Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Comparer noun One who compares.
[ French comparaison
, Latin comparatio
. See 1st Compare
.] 1. The act of comparing; an examination of two or more objects with the view of discovering the resemblances or differences; relative estimate.
As sharp legal practitioners, no class of human beings can bear comparison with them.
The miracles of our Lord and those of the Old Testament afford many interesting points of comparison . 2. The state of being compared; a relative estimate; also, a state, quality, or relation, admitting of being compared; as, to bring a thing into comparison with another; there is no comparison between them. 3. That to which, or with which, a thing is compared, as being equal or like; illustration; similitude.
Whereto shall we liken the kingdom of God? Or with what comparison shall we compare it? 4. (Gram.) The modification, by inflection or otherwise, which the adjective and adverb undergo to denote degrees of quality or quantity; as, little , less , least , are examples of comparison . 5. (Rhet.) A figure by which one person or thing is compared to another, or the two are considered with regard to some property or quality, which is common to them both; e.g. , the lake sparkled like a jewel. 6. (Phren.) The faculty of the reflective group which is supposed to perceive resemblances and contrasts. Beyond comparison
Mark iv. 30.
, so far superior as to have no likeness, or so as to make comparison needless.
-- In comparison of
, In comparison with
, as compared with; in proportion to.
[ Archaic] "So miserably unpeopled in comparison of
what it once was." Addison.
-- Comparison of hands (Law)
, a mode of proving or disproving the genuineness of a signature or writing by comparing it with another proved or admitted to be genuine, in order to ascertain whether both were written by the same person. Bouvier. Burrill.
Comparison transitive verb To compare. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.
Compart transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Comparted
; present participle & verbal noun Comparting
.] [ Latin compartiri
to share, pars
, part, share: confer Old French compartir
. See Part
, transitive verb
] To divide; to mark out into parts or subdivisions.
The crystal surface is comparted all
In niches verged with rubies.
[ Late Latin compartitio
.] The act of dividing into parts or compartments; division; also, a division or compartment.
Their temples . . . needed no compartitions .
Sir H. Wotton.
[ French compartiment
, Old French compartir
to divide. See Compart
.] 1. One of the parts into which an inclosed portion of space is divided, as by partitions, or lines; as, the compartments of a cabinet, a house, or a garden.
In the midst was placed a large compartment composed of grotesque work. 2. (Shipbuilding) One of the sections into which the hold of a ship is divided by water-tight bulkheads.
[ French compas
, from Late Latin compassus
circle, prop., a stepping together; com-
pace, step. See Pace
.] 1. A passing round; circuit; circuitous course.
They fetched a compass of seven day's journey.
2 Kings iii. 9.
This day I breathed first; time is come round, 2. An inclosing limit; boundary; circumference; as, within the compass of an encircling wall. 3. An inclosed space; an area; extent.
And where I did begin, there shall I end;
My life is run his compass .
Their wisdom . . . lies in a very narrow compass . 4. Extent; reach; sweep; capacity; sphere; as, the compass of his eye; the compass of imagination.
The compass of his argument. 5. Moderate bounds, limits of truth; moderation; due limits; -- used with within .
In two hundred years before (I speak within compass ), no such commission had been executed. 6. (Mus.) The range of notes, or tones, within the capacity of a voice or instrument.
Sir J. Davies.
You would sound me from my lowest note to the top of my compass . 7. An instrument for determining directions upon the earth's surface by means of a magnetized bar or needle turning freely upon a pivot and pointing in a northerly and southerly direction.
He that first discovered the use of the compass did more for the supplying and increase of useful commodities than those who built workhouses. 8. A pair of compasses.
[ R.] See Compasses.
To fix one foot of their compass wherever they please. 9. A circle; a continent.
The tryne compas [ the threefold world containing earth, sea, and heaven. Skeat. ] Azimuth compass
. See under Azimuth .
-- Beam compass
. See under Beam .
-- Compass card
, the circular card attached to the needles of a mariner's compass, on which are marked the thirty-two points or rhumbs.
-- Compass dial
, a small pocket compass fitted with a sundial to tell the hour of the day.
-- Compass plane (Carp.)
, a plane, convex in the direction of its length on the under side, for smoothing the concave faces of curved woodwork.
-- Compass plant
, Compass flower (Botany)
, a plant of the American prairies ( Silphium laciniatum ), not unlike a small sunflower; rosinweed. Its lower and root leaves are vertical, and on the prairies are disposed to present their edges north and south.
Its leaves are turned to the north as true as the magnet:
This is the compass flower .
-- Compass saw
, a saw with a narrow blade, which will cut in a curve; -- called also fret saw and keyhole saw .
-- Compass timber (Shipbuilding)
, curved or crooked timber.
-- Compass window (Architecture)
, a circular bay window or oriel window.
-- Mariner's compass
, a kind of compass used in navigation. It has two or more magnetic needles permanently attached to a card, which moves freely upon a pivot, and is read with reference to a mark on the box representing the ship's head. The card is divided into thirty-two points, called also rhumbs , and the glass- covered box or bowl containing it is suspended in gimbals within the binnacle, in order to preserve its horizontal position.
-- Surveyor's compass
, an instrument used in surveying for measuring horizontal angles. See Circumferentor .
-- Variation compass
, a compass of delicate construction, used in observations on the variations of the needle.
-- To fetch a compass
, to make a circuit.
s) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Compassed
(- p a
st); present participle & verbal noun Compassing
.] [ French compasser
, Late Latin compassare
.] 1. To go about or entirely round; to make the circuit of.
Ye shall compass the city seven times.
Josh. vi. 4.
We the globe can compass soon. 2. To inclose on all sides; to surround; to encircle; to environ; to invest; to besiege; -- used with about , round , around , and round about .
With terrors and with clamors compassed round.
Now all the blessings
Of a glad father compass thee about.
Thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round. 3. To reach round; to circumvent; to get within one's power; to obtain; to accomplish.
Luke xix. 43.
If I can check my erring love, I will:
If not, to compass her I'll use my skill.
How can you hope to compass your designs? 4. To curve; to bend into a circular form.
[ Obsolete except in carpentry and shipbuilding.] Shak. 5. (Law) To purpose; to intend; to imagine; to plot.
Compassing and imagining the death of the king are synonymous terms; compassing signifying the purpose or design of the mind or will, and not, as in common speech, the carrying such design to effect.
Compassable adjective Capable of being compassed or accomplished. Burke.
Compassed adjective Rounded; arched.
She came . . . into the compassed window.
, plural An instrument for describing circles, measuring figures, etc., consisting of two, or (rarely) more, pointed branches, or legs, usually joined at the top by a rivet on which they move.
» The compasses for drawing circles have adjustable pen points, pencil points, etc.; those used for measuring without adjustable points are generally called dividers
. See Dividers
. Bow compasses
. See Bow- compass .
-- Caliber compasses
, Caliper compasses
. See Calipers .
, etc., compasses
. See under Proportional , etc.
Compassing adjective (Shipbuilding) Curved; bent; as, compassing timbers.
[ French, from Latin compassio
, from compati
to have compassion; com-
to bear, suffer. See Patient
.] Literally, suffering with another; a sensation of sorrow excited by the distress or misfortunes of another; pity; commiseration.
Womanly ingenuity set to work by womanly compassion . Syn.
-- Pity; sympathy; commiseration; fellow-feeling; mercy; condolence. See Pity
Compassion transitive verb To pity. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Compassionable adjective Deserving compassion or pity; pitiable. [ R.] Barrow.
Compassionate adjective 1. Having a temper or disposition to pity; sympathetic; merciful.
There never was any heart truly great and generous, that was not also tender and compassionate . 2. Complaining; inviting pity; pitiable.
[ R.] Shak. Syn.
-- Sympathizing; tender; merciful; pitiful.
Compassionate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Compassionated
; present participle & verbal noun Compassionating
.] To have compassion for; to pity; to commiserate; to sympathize with.
Compassionates my pains, and pities me.
Compassionately adverb In a compassionate manner; mercifully. Clarendon.
Compassionateness noun The quality or state of being compassionate.
Compassless adjective Having no compass. Knowles.
[ Late Latin compaternitas
, from compater
father.] The relation of a godfather to a person.
The relation of gossipred or compaternity by the canon law is a spiritual affinity.
Sir J. Davies.
Compatibility noun [ Confer French compatibilité .] The quality or power of being compatible or congruous; congruity; as, a compatibility of tempers; a compatibility of properties.
[ French, from Late Latin compatibilis
, from Latin compati
. See Compassion
.] Capable of existing in harmony; congruous; suitable; not repugnant; -- usually followed by with .
Our poets have joined together such qualities as are by nature the most compatible . Syn.
-- Consistent; suitable; agreeable; accordant.
Compatibleness noun Compatibility; consistency; fitness; agreement.
Compatibly adverb In a compatible manner.
[ Latin compatients
, present participle of compati
. See Compassion
.] Suffering or enduring together.
[ Obsolete] Sir G. Buck.
[ French compatriote
, Late Latin compatriotus
a native. See Patriot
, and confer Copatriot
.] One of the same country, and having like interests and feeling.
The distrust with which they felt themselves to be regarded by their compatriots in America.
Compatriot adjective Of the same country; having a common sentiment of patriotism.
She [ Britain] rears to freedom an undaunted race,
Compatriot , zealous, hospitable, kind.
Compatriotism noun The condition of being compatriots.
Compear intransitive verb [ French comparoir , Latin comparēre ; com- + parēre to appear.]
1. To appear. [ Obsolete] 2. (Law) To appear in court personally or by attorney. [ Scot.]
[ Middle English comper
, through French from Latin compar
equal. See Peer
an equal, and confer 1st Compare
.] An equal, as in rank, age, prowess, etc.; a companion; a comrade; a mate.
And him thus answer'd soon his bold compeer .
His compeer in arms.
Compeer transitive verb To be equal with; to match.
In my rights,
By me invested, he compeers the best.
Compeer, Compeir intransitive verb See Compear .
Compel transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Compelled
; present participle & verbal noun Compelling
.] [ Latin compellere
, to drive together, to compel, urge; com-
to drive: confer Old French compellir
. See Pulse
.] 1. To drive or urge with force, or irresistibly; to force; to constrain; to oblige; to necessitate, either by physical or moral force.
Wolsey . . . compelled the people to pay up the whole subsidy at once.
And they compel one Simon . . . to bear his cross. 2. To take by force or violence; to seize; to exact; to extort.
Mark xv. 21.
Commissions, which compel from each 3. To force to yield; to overpower; to subjugate.
The sixth part of his substance.
Easy sleep their weary limbs compelled .
I compel all creatures to my will. 4. To gather or unite in a crowd or company.
[ A Latinism] "In one troop compelled
." Dryden. 5. To call forth; to summon.
[ Obsolete] Chapman.
She had this knight from far compelled . Syn.
-- To force; constrain; oblige; necessitate; coerce. See Coerce
Compel intransitive verb To make one yield or submit. "If she can not entreat, I can compel ." Shak.
Compellable adjective Capable of being compelled or constrained. Blackstone.
Compellably adverb By compulsion.
[ Latin compellatio
, from compellare
to accost, from compellere
. See Compel
.] Style of address or salutation; an appellation.
He useth this endearing compellation , "My little children."
The peculiar compellation of the kings in France is by "Sire," which is nothing else but father.
Sir W. Temple.
Compellative noun (Gram.) The name by which a person is addressed; an appellative.
Compellatory adjective Serving to compel; compulsory. [ R.]
Compeller noun One who compels or constrains.
Compend noun A compendium; an epitome; a summary.
A compend and recapitulation of the Mosaical law.
Compendiarious adjective [ Latin compendiarius .] Short; compendious. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Compendiate transitive verb [ Latin compendiatus , past participle of compendiare to shorten, from compendium .] To sum or collect together. [ Obsolete] Bp. King.
[ Latin compendiosus
.] Containing the substance or general principles of a subject or work in a narrow compass; abridged; summarized.
More compendious and expeditious ways.
Three things be required in the oration of a man having authority -- that it be compendious , sententious, and delectable. Syn.
Sir T. Elyot.
-- Short; summary; abridged; condensed; comprehensive; succinct; brief; concise.
Compendiously adverb In a compendious manner.
Compendiously expressed by the word chaos.
Compendiousness noun The state or quality of being compendious.
, Latin Compendia
. [ Latin compendium
that which is weighed, saved, or shortened, a short way, from compendere
to weigh; com-
to weigh. See Pension
, and confer Compend
.] A brief compilation or composition, containing the principal heads, or general principles, of a larger work or system; an abridgment; an epitome; a compend; a condensed summary.
A short system or compendium of a science. Syn.
-- See Abridgment