Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Breech-loading adjective Receiving the charge at the breech instead of at the muzzle.
Breeches noun plural
[ Middle English brech
, Anglo-Saxon brēk
, plural of brōc
breech, breeches; akin to Icelandic brōk
breeches, ODan. brog
, Dutch broek
, German bruch
; confer Latin bracae
, which is of Celtic origin. Confer Brail
.] 1. A garment worn by men, covering the hips and thighs; smallclothes.
His jacket was red, and his breeches were blue. 2. Trousers; pantaloons.
[ Colloq.] Breeches buoy
, in the life-saving service, a pair of canvas breeches depending from an annular or beltlike life buoy which is usually of cork. This contrivance, inclosing the person to be rescued, is hung by short ropes from a block which runs upon the hawser stretched from the ship to the shore, and is drawn to land by hauling lines.
-- Breeches pipe
, a forked pipe forming two branches united at one end.
-- Knee breeches
, breeches coming to the knee, and buckled or fastened there; smallclothes.
-- To wear the breeches
, to usurp the authority of the husband; -- said of a wife.
Breeching noun 1. A whipping on the breech, or the act of whipping on the breech.
I view the prince with Aristarchus' eyes, 2. That part of a harness which passes round the breech of a horse, enabling him to hold back a vehicle. 3. (Nautical) A strong rope rove through the cascabel of a cannon and secured to ringbolts in the ship's side, to limit the recoil of the gun when it is discharged. 4. The sheet iron casing at the end of boilers to convey the smoke from the flues to the smokestack.
Whose looks were as a breeching to a boy.
Breechloader noun A firearm which receives its load at the breech.
For cavalry, the revolver and breechloader will supersede the saber.
Rep. Sec. War (1860).
Breed transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Bred
; present participle & verbal noun Breeding
.] [ Middle English breden
, Anglo-Saxon brēdan
to nourish, cherish, keep warm, from brōd
brood; akin to Dutch broeden
to brood, Old High German bruoten
, German brüten
. See Brood
.] 1. To produce as offspring; to bring forth; to bear; to procreate; to generate; to beget; to hatch.
Yet every mother breeds not sons alike.
If the sun breed maggots in a dead dog. 2. To take care of in infancy, and through the age of youth; to bring up; to nurse and foster.
To bring thee forth with pain, with care to breed .
Born and bred on the verge of the wilderness. 3. To educate; to instruct; to form by education; to train; -- sometimes followed by up .
But no care was taken to breed him a Protestant.
His farm may not remove his children too far from him, or the trade he breeds them up in. 4. To engender; to cause; to occasion; to originate; to produce; as, to breed a storm; to breed disease.
Lest the place 5. To give birth to; to be the native place of; as, a pond breeds fish; a northern country breeds stout men. 6. To raise, as any kind of stock. 7. To produce or obtain by any natural process.
And my quaint habits breed astonishment.
Children would breed their teeth with less danger. Syn.
-- To engender; generate; beget; produce; hatch; originate; bring up; nourish; train; instruct.
Breed intransitive verb 1. To bear and nourish young; to reproduce or multiply itself; to be pregnant.
That they breed abundantly in the earth.
Gen. viii. 17.
The mother had never bred before.
Ant . Is your gold and silver ewes and rams? 2. To be formed in the parent or dam; to be generated, or to grow, as young before birth. 3. To have birth; to be produced or multiplied.
Shy . I can not tell. I make it breed as fast.
Heavens rain grace 4. To raise a breed; to get progeny.
On that which breeds between them.
The kind of animal which you wish to breed from. To breed in and in
, to breed from animals of the same stock that are closely related.
Breed noun 1. A race or variety of men or other animals (or of plants), perpetuating its special or distinctive characteristics by inheritance.
Twice fifteen thousand hearts of England's breed .
Greyhounds of the best breed . 2. Class; sort; kind; -- of men, things, or qualities.
Are these the breed of wits so wondered at?
This courtesy is not of the right breed . 3. A number produced at once; a brood.
[ Obsolete] » Breed
is usually applied to domestic animals; species
to wild animals and to plants; and race
Breedbate noun One who breeds or originates quarrels. [ Obsolete] "No telltale nor no breedbate ." Shak.
Breeder noun 1. One who, or that which, breeds, produces, brings up, etc.
She was a great breeder .
Dr. A. Carlyle.
Italy and Rome have been the best breeders of worthy men. 2. A cause.
of my sorrow." Shak.
Breeding noun 1. The act or process of generating or bearing. 2. The raising or improving of any kind of domestic animals; as, farmers should pay attention to breeding . 3. Nurture; education; formation of manners.
She had her breeding at my father's charge. 4. Deportment or behavior in the external offices and decorums of social life; manners; knowledge of, or training in, the ceremonies, or polite observances of society.
Delicacy of breeding , or that polite deference and respect which civility obliges us either to express or counterfeit towards the persons with whom we converse. 5. Descent; pedigree; extraction.
Honest gentlemen, I know not your breeding . Close breeding
, In and in breeding
, breeding from a male and female from the same parentage.
-- Cross breeding
, breeding from a male and female of different lineage.
-- Good breeding
, politeness; genteel deportment. Syn.
-- Education; instruction; nurture; training; manners. See Education
[ French brise
; akin to Italian brezza
breeze, Spanish briza
, a breeze from northeast, Portuguese briza
northeast wind; of uncertain origin; confer French bise
, Pr. bisa
, Old High German bisa
, north wind, Arm. biz
northeast wind.] 1. A light, gentle wind; a fresh, soft-blowing wind.
Into a gradual calm the breezes sink. 2. An excited or ruffed state of feeling; a flurry of excitement; a disturbance; a quarrel; as, the discovery produced a breeze .
[ Colloq.] Land breeze
, a wind blowing from the land, generally at night.
-- Sea breeze
, a breeze or wind blowing, generally in the daytime, from the sea.
[ French braise
cinders, live coals. See Brasier
.] 1. Refuse left in the process of making coke or burning charcoal. 2. (Brickmaking) Refuse coal, coal ashes, and cinders, used in the burning of bricks.
Breeze intransitive verb To blow gently. [ R.] J. Barlow. To breeze up (Nautical) , to blow with increasing freshness.
Breeze, Breeze fly noun [ Middle English brese , Anglo-Saxon briósa ; perhaps akin to Old High German brimissa , German breme , bremse , Dutch brems , which are akin to German brummen to growl, buzz, grumble, Latin fremere to murmur; confer German brausen , Swedish brusa , Danish bruse , to roar, rush.] (Zoology) A fly of various species, of the family Tabanidæ , noted for buzzing about animals, and tormenting them by sucking their blood; -- called also horsefly , and gadfly . They are among the largest of two-winged or dipterous insects. The name is also given to different species of botflies. [ Written also breese and brize .]
Breezeless adjective Motionless; destitute of breezes.
A stagnant, breezeless air becalms my soul.
Breeziness noun State of being breezy.
Breezy adjective 1. Characterized by, or having, breezes; airy.
day in May." Coleridge.
'Mid lawns and shades by breezy rivulets fanned. 2. Fresh; brisk; full of life.
Bregma noun [ Greek ... the front part of the head: confer French bregma .] (Anat.) The point of junction of the coronal and sagittal sutures of the skull.
Bregmatic adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to the bregma.
Brehon noun [ Ir. breitheamh judge.] An ancient Irish or Scotch judge. Brehon laws , the ancient Irish laws, -- unwritten, like the common law of England. They were abolished by statute of Edward III.
Brelan noun [ French] (Card Playing) (a) A French gambling game somewhat like poker. (b) In French games, a pair royal, or triplet.
Brelan carre [ French carré square.] (Card Playing) In French games, a double pair royal.
Brelan favori [ French favori favorite.] (Card Playing) In French games, a pair royal composed of 2 cards in the hand and the card turned.
Breloque noun [ French] A seal or charm for a watch chain. "His chains and breloques ." Thackeray.
[ Middle English breme
, fierce, impetuous, glorious, Anglo-Saxon brēme
, famous. Confer Brim
] 1. Fierce; sharp; severe; cruel.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
From the septentrion cold, in the breme freezing air. 2. Famous; renowned; well known. Wright.
[ Written also brim
Bren noun Bran. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Bren, Brenne transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Brent
; present participle & verbal noun Brenning
.] [ See Burn
.] To burn.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Consuming fire brent his shearing house or stall.
[ Old French brenage
; confer Late Latin brennagium
. See Bran
.] (Old Eng. Law) A tribute which tenants paid to their lord, in lieu of bran, which they were obliged to furnish for his hounds.
Brenningly adverb Burningly; ardently. [ Obsolete]
Brent imperfect & past participle
Brent, Brant adjective
[ Anglo-Saxon brant
; akin to Danish brat
, Icelandic brattr
, steep.] 1. Steep; high.
Grapes grow on the brant rocks so wonderfully that ye will marvel how any man dare climb up to them. 2. Smooth; unwrinkled.
Your bonnie brow was brent .
Brequet chain A watch-guard.
Brere noun A brier. [ Archaic] Chaucer.
Brest 3d sing.pr. for Bursteth . [ Obsolete]
Brest, Breast noun (Architecture) A torus. [ Obsolete]
Bret noun (Zoology) See Birt .
Bretful adjective [ Middle English also brerdful , from brerd top, brim, Anglo-Saxon brerd .] Brimful. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
; plural of Brother .
» This form of the plural is used, for the most part, in solemn address, and in speaking of religious sects or fraternities, or their members.
Breton adjective [ French breton .] Of or relating to Brittany, or Bretagne, in France. -- noun A native or inhabitant of Brittany, or Bretagne, in France; also, the ancient language of Brittany; Armorican.
; plural Brettices
[ Middle English bretasce
, parapet, Old French bretesche
wooden tower, French bretèche
, Late Latin breteschia
, probably from Old High German bret
, German brett
board; akin to English board
. See Board
, and confer Bartizan
.] The wooden boarding used in supporting the roofs and walls of coal mines. See Brattice .
Bretwalda noun [ Anglo-Saxon Bretwalda , br...ten walda , a powerful ruler.] (Eng. Hist.) The official title applied to that one of the Anglo-Saxon chieftains who was chosen by the other chiefs to lead them in their warfare against the British tribes. Brande & C.
[ Italian & (in sense 2) Late Latin breve
, from Latin brevis
short. See Brief
.] 1. (Mus.) A note or character of time, equivalent to two semibreves or four minims. When dotted, it is equal to three semibreves. It was formerly of a square figure (as thus: ... ), but is now made oval, with a line perpendicular to the staff on each of its sides; -- formerly much used for choir service. Moore. 2. (Law) Any writ or precept under seal, issued out of any court. 3. (Print.) A curved mark [ ˘] used commonly to indicate the short quantity of a vowel. 4. (Zoology) The great ant thrush of Sumatra ( Pitta gigas ), which has a very short tail.
(bre*vĕt"; 277) noun
[ French brevet
, Late Latin brevetum
, from Latin brevis
short. See Brief
.] 1. A warrant from the government, granting a privilege, title, or dignity. [ French usage]. 2. (Mil.) A commission giving an officer higher rank than that for which he receives pay; an honorary promotion of an officer.
» In the United States army, rank by brevet
is conferred, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, for "gallant actions or meritorious services." A brevet
rank gives no right of command in the particular corps to which the officer brevetted belongs, and can be exercised only by special assignment of the President, or on court martial, and detachments composed of different corps, with pay of the brevet
rank when on such duty.
(bre*vĕt") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Brevetted
; present participle & verbal noun Brevetting
.] (Mil.) To confer rank upon by brevet.
Brevet adjective (Mil.) Taking or conferring rank by brevet; as, a brevet colonel; a brevet commission.