Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Brook mint (Botany) See Water mint .

Brookite noun [ Named from the English mineralogist, H. J. Brooke .] (Min.) A mineral consisting of titanic oxide, and hence identical with rutile and octahedrite in composition, but crystallizing in the orthorhombic system.

Brooklet noun A small brook.

Brooklime noun (Botany) A plant ( Veronica Beccabunga ), with flowers, usually blue, in axillary racemes. The American species is V. Americana . [ Formerly written broklempe or broklympe .]

Brookside noun The bank of a brook.

Brookweed noun (Botany) A small white-flowered herb ( Samolus Valerandi ) found usually in wet places; water pimpernel.

Broom noun [ Middle English brom , brome , Anglo-Saxon brōm ; akin to LG. bram , Dutch brem , Old High German brāmo broom, thorn...bush, German brombeere blackberry. Confer Bramble , noun ]
1. (Botany) A plant having twigs suitable for making brooms to sweep with when bound together; esp., the Cytisus scoparius of Western Europe, which is a low shrub with long, straight, green, angular branches, minute leaves, and large yellow flowers.

No gypsy cowered o'er fires of furze and broom .

2. An implement for sweeping floors, etc., commonly made of the panicles or tops of broom corn, bound together or attached to a long wooden handle; -- so called because originally made of the twigs of the broom.

Butcher's broom , a plant ( Ruscus aculeatus ) of the Smilax family, used by butchers for brooms to sweep their blocks; -- called also knee holly . See Cladophyll . -- Dyer's broom , a species of mignonette ( Reseda luteola ), used for dyeing yellow; dyer's weed; dyer's rocket. -- Spanish broom . See under Spanish .

Broom transitive verb (Nautical) See Bream .

Broom corn (Botany) A variety of Sorghum vulgare , having a joined stem, like maize, rising to the height of eight or ten feet, and bearing its seeds on a panicle with long branches, of which brooms are made.

Broom rape (Botany) A genus ( Orobanche ) of parasitic plants of Europe and Asia. They are destitute of chlorophyll, have scales instead of leaves, and spiked flowers, and grow attached to the roots of other plants, as furze, clover, flax, wild carrot, etc. The name is sometimes applied to other plants related to this genus, as Aphyllon uniflorum and A. Ludovicianum .

Broomstaff noun A broomstick. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Broomstick noun A stick used as a handle of a broom.

Broomy adjective Of or pertaining to broom; overgrowing with broom; resembling broom or a broom.

If land grow mossy or broomy .

Brose noun [ CF. Gael. brothas . Confer Brewis , Broth .] Pottage made by pouring some boiling liquid on meal (esp. oatmeal), and stirring it. It is called beef brose , water brose , etc., according to the name of the liquid (beef broth, hot water, etc.) used. [ Scot.]

Brotel adjective Brittle. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Brotelness noun Brittleness. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Broth noun [ Anglo-Saxon bro... ; akin to Old High German brod , brot ; confer Ir. broth , Gael. brot . √93. Confer Brewis , Brew .] Liquid in which flesh (and sometimes other substances, as barley or rice) has been boiled; thin or simple soup.

I am sure by your unprejudiced discourses that you love broth better than soup.

Brothel noun [ Middle English brothel , brodel , brethel , a prostitute, a worthless fellow, from Anglo-Saxon beró...an to ruin, destroy; confer Anglo-Saxon breótan to break, and English brittle . The term brothel house was confused with bordel brothel. CF. Bordel .] A house of lewdness or ill fame; a house frequented by prostitutes; a bawdyhouse.

Brotheler noun One who frequents brothels.

Brothelry noun Lewdness; obscenity; a brothel. B. Jonson.

Brother (brŭ&thlig;"ẽr) noun ; plural Brothers (brŭ&thlig;"ẽrz) or Brethren (brĕ&thlig;"rĕn). See Brethren . [ Middle English brother , Anglo-Saxon brōðor ; akin to Old Saxon brothar , Dutch broeder , Old High German pruodar , German bruder , Icelandic brōðir , Swedish & Danish broder , Goth. brōþar , Ir. brathair , W. brawd , plural brodyr , Lithuanian brolis , Lett. brahlis , Russian brat' , Pol. & Serv. brat , OSlav. bratrŭ , Latin frater , Sanskrit bhrātr , Zend bratar brother, Greek fra`thr , fra`twr , a clansman. The common plural is Brothers ; in the solemn style, Brethren , Middle English plural brether , bretheren , Anglo-Saxon dat. sing. brēðer , nom. plural brōðor , brōðru . √258. Confer Friar , Fraternal .]
1. A male person who has the same father and mother with another person, or who has one of them only. In the latter case he is more definitely called a half brother , or brother of the half blood .

Two of us in the churchyard lie,
My sister and my brother .

2. One related or closely united to another by some common tie or interest, as of rank, profession, membership in a society, toil, suffering, etc.; -- used among judges, clergymen, monks, physicians, lawyers, professors of religion, etc. "A brother of your order." Shak.

We few, we happy few, we band of brothers ,
For he to-day that sheds his blood with me
Shall be my brother .

3. One who, or that which, resembles another in distinctive qualities or traits of character.

He also that is slothful in his work is brother to him that is a great waster.
Prov. xviii. 9.

That April morn
Of this the very brother .

» In Scripture, the term brother is applied to a kinsman by blood more remote than a son of the same parents, as in the case of Abraham and Lot, Jacob and Laban. In a more general sense, brother or brethren is used for fellow-man or fellow-men .

For of whom such massacre
Make they but of their brethren , men of men?

Brother Jonathan , a humorous designation for the people of the United States collectively. The phrase is said to have originated from Washington's referring to the patriotic Jonathan Trumbull, governor of Connecticut, as "Brother Jonathan." -- Blood brother . See under Blood .

Brother transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Brothered ] To make a brother of; to call or treat as a brother; to admit to a brotherhood. Sir W. Scott.

Brother german (Law) A brother by both the father's and mother's side, in contradistinction to a uterine brother , one by the mother only. Bouvier.

Brother-in-law noun ; plural Brothers-in-law The brother of one's husband or wife; also, the husband of one's sister; sometimes, the husband of one's wife's sister.

Brotherhood noun [ Brother + -hood .]
1. The state of being brothers or a brother.

2. An association for any purpose, as a society of monks; a fraternity.

3. The whole body of persons engaged in the same business, -- especially those of the same profession; as, the legal or medical brotherhood .

4. Persons, and, poetically, things, of a like kind.

A brotherhood of venerable trees.

Syn. -- Fraternity; association; fellowship; sodality.

Brotherliness noun The state or quality of being brotherly.

Brotherly adjective Of or pertaining to brothers; such as is natural for brothers; becoming to brothers; kind; affectionate; as, brotherly love.

Syn. -- Fraternal; kind; affectionate; tender.

Brotherly adverb Like a brother; affectionately; kindly. "I speak but brotherly of him." Shak.

Brouded p.a. Braided; broidered. [ Obsolete]

Alle his clothes brouded up and down.

Brougham noun A light, close carriage, with seats inside for two or four, and the fore wheels so arranged as to turn short.

Brow noun [ Middle English browe , bruwe , Anglo-Saxon br... ; akin to Anglo-Saxon br...w , breáw , eyelid, OFries. brē , Dutch braauw , Icelandic brā , br...n , Old High German prāwa , German braue , OSlav. br...v... , Russian brove , Ir. brai , Ir. & Gael. abhra , Armor. abrant , Greek ..., Sanskrit bhr... . Confer Bray a bank, Bridge .]
1. The prominent ridge over the eye, with the hair that covers it, forming an arch above the orbit.

And his arched brow , pulled o'er his eyes,
With solemn proof proclaims him wise.

2. The hair that covers the brow (ridge over the eyes); the eyebrow.

'T is not your inky brows , your brack silk hair.

3. The forehead; as, a feverish brow .

Beads of sweat have stood upon thy brow .

4. The general air of the countenance.

To whom thus Satan with contemptuous brow .

He told them with a masterly brow .

5. The edge or projecting upper part of a steep place; as, the brow of a precipice; the brow of a hill.

To bend the brow , To knit the brows , to frown; to scowl.

Brow transitive verb To bound to limit; to be at, or form, the edge of. [ R.]

Tending my flocks hard by i' the hilly crofts
That brow this bottom glade.

Browbeat transitive verb [ imperfect Browbeat ; past participle Browbeaten ; present participle & verbal noun Browbeating .] To depress or bear down with haughty, stern looks, or with arrogant speech and dogmatic assertions; to abash or disconcert by impudent or abusive words or looks; to bully; as, to browbeat witnesses.

My grandfather was not a man to be browbeaten .
W. Irving.

Browbeating noun The act of bearing down, abashing, or disconcerting, with stern looks, supercilious manners, or confident assertions.

The imperious browbeatings and scorn of great men.

Browbound (-bound`) adjective Crowned; having the head encircled as with a diadem. Shak.

Browdyng (broud"ĭng/) noun Embroidery. [ Obsolete]

Of goldsmithrye, of browdyng , and of steel.

Browed adjective Having (such) a brow; - - used in composition; as, dark- browed , stern- browed .

Browless adjective Without shame. Latin Addison.

Brown adjective [ Compar. Browner ; superl. Brownest .] [ Middle English brun , broun , Anglo-Saxon br...n ; akin to Dutch bruin , Old High German br...n , Icelandic br...nn , Swedish brun , Danish bruun , German braun , Lithuanian brunas , Sanskrit babhru . √93, 253. Confer Bruin , Beaver , Burnish , Brunette .] Of a dark color, of various shades between black and red or yellow.

Cheeks brown as the oak leaves.

Brown Bess , the old regulation flintlock smoothbore musket, with bronzed barrel, formerly used in the British army. -- Brown bread (a) Dark colored bread; esp. a kind made of unbolted wheat flour, sometimes called in the United States Graham bread . "He would mouth with a beggar though she smelt brown bread and garlic." Shak. (b) Dark colored bread made of rye meal and Indian meal, or of wheat and rye or Indian; rye and Indian bread. [ U.S.] -- Brown coal , wood coal. See Lignite . -- Brown hematite or Brown iron ore (Min.) , the hydrous iron oxide, limonite, which has a brown streak. See Limonite . -- Brown holland . See under Holland . -- Brown paper , dark colored paper, esp. coarse wrapping paper, made of unbleached materials. -- Brown spar (Min.) , a ferruginous variety of dolomite, in part identical with ankerite. -- Brown stone . See Brownstone . -- Brown stout , a strong kind of porter or malt liquor. -- Brown study , a state of mental abstraction or serious reverie. W. Irving.

Brown noun A dark color inclining to red or yellow, resulting from the mixture of red and black, or of red, black, and yellow; a tawny, dusky hue.

Brown transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Browned ; present participle & verbal noun Browning .]
1. To make brown or dusky.

A trembling twilight o'er welkin moves,
Browns the dim void and darkens deep the groves.

2. To make brown by scorching slightly; as, to brown meat or flour.

3. To give a bright brown color to, as to gun barrels, by forming a thin coat of oxide on their surface. Ure.

Brown intransitive verb To become brown.

Brown bill [ Brown + bill cutting tool.] A bill or halberd of the 16th and 17th centuries. See 4th Bill .

Many time, but for a sallet, my brainpan had been cleft with a brown bill .

» The black , or as it is sometimes called, the brown bill , was a kind of halberd, the cutting part hooked like a woodman's bill, from the back of which projected a spike, and another from the head. Grose.

Brown race The Malay or Polynesian race; -- loosely so called.

Brown thrush (Zoology) A common American singing bird ( Harporhynchus rufus ), allied to the mocking bird; -- also called brown thrasher .

Brownback noun (Zoology) The dowitcher or red-breasted snipe. See Dowitcher .

Brownian adjective Pertaining to Dr. Robert Brown , who first demonstrated (about 1827) the commonness of the motion described below.

Brownian movement , the peculiar, rapid, vibratory movement exhibited by the microscopic particles of substances when suspended in water or other fluids.

Brownie noun [ So called from its supposed tawny or swarthy color.] An imaginary good- natured spirit, who was supposed often to perform important services around the house by night, such as thrashing, churning, sweeping. [ Scot.]

Browning noun
1. The act or operation of giving a brown color, as to gun barrels, etc.

2. (Masonry) A smooth coat of brown mortar, usually the second coat, and the preparation for the finishing coat of plaster.

Brownish adjective Somewhat brown.