Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Anglo-Saxon bryne
a burning, salt liquor, brine, from brinnan
, to burn. See Burn
.] 1. Water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt; pickle; hence, any strong saline solution; also, the saline residue or strong mother liquor resulting from the evaporation of natural or artificial waters. 2. The ocean; the water of an ocean, sea, or salt lake.
Not long beneath the whelming brine . . . he lay. 3. Tears; -- so called from their saltness.
What a deal of brine Brine fly (Zoology)
Hath washed thy sallow cheecks for
, a fly of the genus Ephydra , the larvæ of which live in artificial brines and in salt lakes.
-- Brine gauge
, an instrument for measuring the saltness of a liquid.
-- Brine pan
, a pit or pan of salt water, where salt is formed by cristallization.
-- Brine pit
, a salt spring or well, from which water is taken to be boiled or evaporated for making salt.
-- Brine pump (Marine Engin.)
, a pump for changing the water in the boilers, so as to clear them of the brine which collects at the bottom.
-- Brine shrimp
, Brine worm (Zoology)
, a phyllopod crustacean of the genus Artemia , inhabiting the strong brines of salt works and natural salt lakes. See Artemia .
-- Brine spring
, a spring of salt water.
-- Leach brine (Saltmaking)
, brine which drops from granulated salt in drying, and is preserved to be boiled again.
Brine transitive verb
1. To steep or saturate in brine. 2. To sprinkle with salt or brine; as, to brine hay.
Bring transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Brought
; present participle & verbal noun Bringing
.] [ Middle English bringen
, Anglo-Saxon bringan
; akin to Old Saxon brengian
, Dutch brengen
, Fries. brenga
, Old High German bringan
, German bringen
, Goth. briggan
.] 1. To convey to the place where the speaker is or is to be; to bear from a more distant to a nearer place; to fetch.
And as she was going to fetch it, he called to her, and said, Bring me, I pray thee, a morsel of bread.
1 Kings xvii. 11.
To France shall we convey you safe, 2. To cause the accession or obtaining of; to procure; to make to come; to produce; to draw to.
And bring you back.
There is nothing will bring you more honor . . . than to do what right in justice you may. 3. To convey; to move; to carry or conduct.
In distillation, the water . . . brings over with it some part of the oil of vitriol. 4. To persuade; to induce; to draw; to lead; to guide.
Sir I. Newton.
It seems so preposterous a thing . . . that they do not easily bring themselves to it.
The nature of the things . . . would not suffer him to think otherwise, how, or whensoever, he is brought to reflect on them. 5. To produce in exchange; to sell for; to fetch; as, what does coal bring per ton? To bring about
, to bring to pass; to effect; to accomplish.
-- To bring back
. (a) To recall. (b) To restore, as something borrowed, to its owner.
-- To bring by the lee (Nautical)
, to incline so rapidly to leeward of the course, when a ship sails large, as to bring the lee side suddenly to the windward, any by laying the sails aback, expose her to danger of upsetting.
-- To bring down
. (a) To cause to come down. (b) To humble or abase; as, to bring down high looks.
-- To bring down the house
, to cause tremendous applause.
[ Colloq.] -- To bring forth
. (a) To produce, as young fruit. (b) To bring to light; to make manifest.
-- To bring forward (a) To exhibit; to introduce; to produce to view. (b) To hasten; to promote; to forward. (c) To propose; to adduce; as, to bring forward arguments.
-- To bring home
. (a) To bring to one's house. (b) To prove conclusively; as, to bring home a charge of treason. (c) To cause one to feel or appreciate by personal experience. (d) (Nautical) To lift of its place, as an anchor.
-- To bring in
. (a) To fetch from without; to import. (b) To introduce, as a bill in a deliberative assembly. (c) To return or repot to, or lay before, a court or other body; to render; as, to bring in a verdict or a report. (d) To take to an appointed place of deposit or collection; as, to bring in provisions or money for a specified object. (e) To produce, as income. (f) To induce to join.
-- To bring off
, to bear or convey away; to clear from condemnation; to cause to escape.
-- To bring on
. (a) To cause to begin. (b) To originate or cause to exist; as, to bring on a disease.
-- To bring one on one's way
, to accompany, guide, or attend one.
-- To bring out
, to expose; to detect; to bring to light from concealment.
-- To bring over
. (a) To fetch or bear across. (b) To convert by persuasion or other means; to cause to change sides or an opinion.
-- To bring to
. (a) To resuscitate; to bring back to consciousness or life, as a fainting person. (b) (Nautical) To check the course of, as of a ship, by dropping the anchor, or by counterbracing the sails so as to keep her nearly stationary (she is then said to lie to ). (c) To cause (a vessel) to lie to, as by firing across her course. (d) To apply a rope to the capstan.
-- To bring to light
, to disclose; to discover; to make clear; to reveal.
-- To bring a sail to (Nautical)
, to bend it to the yard.
-- To bring to pass
, to accomplish to effect.
"Trust also in Him; and He shall bring it to pass
." Ps. xxxvii. 5.
-- To bring under
, to subdue; to restrain; to reduce to obedience.
-- To bring up
. (a) To carry upward; to nurse; to rear; to educate. (b) To cause to stop suddenly. (c)
[ intransitive verb
by dropping the reflexive pronoun] To stop suddenly; to come to a standstill.
[ Colloq.] -- To bring up (any one) with a round turn
, to cause (any one) to stop abruptly.
[ Colloq.] -- To be brought to bed
. See under Bed . Syn.
-- To fetch; bear; carry; convey; transport; import; procure; produce; cause; adduce; induce.
Bringer noun One who brings.
Yet the first bringer of unwelcome news Bringer in
Hath but a losing office.
, one who, or that which, introduces.
Brininess noun The state or quality of being briny; saltness; brinishness.
Brinish adjective Like brine; somewhat salt; saltish. " Brinish tears." Shak.
Brinishness noun State or quality of being brinish.
Brinjaree noun [ Native name.] (Zoology) A rough-haired East Indian variety of the greyhound.
[ Danish brink
edge, verge; akin to Swedish brink
declivity, hill, Icelandic brekka
; confer LG. brink
a grassy hill, W. bryn
hillock.] The edge, margin, or border of a steep place, as of a precipice; a bank or edge, as of a river or pit; a verge; a border; as, the brink of a chasm. Also Fig.
of vice." Bp. Porteus.
of ruin." Burke.
The plashy brink of weedy lake.
[ From Brine
.] Of or pertaining to brine, or to the sea; partaking of the nature of brine; salt; as, a briny taste; the briny flood.
Brioche noun [ French]
1. A light cake made with flour, butter, yeast, and eggs. 2. A knitted foot cushion.
Briolette noun [ French] An oval or pearshaped diamond having its entire surface cut in triangular facets.
Briony noun See Bryony . Tennyson.
Briquette noun [ Also briquet .] [ French, dim. of brique brick.]
1. A block of compacted coal dust, or peat, etc., for fuel. 2. A block of artificial stone in the form of a brick, used for paving; also, a molded sample of solidified cement or mortar for use as a test piece for showing the strength of the material.
[ Confer W. brysg
, from brys
haste, Gael. briosg
quick, lively, Ir. broisg
a start, leap, jerk.] 1. Full of liveliness and activity; characterized by quickness of motion or action; lively; spirited; quick.
Cheerily, boys; be brick awhile.
Brick toil alternating with ready ease. 2. Full of spirit of life; effervesc...ng, as liquors; sparkling; as, brick cider. Syn.
-- Active; lively; agile; alert; nimble; quick; sprightly; vivacious; gay; spirited; animated.
Brisk transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Bricked
; present participle & verbal noun Bricking
.] To make or become lively; to enliven; to animate; to take, or cause to take, an erect or bold attitude; -- usually with up .
[ Middle English bruskette
, Old French bruschet
, French bréchet
; probably of Celtic origin; confer W. brysced
the breast of a slain animal, brisket, Corn. vrys
breast, Armor. brusk
, the front of the chest, Gael. brisgein
the cartilaginous part of a bone.] That part of the breast of an animal which extends from the fore legs back beneath the ribs; also applied to the fore part of a horse, from the shoulders to the bottom of the chest.
[ See Illust.
Briskly adverb In a brisk manner; nimbly.
Briskness noun Liveliness; vigor in action; quickness; gayety; vivacity; effervescence.
Bristle (brĭs"s'l) noun [ Middle English bristel , brustel , Anglo-Saxon bristl , byrst ; akin to Dutch borstel , Old High German burst , German borste , Icelandic burst , Swedish borst , and to Sanskrit bhrshti edge, point, and prob, Latin fastigium extremity, Greek 'a`flaston stern of a ship, and English brush , burr , perhaps to brad . √96.]
1. A short, stiff, coarse hair, as on the back of swine. 2. (Botany) A stiff, sharp, roundish hair. Gray.
Bristle transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Bristled
; present participle & verbal noun Bristling
] 1. To erect the bristles of; to cause to stand up, as the bristles of an angry hog; -- sometimes with up .
Now for the bare-picked bone of majesty
Doth dogged war bristle his angry crest.
Boy, bristle thy courage up. 2. To fix a bristle to; as, to bristle a thread.
Bristle intransitive verb 1. To rise or stand erect, like bristles.
His hair did bristle upon his head. 2. To appear as if covered with bristles; to have standing, thick and erect, like bristles.
Sir W. Scott.
The hill of La Haye Sainte bristling with ten thousand bayonets.
Ports bristling with thousands of masts. 3. To show defiance or indignation. To bristle up
, to show anger or defiance.
Bristle-pointed adjective (Botany) Terminating in a very fine, sharp point, as some leaves.
Bristle-shaped adjective Resembling a bristle in form; as, a bristle-shaped leaf.
Bristletail noun (Zoology) An insect of the genera Lepisma , Campodea , etc., belonging to the Thysanura.
Bristliness noun The quality or state of having bristles.
Bristly adjective Thick set with bristles, or with hairs resembling bristles; rough.
The leaves of the black mulberry are somewhat bristly .
Bristol noun A seaport city in the west of England. Bristol board , a kind of fine pasteboard, made with a smooth but usually unglazed surface. -- Bristol brick , a brick of siliceous matter used for polishing cultery; -- originally manufactured at Bristol . -- Bristol stone , rock crystal, or brilliant crystals of quartz, found in the mountain limestone near Bristol , and used in making ornaments, vases, etc. When polished, it is called Bristol diamond .
Brisure noun [ French]
1. (Fort.) Any part of a rampart or parapet which deviates from the general direction. 2. (Her.) A mark of cadency or difference.
Brit, Britt noun (Zoology) (a) The young of the common herring; also, a small species of herring; the sprat. (b) The minute marine animals (chiefly Entomostraca) upon which the right whales feed.
Britannia noun [ From Latin Britannia Great Britain.] A white-metal alloy of tin, antimony, bismuth, copper, etc. It somewhat resembles silver, and is used for table ware. Called also Britannia metal .
Britannic adjective [ Latin Britannicus , from Britannia Great Britain.] Of or pertaining to Great Britain; British; as, her Britannic Majesty.
Brite, Bright transitive verb To be or become overripe, as wheat, barley, or hops. [ Prov. Eng.]
Briticism noun A word, phrase, or idiom peculiar to Great Britain; any manner of using a word or words that is peculiar to Great Britain.
British (brĭt"ĭsh) adjective [ Anglo-Saxon Brittisc , Bryttisc .] Of or pertaining to Great Britain or to its inhabitants; -- sometimes restricted to the original inhabitants. British gum , a brownish substance, very soluble in cold water, formed by heating dry starch at a temperature of about 600Â° Fahr. It corresponds, in its properties, to dextrin, and is used, in solution, as a substitute for gum in stiffering goods. -- British lion , the national emblem of Great Britain. -- British seas , the four seas which surround Great Britain.
British noun plural People of Great Britain.
Britisher noun An Englishman; a subject or inhabitant of Great Britain, esp. one in the British military or naval service. [ Now used jocosely]
Briton adjective [ Anglo-Saxon bryten Britain.] British. [ Obsolete] Spenser. -- noun A native of Great Britain.
[ Middle English britel
, Anglo-Saxon bryttian
to dispense, from breótan
to break; akin to Icelandic brytja
, Swedish bryta
, Danish bryde
. Confer Brickle
.] Easily broken; apt to break; fragile; not tough or tenacious.
Farewell, thou pretty, brittle piece Brittle silver ore
Of fine-cut crystal.
, the mineral stephanite.
(brĭt"t'l stär`), (Zoology) Any species of ophiuran starfishes. See Ophiuroidea .
Brittlely adverb In a brittle manner. Sherwood.
Brittleness noun Aptness to break; fragility.
Britzska (brĭts"kȧ) noun [ Russian britshka ; confer Pol. bryczka , dim. of bryka freight wagon.] A long carriage, with a calash top, so constructed as to give space for reclining at night, when used on a journey.
(brīz) noun The breeze fly. See Breeze . Shak.
[ Middle English broche
, French broche
, from Late Latin brocca
; probably of Celtic origin; confer W. proc
thrust, stab, Gael. brog
awl. Confer Brooch
.] 1. A spit.
He turned a broach that had worn a crown. 2. An awl; a bodkin; also, a wooden rod or pin, sharpened at each end, used by thatchers.
[ Prov. Eng.] Forby. 3. (Mech.) (a) A tool of steel, generally tapering, and of a polygonal form, with from four to eight cutting edges, for smoothing or enlarging holes in metal; sometimes made smooth or without edges, as for burnishing pivot holes in watches; a reamer. The broach for gun barrels is commonly square and without taper. (b) A straight tool with file teeth, made of steel, to be pressed through irregular holes in metal that cannot be dressed by revolving tools; a drift. 4. (Masonry) A broad chisel for stonecutting. 5. (Architecture) A spire rising from a tower.
[ Local, Eng.] 6. A clasp for fastening a garment. See Brooch . 7. A spitlike start, on the head of a young stag. 8. The stick from which candle wicks are suspended for dipping. Knight. 9. The pin in a lock which enters the barrel of the key.
Broach transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Broached
; present participle & verbal noun Broaching
.] [ French brocher
, from broche
. See Broach
] 1. To spit; to pierce as with a spit.
I'll broach the tadpole on my rapier's point. 2. To tap; to pierce, as a cask, in order to draw the liquor. Hence: To let out; to shed, as blood.
Whereat with blade, with bloody blameful blade, 3. To open for the first time, as stores.
He bravely broached his boiling bloody breast.
You shall want neither weapons, victuals, nor aid; I will open the old armories, I will broach my store, and will bring forth my stores. 4. To make public; to utter; to publish first; to put forth; to introduce as a topic of conversation.
Those very opinions themselves had broached . 5. To cause to begin or break out.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 6. (Masonry) To shape roughly, as a block of stone, by chiseling with a coarse tool.
[ Scot. & North of Eng.] 7. To enlarge or dress (a hole), by using a broach. To broach to (Nautical)
, to incline suddenly to windward, so as to lay the sails aback, and expose the vessel to the danger of oversetting.
Broacher noun 1. A spit; a broach.
On five sharp broachers ranked, the roast they turned. 2. One who broaches, opens, or utters; a first publisher or promoter.
Some such broacher of heresy.
[ Compar. Broader
; superl. Broadest
.] [ Middle English brod
, Anglo-Saxon brād
; akin to Old Saxon brēd
, Dutch breed
, German breit
, Icelandic brei...r
, Swedish & Danish bred
, Goth. braids
. Confer Breadth
.] 1. Wide; extend in breadth, or from side to side; -- opposed to narrow ; as, a broad street, a broad table; an inch broad . 2. Extending far and wide; extensive; vast; as, the broad expanse of ocean. 3. Extended, in the sense of diffused; open; clear; full.
and open day." Bp. Porteus. 4. Fig.: Having a large measure of any thing or quality; not limited; not restrained; -- applied to any subject, and retaining the literal idea more or less clearly, the precise meaning depending largely on the substantive.
A broad mixture of falsehood.
Hence: - 5. Comprehensive; liberal; enlarged.
The words in the Constitution are broad enough to include the case.
In a broad , statesmanlike, and masterly way. 6. Plain; evident; as, a broad hint. 7. Free; unrestrained; unconfined.
As broad and general as the casing air. 8. (Fine Arts) Characterized by breadth. See Breadth . 9. Cross; coarse; indelicate; as, a broad compliment; a broad joke; broad humor. 10. Strongly marked; as, a broad Scotch accent.
is often used in compounds to signify wide
, etc.; as, broad
-winged. Broad acres
. See under Acre .
-- Broad arrow
, originally a pheon. See Pheon , and Broad arrow under Arrow .
-- As broad as long
, having the length equal to the breadth; hence, the same one way as another; coming to the same result by different ways or processes.
It is as broad as long , whether they rise to others, or bring others down to them. Broad pennant
. See under Pennant . Syn.
-- Wide; large; ample; expanded; spacious; roomy; extensive; vast; comprehensive; liberal.
1. The broad part of anything; as, the broad of an oar. 2. The spread of a river into a sheet of water; a flooded fen. [ Local, Eng.] Southey. 3. A lathe tool for turning down the insides and bottoms of cylinders. Knight.
Broad Church (Eccl.) A portion of the Church of England, consisting of persons who claim to hold a position, in respect to doctrine and fellowship, intermediate between the High Church party and the Low Church, or evangelical, party. The term has been applied to other bodies of men holding liberal or comprehensive views of Christian doctrine and fellowship.
Side by side with these various shades of High and Low Church, another party of a different character has always existed in the Church of England. It is called by different names: Moderate, Catholic, or Broad Church , by its friends; Latitudinarian or Indifferent, by its enemies. Its distinctive character is the desire of comprehension. Its watch words are charity and toleration.