Webster's Dictionary, 1913

Search Webster
Word starts with Word or meaning contains
Buhrstone noun [ Middle English bur a whetstone for scythes.] (Min.) A cellular, flinty rock, used for mill stones. [ Written also burrstone .]

Build transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Built ; present participle & verbal noun Building . The regular imperfect & past participle Builded is antiquated.] [ Middle English bulden , bilden , Anglo-Saxon byldan to build, from bold house; confer Icelandic bōl farm, abode, Danish bol small farm, OSw. bol , böle , house, dwelling, from root of Icelandic b...a to dwell; akin to English be , bower , boor . √97.]
1. To erect or construct, as an edifice or fabric of any kind; to form by uniting materials into a regular structure; to fabricate; to make; to raise.

Nor aught availed him now
To have built in heaven high towers.
Milton.

2. To raise or place on a foundation; to form, establish, or produce by using appropriate means.

Who builds his hopes in air of your good looks.
Shak.

3. To increase and strengthen; to increase the power and stability of; to settle, or establish, and preserve; -- frequently with up ; as, to build up one's constitution.

I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up.
Acts xx. 32.

Syn. -- To erect; construct; raise; found; frame.

Build intransitive verb
1. To exercise the art, or practice the business, of building.

2. To rest or depend, as on a foundation; to ground one's self or one's hopes or opinions upon something deemed reliable; to rely; as, to build on the opinions or advice of others.

Build noun Form or mode of construction; general figure; make; as, the build of a ship.

Builder noun One who builds; one whose occupation is to build, as a carpenter, a shipwright, or a mason.

In the practice of civil architecture, the builder comes between the architect who designs the work and the artisans who execute it.
Eng. Cyc.

Building noun
1. The act of constructing, erecting, or establishing.

Hence it is that the building of our Sion rises no faster.
Bp. Hall.

2. The art of constructing edifices, or the practice of civil architecture.

The execution of works of architecture necessarily includes building ; but building is frequently employed when the result is not architectural.
Hosking.

3. That which is built; a fabric or edifice constructed, as a house, a church, etc.

Thy sumptuous buildings and thy wife's attire
Have cost a mass of public treasury.
Shak.

Built noun Shape; build; form of structure; as, the built of a ship. [ Obsolete] Dryden.

Built adjective Formed; shaped; constructed; made; -- often used in composition and preceded by the word denoting the form; as, frigate- built , clipper- built , etc.

Like the generality of Genoese countrywomen, strongly built .
Landor.

Buke muslin See Book muslin .

Bukshish noun See Backsheesh .

Bulau noun [ Native name.] (Zoology) An East Indian insectivorous mammal ( Gymnura Rafflesii ), somewhat like a rat in appearance, but allied to the hedgehog.

Bulb (bŭlb) noun [ Latin bulbus , Greek bolbo`s : confer French bulbe .]
1. (Botany) A spheroidal body growing from a plant either above or below the ground (usually below), which is strictly a bud , consisting of a cluster of partially developed leaves, and producing, as it grows, a stem above, and roots below, as in the onion, tulip, etc. It differs from a corm in not being solid.

2. (Anat.) A name given to some parts that resemble in shape certain bulbous roots; as, the bulb of the aorta.

Bulb of the eye , the eyeball. -- Bulb of a hair , the "root," or part whence the hair originates. -- Bulb of the spinal cord , the medulla oblongata , often called simply bulb . -- Bulb of a tooth , the vascular and nervous papilla contained in the cavity of the tooth.

3. An expansion or protuberance on a stem or tube, as the bulb of a thermometer, which may be of any form, as spherical, cylindrical, curved, etc. Tomlinson.

Bulb intransitive verb To take the shape of a bulb; to swell.

Bulbaceous adjective [ Latin bulbaceus . See Bulb , noun ] Bulbous. Jonson.

Bulbar adjective Of or pertaining to bulb; especially, in medicine, pertaining to the bulb of the spinal cord, or medulla oblongata ; as, bulbar paralysis.

Bulbed adjective Having a bulb; round- headed.

Bulbel noun [ Dim., from bulb , noun ] (Botany) A separable bulb formed on some flowering plants.

Bulbiferous adjective [ Bulb , noun + -ferous : confer French bulbifère .] (Botany) Producing bulbs.

Bulbil noun [ Dim. from bulb .]
1. (Botany) A small or secondary bulb; hence, now almost exclusively: An aërial bulb or deciduous bud, produced in the leaf axils, as in the tiger lily, or relpacing the flowers, as in some onions, and capable, when separated, of propagating the plant; -- called also bulblet and brood bud .

2. (Anat.) A small hollow bulb, such as an enlargement in a small vessel or tube.

Bulblet noun [ Bulb , noun + -let .] (Botany) A small bulb, either produced on a larger bulb, or on some aërial part of a plant, as in the axils of leaves in the tiger lily, or replacing the flowers in some kinds of onion.

Bulbo-tuber noun [ Bulb , noun + tuber .] (Botany) A corm.

Bulbose adjective Bulbous.

Bulbous adjective [ Latin bulbosus : confer French bulbeux . See Bulb , noun ] Having or containing bulbs, or a bulb; growing from bulbs; bulblike in shape or structure.

Bulbul noun [ Persian ] (Zoology) The Persian nightingale ( Pycnonotus jocosus ). The name is also applied to several other Asiatic singing birds, of the family Timaliidæ . The green bulbuls belong to the Chloropsis and allied genera. [ Written also buhlbuhl .]

Bulbule noun [ Latin bulbulus , dim. of bulbus . See Bulb , noun ] A small bulb; a bulblet.

Bulchin noun [ Dim. of bull .] A little bull.

Bulge noun [ Middle English bulge a swelling; confer Anglo-Saxon belgan to swell, OSw. bulgja , Icelandic bōlginn swollen, Old High German belgan to swell, German bulge leathern sack, Sanskrit b...h to be large, strong; the root meaning to swell . Confer Bilge , Belly , Billow , Bouge , noun ]
1. The bilge or protuberant part of a cask.

2. A swelling, protuberant part; a bending outward, esp. when caused by pressure; as, a bulge in a wall.

3. (Nautical) The bilge of a vessel. See Bilge , 2.

Bulge ways . (Nautical) See Bilge ways .

Bulge intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bulged ; present participle & verbal noun Bulging .]
1. To swell or jut out; to bend outward, as a wall when it yields to pressure; to be protuberant; as, the wall bulges .

2. To bilge, as a ship; to founder.

And scattered navies bulge on distant shores.
Broome.

Bulger noun [ From Bulge .] (Golf) A driver or a brassy with a convex face.

Bulgy adjective Bulged; bulging; bending, or tending to bend, outward. [ Colloq.]

Bulimia, Bulimy noun [ New Latin bulimia , from Greek boylimi`a , lit., ox-hunger; boy^s ox + limo`s hunger: confer French boulimie .] (Medicine) A disease in which there is a perpetual and insatiable appetite for food; a diseased and voracious appetite.

Bulimus (bu*lī"mŭs) noun [ Latin bulimus hunger. See Bulimy .] (Zoology) A genus of land snails having an elongated spiral shell, often of large size. The species are numerous and abundant in tropical America.

Bulk (bŭlk) noun [ Middle English bulke , bolke , heap; confer Danish bulk lump, clod, OSw. bolk crowd, mass, Icelandic b...lkast to be bulky. Confer Boll , noun , Bile a boil, Bulge , noun ]
1. Magnitude of material substance; dimensions; mass; size; as, an ox or ship of great bulk .

Against these forces there were prepared near one hundred ships; not so great of bulk indeed, but of a more nimble motion, and more serviceable.
Bacon.

2. The main mass or body; the largest or principal portion; the majority; as, the bulk of a debt.

The bulk of the people must labor, Burke told them, "to obtain what by labor can be obtained."
J. Morley.

3. (Nautical) The cargo of a vessel when stowed.

4. The body. [ Obsolete] Shak.

My liver leaped within my bulk .
Turbervile.

Barrel bulk . See under Barrel . -- To break bulk (Nautical) , to begin to unload or more the cargo. -- In bulk , in a mass; loose; not inclosed in separate packages or divided into separate parts; in such shape that any desired quantity may be taken or sold. -- Laden in bulk , Stowed in bulk , having the cargo loose in the hold or not inclosed in boxes, bales, or casks. -- Sale by bulk , a sale of goods as they are, without weight or measure.

Syn. -- Size; magnitude; dimension; volume; bigness; largeness; massiveness.

Bulk intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bulked ; present participle & verbal noun Bulking .] To appear or seem to be, as to bulk or extent; to swell.

The fame of Warburton possibly bulked larger for the moment.
Leslie Stephen.

Bulk noun [ Icelandic bālkr a beam, partition. Confer Balk , noun & v. ] A projecting part of a building. [ Obsolete]

Here, stand behind this bulk .
Shak.

Bulker noun (Nautical) A person employed to ascertain the bulk or size of goods, in order to fix the amount of freight or dues payable on them.

Bulkhead noun [ See Bulk part of a building.]
1. (Nautical) A partition in a vessel, to separate apartments on the same deck.

2. A structure of wood or stone, to resist the pressure of earth or water; a partition wall or structure, as in a mine; the limiting wall along a water front.

Bulked line , a line beyond which a wharf must not project; -- usually, the harbor line.

Bulkiness noun Greatness in bulk; size.

Bulky adjective Of great bulk or dimensions; of great size; large; thick; massive; as, bulky volumes.

A bulky digest of the revenue laws.
Hawthorne.

Bull noun [ Middle English bule , bul , bole ; akin to Dutch bul , German bulle , Icelandic boli , Lithuanian bullus , Lett. bollis , Russian vol' ; probably from the root of Anglo-Saxon bellan , English bellow .]
1. (Zoology) The male of any species of cattle ( Bovidæ ); hence, the male of any large quadruped, as the elephant; also, the male of the whale.

» The wild bull of the Old Testament is thought to be the oryx, a large species of antelope.

2. One who, or that which, resembles a bull in character or action. Ps. xxii. 12.

3. (Astron.) (a) Taurus, the second of the twelve signs of the zodiac. (b) A constellation of the zodiac between Aries and Gemini. It contains the Pleiades.

At last from Aries rolls the bounteous sun,
And the bright Bull receives him.
Thomson.

4. (Stock Exchange) One who operates in expectation of a rise in the price of stocks, or in order to effect such a rise. See 4th Bear , noun , 5.

Bull baiting , the practice of baiting bulls, or rendering them furious, as by setting dogs to attack them. -- John Bull , a humorous name for the English, collectively; also, an Englishman. "Good-looking young John Bull ." W. D.Howells. -- To take the bull by the horns , to grapple with a difficulty instead of avoiding it.

Bull adjective Of or pertaining to a bull; resembling a bull; male; large; fierce.

Bull bat (Zoology) , the night hawk; -- so called from the loud noise it makes while feeding on the wing, in the evening. -- Bull calf . (a) A stupid fellow. -- Bull mackerel (Zoology) , the chub mackerel. -- Bull pump (Mining) , a direct single-acting pumping engine, in which the steam cylinder is placed above the pump. -- Bull snake (Zoology) , the pine snake of the United States. -- Bull stag , a castrated bull. See Stag . -- Bull wheel , a wheel, or drum, on which a rope is wound for lifting heavy articles, as logs, the tools in well boring, etc.

Bull intransitive verb To be in heat; to manifest sexual desire as cows do. [ Colloq.]

Bull transitive verb (Stock Exchange) To endeavor to raise the market price of; as, to bull railroad bonds; to bull stocks; to bull Lake Shore; to endeavor to raise prices in; as, to bull the market. See 1st Bull , noun , 4.

Bull noun [ Middle English bulle , from Latin bulla bubble, stud, knob, Late Latin , a seal or stamp: confer French bulle . Confer Bull a writing, Bowl a ball, Boil , intransitive verb ]
1. A seal. See Bulla .

2. A letter, edict, or respect, of the pope, written in Gothic characters on rough parchment, sealed with a bulla, and dated "a die Incarnationis," i. e. , "from the day of the Incarnation." See Apostolical brief , under Brief .

A fresh bull of Leo's had declared how inflexible the court of Rome was in the point of abuses.
Atterbury.

3. A grotesque blunder in language; an apparent congruity, but real incongruity, of ideas, contained in a form of expression; so called, perhaps, from the apparent incongruity between the dictatorial nature of the pope's bulls and his professions of humility.

And whereas the papist boasts himself to be a Roman Catholic, it is a mere contradiction, one of the pope's bulls , as if he should say universal particular; a Catholic schimatic.
Milton.

The Golden Bull , an edict or imperial constitution made by the emperor Charles IV. (1356), containing what became the fundamental law of the German empire; -- so called from its golden seal.

Syn. -- See Blunder .

Bull brier (Botany) A species of Smilax ( S. Pseudo-China ) growing from New Jersey to the Gulf of Mexico, which has very large tuberous and farinaceous rootstocks, formerly used by the Indians for a sort of bread, and by the negroes as an ingredient in making beer; -- called also bamboo brier and China brier .

Bull fly, Bullfly noun (Zoology) Any large fly troublesome to cattle, as the gadflies and breeze flies.

Bull Moose (U. S. Politics) (a) A follower of Theodore Roosevelt in the presidential campaign of 1912; - - a sense said to have originated from a remark made by Roosevelt on a certain occasion that he felt "like a bull moose." [ Cant] (b) The figure of a bull moose used as the party symbol of the Progressive party in the presidential campaign of 1912. -- Bull Mooser . [ Cant]

Bull terrier (Zoology) A breed of dogs obtained by crossing the bulldog and the terrier.

Bull trout (Zoology) (a) In England, a large salmon trout of several species, as Salmo trutta and S. Cambricus , which ascend rivers; -- called also sea trout . (b) Salvelinus malma of California and Oregon; -- called also Dolly Varden trout and red- spotted trout . (c) The huso or salmon of the Danube.

Bulla noun ; plural Bullæ [ Latin bulla bubble. See Bull an edict.]
1. (Medicine) A bleb; a vesicle, or an elevation of the cuticle, containing a transparent watery fluid.

2. (Anat.) The ovoid prominence below the opening of the ear in the skulls of many animals; as, the tympanic or auditory bulla .

3. A leaden seal for a document; esp. the round leaden seal attached to the papal bulls, which has on one side a representation of St. Peter and St. Paul, and on the other the name of the pope who uses it.

4. (Zoology) A genus of marine shells. See Bubble shell .