Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Bossism noun The rule or practices of bosses, esp. political bosses. [ Slang, U. S.]
Bossy adjective Ornamented with bosses; studded.
[ Dim. from Prov. English boss
, for boose-calf
, prop., a calf kept in the stall. See 1st Boose
.] A cow or calf; -- familiarly so called.
[ U. S.]
Boston noun A game at cards, played by four persons, with two packs of fifty-two cards each; -- said to be so called from Boston, Massachusetts, and to have been invented by officers of the French army in America during the Revolutionary war.
Bostryx noun [ New Latin ; irreg. from Greek ... a curl.] (Botany) A form of cymose inflorescence with all the flowers on one side of the rachis, usually causing it to curl; -- called also a uniparous helicoid cyme .
Boswellian adjective Relating to, or characteristic of, Boswell, the biographer of Dr. Johnson.
Boswellism noun The style of Boswell.
Bot noun (Zoology) See Bots .
Botanic, Botanical adjective
[ Confer French botanique
. See Botany
.] Of or pertaining to botany; relating to the study of plants; as, a botanical system, arrangement, textbook, expedition.
, adverb Botanic garden
, a garden devoted to the culture of plants collected for the purpose of illustrating the science of botany.
-- Botanic physician
, a physician whose medicines consist chiefly of herbs and roots.
Botanist noun [ Confer French botaniste .] One skilled in botany; one versed in the knowledge of plants.
Botanize intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Botanized
; present participle & verbal noun Botanizing
] [ Confer French botaniser
.] To seek after plants for botanical investigation; to study plants.
Botanize transitive verb To explore for botanical purposes.
Botanizer noun One who botanizes.
Botanologer noun A botanist. [ Obsolete]
Botanology noun [ Botany + -logy : confer French botanologie .] The science of botany. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Botanomancy noun [ Botany + -mancy : confer French botanomantie .] An ancient species of divination by means of plants, esp. sage and fig leaves.
; plural Botanies
[ French botanique
, adjective & noun
, from Greek ...
botanic, from ...
herb, plant, from ...
to feed, graze.] 1. The science which treats of the structure of plants, the functions of their parts, their places of growth, their classification, and the terms which are employed in their description and denomination. See Plant . 2. A book which treats of the science of botany.
» Botany is divided into various departments; as, Structural Botany
, which investigates the structure and organic composition of plants; Physiological Botany
, the study of their functions and life; and Systematic Botany
, which has to do with their classification, description, nomenclature, etc.
Botany Bay A harbor on the east coast of Australia, and an English convict settlement there; -- so called from the number of new plants found on its shore at its discovery by Cook in 1770. Hence, any place to which desperadoes resort. Botany Bay kino (Medicine) , an astringent, reddish substance consisting of the inspissated juice of several Australian species of Eucalyptus . -- Botany Bay resin (Medicine) , a resin of reddish yellow color, resembling gamboge, the product of different Australian species of Xanthorrhæa , esp. the grass tree ( X. hastilis ).
Botargo noun [ Italian bottarga , bottarica ; or Spanish botarga ; a kind of large sausages, a sort of wide breeches: confer French boutargue .] A sort of cake or sausage, made of the salted roes of the mullet, much used on the coast of the Mediterranean as an incentive to drink.
; plural Botches
[ Same as Boss a stud. For senses 2 & 3 confer Dutch botsen
to beat, akin to English beat
.] 1. A swelling on the skin; a large ulcerous affection; a boil; an eruptive disease.
[ Obsolete or Dial.]
Botches and blains must all his flesh emboss. 2. A patch put on, or a part of a garment patched or mended in a clumsy manner. 3. Work done in a bungling manner; a clumsy performance; a piece of work, or a place in work, marred in the doing, or not properly finished; a bungle.
To leave no rubs nor botches in the work.
Botch transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Botched
; present participle & verbal noun Botching
.] [ See Botch
] 1. To mark with, or as with, botches.
Young Hylas, botched with stains. 2. To repair; to mend; esp. to patch in a clumsy or imperfect manner, as a garment; -- sometimes with up .
Sick bodies . . . to be kept and botched up for a time. 3. To put together unsuitably or unskillfully; to express or perform in a bungling manner; to spoil or mar, as by unskillful work.
Robynson (More's Utopia).
For treason botched in rhyme will be thy bane.
Botchedly adverb In a clumsy manner.
1. One who mends or patches, esp. a tailor or cobbler. Shak. 2. A clumsy or careless workman; a bungler. 3. (Zoology) A young salmon; a grilse.
Botcherly adjective Bungling; awkward. [ R.]
Botchery noun A botching, or that which is done by botching; clumsy or careless workmanship.
Botchy adjective Marked with botches; full of botches; poorly done. "This botchy business." Bp. Watson.
[ Old form of boot
; -- used in composition. See 1st Boot
.] (Law) (a) Compensation; amends; satisfaction; expiation; as, man bote , a compensation or a man slain. (b) Payment of any kind. Bouvier. (c) A privilege or allowance of necessaries.
» This word is still used in composition as equivalent to the French estovers
, supplies, necessaries; as, house bote
, a sufficiency of wood to repair a house, or for fuel, sometimes called fire bote
; so plow bote
, cart bote
, wood for making or repairing instruments of husbandry; hay bote
or hedge bote
, wood for hedges, fences, etc. These were privileges enjoyed by tenants under the feudal system. Burrill. Bouvier. Blackstone.
Boteless adjective Unavailing; in vain. See Bootless .
Botfly noun (Zoology) A dipterous insect of the family ( Estridæ , of many different species, some of which are particularly troublesome to domestic animals, as the horse, ox, and sheep, on which they deposit their eggs. A common species is one of the botflies of the horse ( Gastrophilus equi ), the larvæ of which ( bots ) are taken into the stomach of the animal, where they live several months and pass through their larval states. In tropical America one species sometimes lives under the human skin, and another in the stomach. See Gadfly .
Both adjective or pron.
[ Middle English bothe
, from Icelandic bā...ir
; akin to Danish baade
, Swedish båda
, Goth. baj......s
, Old High German beid...
, G. & Dutch beide
, also Anglo-Saxon begen
, Goth. bai
, and Greek ...
, Latin ambo
, Lithuanian abÃ
, OSlav. oba
, Sanskrit ubha
. √310. Confer Amb
-.] The one and the other; the two; the pair, without exception of either.
» It is generally used adjectively with nouns; as, both horses ran away; but with pronouns, and often with nous, it is used substantively, and followed by of
. It frequently stands as a pronoun.
She alone is heir to both of us.
Abraham took sheep and oxen, and gave them unto Abimelech; and both of them made a covenant.
Gen. xxi. 27.
He will not bear the loss of his rank, because he can bear the loss of his estate; but he will bear both , because he is prepared for both .
It is often used in apposition with nouns or pronouns.
Thy weal and woe are both of them extremes.
This said, they both betook them several ways. Both
now always precedes any other attributive words; as, both
their armies; both our eyes. Both of
is used before pronouns in the objective case; as, both of
us, them, whom, etc.; but before substantives its used is colloquial, both
) being the preferred form; as, both
Both conj. As well; not only; equally. Both
precedes the first of two coördinate words or phrases, and is followed by and
before the other, both
. . . and
. . . ; as well the one as the other; not only this, but also that; equally the former and the latter. It is also sometimes followed by more than two coördinate words, connected by and
expressed or understood.
To judge both quick and dead.
A masterpiece both for argument and style.
To whom bothe heven and erthe and see is sene.
Both mongrel, puppy, whelp, and hound.
He prayeth well who loveth well
Both man and bird and beast.
Both-hands noun A factotum.
He is his master's both-hands , I assure you.
Bother transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Bothered
; present participle & verbal noun Bothering
.] [ Confer Ir. buaidhirt
I vex.] To annoy; to trouble; to worry; to perplex. See Pother .
» The imperative is sometimes used as an exclamation mildly imprecatory.
Bother intransitive verb To feel care or anxiety; to make or take trouble; to be troublesome.
Without bothering about it.
Bother noun One who, or that which, bothers; state of perplexity or annoyance; embarrassment; worry; disturbance; petty trouble; as, to be in a bother .
Botheration noun The act of bothering, or state of being bothered; cause of trouble; perplexity; annoyance; vexation. [ Colloq.]
Botherer noun One who bothers.
Bothersome adjective Vexatious; causing bother; causing trouble or perplexity; troublesome.
Bothie noun Same as Bothy .
Bothnian, Bothnic adjective Of or pertaining to Bothnia, a country of northern Europe, or to a gulf of the same name which forms the northern part of the Baltic sea.
Bothrenchyma noun [ Greek ... pit + ... something poured in. Formed like parenchyma .] (Botany) Dotted or pitted ducts or vessels forming the pores seen in many kinds of wood.
Bothy, Boothy noun
; plural -ies
[ Scottish. Confer Booth
.] A wooden hut or humble cot, esp. a rude hut or barrack for unmarried farm servants; a shepherd's or hunter's hut; a booth.
Botocudos noun plural [ Portuguese botoque stopple. So called because they wear a wooden plug in the pierced lower lip.] A Brazilian tribe of Indians, noted for their use of poisons; -- also called Aymborés .
Botryogen noun [ Greek ... cluster of grapes + -gen .] (Min.) A hydrous sulphate of iron of a deep red color. It often occurs in botryoidal form.
Botryoid, Botryoidal adjective [ Greek ... cluster of grapes + -oid .] Having the form of a bunch of grapes; like a cluster of grapes, as a mineral presenting an aggregation of small spherical or spheroidal prominences.
Botryolite noun [ Greek ... cluster of grapes + -lite .] (Min.) A variety of datolite, usually having a botryoidal structure.
Botryose adjective (Botany) (a) Having the form of a cluster of grapes. (b) Of the racemose or acropetal type of inflorescence. Gray.
Bots noun plural
[ Confer Gael. botus
belly worm, boiteag
maggot.] (Zoology) The larvæ of several species of botfly, especially those larvæ which infest the stomach, throat, or intestines of the horse, and are supposed to be the cause of various ailments.
[ Written also botts
.] See Illust.
[ French See Boot
(for the foot.).] 1. A small boot; a lady's boot. 2. An appliance resembling a small boot furnished with straps, buckles, etc., used to correct or prevent distortions in the lower extremities of children. Dunglison.