Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Commemorative adjective Tending or intended to commemorate.
"A sacrifice commemorative
of Christ's offering up his body for us." Hammond.
An inscription commemorative of his victory.
Sir G. C. Lewis.
Commemorator noun [ Latin ] One who commemorates.
Commemoratory adjective Serving to commemorate; commemorative. Bp. Hooper.
Commence intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Commenced
; present participle & verbal noun Commencing
.] [ French commencer
, Old French comencier
, from Latin com-
to begin. See Initiate
.] 1. To have a beginning or origin; to originate; to start; to begin.
Here the anthem doth commence .
His heaven commences ere the world be past. 2. To begin to be, or to act as.
We commence judges ourselves. 3. To take a degree at a university.
I question whether the formality of commencing was used in that age.
Commence transitive verb To enter upon; to begin; to perform the first act of.
Many a wooer doth commence his suit.
» It is the practice of good writers to use the verbal noun (instead of the infinitive with to
) after commence
; as, he commenced studying
, not he commenced to study
[ French commencement
.] 1. The first existence of anything; act or fact of commencing; rise; origin; beginning; start.
The time of Henry VII. . . . nearly coincides with the commencement of what is termed "modern history." 2. The day when degrees are conferred by colleges and universities upon students and others.
Commend transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Commended
; present participle & verbal noun Commending
.] [ Latin commendare
to intrust to one's charge, enjoin, command. Confer Command
.] 1. To commit, intrust, or give in charge for care or preservation.
His eye commends the leading to his hand.
Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit. 2. To recommend as worthy of confidence or regard; to present as worthy of notice or favorable attention.
Luke xxiii. 46.
Among the objects of knowledge, two especially commend themselves to our contemplation.
Sir M. Hale.
I commend unto you Phebe our sister. 3. To mention with approbation; to praise; as, to commend a person or an act.
Rom. xvi. 1.
Historians commend Alexander for weeping when he read the actions of Achilles. 4. To mention by way of courtesy, implying remembrance and good will.
Commend me to my brother.
Commend noun 1. Commendation; praise.
Speak in his just commend . 2. plural Compliments; greetings.
Hearty commends and much endeared love to you.
(Formerly accented on the first syllable.) [ Latin commendabilis
.] Worthy of being commended or praised; laudable; praiseworthy.
Order and decent ceremonies in the church are not only comely but commendable .
[ Late Latin dare in commendam
to give into trust.] (Eng. Eccl. Law) A vacant living or benefice commended to a cleric (usually a bishop) who enjoyed the revenue until a pastor was provided. A living so held was said to be held in commendam . The practice was abolished by law in 1836.
There was [ formerly] some sense for commendams . Partnership in commendam
. See under Partnership .
Commendatary noun [ Confer French commendataire , Late Latin commendatarius .] One who holds a living in commendam .
[ Latin commendatio
.] 1. The act of commending; praise; favorable representation in words; recommendation.
Need we . . . epistles of commendation ?
2 Cor. iii. 1.
By the commendation of the great officers. 2. That which is the ground of approbation or praise.
Good nature is the most godlike commendation of a man. 3. plural A message of affection or respect; compliments; greeting.
Hark you, Margaret;
No princely commendations to my king?
Commendator noun [ Late Latin ] One who holds a benefice in commendam; a commendatary. Chalmers.
Commendatory adjective [ Latin commendatorius .] Commendatory prayer (Book of Common Prayer) , a prayer read over the dying. "The commendatory prayer was said for him, and, as it ended, he [ William III.] died." Bp. Burnet.
1. Serving to commend; containing praise or commendation; commending; praising. " Commendatory verses." Pope. 2. Holding a benefice in commendam ; as, a commendatory bishop. Burke.
Commendatory noun A commendation; eulogy. [ R.] " Commendatories to our affection." Sharp.
Commender noun One who commends or praises.
Commensal noun [ Late Latin commensalis ; Latin com- + mensa table: confer French commensal . Confer Mensal.]
1. One who eats at the same table. [ Obsolete] 2. (Zoology) An animal, not truly parasitic, which lives in, with, or on, another, partaking usually of the same food. Both species may be benefited by the association.
Commensal adjective Having the character of a commensal.
Commensalism noun The act of eating together; table fellowship.
Commensality noun Fellowship at table; the act or practice of eating at the same table. [ Obsolete] "Promiscuous commensality ." Sir T. Browne.
Commensation noun Commensality.
Daniel . . . declined pagan commensation .
Sir T. Browne.
Commensurability noun [ Confer French commensurabilité .] The quality of being commensurable. Sir T. Browne.
[ Latin commensurabilis
; prefix com-
. See Commensurate
, and confer Commeasurable
.] Having a common measure; capable of being exactly measured by the same number, quantity, or measure.
, noun Commensurable numbers
or quantities (Math.)
, those that can be exactly expressed by some common unit; thus a foot and yard are commensurable , since both can be expressed in terms of an inch, one being 12 inches, the other 36 inches.
, or Quantities
, commensurable in power
, those whose squares are commensurable.
Commensurably adverb In a commensurable manner; so as to be commensurable.
Commensurate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Commensurated
; present participle & verbal noun Commensurating
.] [ Prefix com-
.] 1. To reduce to a common measure. Sir T. Browne. 2. To proportionate; to adjust. T. Puller
Commensurate adjective 1. Having a common measure; commensurable; reducible to a common measure; as, commensurate quantities. 2. Equal in measure or extent; proportionate.
Those who are persuaded that they shall continue forever, can not choose but aspire after a happiness commensurate to their duration.
1. In a commensurate manner; so as to be equal or proportionate; adequately. 2. With equal measure or extent. Goodwin.
Commensurateness noun The state or quality of being commensurate. Foster.
[ Confer French commensuration
.] The act of commensurating; the state of being commensurate.
All fitness lies in a particular commensuration , or proportion of one thing to another.
Comment intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Commented
; present participle & verbal noun Commenting
.] [ French commenter
, Latin commentari
to meditate upon, explain, v. intens. of comminisci
, to reflect upon, invent; com-
+ the root of meminisse
to remember, mens
mind. See Mind
.] To make remarks, observations, or criticism; especially, to write notes on the works of an author, with a view to illustrate his meaning, or to explain particular passages; to write annotations; -- often followed by on or upon .
A physician to comment on your malady.
Critics . . . proceed to comment on him.
I must translate and comment .
Comment transitive verb To comment on. [ Archaic.] Fuller.
[ Confer Old French comment
.] 1. A remark, observation, or criticism; gossip; discourse; talk.
Their lavish comment when her name was named. 2. A note or observation intended to explain, illustrate, or criticise the meaning of a writing, book, etc.; explanation; annotation; exposition.
All the volumes of philosophy,
With all their comments .
; plural Commentaries
. [ Latin commentarius
, note book, commentary: confer French commentaire
. See Comment
, intransitive verb
] 1. A series of comments or annotations; esp., a book of explanations or expositions on the whole or a part of the Scriptures or of some other work.
This letter . . . was published by him with a severe commentary . 2. A brief account of transactions or events written hastily, as if for a memorandum; -- usually in the plural; as, Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic War.
Commentate transitive verb & i.
[ Latin commentatus
, past participle of commentari
to meditate.] To write comments or notes upon; to make comments.
Commentate upon it, and return it enriched.
Commentation noun 1. The act or process of commenting or criticising; exposition.
The spirit of commentation . 2. The result of the labors of a commentator.
[ Latin commentator
: confer French commentateur
.] One who writes a commentary or comments; an expositor; an annotator.
The commentator's professed object is to explain, to enforce, to illustrate doctrines claimed as true.
Commentatorial adjective Pertaining to the making of commentaries. Whewell.
Commentatorship noun The office or occupation of a commentator.
Commenter noun One who makes or writes comments; a commentator; an annotator.
Commentitious adjective [ Latin commentitius .] Fictitious or imaginary; unreal; as, a commentitious system of religion. [ Obsolete] Warburton.
(Formerly accented on the second syllable.) [ French commerce
, Latin commercium
, merchandise. See Merchant
.] 1. The exchange or buying and selling of commodities; esp. the exchange of merchandise, on a large scale, between different places or communities; extended trade or traffic.
The public becomes powerful in proportion to the opulence and extensive commerce of private men. 2. Social intercourse; the dealings of one person or class in society with another; familiarity.
Fifteen years of thought, observation, and commerce with the world had made him [ Bunyan] wiser. 3. Sexual intercourse. W. Montagu. 4. A round game at cards, in which the cards are subject to exchange, barter, or trade. Hoyle. Chamber of commerce
. See Chamber . Syn.
-- Trade; traffic; dealings; intercourse; interchange; communion; communication.
Commerce intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Commerced
; p> . pr. & verbal noun Commercing
.] [ Confer French commercer
, from Late Latin commerciare
.] 1. To carry on trade; to traffic.
Beware you commerce not with bankrupts. 2. To hold intercourse; to commune. Milton.
Commercing with himself.
Musicians . . . taught the people in angelic harmonies to commerce with heaven.
Commerce destroyer (Nav.) A very fast, unarmored, lightly armed vessel designed to capture or destroy merchant vessels of an enemy. Not being intended to fight, they may be improvised from fast passenger steamers.
[ Confer French commercial
.] Of or pertaining to commerce; carrying on or occupied with commerce or trade; mercantile; as, commercial advantages; commercial relations.
"Princely commercial houses
." Macaulay. Commercial college
, a school for giving instruction in commercial knowledge and business.
-- Commercial law
. See under Law .
-- Commercial note paper
, a small size of writing paper, usually about 5 by 7½ or 8 inches.
-- Commercial paper
, negotiable paper given in due course of business. It includes bills of exchange, promissory notes, bank checks, etc.
-- Commercial traveler
, an agent of a wholesale house who travels from town to town to solicit orders. Syn.
-- See Mercantile
Commercialism noun The commercial spirit or method. C. Kingsley.
Commercially adverb In a commercial manner.
Commigrate intransitive verb [ Latin commigrare , commigratum .] To migrate together. [ R.]
Commigration noun [ Latin commigratio .] Migration together. [ R.] Woodward.
[ Latin comminatio
, from comminari
to threaten; com-
to threaten: confer French commination
.] 1. A threat or threatening; a denunciation of punishment or vengeance.
With terrible comminations to all them that did resist.
Those thunders of commination . 2. An office in the liturgy of the Church of England, used on Ash Wednesday, containing a recital of God's anger and judgments against sinners.
Comminatory adjective [ Confer French comminatoire .] Threatening or denouncing punishment; as, comminatory terms. B. Jonson.