Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Bow-legged adjective Having crooked legs, esp. with the knees bent outward. Johnson.

Bow-pen noun Bow-compasses carrying a drawing pen. See Bow-compass .

Bow-pencil noun Bow-compasses, one leg of which carries a pencil.

Bow-saw noun A saw with a thin or narrow blade set in a strong frame.

Bower noun [ From Bow , v. & noun ]


1. One who bows or bends.

2. (Nautical) An anchor carried at the bow of a ship.

3. A muscle that bends a limb, esp. the arm. [ Obsolete]

His rawbone arms, whose mighty brawned bowers
Were wont to rive steel plates and helmets hew.

Spenser.

Best bower , Small bower . See the Note under Anchor .

Bower (bou"ẽr) noun [ German bauer a peasant. So called from the figure sometimes used for the knave in cards. See Boor .] One of the two highest cards in the pack commonly used in the game of euchre.

Right bower , the knave of the trump suit, the highest card (except the "Joker") in the game. -- Left bower , the knave of the other suit of the same color as the trump, being the next to the right bower in value. -- Best bower or Joker , in some forms of euchre and some other games, an extra card sometimes added to the pack, which takes precedence of all others as the highest card.

Bower noun [ Middle English bour , bur , room, dwelling, Anglo-Saxon būr , from the root of Anglo-Saxon būan to dwell; akin to Icelandic būr chamber, storehouse, Swedish būr cage, Danish buur , Old High German pūr room, German bauer cage, bauer a peasant. √97] Confer Boor , Byre .]


1. Anciently, a chamber; a lodging room; esp., a lady's private apartment.

Give me my lute in bed now as I lie,
And lock the doors of mine unlucky bower .
Gascoigne.

2. A rustic cottage or abode; poetically, an attractive abode or retreat. Shenstone. B. Johnson.

3. A shelter or covered place in a garden, made with boughs of trees or vines, etc., twined together; an arbor; a shady recess.

Bower transitive verb To embower; to inclose. Shak.

Bower intransitive verb To lodge. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Bower noun [ From Bough , confer Brancher .] (Falconry) A young hawk, when it begins to leave the nest. [ Obsolete]

Bower bird (Zoology) An Australian bird ( Ptilonorhynchus violaceus or holosericeus ), allied to the starling, which constructs singular bowers or playhouses of twigs and decorates them with bright-colored objects; the satin bird.

» The name is also applied to other related birds of the same region, having similar habits; as, the spotted bower bird ( Chalmydodera maculata ), and the regent bird ( Sericulus melinus ).

Bower-Barff process (Metal.) A certain process for producing upon articles of iron or steel an adherent coating of the magnetic oxide of iron (which is not liable to corrosion by air, moisture, or ordinary acids). This is accomplished by producing, by oxidation at about 1600° F. in a closed space, a coating containing more or less of the ferric oxide (Fe 2 O 3 ) and the subsequent change of this in a reduced atmosphere to the magnetic oxide (Fe 2 O 4 ).

Bowery adjective Shading, like a bower; full of bowers.

A bowery maze that shades the purple streams.
Trumbull.

Bowery noun ; plural Boweries [ Dutch bouwerij .] A farm or plantation with its buildings. [ U.S.Hist.]

The emigrants [ in New York] were scattered on boweries or plantations; and seeing the evils of this mode of living widely apart, they were advised, in 1643 and 1646, by the Dutch authorities, to gather into "villages, towns, and hamlets, as the English were in the habit of doing."
Bancroft.

Bowery adjective Characteristic of the street called the Bowery , in New York city; swaggering; flashy.

Bowess noun (Falconry) Same as Bower . [ Obsolete]

Bowfin noun (Zoology) A voracious ganoid fish ( Amia calva ) found in the fresh waters of the United States; the mudfish; -- called also Johnny Grindle , and dogfish .

Bowge intransitive verb To swell out. See Bouge . [ Obsolete]

Bowge transitive verb To cause to leak. [ Obsolete] See Bouge .

Bowgrace noun (Nautical) A frame or fender of rope or junk, laid out at the sides or bows of a vessel to secure it from injury by floating ice.

Bowhead noun (Zoology) The great Arctic or Greenland whale. ( Balæna mysticetus ). See Baleen , and Whale .

Bowie knife A knife with a strong blade from ten to fifteen inches long, and double-edged near the point; -- used as a hunting knife, and formerly as a weapon in the southwestern part of the United States. It was named from its inventor, Colonel James Bowie . Also, by extension, any large sheath knife.

Bowing noun (Mus.)
1. The act or art of managing the bow in playing on stringed instruments.

Bowing constitutes a principal part of the art of the violinist, the violist, etc.
J. W. Moore.

2. In hatmaking, the act or process of separating and distributing the fur or hair by means of a bow, to prepare it for felting.

Bowingly adverb In a bending manner.

Bowknot noun A knot in which a portion of the string is drawn through in the form of a loop or bow, so as to be readily untied.

Bowl (bōl) noun [ Middle English bolle , Anglo-Saxon bolla ; akin to Icelandic bolli , Danish bolle , German bolle , and perhaps to English boil a tumor. Confer Boll .]


1. A concave vessel of various forms (often approximately hemispherical), to hold liquids, etc.

Brought them food in bowls of basswood.
Longfellow.

2. Specifically, a drinking vessel for wine or other spirituous liquors; hence, convivial drinking.

3. The contents of a full bowl; what a bowl will hold.

4. The hollow part of a thing; as, the bowl of a spoon.

Bowl (bōl) noun [ French boule , from Latin bulla bubble, stud. Confer Bull an edict, Bill a writing.]


1. A ball of wood or other material used for rolling on a level surface in play; a ball of hard wood having one side heavier than the other, so as to give it a bias when rolled.

2. plural An ancient game, popular in Great Britain, played with biased balls on a level plat of greensward.

Like an uninstructed bowler, . . . who thinks to attain the jack by delivering his bowl straightforward upon it.
Sir W. Scott.

3. pl . The game of tenpins or bowling. [ U.S.]

Bowl transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bowled ; present participle & verbal noun Bowling .]
1. To roll, as a bowl or cricket ball.

Break all the spokes and fellies from her wheel,
And bowl the round nave down the hill of heaven.
Shak.

2. To roll or carry smoothly on, or as on, wheels; as, we were bowled rapidly along the road.

3. To pelt or strike with anything rolled.

Alas, I had rather be set quick i' the earth,
And bowled to death with turnips...
Shak.

To bowl (a player) out , in cricket, to put out a striker by knocking down a bail or a stump in bowling.

Bowl intransitive verb
1. To play with bowls.

2. To roll a ball on a plane, as at cricket, bowls, etc.

3. To move rapidly, smoothly, and like a ball; as, the carriage bowled along.

Bowlder, Boulder noun [ Confer Swedish bullra to roar, rattle, Danish buldre , dial. Swedish bullersteen larger kind of pebbles; perhaps akin to English bellow .]


1. A large stone, worn smooth or rounded by the action of water; a large pebble.

2. (Geol.) A mass of any rock, whether rounded or not, that has been transported by natural agencies from its native bed. See Drift .

Bowlder clay , the unstratified clay deposit of the Glacial or Drift epoch, often containing large numbers of bowlders. -- Bowlder wall , a wall constructed of large stones or bowlders.

Bowldery adjective Characterized by bowlders.

Bowleg noun A crooked leg. Jer. Taylor.

Bowler noun One who plays at bowls, or who rolls the ball in cricket or any other game.

Bowler noun [ From 2d Bowl .] A derby hat. [ Eng.]

Bowless adjective Destitute of a bow.

Bowline noun [ Confer Dutch boelijn , Icelandic böglïna ..., Danish bovline ; properly the line attached to the shoulder or side of the sail. See Bow (of a ship), and Line .] (Nautical) A rope fastened near the middle of the leech or perpendicular edge of the square sails, by subordinate ropes, called bridles , and used to keep the weather edge of the sail tight forward, when the ship is closehauled.

Bowline bridles , the ropes by which the bowline is fastened to the leech of the sail. -- Bowline knot . See Illust. under Knot . -- On a bowline , close-hauled or sailing close to the wind; -- said of a ship.

Bowling noun The act of playing at or rolling bowls, or of rolling the ball at cricket; the game of bowls or of tenpins.

Bowling alley , a covered place for playing at bowls or tenpins. -- Bowling green , a level piece of greensward or smooth ground for bowling, as the small park in lower Broadway, New York, where the Dutch of New Amsterdam played this game.

Bowls (bōlz) noun plural See Bowl , a ball, a game.

Bowman noun ; plural Bowmen A man who uses a bow; an archer.

The whole city shall flee for the noise of the horsemen and bowmen .
Jer. iv. 29.

Bowman's root . (Botany) See Indian physic , under Indian .

Bowman noun (Nautical) The man who rows the foremost oar in a boat; the bow oar.

Bowne transitive verb [ See Boun .] To make ready; to prepare; to dress. [ Obsolete]

We will all bowne ourselves for the banquet.
Sir W. Scott.

Bowse intransitive verb [ See Booze , and Bouse .]


1. To carouse; to bouse; to booze. De Quincey.

2. (Nautical) To pull or haul; as, to bowse upon a tack; to bowse away, i. e. , to pull all together.

Bowse noun A carouse; a drinking bout; a booze.

Bowshot noun The distance traversed by an arrow shot from a bow.

Bowsprit noun [ Bow + sprit ; akin to Dutch boegspriet ; boeg bow of a ship + spriet , English sprit , also Swedish bogspröt , German bugspriet .] (Nautical) A large boom or spar, which projects over the stem of a ship or other vessel, to carry sail forward.

Bowssen transitive verb To drench; to soak; especially, to immerse (in water believed to have curative properties). [ Obsolete]

There were many bowssening places, for curing of mad men.
. . . If there appeared small amendment he was bowssened again and again.
Carew.

Bowstring noun
1. The string of a bow.

2. A string used by the Turks for strangling offenders.

Bowstring bridge , a bridge formed of an arch of timber or iron, often braced, the thrust of which is resisted by a tie forming a chord of the arch. -- Bowstring girder , an arched beam strengthened by a tie connecting its two ends. -- Bowstring hemp (Botany) , the tenacious fiber of the Sanseviera Zeylanica , growing in India and Africa, from which bowstrings are made. Balfour.

Bowstring transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bowstringed or Bowstrung ; present participle & verbal noun Bowstringing .] To strangle with a bowstring.

Bowstringed p.a.
1. Furnished with bowstring.

2. Put to death with a bowstring; strangled.

Bowtel noun See Boultel .