Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Dutch burgemeester
borough + meester
master; akin to German burgemeister
. See 1st Borough
, and Master
.] 1. A chief magistrate of a municipal town in Holland, Flanders, and Germany, corresponding to mayor in England and the United States; a burghmaster. 2. (Zoology) An aquatic bird, the glaucous gull ( Larus glaucus ), common in arctic regions.
Burgonet noun [ French bouruignotte , because the Burgundians, French Bouruignons , first used it.] A kind of helmet. [ Written also burganet .] Shak.
Burgoo noun [ Prov. English burgood yeast, perhaps from W. burym yeast + cawl cabbage, gruel.] A kind of oatmeal pudding, or thick gruel, used by seamen. [ Written also burgout .]
Burgrass noun (Botany) Grass of the genus Cenchrus , growing in sand, and having burs for fruit.
Burgundy noun Burgundy pitch , a resinous substance prepared from the exudation of the Norway spruce ( Abies excelsa ) by melting in hot water and straining through cloth. The genuine Burgundy pitch, supposed to have been first prepared in Burgundy, is rare, but there are many imitations. It has a yellowish brown color, is translucent and hard, but viscous. It is used in medicinal plasters.
1. An old province of France (in the eastern central part). 2. A richly flavored wine, mostly red, made in Burgundy, France.
Burh noun See Burg .
Burhel, Burrhel noun (Zoology) The wild Himalayan, or blue, sheep ( Ovis burrhel ).
[ Middle English buriel
, grave, tomb, Anglo-Saxon byrgels
, from byrgan
to bury, and akin to Old Saxon burgisli
sepulcher.] 1. A grave; a tomb; a place of sepulture.
The erthe schook, and stoones weren cloven, and biriels weren opened. 2. The act of burying; depositing a dead body in the earth, in a tomb or vault, or in the water, usually with attendant ceremonies; sepulture; interment.
Wycliff [ Matt. xxvii. 51, 52].
"To give a public burial
Now to glorious burial slowly borne. Burial case
, a form of coffin, usually of iron, made to close air-tight, for the preservation of a dead body.
-- Burial ground
, a piece of ground selected and set apart for a place of burials, and consecrated to such use by religious ceremonies.
-- Burial place
, any place where burials are made.
-- Burial service
. (a) The religious service performed at the interment of the dead; a funeral service. (b) That portion of a liturgy which is read at an interment; as, the English burial service . Syn.
-- Sepulture; interment; inhumation.
Burier noun One who, or that which, buries.
Till the buriers have buried it.
Ezek. xxxix. 15.
And darkness be the burier of the dead.
[ French burin
, confer Italian burino
; probably from Old High German bora
to bore, German bohren
. See 1st Bore
.] 1. The cutting tool of an engraver on metal, used in line engraving. It is made of tempered steel, one end being ground off obliquely so as to produce a sharp point, and the other end inserted in a handle; a graver; also, the similarly shaped tool used by workers in marble. 2. The manner or style of execution of an engraver; as, a soft burin ; a brilliant burin .
Burinist noun One who works with the burin. For. Quart. Rev.
Burion noun (Zoology) The red-breasted house sparrow of California ( Carpodacus frontalis ); -- called also crimson-fronted bullfinch . [ Written also burrion .]
Burke transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Burked
; present participle & verbal noun Burking
.] [ From one Burke
of Edinburgh, who committed the crime in 1829.] 1. To murder by suffocation, or so as to produce few marks of violence, for the purpose of obtaining a body to be sold for dissection. 2. To dispose of quietly or indirectly; to suppress; to smother; to shelve; as, to burke a parliamentary question.
The court could not burke an inquiry, supported by such a mass of a affidavits.
Burkism noun The practice of killing persons for the purpose of selling their bodies for dissection.
Burl transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Burled
; present participle & verbal noun Burling
.] [ Middle English burle
stuffing, or a knot in cloth; confer French bourlet
, Old French bourel
, a wreath or a roll of cloth, linen, or leather, stuffed with flocks, etc., dim. of bourre
. √92. See Bur
.] To dress or finish up (cloth); to pick knots, burs, loose threads, etc., from, as in finishing cloth. Burling iron
, a peculiar kind of nippers or tweezers used in burling woolen cloth.
1. A knot or lump in thread or cloth. 2. An overgrown knot, or an excrescence, on a tree; also, veneer made from such excrescences.
Burlap noun A coarse fabric, made of jute or hemp, used for bagging; also, a finer variety of similar material, used for curtains, etc. [ Written also burlaps .]
Burler noun One who burls or dresses cloth.
[ French burlesque
, from Italian burlesco
, from burla
jest, mockery, perhaps for burrula
, dim. of Latin burrae
trifles. See Bur
.] Tending to excite laughter or contempt by extravagant images, or by a contrast between the subject and the manner of treating it, as when a trifling subject is treated with mock gravity; jocular; ironical.
It is a dispute among the critics, whether burlesque poetry runs best in heroic verse, like that of the Dispensary, or in doggerel, like that of Hudibras.
Burlesque noun 1. Ludicrous representation; exaggerated parody; grotesque satire.
Burlesque is therefore of two kinds; the first represents mean persons in the accouterments of heroes, the other describes great persons acting and speaking like the basest among the people. 2. An ironical or satirical composition intended to excite laughter, or to ridicule anything.
The dull burlesque appeared with impudence, 3. A ludicrous imitation; a caricature; a travesty; a gross perversion.
And pleased by novelty in spite of sense.
Who is it that admires, and from the heart is attached to, national representative assemblies, but must turn with horror and disgust from such a profane burlesque and abominable perversion of that sacred institute? Syn.
-- Mockery; farce; travesty; mimicry.
Burlesque transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Burlesqued
; present participle & verbal noun Burlesquing
] To ridicule, or to make ludicrous by grotesque representation in action or in language.
They burlesqued the prophet Jeremiah's words, and turned the expression he used into ridicule.
Burlesque intransitive verb To employ burlesque.
Burlesquer noun One who burlesques.
[ Italian , dim. of burla
mockery. See Burlesque
] (Mus.) A comic operetta; a music farce. Byron.
Burliness (bûr"lĭ*nĕs) noun Quality of being burly.
[ Middle English burlich
strong, excellent; perhaps orig. fit for a lady's bower, hence handsome, manly, stout. Confer Bower
.] 1. Having a large, strong, or gross body; stout; lusty; -- now used chiefly of human beings, but formerly of animals, in the sense of stately or beautiful, and of inanimate things that were huge and bulky.
In his latter days, with overliberal diet, [ he was] somewhat corpulent and burly .
Sir T. More.
Burly and big, and studious of his ease. 2. Coarse and rough; boisterous.
It was the orator's own burly way of nonsense.
; plural Burmans
[ "The softened modern M'yan-ma
[ native name] is the source of the European corruption Burma
], (Ethnol.) A member of the Burman family, one of the four great families Burmah; also, sometimes, any inhabitant of Burmah; a Burmese.
-- adjective Of or pertaining to the Burmans or to Burmah.
Burmese adjective Of or pertaining to Burmah, or its inhabitants. -- noun sing. & plural A native or the natives of Burmah. Also ( sing. ), the language of the Burmans.
Burn transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Burned
; present participle & verbal noun Burning
.] [ Middle English bernen
, transitive verb , early confused with beornen
, intransitive verb , Anglo-Saxon bærnan
, transitive verb , birnan
, intransitive verb ; akin to Old Saxon brinnan
, OFries. barna
, Old High German brinnan
, German brennen
, OD. bernen
, Dutch branden
, Danish brænde
, Swedish bränna
, Icelandic brenna
, Goth. brinnan
(in comp.), and possibly to English fervent
.] 1. To consume with fire; to reduce to ashes by the action of heat or fire; -- frequently intensified by up : as, to burn up wood.
his body in the holy place." Shak. 2. To injure by fire or heat; to change destructively some property or properties of, by undue exposure to fire or heat; to scorch; to scald; to blister; to singe; to char; to sear; as, to burn steel in forging; to burn one's face in the sun; the sun burns the grass. 3. To perfect or improve by fire or heat; to submit to the action of fire or heat for some economic purpose; to destroy or change some property or properties of, by exposure to fire or heat in due degree for obtaining a desired residuum, product, or effect; to bake; as, to burn clay in making bricks or pottery; to burn wood so as to produce charcoal; to burn limestone for the lime. 4. To make or produce, as an effect or result, by the application of fire or heat; as, to burn a hole; to burn charcoal; to burn letters into a block. 5. To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does; as, to burn the mouth with pepper.
This tyrant fever burns me up.
This dry sorrow burns up all my tears. Dryden.
When the cold north wind bloweth, . . . it devoureth the mountains, and burneth the wilderness, and consumeth the grass as fire. 6. (Surg.) To apply a cautery to; to cauterize. 7. (Chemistry) To cause to combine with oxygen or other active agent, with evolution of heat; to consume; to oxidize; as, a man burns a certain amount of carbon at each respiration; to burn iron in oxygen. To burn
Ecclus. xliii. 20, 21.
, To burn together
, as two surfaces of metal (Engineering)
, to fuse and unite them by pouring over them a quantity of the same metal in a liquid state.
-- To burn a bowl (Game of Bowls)
, to displace it accidentally, the bowl so displaced being said to be burned .
-- To burn daylight
, to light candles before it is dark; to waste time; to perform superfluous actions. Shak.
-- To burn one's fingers
, to get one's self into unexpected trouble, as by interfering the concerns of others, speculation, etc.
-- To burn out
, to destroy or obliterate by burning.
"Must you with hot irons burn out
mine eyes?" Shak.
-- To be burned out
, to suffer loss by fire, as the burning of one's house, store, or shop, with the contents.
-- To burn up
, To burn down
, to burn entirely.
Burn intransitive verb 1. To be of fire; to flame.
"The mount burned
with fire." Deut. ix. 15. 2. To suffer from, or be scorched by, an excess of heat.
Your meat doth burn , quoth I. 3. To have a condition, quality, appearance, sensation, or emotion, as if on fire or excessively heated; to act or rage with destructive violence; to be in a state of lively emotion or strong desire; as, the face burns ; to burn with fever.
Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way?
Luke xxiv. 32.
The barge she sat in, like a burnished throne,
Burned on the water.
Burning with high hope.
The groan still deepens, and the combat burns .
The parching air 4. (Chemistry) To combine energetically, with evolution of heat; as, copper burns in chlorine. 5. In certain games, to approach near to a concealed object which is sought.
Burns frore, and cold performs the effect of fire.
[ Colloq.] To burn out
, to burn till the fuel is exhausted.
-- To burn up
, To burn down
, to be entirely consumed.
Burn noun 1. A hurt, injury, or effect caused by fire or excessive or intense heat. 2. The operation or result of burning or baking, as in brickmaking; as, they have a good burn . 3. A disease in vegetables. See Brand , noun , 6.
[ See 1st Bourn
.] A small stream.
Burnable adjective Combustible. Cotgrave.
Burned past participle & adjective See Burnt .
Burned past participle Burnished. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Burner noun 1. One who, or that which, burns or sets fire to anything. 2. The part of a lamp, gas fixture, etc., where the flame is produced. Bunsen's burner (Chemistry)
, a kind of burner, invented by Professor Bunsen of Heidelberg, consisting of a straight tube, four or five inches in length, having small holes for the entrance of air at the bottom. Illuminating gas being also admitted at the bottom, a mixture of gas and air is formed which burns at the top with a feebly luminous but intensely hot flame.
-- Argand burner
, Rose burner
, etc. See under Argand , Rose , etc.
[ Middle English burnet
burnet; also, brownish (the plant perhaps being named from its color), from French brunet
, dim. of brun
brown; confer Old French brunete
a sort of flower. See Brunette
.] (Botany) A genus of perennial herbs ( Poterium ); especially, P.Sanguisorba , the common, or garden, burnet. Burnet moth (Zoology)
, in England, a handsome moth ( Zygæna filipendula ), with crimson spots on the wings.
-- Burnet saxifrage
. (Botany) See Saxifrage .
-- Canadian burnet
, a marsh plant ( Poterium Canadensis ).
-- Great burnet
, Wild burnet
, Poterium (or Sanguisorba) oficinalis .
Burnettize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Burnettized
; present participle & verbal noun Burnettizing
.] (Manuf.) To subject (wood, fabrics, etc.) to a process of saturation in a solution of chloride of zinc, to prevent decay; -- a process invented by Sir William Burnett .
[ See 4th Burn
.] A small brook.
[ Scot.] Burns.
Burniebee noun The ladybird. [ Prov. Eng.]
Burning adjective 1. That burns; being on fire; excessively hot; fiery. 2. Consuming; intense; inflaming; exciting; vehement; powerful; as, burning zeal.
Like a young hound upon a burning scent. Burning bush (Botany)
, an ornamental shrub ( Euonymus atropurpureus ), bearing a crimson berry.
Burning noun The act of consuming by fire or heat, or of subjecting to the effect of fire or heat; the state of being on fire or excessively heated. Burning fluid , any volatile illuminating oil, as the lighter petroleums (naphtha, benzine), or oil of turpentine (camphine), but esp. a mixture of the latter with alcohol. -- Burning glass , a convex lens of considerable size, used for producing an intense heat by converging the sun's rays to a focus. -- Burning house (Metal.) , the furnace in which tin ores are calcined, to sublime the sulphur and arsenic from the pyrites. Weale. -- Burning mirror , a concave mirror, or a combination of plane mirrors, used for the same purpose as a burning glass. Syn. -- Combustion; fire; conflagration; flame; blaze.
Burnish transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Burnished
; present participle & verbal noun Burnishing
.] [ Middle English burnischen
, Old French burnir
, to make brown, polish, French brunir
, from French brun
brown, from Old High German br...n
; confer Middle High German briunen
to make brown, polish. See Brown
] To cause to shine; to make smooth and bright; to polish; specifically, to polish by rubbing with something hard and smooth; as, to burnish brass or paper.
The frame of burnished steel, that east a glare
From far, and seemed to thaw the freezing air.
Now the village windows blaze, Burnishing machine
Burnished by the setting sun.
, a machine for smoothing and polishing by compression, as in making paper collars.
Burnish intransitive verb To shine forth; to brighten; to become smooth and glossy, as from swelling or filling out; hence, to grow large.
A slender poet must have time to grow,
And spread and burnish as his brothers do.
My thoughts began to burnish , sprout, and swell.
Burnish noun The effect of burnishing; gloss; brightness; luster. Crashaw.
1. One who burnishes. 2. A tool with a hard, smooth, rounded end or surface, as of steel, ivory, or agate, used in smoothing or polishing by rubbing. It has a variety of forms adapted to special uses.
Burnoose, Burnous noun [ Arabic burnus a kind of high-crowned cap: confer French bournous , burnous , Spanish al-bornoz , a sort of upper garment, with a hood attached.]
1. A cloaklike garment and hood woven in one piece, worn by Arabs. 2. A combination cloak and hood worn by women. [ Variously written bournous , bernouse , bornous , etc.]
Burnstickle noun (Zoology) A stickleback ( Gasterosteus aculeatus ).
Burnt past participle & adjective Consumed with, or as with, fire; scorched or dried, as with fire or heat; baked or hardened in the fire or the sun. Burnt ear
, a black, powdery fungus which destroys grain. See Smut .
-- Burnt offering
, something offered and burnt on an altar, as an atonement for sin; a sacrifice. The offerings of the Jews were a clean animal, as an ox, a calf, a goat, or a sheep; or some vegetable substance, as bread, or ears of wheat or barley. Called also burnt sacrifice . [ 2 Sam. xxiv. 22.]