|Commend Com·mend" noun 1. Commendation; praise.
Speak in his just commend . 2. plural Compliments; greetings.
Hearty commends and much endeared love to you.
Commendable Com·mend"a·ble adjective
(Formerly accented on the first syllable.) [ Latin commendabilis
.] Worthy of being commended or praised; laudable; praiseworthy.
Order and decent ceremonies in the church are not only comely but commendable .
Commendam Com·men"dam noun
[ Late Latin dare in commendam
to give into trust.] (Eng. Eccl. Law) A vacant living or benefice commended to a cleric (usually a bishop) who enjoyed the revenue until a pastor was provided. A living so held was said to be held in commendam . The practice was abolished by law in 1836.
There was [ formerly] some sense for commendams . Partnership in commendam
. See under Partnership .
Commendatary Com·mend"a·ta·ry noun [ Confer French commendataire , Late Latin commendatarius .] One who holds a living in commendam .
Commendation Com`men·da"tion noun
[ Latin commendatio
.] 1. The act of commending; praise; favorable representation in words; recommendation.
Need we . . . epistles of commendation ?
2 Cor. iii. 1.
By the commendation of the great officers. 2. That which is the ground of approbation or praise.
Good nature is the most godlike commendation of a man. 3. plural A message of affection or respect; compliments; greeting.
Hark you, Margaret;
No princely commendations to my king?
Commendator Com·mend"a·tor noun [ Late Latin ] One who holds a benefice in commendam; a commendatary. Chalmers.
Commendatory Com·mend"a·to·ry adjective [ Latin commendatorius .] 1. Serving to commend; containing praise or commendation; commending; praising. " Commendatory verses." Pope. 2. Holding a benefice in commendam ; as, a commendatory bishop. Burke. Commendatory prayer (Book of Common Prayer) , a prayer read over the dying. "The commendatory prayer was said for him, and, as it ended, he [ William III.] died." Bp. Burnet.
Commendatory Com·mend"a·to·ry noun A commendation; eulogy. [ R.] " Commendatories to our affection." Sharp.
Commender Com·mend"er noun One who commends or praises.
Commensal Com·men"sal noun [ Late Latin commensalis ; Latin com- + mensa table: confer French commensal . Confer Mensal.] 1. One who eats at the same table. [ Obsolete] 2. (Zoology) An animal, not truly parasitic, which lives in, with, or on, another, partaking usually of the same food. Both species may be benefited by the association.
Commensal Com·men"sal adjective Having the character of a commensal.
Commensalism Com·men"sal·ism noun The act of eating together; table fellowship.
Commensality Com`men·sal"i·ty noun Fellowship at table; the act or practice of eating at the same table. [ Obsolete] "Promiscuous commensality ." Sir T. Browne.
Commensation Com`men·sa"tion noun Commensality.
Daniel . . . declined pagan commensation .
Sir T. Browne.
Commensurability Com·men`su·ra·bil"i·ty noun [ Confer French commensurabilité .] The quality of being commensurable. Sir T. Browne.
Commensurable Com·men"su·ra·ble adjective [ Latin commensurabilis ; prefix com- + mensurable . See Commensurate , and confer Commeasurable .] Having a common measure; capable of being exactly measured by the same number, quantity, or measure. -- Com*men"su*ra*ble*ness , noun Commensurable numbers or quantities (Math.) , those that can be exactly expressed by some common unit; thus a foot and yard are commensurable , since both can be expressed in terms of an inch, one being 12 inches, the other 36 inches. -- Numbers , or Quantities , commensurable in power , those whose squares are commensurable.
Commensurably Com·men"su·ra·bly adverb In a commensurable manner; so as to be commensurable.
Commensurate Com·men"su·rate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Commensurated ; present participle & verbal noun Commensurating .] [ Prefix com- + mensurate .] 1. To reduce to a common measure. Sir T. Browne. 2. To proportionate; to adjust. T. Puller
Commensurate Com·men"su·rate adjective 1. Having a common measure; commensurable; reducible to a common measure; as, commensurate quantities. 2. Equal in measure or extent; proportionate.
Those who are persuaded that they shall continue forever, can not choose but aspire after a happiness commensurate to their duration.
Commensurately Com·men"su·rate·ly adverb 1. In a commensurate manner; so as to be equal or proportionate; adequately. 2. With equal measure or extent. Goodwin.
Commensurateness Com·men"su·rate·ness noun The state or quality of being commensurate. Foster.
Commensuration Com·men`su·ra"tion noun
[ Confer French commensuration
.] The act of commensurating; the state of being commensurate.
All fitness lies in a particular commensuration , or proportion of one thing to another.
Comment Com"ment intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Commented
; present participle & verbal noun Commenting
.] [ French commenter
, Latin commentari
to meditate upon, explain, v. intens. of comminisci
, to reflect upon, invent; com-
+ the root of meminisse
to remember, mens
mind. See Mind
.] To make remarks, observations, or criticism; especially, to write notes on the works of an author, with a view to illustrate his meaning, or to explain particular passages; to write annotations; -- often followed by on or upon .
A physician to comment on your malady.
Critics . . . proceed to comment on him.
I must translate and comment .
Comment Com"ment transitive verb To comment on. [ Archaic.] Fuller.
Comment Com"ment noun
[ Confer Old French comment
.] 1. A remark, observation, or criticism; gossip; discourse; talk.
Their lavish comment when her name was named. 2. A note or observation intended to explain, illustrate, or criticise the meaning of a writing, book, etc.; explanation; annotation; exposition.
All the volumes of philosophy,
With all their comments .
Commentary Com"men·ta·ry noun
; plural Commentaries
. [ Latin commentarius
, note book, commentary: confer French commentaire
. See Comment
, intransitive verb
] 1. A series of comments or annotations; esp., a book of explanations or expositions on the whole or a part of the Scriptures or of some other work.
This letter . . . was published by him with a severe commentary . 2. A brief account of transactions or events written hastily, as if for a memorandum; -- usually in the plural; as, Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic War.
Commentate Com"men·tate transitive verb & i.
[ Latin commentatus
, past participle of commentari
to meditate.] To write comments or notes upon; to make comments.
Commentate upon it, and return it enriched.
Commentation Com`men·ta"tion noun 1. The act or process of commenting or criticising; exposition.
The spirit of commentation . 2. The result of the labors of a commentator.
Commentator Com"men·ta`tor noun
[ Latin commentator
: confer French commentateur
.] One who writes a commentary or comments; an expositor; an annotator.
The commentator's professed object is to explain, to enforce, to illustrate doctrines claimed as true.
Commentatorial Com`men·ta·to"ri·al adjective Pertaining to the making of commentaries. Whewell.
Commentatorship Com"men·ta`tor·ship noun The office or occupation of a commentator.
Commenter Com"ment`er noun One who makes or writes comments; a commentator; an annotator.
Commentitious Com`men·ti"tious adjective [ Latin commentitius .] Fictitious or imaginary; unreal; as, a commentitious system of religion. [ Obsolete] Warburton.
Commerce Com"merce noun
(Formerly accented on the second syllable.) [ French commerce
, Latin commercium
, merchandise. See Merchant
.] 1. The exchange or buying and selling of commodities; esp. the exchange of merchandise, on a large scale, between different places or communities; extended trade or traffic.
The public becomes powerful in proportion to the opulence and extensive commerce of private men. 2. Social intercourse; the dealings of one person or class in society with another; familiarity.
Fifteen years of thought, observation, and commerce with the world had made him [ Bunyan] wiser. 3. Sexual intercourse. W. Montagu. 4. A round game at cards, in which the cards are subject to exchange, barter, or trade. Hoyle. Chamber of commerce
. See Chamber . Syn.
-- Trade; traffic; dealings; intercourse; interchange; communion; communication.
Commerce Com·merce" intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Commerced
; p> . pr. & verbal noun Commercing
.] [ Confer French commercer
, from Late Latin commerciare
.] 1. To carry on trade; to traffic.
Beware you commerce not with bankrupts. 2. To hold intercourse; to commune. Milton.
Commercing with himself.
Musicians . . . taught the people in angelic harmonies to commerce with heaven.
Commerce destroyer Com"merce de·stroy"er (Nav.) A very fast, unarmored, lightly armed vessel designed to capture or destroy merchant vessels of an enemy. Not being intended to fight, they may be improvised from fast passenger steamers.
Commercial Com·mer"cial adjective [ Confer French commercial .] Of or pertaining to commerce; carrying on or occupied with commerce or trade; mercantile; as, commercial advantages; commercial relations. "Princely commercial houses ." Macaulay. Commercial college , a school for giving instruction in commercial knowledge and business. -- Commercial law . See under Law . -- Commercial note paper , a small size of writing paper, usually about 5 by 7½ or 8 inches. -- Commercial paper , negotiable paper given in due course of business. It includes bills of exchange, promissory notes, bank checks, etc. -- Commercial traveler , an agent of a wholesale house who travels from town to town to solicit orders. Syn. -- See Mercantile .
Commercialism Com·mer"cial·ism noun The commercial spirit or method. C. Kingsley.
Commercially Com·mer"cial·ly adverb In a commercial manner.
Commigrate Com"mi·grate intransitive verb [ Latin commigrare , commigratum .] To migrate together. [ R.]
Commigration Com`mi·gra"tion noun [ Latin commigratio .] Migration together. [ R.] Woodward.
Commination Com`mi·na"tion noun
[ Latin comminatio
, from comminari
to threaten; com-
to threaten: confer French commination
.] 1. A threat or threatening; a denunciation of punishment or vengeance.
With terrible comminations to all them that did resist.
Those thunders of commination . 2. An office in the liturgy of the Church of England, used on Ash Wednesday, containing a recital of God's anger and judgments against sinners.
Comminatory Com·min"a·to"ry adjective [ Confer French comminatoire .] Threatening or denouncing punishment; as, comminatory terms. B. Jonson.
Commingle Com·min"gle transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Commingled ; present participle & verbal noun Commingling .] To mingle together; to mix in one mass, or intimately; to blend. Bacon.
Commingler Com·min"gler noun One that commingles; specif., a device for noiseless heating of water by steam, in a vessel filled with a porous mass, as of pebbles.
Comminute Com"mi·nute transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Comminuted ; present participle & verbal noun Comminuting .] [ Latin comminutus , past participle of comminuere to comminute; com- + minuere to lessen. See Minute .] To reduce to minute particles, or to a fine powder; to pulverize; to triturate; to grind; as, to comminute chalk or bones; to comminute food with the teeth. Pennant. Comminuted fracture . See under Fracture .
Comminution Com`mi·nu"tion noun 1. The act of reducing to a fine powder or to small particles; pulverization; the state of being comminuted. Bentley. 2. (Surg.) Fracture (of a bone) into a number of pieces. Dunglison. 3. Gradual diminution by the removal of small particles at a time; a lessening; a wearing away.
Natural and necessary comminution of our lives.
Commiserable Com·mis"er·a·ble adjective Pitiable. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Commiserate Com·mis"er·ate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Commiserated
; present participle & verbal noun Commiserating
.] [ Latin commiseratus
, past participle of commiserari
to commiserate; com-
to pity. See Miserable
.] To feel sorrow, pain, or regret for; to pity.
Then must we those, who groan, beneath the weight
Of age, disease, or want, commiserate .
We should commiserate our mutual ignorance. Syn.
-- To pity; compassionate; lament; condole.
Commiseration Com·mis`er·a"tion noun
[ French commisération
, from Latin commiseratio
a part of an oration intended to excite compassion.] The act of commiserating; sorrow for the wants, afflictions, or distresses of another; pity; compassion.
And pluck commiseration of his state Syn.
From brassy bosoms and rough hearts of flint.
-- See Sympathy
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