S. 263 it was held that party tickets were also excepted as being "obviously within the commuting principle."
[ CF. French commutatif
.] Relative to exchange; interchangeable; reciprocal.
Rich traders, from their success, are presumed . . . to have cultivated an habitual regard to commutative justice.
Commutator noun (Electricity) A piece of apparatus used for reversing the direction of an electrical current; an attachment to certain electrical machines, by means of which alternating currents are made to be continuous or to have the same direction.
(kŏm*mūt") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Commuted
; present participle & verbal noun Commuting
.] [ Latin commutare
to change. See Mutation
.] To exchange; to put or substitute something else in place of, as a smaller penalty, obligation, or payment, for a greater, or a single thing for an aggregate; hence, to lessen; to diminish; as, to commute a sentence of death to one of imprisonment for life; to commute tithes; to commute charges for fares.
The sounds water and fire, being once annexed to those two elements, it was certainly more natural to call beings participating of the first "watery", and the last "fiery", than to commute the terms, and call them by the reverse.
The utmost that could be obtained was that her sentence should be commuted from burning to beheading.
Commute intransitive verb 1. To obtain or bargain for exemption or substitution; to effect a commutation.
He . . . thinks it unlawful to commute , and that he is bound to pay his vow in kind. 2. To pay, or arrange to pay, in gross instead of part by part; as, to commute for a year's travel over a route.
Commuter (kŏm*mū"tẽr) noun One who commutes; especially, one who commutes in traveling.
[ Prefix com-
.] Mutual; reciprocal; united.
There, with commutual zeal, we both had strove.
Comose (kō"mōs or ko*mōs") adjective [ Latin comosus hairy, from coma hair.] (Botany) Bearing a tuft of soft hairs or down, as the seeds of milkweed. Gray.
(kŏm*păkt") past participle & a
[ Latin compactus
, past participle of compingere
to join or unite; com-
to fasten, fix: confer French compacte
. See Pact
.] 1. Joined or held together; leagued; confederated.
[ Obsolete] " Compact
with her that's gone." Shak.
A pipe of seven reeds, compact with wax together. 2. Composed or made; -- with of .
A wandering fire, 3. Closely or firmly united, as the particles of solid bodies; firm; close; solid; dense.
Compact of unctuous vapor.
Glass, crystal, gems, and other compact bodies. 4. Brief; close; pithy; not diffuse; not verbose; as, a compact discourse. Syn.
Sir I. Newton.
-- Firm; close; solid; dense; pithy; sententious.
Compact transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Compacted
; present participle & verbal noun Compacting
.] 1. To thrust, drive, or press closely together; to join firmly; to consolidate; to make close; -- as the parts which compose a body.
Now the bright sun compacts the precious stone. 2. To unite or connect firmly, as in a system.
The whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth.
Eph. iv. 16.
[ Latin compactum
, from compacisci
, past participle compactus
, to make an agreement with; com-
to make an agreement. See Pact
.] An agreement between parties; a covenant or contract.
The law of nations depends on mutual compacts , treaties, leagues, etc.
Wedlock is described as the indissoluble compact .
The federal constitution has been styled a compact between the States by which it was ratified. Syn.
-- See Covenant
Compacted (kŏm*păkt"ĕd) adjective Compact; pressed close; concentrated; firmly united.
Compactedly adverb In a compact manner.
Compactedness noun A state of being compact.
Compacter noun One who makes a compact.
Compactible adjective That may be compacted.
Compaction noun [ Latin compactio .] The act of making compact, or the state of being compact. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Compactly adverb In a compact manner; with close union of parts; densely; tersely.
Compactness noun The state or quality of being compact; close union of parts; density.
Compacture noun [ Latin compactura .] Close union or connection of parts; manner of joining; construction. [ Obsolete] "With comely compass and compacture strong." Spenser.
Compages noun sing & plural
[ Latin , from compingere
. See Compact
, transitive verb
] A system or structure of many parts united.
A regular compages of pipes and vessels.
Compaginate transitive verb [ Latin compaginare , compaginatum .] To unite or hold together; as, the side pieces compaginate the frame. [ Obsolete] W. Montagu.
Compagination noun [ Latin compaginatio .] Union of parts; structure. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.
Companable adjective [ Old French compaignable .] Companionable; sociable. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Late Latin companatores
, plural] (Eccl.) Same as Impanator .
Companiable adjective Companionable; sociable. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
[ French compagnon
, Old French compaing
, from an assumed Late Latin companio
fellowship, a mess), from Latin com-
bread. See Pantry
.] 1. One who accompanies or is in company with another for a longer or shorter period, either from choice or casually; one who is much in the company of, or is associated with, another or others; an associate; a comrade; a consort; a partner.
The companions of his fall.
The companion of fools shall smart for it.
Prov. xiii. 20 (Rev. Ver.).
Here are your sons again; and I must lose
Two of the sweetest companions in the world.
A companion is one with whom we share our bread; a messmate. 2. A knight of the lowest rank in certain orders; as, a companion of the Bath. 3. A fellow; -- in contempt.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 4.
[ Confer OSp. compaña
an outhouse, office.] (Nautical) (a) A skylight on an upper deck with frames and sashes of various shapes, to admit light to a cabin or lower deck. (b) A wooden hood or penthouse covering the companion way; a companion hatch. Companion hatch (Nautical)
, a wooden porch over the entrance or staircase of the cabin.
-- Companion ladder (Nautical)
, the ladder by which officers ascend to, or descend from, the quarter- deck. Totten.
-- Companion way (Nautical)
, a staircase leading to the cabin.
-- Knights companions
, in certain honorary orders, the members of the lowest grades as distinguished from knights commanders, knights grand cross, and the like. Syn.
-- Associate; comrade; mate; compeer; partner; ally; confederate; coadjutor; accomplice.
Companion transitive verb 1. To be a companion to; to attend on; to accompany.
[ R.] Ruskin. 2. To qualify as a companion; to make equal.
Companion me with my mistress.
Companionable adjective Fitted to be a companion; fit for good fellowship; agreeable; sociable. "Each companionable guest." Mallett. " Companionable wit." Clarendon. -- Com*pan"ion*a*ble*ness , noun -- Com*pan"ion*a*bly , adverb
Companionless adjective Without a companion.
Companionship noun Fellowship; association; the act or fact of keeping company with any one. Shak.
He never seemed to avail himself of my sympathy other than by mere companionship .
; plural Companies
(- nĭz). [ French compagnie
, from Old French compaing
. See Companion
.] 1. The state of being a companion or companions; the act of accompanying; fellowship; companionship; society; friendly intercourse. Shak.
Evil company doth corrupt good manners.
1 Cor. xv. 33. (Rev. Ver.).
Brethren, farewell: your company along 2. A companion or companions.
I will not wish.
To thee and thy company I bid 3. An assemblage or association of persons, either permanent or transient.
A hearty welcome.
Thou shalt meet a company of prophets. 4. Guests or visitors, in distinction from the members of a family; as, to invite company to dine. 5. Society, in general; people assembled for social intercourse.
1 Sam. x. 5.
Nature has left every man a capacity of being agreeable, though not of shining in company . 6. An association of persons for the purpose of carrying on some enterprise or business; a corporation; a firm; as, the East India Company ; an insurance company ; a joint-stock company . 7. Partners in a firm whose names are not mentioned in its style or title; -- often abbreviated in writing; as, Hottinguer & Co . 8. (Mil.) A subdivision of a regiment of troops under the command of a captain, numbering in the United States (full strength) 100 men. 9. (Nautical) The crew of a ship, including the officers; as, a whole ship's company . 10. The body of actors employed in a theater or in the production of a play. To keep company with
. See under Keep , transitive verb Syn.
-- Assemblage; assembly; society; group; circle; crowd; troop; crew; gang; corporation; association; fraternity; guild; partnership; copartnery; union; club; party; gathering.
Company transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Companied
; present participle & verbal noun Companying
.] To accompany or go with; to be companion to.
Company intransitive verb 1. To associate.
Men which have companied with us all the time. 2. To be a gay companion.
Acts i. 21.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. 3. To have sexual commerce.
[ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
[ Latin comparabilis
: confer French comparable
.] Capable of being compared; worthy of comparison.
There is no blessing of life comparable to the enjoyment of a discreet and virtuous friend.
[ Latin comparatum
, from comparatus
, past participle of comparare
. See 1st Compare
.] (Logic) One of two things compared together.
[ Latin comparatio
. See Compare
to get.] A making ready; provision.
[ Latin comparativus
: confer French comparatif
.] 1. Of or pertaining to comparison.
faculty." Glanvill. 2. Proceeding from, or by the method of, comparison; as, the comparative sciences; the comparative anatomy. 3. Estimated by comparison; relative; not positive or absolute, as compared with another thing or state.
The recurrence of comparative warmth and cold.
The bubble, by reason of its comparative levity to the fluid that incloses it, would necessarily ascend to the top. 4. (Gram.) Expressing a degree greater or less than the positive degree of the quality denoted by an adjective or adverb. The comparative degree is formed from the positive by the use of -er , more , or less ; as, brighter, more bright, or less bright. Comparative sciences
, those which are based on a comprehensive comparison of the range of objects or facts in any branch or department, and which aim to study out and treat of the fundamental laws or systems of relation pervading them; as, comparative anatomy , comparative physiology , comparative philology .
Comparative noun (Gram.) The comparative degree of adjectives and adverbs; also, the form by which the comparative degree is expressed; as, stronger , wiser , weaker , more stormy , less windy , are all comparatives .
In comparatives is expressed a relation of two; as in superlatives there is a relation of many. 2. An equal; a rival; a compeer.
Gerard ever was 3. One who makes comparisons; one who affects wit.
His full comparative .
Beau. & Fl.
[ Obsolete] "Every beardless vain comparative
Comparatively adverb According to estimate made by comparison; relatively; not positively or absolutely.
With but comparatively few exceptions.
Comparator noun [ Latin , a comparer.] (Physics) An instrument or machine for comparing anything to be measured with a standard measure; -- applied especially to a machine for comparing standards of length.
Compare transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Compared
; present participle & verbal noun Comparing
.] [ Latin comparare
, from compar
like or equal to another; com-
equal: confer French comparer
. See Pair
an equal, and confer Compeer
.] 1. To examine the character or qualities of, as of two or more persons or things, for the purpose of discovering their resemblances or differences; to bring into comparison; to regard with discriminating attention.
Compare dead happiness with living woe.
The place he found beyond expression bright,
Compared with aught on earth.
Compare our faces and be judge yourself.
To compare great things with small. 2. To represent as similar, for the purpose of illustration; to liken.
Solon compared the people unto the sea, and orators and counselors to the winds; for that the sea would be calm and quiet if the winds did not trouble it. 3. (Gram.) To inflect according to the degrees of comparison; to state positive, comparative, and superlative forms of; as, most adjectives of one syllable are compared by affixing "- er" and "-est" to the positive form; as, black , blacker , blackest ; those of more than one syllable are usually compared by prefixing "more" and "most", or "less" and "least", to the positive; as, beautiful , more beautiful , most beautiful . Syn.
-- To Compare
, Compare with
, Compare to
. Things are compared with
each other in order to learn their relative value or excellence. Thus we compare Cicero with
Demosthenes, for the sake of deciding which was the greater orator. One thing is compared to
another because of a real or fanciful likeness or similarity which exists between them. Thus it has been common to compare the eloquence of Demosthenes to
a thunderbolt, on account of its force, and the eloquence of Cicero to
a conflagration, on account of its splendor. Burke compares the parks of London to
the lungs of the human body.
Compare intransitive verb 1. To be like or equal; to admit, or be worthy of, comparison; as, his later work does not compare with his earlier.
I should compare with him in excellence. 2. To vie; to assume a likeness or equality.
Shall pack horses . . . compare with Cæsars?
Compare noun 1. Comparison.
His mighty champion, strong beyond compare .
Their small galleys may not hold compare 2. Illustration by comparison; simile.
With our tall ships.
Rhymes full of protest, of oath, and big compare . Beyond compare
. See Beyond comparison , under Comparison .
Compare transitive verb
[ Latin comparare
to prepare, procure; com-
. See Prepare
.] To get; to procure; to obtain; to acquire
To fill his bags, and richesse to compare .