Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Bottle noun [ Middle English bote , botelle , Old French botel , bouteille , French bouteille , from Late Latin buticula , dim. of butis , buttis , butta , flask. Confer Butt a cask.]
1. A hollow vessel, usually of glass or earthenware (but formerly of leather), with a narrow neck or mouth, for holding liquids.

2. The contents of a bottle; as much as a bottle contains; as, to drink a bottle of wine.

3. Fig.: Intoxicating liquor; as, to drown one's reason in the bottle .

» Bottle is much used adjectively, or as the first part of a compound.

Bottle ale , bottled ale. [ Obsolete] Shak. -- Bottle brush , a cylindrical brush for cleansing the interior of bottles. -- Bottle fish (Zoology) , a kind of deep-sea eel ( Saccopharynx ampullaceus ), remarkable for its baglike gullet, which enables it to swallow fishes two or three times its won size. -- Bottle flower . (Botany) Same as Bluebottle . -- Bottle glass , a coarse, green glass, used in the manufacture of bottles. Ure. -- Bottle gourd (Botany) , the common gourd or calabash ( Lagenaria Vulgaris ), whose shell is used for bottles, dippers, etc. -- Bottle grass (Botany) , a nutritious fodder grass ( Setaria glauca and S. viridis ); -- called also foxtail , and green foxtail . -- Bottle tit (Zoology) , the European long-tailed titmouse; - - so called from the shape of its nest. -- Bottle tree (Botany) , an Australian tree ( Sterculia rupestris ), with a bottle-shaped, or greatly swollen, trunk. -- Feeding bottle , Nursing bottle , a bottle with a rubber nipple (generally with an intervening tube), used in feeding infants.

Bottle transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bottled present participle & verbal noun Bottling ] To put into bottles; to inclose in, or as in, a bottle or bottles; to keep or restrain as in a bottle; as, to bottle wine or porter; to bottle up one's wrath.

Bottle green A dark shade of green, like that of bottle glass. -- Bot"tle-green` , adjective

Bottle-neck frame (Automobiles) An inswept frame. [ Colloq.]

Bottle-nose noun (Zoology)
1. A cetacean of the Dolphin family, of several species, as Delphinus Tursio and Lagenorhyncus leucopleurus , of Europe.

2. The puffin.

Bottle-nosed (-nōzd) adjective Having the nose bottle-shaped, or large at the end. Dickens.

Bottled adjective
1. Put into bottles; inclosed in bottles; pent up in, or as in, a bottle.

2. Having the shape of a bottle; protuberant. Shak.

Bottlehead noun (Zoology) A cetacean allied to the grampus; -- called also bottle-nosed whale .

» There are several species so named, as the pilot whales, of the genus Globicephalus , and one or more species of Hyperoödon ( H. bidens , etc.), found on the European coast. See Blackfish , 1.

Bottleholder noun
1. One who attends a pugilist in a prize fight; -- so called from the bottle of water of which he has charge.

2. One who assists or supports another in a contest; an abettor; a backer. [ Colloq.]

Lord Palmerston considered himself the bottleholder of oppressed states.
The London Times.

Bottler (bŏt"tlẽr/) noun One who bottles wine, beer, soda water, etc.

Bottlescrew noun A corkscrew. Swift.

Bottling (bŏt"tlĭng) noun The act or the process of putting anything into bottles (as beer, mineral water, etc.) and corking the bottles.

Bottom (bŏt"tŭm) noun [ Middle English botum , botme , Anglo-Saxon botm ; akin to Old Saxon bodom , Dutch bodem , Old High German podam , German boden , Icelandic botn , Swedish botten , Danish bund (for budn ), Latin fundus (for fudnus ), Greek pyqmh`n (for fyqmh`n ), Sanskrit budhna (for bhudhna ), and Ir. bonn sole of the foot, W. bon stem, base. √257. Confer 4th Found , Fund , noun ]
1. The lowest part of anything; the foot; as, the bottom of a tree or well; the bottom of a hill, a lane, or a page.

Or dive into the bottom of the deep.
Shak.

2. The part of anything which is beneath the contents and supports them, as the part of a chair on which a person sits, the circular base or lower head of a cask or tub, or the plank floor of a ship's hold; the under surface.

Barrels with the bottom knocked out.
Macaulay.

No two chairs were alike; such high backs and low backs and leather bottoms and worsted bottoms .
W. Irving.

3. That upon which anything rests or is founded, in a literal or a figurative sense; foundation; groundwork.

4. The bed of a body of water, as of a river, lake, sea.

5. The fundament; the buttocks.

6. An abyss. [ Obsolete] Dryden.

7. Low land formed by alluvial deposits along a river; low-lying ground; a dale; a valley. "The bottoms and the high grounds." Stoddard.

8. (Nautical) The part of a ship which is ordinarily under water; hence, the vessel itself; a ship.

My ventures are not in one bottom trusted.
Shak.

Not to sell the teas, but to return them to London in the
same bottoms in which they were shipped.
Bancroft.

Full bottom , a hull of such shape as permits carrying a large amount of merchandise.

9. Power of endurance; as, a horse of a good bottom .

10. Dregs or grounds; lees; sediment. Johnson.

At bottom , At the bottom , at the foundation or basis; in reality. "He was at the bottom a good man." J. F. Cooper. -- To be at the bottom of , to be the cause or originator of; to be the source of. [ Usually in an opprobrious sense.] J. H. Newman.

He was at the bottom of many excellent counsels.
Addison.

-- To go to the bottom , to sink; esp. to be wrecked. -- To touch bottom , to reach the lowest point; to find something on which to rest.

Bottom adjective Of or pertaining to the bottom; fundamental; lowest; under; as, bottom rock; the bottom board of a wagon box; bottom prices.

Bottom glade , a low glade or open place; a valley; a dale. Milton.

-- Bottom grass , grass growing on bottom lands. -- Bottom land . See 1st Bottom , noun , 7.

Bottom transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bottomed ; present participle & verbal noun Bottoming .]


1. To found or build upon; to fix upon as a support; -- followed by on or upon .

Action is supposed to be bottomed upon principle.
Atterbury.

Those false and deceiving grounds upon which many bottom their eternal state].
South.

2. To furnish with a bottom; as, to bottom a chair.

3. To reach or get to the bottom of. Smiles.

Bottom intransitive verb
1. To rest, as upon an ultimate support; to be based or grounded; -- usually with on or upon .

Find on what foundation any proposition bottoms .
Locke.

2. To reach or impinge against the bottom, so as to impede free action, as when the point of a cog strikes the bottom of a space between two other cogs, or a piston the end of a cylinder.

Bottom noun [ Middle English botme , perhaps corrupt. for button . See Button .] A ball or skein of thread; a cocoon. [ Obsolete]

Silkworms finish their bottoms in . . . fifteen days.
Mortimer.

Bottom transitive verb To wind round something, as in making a ball of thread. [ Obsolete]

As you unwind her love from him,
Lest it should ravel and be good to none,
You must provide to bottom it on me.
Shak.

Bottom fermentation A slow alcoholic fermentation during which the yeast cells collect at the bottom of the fermenting liquid. It takes place at a temperature of 4° - 10° C. (39° - 50°F.). It is used in making lager beer and wines of low alcohol content but fine bouquet.

Bottomed adjective Having at the bottom, or as a bottom; resting upon a bottom; grounded; -- mostly, in composition; as, sharp- bottomed ; well- bottomed .

Bottomless adjective Without a bottom; hence, fathomless; baseless; as, a bottomless abyss. "Bottomless speculations." Burke.

Bottomry noun [ From 1st Bottom in sense 8: confer Dutch bodemerij . Confer Bummery .] (Mar.Law) A contract in the nature of a mortgage, by which the owner of a ship, or the master as his agent, hypothecates and binds the ship (and sometimes the accruing freight) as security for the repayment of money advanced or lent for the use of the ship, if she terminates her voyage successfully. If the ship is lost by perils of the sea, the lender loses the money; but if the ship arrives safe, he is to receive the money lent, with the interest or premium stipulated, although it may, and usually does, exceed the legal rate of interest. See Hypothecation .

Bottony, Bottoné adjective [ French boutonné , from boutonner to bud, button.] (Her.) Having a bud or button, or a kind of trefoil, at the end; furnished with knobs or buttons.

Cross bottony (Her.) , a cross having each arm terminating in three rounded lobes, forming a sort of trefoil.

Botts noun plural (Zoology) See Bots .

Botuliform adjective [ Latin botulus sausage + -form .] (Botany) Having the shape of a sausage. Henslow.

Bouche noun [ French] Same as Bush , a lining.

Bouche transitive verb Same as Bush , to line.

Bouche, Bouch noun [ French bouche mouth, victuals.]


1. A mouth. [ Obsolete]

2. An allowance of meat and drink for the tables of inferior officers or servants in a nobleman's palace or at court. [ Obsolete]

Bouchées noun plural [ French, morsels, mouthfuls, from bouche mouth.] (Cookery) Small patties.

Boucherize transitive verb [ After Dr. Auguste Boucherie , a French chemist, who invented the process.] To impregnate with a preservative solution of copper sulphate, as timber, railroad ties, etc.

Boud noun A weevil; a worm that breeds in malt, biscuit, etc. [ Obsolete] Tusser.

Boudoir noun [ French, from bouder to pout, be sulky.] A small room, esp. if pleasant, or elegantly furnished, to which a lady may retire to be alone, or to receive intimate friends; a lady's (or sometimes a gentleman's) private room. Cowper.

Bouffe noun [ French, buffoon.] Comic opera. See Opera Bouffe .

Bougainvillæa noun [ Named from Bougainville , the French navigator.] (Botany) A genus of plants of the order Nyctoginaceæ, from tropical South America, having the flowers surrounded by large bracts.

Bouge intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bouged ] [ Variant of bulge . Confer Bowge .]


1. To swell out. [ Obsolete]

2. To bilge. [ Obsolete] "Their ship bouged ." Hakluyt.

Bouge transitive verb To stave in; to bilge. [ Obsolete] Holland.

Bouge noun [ French bouche mouth, victuals.] Bouche (see Bouche , 2); food and drink; provisions. [ Obsolete]

[ They] made room for a bombardman that brought bouge for a country lady or two, that fainted . . . with fasting.
B. Jonson.

Bouget noun [ Confer French bougette sack, bag. Confer Budget .] (Her.) A charge representing a leather vessel for carrying water; -- also called water bouget .

Bough noun [ Middle English bogh , Anglo-Saxon bōg , bōh , bough, shoulder; akin to Icelandic bōgr shoulder, bow of a ship, Swedish bog , Danish bov , Old High German buog , German bug , and to Greek ... ( for ... ) forearm, Sanskrit bāhu (for bhāghu ) arm. √88, 251. Confer Bow of a ship.]


1. An arm or branch of a tree, esp. a large arm or main branch.

2. A gallows. [ Archaic] Spenser.

Bought noun [ Confer Danish bugt bend, turning, Icelandic bug...a . Confer Bight , Bout , and see Bow to bend.]


1. A flexure; a bend; a twist; a turn; a coil, as in a rope; as the boughts of a serpent. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

The boughts of the fore legs.
Sir T. Browne.

2. The part of a sling that contains the stone. [ Obsolete]

Bought imperfect & past participle of Buy .

Bought p. adjective Purchased; bribed.

Boughten adjective Purchased; not obtained or produced at home. Coleridge.

Boughty adjective Bending. [ Obsolete] Sherwood.

Bougie noun [ French bougie wax candle, bougie, from Bougie , Bugia , a town of North Africa, from which these candles were first imported into Europe.]


1. (Surg.) A long, flexible instrument, that is

introduced into the urethra, esophagus, etc., to remove obstructions, or for the other purposes. It was originally made of waxed linen rolled into cylindrical form.

2. (Pharm.) A long slender rod consisting of gelatin or some other substance that melts at the temperature of the body. It is impregnated with medicine, and designed for introduction into urethra, etc.

Bougie décimale [ French, lit., decimal candle.] A photometric standard used in France, having the value of one twentieth of the Violle platinum standard, or slightly less than a British standard candle. Called also decimal candle .

Bouilli noun [ French, from bouillir to boil.] (Cookery) Boiled or stewed meat; beef boiled with vegetables in water from which its gravy is to be made; beef from which bouillon or soup has been made.

Bouillon noun [ French, from bouillir to boil.]
1. A nutritious liquid food made by boiling beef, or other meat, in water; a clear soup or broth.

2. (Far.) An excrescence on a horse's frush or frog.

Bouk (bōk) noun [ Anglo-Saxon būc belly; akin to German bauch , Icelandic būkr body.]


1. The body. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

2. Bulk; volume. [ Scot.]