Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Brass-visaged adjective Impudent; bold.

Brassage noun [ French] A sum formerly levied to pay the expense of coinage; -- now called seigniorage .

Brassart noun [ French brassard , from bras arm. See Brace , noun ] Armor for the arm; -- generally used for the whole arm from the shoulder to the wrist, and consisting, in the 15th and 16th centuries, of many parts.

Brasse noun [ Perh. a transposition of barse ; but confer LG. brasse the bream, German brassen Confer Bream .] (Zoology) A spotted European fish of the genus Lucioperca , resembling a perch.

Brassets noun See Brassart .

Brassica noun [ Latin , cabbage.] (Botany) A genus of plants embracing several species and varieties differing much in appearance and qualities: such as the common cabbage ( B. oleracea ), broccoli, cauliflowers, etc.; the wild turnip ( B. campestris ); the common turnip ( B. rapa ); the rape or coleseed ( B. napus ), etc.

Brassicaceous adjective [ Latin brassica cabbage.] (Botany) Related to, or resembling, the cabbage, or plants of the Cabbage family.

Brassière noun [ French] A form of woman's underwaist stiffened with whalebones, or the like, and worn to support the breasts.

Brassiness noun The state, condition, or quality of being brassy. [ Colloq.]

Brassy adjective
1. Of or pertaining to brass; having the nature, appearance, or hardness, of brass.

2. Impudent; impudently bold. [ Colloq.]

Brassy noun [ Written also brassie and brassey .] (Golf) A wooden club soled with brass.

Brast transitive verb & i. [ See Burst .] To burst. [ Obsolete]

And both his yën braste out of his face.
Chaucer.

Dreadfull furies which their chains have brast .
Spenser.

Brat (brăt) noun [ Middle English bratt coarse garnment, Anglo-Saxon bratt cloak, from the Celtic; confer W. brat clout, rag, Gael. brat cloak, apron, rag, Ir. brat cloak; properly then, a child's bib or clout; hence, a child.]
1. A coarse garment or cloak; also, coarse clothing, in general. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

2. A coarse kind of apron for keeping the clothes clean; a bib. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Wright.

3. A child; an offspring; -- formerly used in a good sense, but now usually in a contemptuous sense. "This brat is none of mine." Shak. "A beggar's brat ." Swift.

O Israel! O household of the Lord!
O Abraham's brats ! O brood of blessed seed!
Gascoigne.

4. The young of an animal. [ Obsolete] L'Estrange.

Brat noun (Mining) A thin bed of coal mixed with pyrites or carbonate of lime.

Bratsche noun [ G., from Italian viola da braccio viola held on the arm.] The tenor viola, or viola.

Brattice noun [ See Brettice .] (Mining) (a) A wall of separation in a shaft or gallery used for ventilation. (b) Planking to support a roof or wall.

Brattishing noun
1. See Brattice , noun

2. (Architecture) Carved openwork, as of a shrine, battlement, or parapet.

Braunite noun (Min.) A native oxide of manganese, of dark brownish black color. It was named from a Mr. Braun of Gotha.

Bravade (brȧ*vād") noun Bravado. [ Obsolete] Fanshawe.

Bravado (brȧ*vā"do) noun , plural Bravadoes (-doz). [ Spanish bravada , bravata , boast, brag: confer French bravade . See Brave .] Boastful and threatening behavior; a boastful menace.

In spite of our host's bravado .
Irving.

Brave (brāv) adjective [ Compar. Braver ; superl. Bravest .] [ French brave , Italian or Spanish bravo , (orig.) fierce, wild, savage, probably from. Latin barbarus . See Barbarous , and confer Bravo .]


1. Bold; courageous; daring; intrepid; -- opposed to cowardly ; as, a brave man; a brave act.

2. Having any sort of superiority or excellence; -- especially such as in conspicuous. [ Obsolete or Archaic as applied to material things.]

Iron is a brave commodity where wood aboundeth.
Bacon.

It being a brave day, I walked to Whitehall.
Pepys.

3. Making a fine show or display. [ Archaic]

Wear my dagger with the braver grace.
Shak.

For I have gold, and therefore will be brave .
In silks I'll rattle it of every color.
Robert Greene.

Frog and lizard in holiday coats
And turtle brave in his golden spots.
Emerson.

Syn. -- Courageous; gallant; daring; valiant; valorous; bold; heroic; intrepid; fearless; dauntless; magnanimous; high-spirited; stout- hearted. See Gallant .

Brave noun
1. A brave person; one who is daring.

The star-spangled banner, O,long may it wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave .
F. S. Key.

2. Specifically, an Indian warrior.

3. A man daring beyond discretion; a bully.

Hot braves like thee may fight.
Dryden.

4. A challenge; a defiance; bravado. [ Obsolete]

Demetrius, thou dost overween in all;
And so in this, to bear me down with braves .
Shak.

Brave transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Braved (brāvd); present participle & verbal noun Braving .]
1. To encounter with courage and fortitude; to set at defiance; to defy; to dare.

These I can brave , but those I can not bear.
Dryden.

2. To adorn; to make fine or showy. [ Obsolete]

Thou [ a tailor whom Grunio was browbeating] hast braved meny men; brave not me; I'll neither be faced or braved.
Shak.

Bravely adverb
1. In a brave manner; courageously; gallantly; valiantly; splendidly; nobly.

2. Finely; gaudily; gayly; showily.

And [ she] decked herself bravely to allure the eyes of all men that should see her.
Judith. x. 4.

3. Well; thrivingly; prosperously. [ Colloq.]

Braveness noun The quality of state or being brave.

Bravery noun [ Confer French braverie .]
1. The quality of being brave; fearless; intrepidity.

Remember, sir, my liege, . . .
The natural bravery of your isle.
Shak.

2. The act of braving; defiance; bravado. [ Obsolete]

Reform, then, without bravery or scandal of former times and persons.
Bacon.

3. Splendor; magnificence; showy appearance; ostentation; fine dress.

With scarfs and fans and double change of bravery .
Shak.

Like a stately ship . . .
With all her bravery on, and tackle trim.
Milton.

4. A showy person; a fine gentleman; a beau. [ Obsolete]

A man that is the bravery of his age.
Beau. & Fl.

Syn. -- Courage; heroism; interpidity; gallantry; valor; fearlessness; dauntlessness; hardihood; manfulness. See Courage , and Heroism .

Braving noun A bravado; a boast.

With so proud a strain
Of threats and bravings .
Chapman.

Bravingly adverb In a defiant manner.

Bravo noun ; plural Bravoes [ I. See Brave , adjective ] A daring villain; a bandit; one who sets law at defiance; a professional assassin or murderer.

Safe from detection, seize the unwary prey.
And stab, like bravoes , all who come this way.
Churchill.

Bravo interj. [ Italian See Brave .] Well done! excellent! an exclamation expressive of applause.

Bravura noun [ Italian , (properly) bravery, spirit, from bravo . See Brave .] (Mus.) A florid, brilliant style of music, written for effect, to show the range and flexibility of a singer's voice, or the technical force and skill of a performer; virtuoso music.

Aria di bravura [ Italian ], a florid air demanding brilliant execution.

Braw adjective [ See Brave , adjective ] [ Scot. & Prov. Eng.]
1. Well-dressed; handsome; smart; brave; -- used of persons or their clothing, etc.; as, a braw lad. "A braw new gown." Burns.

2. Good; fine. "A braw night." Sir W. Scott.

Brawl intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Brawled ; present participle & verbal noun Brawling .] [ Middle English braulen to quarrel, boast, brallen to cry, make a noise; confer LG. brallen to brag, Middle High German pr ... ulen , German prahlen , French brailler to cry, shout, Pr. brailar , braillar , W. bragal to vociferate, brag, Armor. bragal to romp, to strut, W. broliaw to brag, brawl boast. ...95.]
1. To quarrel noisily and outrageously.

Let a man that is a man consider that he is a fool that brawleth openly with his wife.
Golden Boke.

2. To complain loudly; to scold.

3. To make a loud confused noise, as the water of a rapid stream running over stones.

Where the brook brawls along the painful road.
Wordsworth.

Syn. -- To wrangle; squabble; contend.

Brawl noun A noisy quarrel; loud, angry contention; a wrangle; a tumult; as, a drunken brawl .

His sports were hindered by the brawls .
Shak.

Syn. -- Noise; quarrel; uproar; row; tumult.

Brawler noun One that brawls; wrangler.

Common brawler (Law) , one who disturbs a neighborhood by brawling (and is therefore indictable at common law as a nuisance). Wharton.

Brawling adjective
1. Quarreling; quarrelsome; noisy.

She is an irksome brawling scold.
Shak.

2. Making a loud confused noise. See Brawl , intransitive verb , 3.

A brawling stream.
J. S. Shairp.

Brawlingly adverb In a brawling manner.

Brawn noun [ Old French braon fleshy part, muscle, from HG. br...to flesh, German braten roast meat; akin to Icelandic br...... flesh, food of beasts, Anglo-Saxon br ...de roast meat, br...dan to roast, German braten , and possibly to English breed .]
1. A muscle; flesh. [ Obsolete]

Formed well of brawns and of bones.
Chaucer.

2. Full, strong muscles, esp. of the arm or leg, muscular strength; a protuberant muscular part of the body; sometimes, the arm.

Brawn without brains is thine.
Dryden.

It was ordained that murderers should be brent on the brawn of the left hand.
E. Hall.

And in my vantbrace put this withered brawn .
Shak.

3. The flesh of a boar; also, the salted and prepared flesh of a boar.

The best age for the boar is from two to five years, at which time it is best to geld him, or sell him for brawn .
Mortimer.

4. A boar. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.

Brawned adjective Brawny; strong; muscular. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Brawner noun A boor killed for the table.

Brawniness noun The quality or state of being brawny.

Brawny adjective Having large, strong muscles; muscular; fleshy; strong. " Brawny limbs." W. Irving.

Syn. -- Muscular; fleshy; strong; bulky; sinewy; athletic; stalwart; powerful; robust.

Braxy noun [ Confer Anglo-Saxon breac rheum, broc sickness, Ir. bracha corruption. Jamieson .]
1. A disease of sheep. The term is variously applied in different localities. [ Scot.]

2. A diseased sheep, or its mutton.

Bray transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Brayed ; present participle & verbal noun Braying .] [ Middle English brayen , Old French breier , French broyer to pound, grind, from Old High German brehhan to break. See Break .] To pound, beat, rub, or grind small or fine.

Though thou shouldest bray a fool in a mortar, . . . yet will not his foolishness depart from him.
Prov. xxvii. 22.

Bray intransitive verb [ OE brayen , French braire to bray, Old French braire to cry, from Late Latin bragire to whinny; perhaps from the Celtic and akin to English break ; or perhaps of imitative origin.]


1. To utter a loud, harsh cry, as an ass.

Laugh, and they
Return it louder than an ass can bray .
Dryden.

2. To make a harsh, grating, or discordant noise.

Heard ye the din of battle bray ?
Gray.

Bray transitive verb To make or utter with a loud, discordant, or harsh and grating sound.

Arms on armor clashing, brayed
Horrible discord.
MIlton.

And varying notes the war pipes brayed .
Sir W. Scott.

Bray noun The harsh cry of an ass; also, any harsh, grating, or discordant sound.

The bray and roar of multitudinous London.
Jerrold.

Bray noun [ Middle English braye , brey , brew , eyebrow, brow of a hill, hill, bank, Scot. bra , brae , bray , from Anglo-Saxon br...w eyebrow, influenced by the allied Icelandic br... eyebrow, bank, also akin to Anglo-Saxon br ... yebrow. See Brow .] A bank; the slope of a hill; a hill. See Brae , which is now the usual spelling. [ North of Eng. & Scot.] Fairfax.

Brayer noun An implement for braying and spreading ink in hand printing.

Brayer noun One that brays like an ass. Pope.