Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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But-thorn noun (Zoology) The common European starfish ( Asterias rubens ).

Butcher's broom (Botany) A genus of plants ( Ruscus ); esp. R. aculeatus , which has large red berries and leaflike branches. See Cladophyll .

Butcherliness noun Butchery quality.

Butcherly adjective Like a butcher; without compunction; savage; bloody; inhuman; fell. "The victim of a butcherly murder." D. Webster.

What stratagems, how fell, how butcherly ,
This deadly quarrel daily doth beget!
Shak.

Butchery noun [ Middle English bocherie shambles, from French boucherie . See Butcher , noun ]
1. The business of a butcher. [ Obsolete]

2. Murder or manslaughter, esp. when committed with unusual barbarity; great or cruel slaughter. Shak.

The perpetration of human butchery .
Prescott.

3. A slaughterhouse; the shambles; a place where blood is shed. [ Obsolete]

Like as an ox is hanged in the butchery .
Fabyan.

Syn. -- Murder; slaughter; carnage. See Massacre .

Butler noun [ Middle English boteler , French bouteillier a bottle-bearer, a cupbearer, from Late Latin buticularius , from buticula bottle. See Bottle a hollow vessel.] An officer in a king's or a nobleman's household, whose principal business it is to take charge of the liquors, plate, etc.; the head servant in a large house.

The butler and the baker of the king of Egypt.
Gen. xl. 5.

Your wine locked up, your butler strolled abroad.
Pope.

Butlerage noun (O. Eng. Law) A duty of two shillings on every tun of wine imported into England by merchant strangers; -- so called because paid to the king's butler for the king. Blackstone.

Butlership noun The office of a butler.

Butment noun [ Abbreviation of Abutment .]
1. (Architecture) A buttress of an arch; the supporter, or that part which joins it to the upright pier.

2. (Masonry) The mass of stone or solid work at the end of a bridge, by which the extreme arches are sustained, or by which the end of a bridge without arches is supported.

Butment cheek (Carp.) , the part of a mortised timber surrounding the mortise, and against which the shoulders of the tenon bear. Knight.

Butt intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Butted ; present participle & verbal noun Butting .] [ Middle English butten , Old French boter to push, French bouter . See Butt an end, and confer Boutade .]
1. To join at the butt, end, or outward extremity; to terminate; to be bounded; to abut. [ Written also but .]

And Barnsdale there doth butt on Don's well-watered ground.
Drayton.

2. To thrust the head forward; to strike by thrusting the head forward, as an ox or a ram. [ See Butt , noun ]

A snow-white steer before thine altar led,
Butts with his threatening brows.
Dryden.

Butt transitive verb To strike by thrusting the head against; to strike with the head.

Two harmless lambs are butting one the other.
Sir H. Wotton.

Butt noun [ French botte , boute , Late Latin butta . Confer Bottle a hollow vessel.] A large cask or vessel for wine or beer. It contains two hogsheads.

» A wine butt contains 126 wine gallons (= 105 imperial gallons, nearly); a beer butt 108 ale gallons (= about 110 imperial gallons).

Butt noun (Zoology) The common English flounder.

Butt hinge See 1st Butt , 10.

Butt joint A joint in which the edges or ends of the pieces united come squarely together instead of overlapping. See 1st Butt , 8.

Butt shaft An arrow without a barb, for shooting at butts; an arrow. [ Also but shaft .] Shak.

Butt weld See Butt weld , under Butt .

Butt, But noun [ French but butt, aim (cf. butte knoll), or bout , Old French bot , end, extremity, from boter , buter , to push, butt, strike, French bouter ; of German origin; confer Old High German bōzan , akin to English beat . See Beat , transitive verb ]
1. A limit; a bound; a goal; the extreme bound; the end.

Here is my journey's end, here my butt
And very sea mark of my utmost sail.
Shak.

» As applied to land, the word is nearly synonymous with mete , and signifies properly the end line or boundary; the abuttal.

2. The thicker end of anything. See But .

3. A mark to be shot at; a target. Sir W. Scott.

The groom his fellow groom at butts defies,
And bends his bow, and levels with his eyes.
Dryden.

4. A person at whom ridicule, jest, or contempt is directed; as, the butt of the company.

I played a sentence or two at my butt , which I thought very smart.
Addison.

5. A push, thrust, or sudden blow, given by the head of an animal; as, the butt of a ram.

6. A thrust in fencing.

To prove who gave the fairer butt ,
John shows the chalk on Robert's coat.
Prior.

7. A piece of land left unplowed at the end of a field.

The hay was growing upon headlands and butts in cornfields.
Burrill.

8. (Mech.) (a) A joint where the ends of two objects come squarely together without scarfing or chamfering; -- also called butt joint . (b) The end of a connecting rod or other like piece, to which the boxing is attached by the strap, cotter, and gib. (c) The portion of a half-coupling fastened to the end of a hose.

9. (Shipbuilding) The joint where two planks in a strake meet.

10. (Carp.) A kind of hinge used in hanging doors, etc.; -- so named because fastened on the edge of the door, which butts against the casing, instead of on its face, like the strap hinge; also called butt hinge .

11. (Leather Trade) The thickest and stoutest part of tanned oxhides, used for soles of boots, harness, trunks.

12. The hut or shelter of the person who attends to the targets in rifle practice.

Butt chain (Saddlery) , a short chain attached to the end of a tug. -- Butt end . The thicker end of anything. See But end , under 2d But .

Amen; and make me die a good old man!
That's the butt end of a mother's blessing.
Shak.

A butt's length , the ordinary distance from the place of shooting to the butt , or mark. -- Butts and bounds (Conveyancing) , abuttals and boundaries. In lands of the ordinary rectangular shape, butts are the lines at the ends (F. bouts ), and bounds are those on the sides , or sidings , as they were formerly termed. Burrill. -- Bead and butt . See under Bead . -- Butt and butt , joining end to end without overlapping, as planks. -- Butt weld (Mech.) , a butt joint, made by welding together the flat ends, or edges, of a piece of iron or steel, or of separate pieces, without having them overlap. See Weld . -- Full butt , headfirst with full force. [ Colloq.] "The corporal . . . ran full butt at the lieutenant." Marryat.

Butte noun [ French See Butt a bound.] A detached low mountain, or high rising abruptly from the general level of the surrounding plain; -- applied to peculiar elevations in the Rocky Mountain region.

The creek . . . passes by two remarkable buttes of red conglomerate.
Ruxton.

Butter (bŭt"tẽr) noun [ Middle English botere , butter , Anglo-Saxon butere , from Latin butyrum , Greek boy`tyron ; either from boy`s ox, cow + tyro`s cheese; or, perhaps, of Scythian origin. Confer Cow .]
1. An oily, unctuous substance obtained from cream or milk by churning.

2. Any substance resembling butter in degree of consistence, or other qualities, especially, in old chemistry, the chlorides, as butter of antimony , sesquichloride of antimony; also, certain concrete fat oils remaining nearly solid at ordinary temperatures, as butter of cacao , vegetable butter , shea butter .

Butter and eggs (Botany) , a name given to several plants having flowers of two shades of yellow, as Narcissus incomparabilis , and in the United States to the toadflax ( Linaria vulgaris ). -- Butter boat , a small vessel for holding melted butter at table. -- Butter flower , the buttercup, a yellow flower. -- Butter print , a piece of carved wood used to mark pats of butter; -- called also butter stamp . Locke. -- Butter tooth , either of the two middle incisors of the upper jaw. -- Butter tree (Botany) , a tree of the genus Bassia , the seeds of which yield a substance closely resembling butter. The butter tree of India is the B. butyracea ; that of Africa is the Shea tree ( B. Parkii ). See Shea tree . -- Butter trier , a tool used in sampling butter. -- Butter wife , a woman who makes or sells butter; -- called also butter woman . [ Obsolete or Archaic]

Butter transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Buttered ; present participle & verbal noun Buttering .]
1. To cover or spread with butter.

I know what's what. I know on which side
My bread is buttered .
Ford.

2. To increase, as stakes, at every throw or every game. [ Cant] Johnson.

Butter noun One who, or that which, butts.

Butter-fingered adjective Apt to let things fall, or to let them slip away; slippery; careless.

Butter-scotch noun A kind of candy, mainly composed of sugar and butter. [ Colloq.] Dickens.

Butterball noun (Zoology) The buffel duck.

Butterbird noun (Zoology) The rice bunting or bobolink; -- so called in the island of Jamaica.

Butterbump noun [ Middle English buttur the bittern + 5th bump .] (Zoology) The European bittern. Johnson.

Butterbur noun (Botany) A broad-leaved plant ( Petasites vulgaris ) of the Composite family, said to have been used in England for wrapping up pats of butter.

Buttercup noun (Botany) A plant of the genus Ranunculus , or crowfoot, particularly R. bulbosus , with bright yellow flowers; -- called also butterflower , golden cup , and kingcup . It is the cuckoobud of Shakespeare.

Butterfish noun (Zoology) A name given to several different fishes, in allusion to their slippery coating of mucus, as the Stromateus triacanthus of the Atlantic coast, the Epinephelus punctatus of the southern coast, the rock eel, and the kelpfish of New Zealand.

Butterfly noun ; plural Butterflies [ Perh. from the color of a yellow species. Anglo-Saxon buter-flēge , buttor-fleóge ; confer German butterfliege , Dutch botervlieg . See Butter , and Fly .] (Zoology) A general name for the numerous species of diurnal Lepidoptera. [ See Illust. under Aphrodite .]

Asclepias butterfly . See under Asclepias . -- Butterfly fish (Zoology) , the ocellated blenny ( Blennius ocellaris ) of Europe. See Blenny . The term is also applied to the flying gurnard. -- Butterfly shell (Zoology) , a shell of the genus Voluta . -- Butterfly valve (Mech.) , a kind of double clack valve, consisting of two semicircular clappers or wings hinged to a cross rib in the pump bucket. When open it somewhat resembles a butterfly in shape.

Butterine noun A substance prepared from animal fat with some other ingredients intermixed, as an imitation of butter.

The manufacturers ship large quantities of oleomargarine to England, Holland, and other countries, to be manufactured into butter, which is sold as butterine or suine.
Johnson's Cyc.

Butteris noun [ The same word as buttress , noun, in a different application, French bouter to push.] (Far.) A steel cutting instrument, with a long bent shank set in a handle which rests against the shoulder of the operator. It is operated by a thrust movement, and used in paring the hoofs of horses.

Butterman noun ; plural Buttermen A man who makes or sells butter.

Buttermilk noun The milk that remains after the butter is separated from the cream.

Butternut noun
1. (Botany) An American tree ( Juglans cinerea ) of the Walnut family, and its edible fruit; -- so called from the oil contained in the latter. Sometimes called oil nut and white walnut .

2. (Botany) The nut of the Caryocar butyrosum and C. nuciferum , of S. America; -- called also Souari nut .

Butterweed noun (Botany) An annual composite plant of the Mississippi valley ( Senecio lobatus ).

Butterweight noun Over weight. Swift.

» Formerly it was a custom to give 18 ounces of butter for a pound.

Butterwort noun (Botany) A genus of low herbs ( Pinguicula ) having simple leaves which secrete from their glandular upper surface a viscid fluid, to which insects adhere, after which the margin infolds and the insects are digested by the plant. The species are found mostly in the North Temperate zone.

Buttery adjective Having the qualities, consistence, or appearance, of butter.

Buttery noun ; plural Butteries [ Middle English botery , botry ; confer Late Latin botaria wine vessel; also Middle English botelerie , from French bouteillerie , from boutellie bottle. Not derived from butter . See Bottle a hollow vessel, Butt a cask.]
1. An apartment in a house where butter, milk and other provisions are kept.

All that need a cool and fresh temper, as cellars, pantries, and butteries , to the north.
Sir H. Wotton.

2. A room in some English colleges where liquors, fruit, and refreshments are kept for sale to the students.

And the major Oxford kept the buttery bar.
E. Hall.

3. A cellar in which butts of wine are kept. Weale.

Buttery hatch , a half door between the buttery or kitchen and the hall, in old mansions, over which provisions were passed. Wright.

Butting noun An abuttal; a boundary.

Without buttings or boundings on any side.
Bp. Beveridge.

Butting joint A joint between two pieces of timber or wood, at the end of one or both, and either at right angles or oblique to the grain, as the joints which the struts and braces form with the truss posts; -- sometimes called abutting joint .

Buttock noun [ From Butt an end.]
1. The part at the back of the hip, which, in man, forms one of the rounded protuberances on which he sits; the rump.

2. (Nautical) The convexity of a ship behind, under the stern. Mar. Dict.

Button noun [ Middle English boton , botoun , French bouton button, bud, prop. something pushing out, from bouter to push. See Butt an end.]
1. A knob; a small ball; a small, roundish mass.

2. A catch, of various forms and materials, used to fasten together the different parts of dress, by being attached to one part, and passing through a slit, called a buttonhole , in the other; -- used also for ornament.

3. A bud; a germ of a plant. Shak.

4. A piece of wood or metal, usually flat and elongated, turning on a nail or screw, to fasten something, as a door.

5. A globule of metal remaining on an assay cupel or in a crucible, after fusion.

Button hook , a hook for catching a button and drawing it through a buttonhole, as in buttoning boots and gloves. -- Button shell (Zoology) , a small, univalve marine shell of the genus Rotella . -- Button snakeroot . (Botany) (a) The American composite genus Liatris , having rounded buttonlike heads of flowers. (b) An American umbelliferous plant with rigid, narrow leaves, and flowers in dense heads. -- Button tree (Botany) , a genus of trees ( Conocarpus ), furnishing durable timber, mostly natives of the West Indies. -- To hold by the button , to detain in conversation to weariness; to bore; to buttonhole.

Button transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Buttoned ; present participle & verbal noun Buttoning ] [ Middle English botonen , Old French botoner , French boutonner . See Button , noun ]
1. To fasten with a button or buttons; to inclose or make secure with buttons; -- often followed by up .

He was a tall, fat, long-bodied man, buttoned up to the throat in a tight green coat.
Dickens.

2. To dress or clothe. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Button intransitive verb To be fastened by a button or buttons; as, the coat will not button .

Buttonball noun (Botany) See Buttonwood .

Buttonbush noun (Botany) A shrub ( Cephalanthus occidentalis ) growing by the waterside; -- so called from its globular head of flowers. See Capitulum .