Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Bowwow noun An onomatopoetic name for a dog or its bark. -- adjective Onomatopoetic; as, the bowwow theory of language; a bowwow word. [ Jocose.]

Bowyer noun [ From Bow , like lawyer from law .]


1. An archer; one who uses bow.

2. One who makes or sells bows.

Box (bŏks) noun [ As. box , Latin buxus , from Greek .... See Box a case.] (Botany) A tree or shrub, flourishing in different parts of the world. The common box ( Buxus sempervirens ) has two varieties, one of which, the dwarf box ( B. suffruticosa ), is much used for borders in gardens. The wood of the tree varieties, being very hard and smooth, is extensively used in the arts, as by turners, engravers, mathematical instrument makers, etc.

Box elder , the ash-leaved maple ( Negundo aceroides ), of North America. -- Box holly , the butcher's broom ( Russus aculeatus ). -- Box thorn , a shrub ( Lycium barbarum ). -- Box tree , the tree variety of the common box.

Box noun ; plural Boxes [ As. box a small case or vessel with a cover; akin to Old High German buhsa box, German büchse ; from Latin buxus boxwood, anything made of boxwood. See Pyx , and confer Box a tree, Bushel .]
1. A receptacle or case of any firm material and of various shapes.

2. The quantity that a box contain.

3. A space with a few seats partitioned off in a theater, or other place of public amusement.

Laughed at by the pit, box , galleries, nay, stage.
Dorset.

The boxes and the pit are sovereign judges.
Dryden.

4. A chest or any receptacle for the deposit of money; as, a poor box ; a contribution box .

Yet since his neighbors give, the churl unlocks,
Damning the poor, his tripple-bolted box .
J. Warton.

5. A small country house. "A shooting box ." Wilson.

Tight boxes neatly sashed.
Cowper.

6. A boxlike shed for shelter; as, a sentry box .

7. (Mach) (a) An axle box, journal box, journal bearing, or bushing. (b) A chamber or section of tube in which a valve works; the bucket of a lifting pump.

8. The driver's seat on a carriage or coach.

9. A present in a box; a present; esp. a Christmas box or gift. "A Christmas box ." Dickens.

10. (Baseball) The square in which the pitcher stands.

11. (Zoology) A Mediterranean food fish; the bogue.

» Box is much used adjectively or in composition; as box lid, box maker, box circle, etc.; also with modifying substantives; as money box , letter box , band box , hat box or hat box , snuff box or snuff box .

Box beam (Architecture) , a beam made of metal plates so as to have the form of a long box. -- Box car (Railroads) , a freight car covered with a roof and inclosed on the sides to protect its contents. -- Box chronometer , a ship's chronometer, mounted in gimbals, to preserve its proper position. -- Box coat , a thick overcoat for driving; sometimes with a heavy cape to carry off the rain. -- Box coupling , a metal collar uniting the ends of shafts or other parts in machinery. -- Box crab (Zoology) , a crab of the genus Calappa , which, when at rest with the legs retracted, resembles a box. -- Box drain (Architecture) , a drain constructed with upright sides, and with flat top and bottom. -- Box girder (Architecture) , a box beam. -- Box groove (Metal Working) , a closed groove between two rolls, formed by a collar on one roll fitting between collars on another. R. W. Raymond. -- Box metal , an alloy of copper and tin, or of zinc, lead, and antimony, for the bearings of journals, etc. -- Box plait , a plait that doubles both to the right and the left. -- Box turtle or Box tortoise (Zoology) , a land tortoise or turtle of the genera Cistudo and Emys ; -- so named because it can withdraw entirely within its shell, which can be closed by hinged joints in the lower shell. Also, humorously, an exceedingly reticent person. Emerson. -- In a box , in a perplexity or an embarrassing position; in difficulty. (Colloq.) -- In the wrong box , out of one's place; out of one's element; awkwardly situated. (Colloq.) Ridley (1554)

Box transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Boxed ; present participle & verbal noun Boxing .]


1. To inclose in a box.

2. To furnish with boxes, as a wheel.

3. (Architecture) To inclose with boarding, lathing, etc., so as to bring to a required form.

To box a tree , to make an incision or hole in a tree for the purpose of procuring the sap. -- To box off , to divide into tight compartments. -- To box up . (a) To put into a box in order to save; as, he had boxed up twelve score pounds. (b) To confine; as, to be boxed up in narrow quarters.

Box noun [ Confer Dan. baske to slap, bask slap, blow. Confer Pash .] A blow on the head or ear with the hand.

A good-humored box on the ear.
W. Irving.

Box intransitive verb To fight with the fist; to combat with, or as with, the hand or fist; to spar.

Box transitive verb To strike with the hand or fist, especially to strike on the ear, or on the side of the head.

Box transitive verb [ Confer Sp. boxar , now spelt bojar .] To boxhaul.

To box off (Nautical) , to turn the head of a vessel either way by bracing the headyards aback. -- To box the compass (Nautical) , to name the thirty-two points of the compass in their order.

Box kite A kite, invented by Lawrence Hargrave, of Sydney, Australia, which consist of two light rectangular boxes, or cells open on two sides, and fastened together horizontally. Called also Hargrave, or cellular, kite .

Box tail (Aëronautics) In a flying machine, a tail or rudder, usually fixed, resembling a box kite.

Box-iron noun A hollow smoothing iron containing a heater within.

Boxberry noun (Botany) The wintergreen. ( Gaultheria procumbens ). [ Local, U.S.]

Boxen (bŏks"'n) adjective Made of boxwood; pertaining to, or resembling, the box ( Buxus ). [ R.]

The faded hue of sapless boxen leaves.
Dryden.

Boxer (bŏks"ẽr) noun One who packs boxes.

Boxer noun One who boxes; a pugilist.

Boxer noun A member of a powerful Chinese organization which committed numerous outrages on Europeans and Christian converts in the uprising against foreigners in 1900. Various names, as "League of United Patriots" and "Great Knife [ or Sword] Society," have been given as the Chinese name of the organization; why the members were called Boxers is uncertain.

Boxfish noun (Zoology) The trunkfish.

Boxhaul transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Boxhauled ] (Nautical) To put (a vessel) on the other tack by veering her short round on her heel; -- so called from the circumstance of bracing the head yards abox (i. e., sharp aback, on the wind). Totten.

Boxhauling noun (Nautical) A method of going from one tack to another. See Boxhaul .

Boxing noun
1. The act of inclosing (anything) in a box, as for storage or transportation.

2. Material used in making boxes or casings.

3. Any boxlike inclosure or recess; a casing.

4. (Architecture) The external case of thin material used to bring any member to a required form.

Boxing noun The act of fighting with the fist; a combat with the fist; sparring. Blackstone.

Boxing glove , a large padded mitten or glove used in sparring for exercise or amusement.

Boxing day The first week day after Christmas, a legal holiday on which Christmas boxes are given to postmen, errand boys, employees, etc. The night of this day is boxing night . [ Eng.]

Boxkeeper noun An attendant at a theater who has charge of the boxes.

Boxthorn noun (Botany) A plant of the genus Lycium , esp. Lycium barbarum .

Boxwood noun The wood of the box ( Buxus ).

Boy noun [ Confer Dutch boef , Fries. boi , boy ; akin to German bube , Icelandic bofi rouge.] A male child, from birth to the age of puberty; a lad; hence, a son.

My only boy fell by the side of great Dundee.
Sir W. Scott.

» Boy is often used as a term of comradeship, as in college, or in the army or navy. In the plural used colloquially of members of an associaton, fraternity, or party.

Boy bishop , a boy (usually a chorister) elected bishop, in old Christian sports, and invested with robes and other insignia. He practiced a kind of mimicry of the ceremonies in which the bishop usually officiated. -- The Old Boy , the Devil. [ Slang] -- Yellow boys , guineas. [ Slang, Eng.] -- Boy's love , a popular English name of Southernwood ( Artemisia abrotonum ); -- called also lad's love . -- Boy's play , childish amusements; anything trifling.

Boy transitive verb To act as a boy; -- in allusion to the former practice of boys acting women's parts on the stage.

I shall see
Some squeaking Cleopatra boy my greatness.
Shak.

Boy noun In various countries, a male servant, laborer, or slave of a native or inferior race; also, any man of such a race.

He reverted again and again to the labor difficulty, and spoke of importing boys from Capetown.
Frances Macnab.

Boy scout Orig., a member of the "Boy Scouts," an organization of boys founded in 1908, by Sir R. S. S. Baden-Powell, to promote good citizenship by creating in them a spirit of civic duty and of usefulness to others, by stimulating their interest in wholesome mental, moral, industrial, and physical activities, etc. Hence, a member of any of the other similar organizations, which are now worldwide. In "The Boy Scouts of America" the local councils are generally under a scout commissioner, under whose supervision are scout masters, each in charge of a troop of two or more patrols of eight scouts each, who are of three classes, tenderfoot , second-class scout , and first-class scout .

Boyar, Boyard noun [ Russian boiárin' .] A member of a Russian aristocratic order abolished by Peter the Great. Also, one of a privileged class in Roumania.

» English writers sometimes call Russian landed proprietors boyars .

Boyau noun ; plural Boyaux or Boyaus [ French boyau gut, a long and narrow place, and (of trenches) a branch. See Bowel .] (Fort.) A winding or zigzag trench forming a path or communication from one siegework to another, to a magazine, etc.

Boycott transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Boycotted ; present participle & verbal noun Boycotting .] [ From Captain Boycott , a land agent in Mayo, Ireland, so treated in 1880.] To combine against (a landlord, tradesman, employer, or other person), to withhold social or business relations from him, and to deter others from holding such relations; to subject to a boycott.

Boycott noun The process, fact, or pressure of boycotting; a combining to withhold or prevent dealing or social intercourse with a tradesman, employer, etc.; social and business interdiction for the purpose of coercion.

Boycotter noun A participant in boycotting.

Boycottism noun Methods of boycotters.

Boydekin noun A dagger; a bodkin. [ Obsolete]

Boyer noun [ Dutch boeijer ; -- so called because these vessels were employed for laying the boeijen , or buoys: confer French boyer . See Buoy .] (Nautical) A Flemish sloop with a castle at each end. Sir W. Raleigh.

Boyhood noun [ Boy + - hood .] The state of being a boy; the time during which one is a boy. Hood.

Boyish adjective Resembling a boy in a manners or opinions; belonging to a boy; childish; trifling; puerile.

A boyish , odd conceit.
Baillie.

Boyishly adverb In a boyish manner; like a boy.

Boyishness noun The manners or behavior of a boy.

Boyism noun
1. Boyhood. [ Obsolete] T. Warton.

2. The nature of a boy; childishness. Dryden.

Boyle's law See under Law .

Boza noun [ See Bosa .] An acidulated fermented drink of the Arabs and Egyptians, made from millet seed and various astringent substances; also, an intoxicating beverage made from hemp seed, darnel meal, and water. [ Written also bosa , bozah , bouza .]

Brabantine adjective Pertaining to Brabant, an ancient province of the Netherlands.

Brabble intransitive verb [ Dutch brabbelen to talk confusedly. ...95. Confer Blab , Babble .] To clamor; to contest noisily. [ R.]

Brabble noun A broil; a noisy contest; a wrangle.

This petty brabble will undo us all.
Shak.

Brabblement noun A brabble. [ R.] Holland.

Brabbler noun A clamorous, quarrelsome, noisy fellow; a wrangler. [ R] Shak.