Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Prop a striker
. See Buffet
a blow.] 1. (Mech.) (a) An elastic apparatus or fender, for deadening the jar caused by the collision of bodies; as, a buffer at the end of a railroad car. (b) A pad or cushion forming the end of a fender, which receives the blow; -- sometimes called buffing apparatus . 2. One who polishes with a buff. 3. A wheel for buffing; a buff. 4. A good-humored, slow-witted fellow; -- usually said of an elderly man.
[ Colloq.] Dickens.
Bufferhead noun The head of a buffer, which recieves the concussion, in railroad carriages.
[ French buffet
, Late Latin bufetum
; of uncertain origin; perhaps from the same source as English buffet
a blow, the root meaning to puff
, hence (cf. puffed up
) the idea of ostentation or display.] 1. A cupboard or set of shelves, either movable or fixed at one side of a room, for the display of plate, china, etc., a sideboard.
Not when a gilt buffet's reflected pride 2. A counter for refreshments; a restaurant at a railroad station, or place of public gathering.
Turns you from sound philosophy aside.
[ Middle English buffet
, Old French buffet
a slap in the face, a pair of bellows, from buffe
blow, confer French bouffer
to blow, puff; probably akin to English puff
. For the meaning slap
, confer French soufflet
a slap, souffler
to blow. See Puff
, intransitive verb
, and confer Buffet
] 1. A blow with the hand; a slap on the face; a cuff.
When on his cheek a buffet fell. 2. A blow from any source, or that which affects like a blow, as the violence of winds or waves; a stroke; an adverse action; an affliction; a trial; adversity.
Sir W. Scott.
Those planks of tough and hardy oak that used for yeas to brave the buffets of the Bay of Biscay.
Fortune's buffets and rewards. 3. A small stool; a stool for a buffet or counter.
Go fetch us a light buffet .
Buffet transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Buffeted
; present participle & verbal noun Buffeting
.] [ Middle English buffeten
, Old French buffeter
. See the preceding noun.] 1. To strike with the hand or fist; to box; to beat; to cuff; to slap.
They spit in his face and buffeted him. 2. To affect as with blows; to strike repeatedly; to strive with or contend against; as, to buffet the billows.
Matt. xxvi. 67.
The sudden hurricane in thunder roars,
Buffets the bark, and whirls it from the shores.
You are lucky fellows who can live in a dreamland of your own, instead of being buffeted about the world. 3.
[ Confer Buffer
.] To deaden the sound of (bells) by muffling the clapper.
Buffet intransitive verb 1. To exercise or play at boxing; to strike; to smite; to strive; to contend.
If I might buffet for my love, or bound my horse for her favors, I could lay on like a butcher. 2. To make one's way by blows or struggling.
Strove to buffet to land in vain.
Buffeter noun One who buffets; a boxer. Jonson.
Buffeting noun 1. A striking with the hand. 2. A succession of blows; continued violence, as of winds or waves; afflictions; adversity.
He seems to have been a plant of slow growth, but . . . fitted to endure the buffeting on the rudest storm.
Buffin noun [ So called from resembling buff ...eather.] A sort of coarse stuff; as, buffin gowns. [ Obsolete]
Buffing apparatus See Buffer , 1.
[ Middle English , from French buffle
. See Buffalo
.] The buffalo.
[ Obsolete] Sir T. Herbert.
Buffle intransitive verb To puzzle; to be at a loss. [ Obsolete] Swift.
Buffle-headed adjective Having a large head, like a buffalo; dull; stupid; blundering.
So fell this buffle-headed giant.
.] 1. One who has a large head; a heavy, stupid fellow.
What makes you stare so, bufflehead ? 2. (Zoology) The buffel duck. See Buffel duck .
Plautus (trans. 1694).
Buffo noun masc.
[ Italian See Buffoon
.] (Mus.) The comic actor in an opera.
[ French bouffon
(cf. Italian buffone
, puff of wind, vanity, nonsense, trick), from bouffer
to puff out, because the buffoons puffed out their cheeks for the amusement of the spectators. See Buffet
a blow.] A man who makes a practice of amusing others by low tricks, antic gestures, etc.; a droll; a mimic; a harlequin; a clown; a merry-andrew.
Buffoon adjective Characteristic of, or like, a buffoon.
To divert the audience with buffoon postures and antic dances.
Buffoon intransitive verb To act the part of a buffoon. [ R.]
Buffoon transitive verb To treat with buffoonery. Glanvill.
; plural Buffooneries
[ French bouffonnerie
.] The arts and practices of a buffoon, as low jests, ridiculous pranks, vulgar tricks and postures.
Nor that it will ever constitute a wit to conclude a tart piece of buffoonery with a "What makes you blush?"
Buffoonish adjective Like a buffoon; consisting in low jests or gestures. Blair.
Buffoonism noun The practices of a buffoon; buffoonery.
Buffoonly adjective Low; vulgar.
Apish tricks and buffoonly discourse.
Buffy adjective (Medicine) Resembling, or characterized by, buff. Buffy coat , the coagulated plasma of blood when the red corpuscles have so settled out that the coagulum appears nearly colorless. This is common in diseased conditions where the corpuscles run together more rapidly and in denser masses than usual. Huxley.
Bufo noun [ Latin bufo a toad.] (Zoology) A genus of Amphibia including various species of toads.
Bufonite noun [ Latin bufo toad: confer French bufonite .] (Paleon.) An old name for a fossil consisting of the petrified teeth and palatal bones of fishes belonging to the family of Pycnodonts (thick teeth), whose remains occur in the oölite and chalk formations; toadstone; -- so named from a notion that it was originally formed in the head of a toad.
[ Middle English bugge
, from W. bwg
, hobgoblin, scarecrow, bugbear. Confer Bogey
.] 1. A bugbear; anything which terrifies.
Sir, spare your threats: 2. (Zoology) A general name applied to various insects belonging to the Hemiptera; as, the squash bug ; the chinch bug , etc. 3. (Zoology) An insect of the genus Cimex , especially the bedbug ( C. lectularius ). See Bedbug . 4. (Zoology) One of various species of Coleoptera; as, the lady bug ; potato bug , etc.; loosely, any beetle. 5. (Zoology) One of certain kinds of Crustacea; as, the sow bug ; pill bug ; bait bug ; salve bug , etc.
The bug which you would fright me with I seek.
» According to present popular usage in England, and among housekeepers in America, bug
, when not joined with some qualifying word, is used specifically for bedbug
. As a general term it is used very loosely in America, and was formerly used still more loosely in England. "God's rare workmanship in the ant, the poorest bug
that creeps." Rogers
). "This bug
with gilded wings." Pope. Bait bug
. See under Bait .
-- Bug word
, swaggering or threatening language.
[ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.
Bugaboo, Bugbear noun
[ See Bug
.] Something frightful, as a specter; anything imaginary that causes needless fright; something used to excite needless fear; also, something really dangerous, used to frighten children, etc.
to fright ye." Lloyd.
But, to the world no bugbear is so great
As want of figure and a small estate.
The bugaboo of the liberals is the church pray.
S. B. Griffin.
The great bugaboo of the birds is the owl. Syn.
-- Hobgoblin; goblin; specter; ogre; scarecrow.
Bugbane noun (Botany) A perennial white-flowered herb of the order Ranunculaceæ and genus Cimiciguga ; bugwort. There are several species.
Bugbear noun Same as Bugaboo .
-- adjective Causing needless fright. Locke.
Bugbear transitive verb To alarm with idle phantoms.
Bugfish noun (Zoology) The menhaden. [ U.S.]
Bugger noun [ French bougre , from Late Latin Bulgarus , a Bulgarian, and also a heretic; because the inhabitants of Bulgaria were infected with heresy. Those guilty of the crime of buggery were called heretics , because in the eyes of their adversaries there was nothing more heinous than heresy, and it was therefore thought that the origin of such a vice could only be owing to heretics.]
1. One guilty of buggery or unnatural vice; a sodomite. 2. A wretch; -- sometimes used humorously or in playful disparagement. [ Low]
[ Old French bougrerie
, heresy. See Bugger
.] Unnatural sexual intercourse; sodomy.
[ From Buggy
] The state of being infested with bugs.
[ From Bug
.] Infested or abounding with bugs.
; plural Buggies
. 1. A light one horse two- wheeled vehicle.
Villebeck prevailed upon Flora to drive with him to the race in a buggy . 2. A light, four-wheeled vehicle, usually with one seat, and with or without a calash top.
[ U.S.] Buggy cultivator
, a cultivator with a seat for the driver.
-- Buggy plow
, a plow, or set of plows, having a seat for the driver; -- called also sulky plow .
[ Middle English bugle
buffalo, buffalo's horn, Old French bugle
, from Latin buculus
a young bullock, steer, dim. of bos
ox. See Cow
the animal.] A sort of wild ox; a buffalo. E. Phillips.
[ See Bugle
a wild ox.] 1. A horn used by hunters. 2. (Mus.) A copper instrument of the horn quality of tone, shorter and more conical that the trumpet, sometimes keyed; formerly much used in military bands, very rarely in the orchestra; now superseded by the cornet; -- called also the Kent bugle .
Bugle noun [ Late Latin bugulus a woman's ornament: confer German bügel a bent piece of metal or wood, from the same root as German biegen to bend, English bow to bend.] An elongated glass bead, of various colors, though commonly black.
[ From Bugle
a bead.] Jet black.
Bugle noun [ French bugle ; confer Italian bugola , Latin bugillo .] (Botany) A plant of the genus Ajuga of the Mint family, a native of the Old World. Yellow bugle , the Ajuga chamæpitys .
Bugle horn 1. A bugle.
One blast upon his bugle horn 2. A drinking vessel made of horn.
Were worth a thousand men.
Sir W. Scott.
And drinketh of his bugle horn the wine.
Bugled adjective Ornamented with bugles.
Bugler noun One who plays on a bugle.
Bugleweed noun (Botany) A plant of the Mint family and genus Lycopus ; esp. Latin Virginicus , which has mild narcotic and astringent properties, and is sometimes used as a remedy for hemorrhage.
; plural Buglosses
[ French buglosse
, Latin buglossa
, from Greek ... oxtongue ... ox + ... tongue.] (Botany) A plant of the genus Anchusa , and especially the A. officinalis , sometimes called alkanet ; oxtongue. Small wild bugloss
, the Asperugo procumbens and the Lycopsis arvensis .
-- Viper's bugloss
, a species of Echium .
Bugwort noun (Botany) Bugbane.
Buhl, Buhlwork noun [ From A. Ch. Boule , a French carver in wood.] Decorative woodwork in which tortoise shell, yellow metal, white metal, etc., are inlaid, forming scrolls, cartouches, etc. [ Written also boule , boulework .]
Buhlbuhl noun (Zoology) See Bulbul .