Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ See Bur
.] (Botany) 1. A prickly seed vessel. See Bur , 1. 2. The thin edge or ridge left by a tool in cutting or shaping metal, as in turning, engraving, pressing, etc.; also, the rough neck left on a bullet in casting.
The graver, in plowing furrows in the surface of the copper, raises corresponding ridges or burrs . 3. A thin flat piece of metal, formed from a sheet by punching; a small washer put on the end of a rivet before it is swaged down. 4. A broad iron ring on a tilting lance just below the gripe, to prevent the hand from slipping. 5. The lobe or lap of the ear. 6.
[ Probably of imitative origin.] A guttural pronounciation of the letter r , produced by trilling the extremity of the soft palate against the back part of the tongue; rotacism; -- often called the Newcastle , Northumberland , or Tweedside , burr . 7. The knot at the bottom of an antler. See Bur , noun , 8.
Burr intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Burred
; present participle & verbal noun Burring
.] To speak with burr; to make a hoarse or guttural murmur. Mrs. Browning.
[ Confer Old French burel
reddish (cf. Borel
), or French beurré
butter pear, from beurre
butter. Confer Butter
.] A sort of pear, called also the red butter pear , from its smooth, delicious, soft pulp.
[ From its reddish color. See 1st Burrel
.] (Zoology) The botfly or gadfly of cattle ( Hypoderma bovis ). See Gadfly .
Burrel shot [ Either from annoying the enemy like a burrel fly , or, less probably, from French bourreler to sting, torture.] (Gun.) A mixture of shot, nails, stones, pieces of old iron, etc., fired from a cannon at short range, in an emergency. [ R.]
Burring machine A machine for cleansing wool of burs, seeds, and other substances.
Burro noun [ Spanish , an ass.] (Zoology) A donkey. [ Southern U.S.]
Burrock noun [ Perh. from Anglo-Saxon burg , burh , hill + -ock .] A small weir or dam in a river to direct the stream to gaps where fish traps are placed. Knight.
[ See 1st Borough
.] 1. An incorporated town. See 1st Borough . 2. A shelter; esp. a hole in the ground made by certain animals, as rabbits, for shelter and habitation. 3. (Mining) A heap or heaps of rubbish or refuse. 4. A mound. See 3d Barrow , and Camp , noun , 5.
Burrow intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Burrowed
; present participle & verbal noun Burrowing
.] 1. To excavate a hole to lodge in, as in the earth; to lodge in a hole excavated in the earth, as conies or rabbits. 2. To lodge, or take refuge, in any deep or concealed place; to hide.
Sir, this vermin of court reporters, when they are forced into day upon one point, are sure to burrow in another. Burrowing owl (Zoology)
, a small owl of the western part of North America ( Speotyto cunicularia ), which lives in holes, often in company with the prairie dog.
Burrower noun One who, or that which, burrows; an animal that makes a hole under ground and lives in it.
Burry adjective Abounding in burs, or containing burs; resembling burs; as, burry wool.
; plural Bursæ
[ Latin See Burse
.] (Anat.) Any sac or saclike cavity; especially, one of the synovial sacs, or small spaces, often lined with synovial membrane, interposed between tendons and bony prominences.
Bursal adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to a bursa or to bursæ.
[ Late Latin bursarius
, from bursa
purse. See Burse
, and confer Purser
.] 1. A treasurer, or cash keeper; a purser; as, the bursar of a college, or of a monastery. 2. A student to whom a stipend or bursary is paid for his complete or partial support.
Bursarship noun The office of a bursar.
; plural - ries
[ Late Latin bursaria
. See Bursar
.] 1. The treasury of a college or monastery. 2. A scholarship or charitable foundation in a university, as in Scotland; a sum given to enable a student to pursue his studies.
"No woman of rank or fortune but would have a bursary
in her gift." Southey.
; plural Burschen
[ G., ultimately from Late Latin bursa
. See Burse
.] A youth; especially, a student in a german university.
; plural -schaften
. [ G.] In Germany, any of various associations of university students formed (the original one at Jena in 1815) to support liberal ideas, or the organization formed by the affiliation of the local bodies. The organization was suppressed by the government in 1819, but was secretly revived, and is now openly maintained as a social organization, the restrictive laws having been repealed prior to 1849.
, -schaf`ter noun
[ Late Latin bursa
, or French bourse
. See Bourse
, and confer Bursch
.] 1. A purse; also, a vesicle; a pod; a hull.
[ Obsolete] Holland. 2. A fund or foundation for the maintenance of needy scholars in their studies; also, the sum given to the beneficiaries.
[ Scot.] 3. (Eccl.) An ornamental case of hold the corporal when not in use. Shipley. 4. An exchange, for merchants and bankers, in the cities of continental Europe. Same as Bourse . 5. A kind of bazaar.
She says she went to the burse for patterns.
[ See Burse
.] (Botany) Bursiform.
Bursiform adjective [ Late Latin bursa purse + -form .] Shaped like a purse.
Bursitis noun [ New Latin , from English bursa + -itis .] (Medicine) Inflammation of a bursa.
Burst intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Burst
; present participle & verbal noun Bursting
. The past participle bursten
is obsolete.] [ Middle English bersten
, Anglo-Saxon berstan
(pers. sing. berste
, imperfect sing. bærst
, imperfect plural burston
, past participle borsten
); akin to Dutch bersten
, German bersten
, Old High German brestan
, Old Saxon brestan
, Icelandic bresta
, Swedish brista
, Danish briste
. Confer Brast
.] 1. To fly apart or in pieces; of break open; to yield to force or pressure, especially to a sudden and violent exertion of force, or to pressure from within; to explode; as, the boiler had burst ; the buds will burst in spring.
From the egg that soon
Bursting with kindly rupture, forth disclosed
Their callow young.
Often used figuratively, as of the heart, in reference to a surcharge of passion, grief, desire, etc.
No, no, my heart will burst , an if I speak: 2. To exert force or pressure by which something is made suddenly to give way; to break through obstacles or limitations; hence, to appear suddenly and unexpectedly or unaccountably, or to depart in such manner; -- usually with some qualifying adverb or preposition, as forth , out , away , into , upon , through , etc.
And I will speak, that so my heart may burst .
Tears, such as angels weep, burst forth.
And now you burst (ah cruel!) from my arms.
A resolved villain
Whose bowels suddenly burst out.
We were the first that ever burst
Into that silent sea.
To burst upon him like an earthquake.
(bûrst) transitive verb 1. To break or rend by violence, as by an overcharge or by strain or pressure, esp. from within; to force open suddenly; as, to burst a cannon; to burst a blood vessel; to burst open the doors.
My breast I'll burst with straining of my courage. 2. To break.
You will not pay for the glasses you have burst ?
He burst his lance against the sand below. 3. To produce as an effect of bursting; as, to burst a hole through the wall. Bursting charge
. See under Charge .
Burst noun 1. A sudden breaking forth; a violent rending; an explosion; as, a burst of thunder; a burst of applause; a burst of passion; a burst of inspiration.
Bursts of fox-hunting melody. 2. Any brief, violent exertion or effort; a spurt; as, a burst of speed. 3. A sudden opening, as of landscape; a stretch; an expanse.
[ R.] "A fine burst
of country." Jane Austen. 4. A rupture or hernia; a breach.
Bursten past participle of Burst , intransitive verb
Burster (bûrst"ẽr) noun One that bursts.
Burstwort noun (Botany) A plant ( Herniaria glabra ) supposed to be valuable for the cure of hernia or rupture.
Burt noun (Zoology) See Birt .
[ Prov. Eng.]
Burthen noun & transitive verb See Burden .
Burton noun [ Confer Middle English & Prov. English bort to press or indent anything.] (Nautical) A peculiar tackle, formed of two or more blocks, or pulleys, the weight being suspended to a hook block in the bight of the running part.
[ See 1st Borough
.] 1. A borough; a manor; as, the Bury of St. Edmond's
; -- used as a termination of names of places; as, Canter bury
, Shrews bury
. 2. A manor house; a castle.
[ Prov. Eng.]
To this very day, the chief house of a manor, or the lord's seat, is called bury , in some parts of England.
Bury transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Buried
; present participle & verbal noun Burying
] [ Middle English burien
, Anglo-Saxon byrgan
; akin to beorgan
to protect, Old High German bergan
, German bergen
, Icelandic bjarga
, Swedish berga
, Danish bierge
. √95. Confer Burrow
.] 1. To cover out of sight, either by heaping something over, or by placing within something, as earth, etc.; to conceal by covering; to hide; as, to bury coals in ashes; to bury the face in the hands.
And all their confidence 2. Specifically: To cover out of sight, as the body of a deceased person, in a grave, a tomb, or the ocean; to deposit (a corpse) in its resting place, with funeral ceremonies; to inter; to inhume.
Under the weight of mountains buried deep.
Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father.
Matt. viii. 21.
I'll bury thee in a triumphant grave. 3. To hide in oblivion; to put away finally; to abandon; as, to bury strife.
Give me a bowl of wine Burying beetle (Zoology)
In this I bury all unkindness, Cassius.
, the general name of many species of beetles, of the tribe Necrophaga ; the sexton beetle; -- so called from their habit of burying small dead animals by digging away the earth beneath them. The larvæ feed upon decaying flesh, and are useful scavengers.
-- To bury the hatchet
, to lay aside the instruments of war, and make peace; -- a phrase used in allusion to the custom observed by the North American Indians, of burying a tomahawk when they conclude a peace. Syn.
-- To intomb; inter; inhume; inurn; hide; cover; conceal; overwhelm; repress.
Burying ground, Burying place The ground or place for burying the dead; burial place.
Bus noun [ Abbreviated from omni bus .] An omnibus. [ Colloq.]
; plural Busbies
(bĭz). (Mil.) A military headdress or cap, used in the British army. It is of fur, with a bag, of the same color as the facings of the regiment, hanging from the top over the right shoulder.
Buscon noun [ Spanish , a searcher, from buscar to search.] One who searches for ores; a prospector. [ U.S.]
[ Middle English bosch
; akin to Dutch bosch
, Old High German busc
, German busch
, Icelandic būskr
, Danish busk
, Swedish buske
, and also to Late Latin boscus
, Pr. bosc
, Italian bosco
, Spanish & Portuguese bosque
, French bois
, Old French bos
. Whether the Late Latin or G. form is the original is uncertain; if the Late Latin , it is perhaps from the same source as English box
a case. Confer Ambush
a case.] 1. A thicket, or place abounding in trees or shrubs; a wild forest.
» This was the original sense of the word, as in the Dutch bosch
, a wood, and was so used by Chaucer. In this sense it is extensively used in the British colonies, especially at the Cape of Good Hope, and also in Australia and Canada; as, to live or settle in the bush
. 2. A shrub; esp., a shrub with branches rising from or near the root; a thick shrub or a cluster of shrubs.
To bind a bush of thorns among sweet-smelling flowers. 3. A shrub cut off, or a shrublike branch of a tree; as, bushes to support pea vines. 4. A shrub or branch, properly, a branch of ivy (as sacred to Bacchus), hung out at vintners' doors, or as a tavern sign; hence, a tavern sign, and symbolically, the tavern itself.
If it be true that good wine needs no bush , 't is true that a good play needs no epilogue. 5. (Hunting) The tail, or brush, of a fox. To beat about the bush
, to approach anything in a round-about manner, instead of coming directly to it; -- a metaphor taken from hunting.
-- Bush bean (Botany)
, a variety of bean which is low and requires no support ( Phaseolus vulgaris , variety nanus ). See Bean , 1.
-- Bush buck
, or Bush goat (Zoology)
, a beautiful South African antelope ( Tragelaphus sylvaticus ); -- so called because found mainly in wooden localities. The name is also applied to other species.
-- Bush cat (Zoology)
, the serval. See Serval .
-- Bush chat (Zoology)
, a bird of the genus Pratincola , of the Thrush family.
-- Bush dog
. (Zoology) See Potto .
-- Bush hammer
. See Bushhammer in the Vocabulary.
-- Bush harrow (Agriculture) See under Harrow .
-- Bush hog (Zoology)
, a South African wild hog ( Potamochœrus Africanus ); -- called also bush pig , and water hog .
-- Bush master (Zoology)
, a venomous snake ( Lachesis mutus ) of Guinea; -- called also surucucu .
-- Bush pea (Botany)
, a variety of pea that needs to be bushed.
-- Bush shrike (Zoology)
, a bird of the genus Thamnophilus , and allied genera; -- called also batarg . Many species inhabit tropical America.
-- Bush tit (Zoology)
, a small bird of the genus Psaltriparus , allied to the titmouse. P. minimus inhabits California.
Bush intransitive verb To branch thickly in the manner of a bush. "The bushing alders." Pope.
Bush transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Bushed
; present participle & verbal noun Bushing
.] 1. To set bushes for; to support with bushes; as, to bush peas. 2. To use a bush harrow on (land), for covering seeds sown; to harrow with a bush; as, to bush a piece of land; to bush seeds into the ground.
Bush noun [ Dutch bus a box, akin to English box ; or French boucher to plug.]
1. (Mech.) A lining for a hole to make it smaller; a thimble or ring of metal or wood inserted in a plate or other part of machinery to receive the wear of a pivot or arbor. Knight. » In the larger machines, such a piece is called a box , particularly in the United States. 2. (Gun.) A piece of copper, screwed into a gun, through which the venthole is bored. Farrow.
Bush transitive verb To furnish with a bush, or lining; as, to bush a pivot hole.
[ Middle English buschel
, Old French boissel
, French boisseau
, Late Latin bustellus
; dim. of bustia
), from pyxida
, acc. of Latin pyxis
box, Greek .... Confer Box
.] 1. A dry measure, containing four pecks, eight gallons, or thirty-two quarts.
» The Winchester bushel, formerly used in England, contained 2150.42 cubic inches, being the volume of a cylinder 18½ inches in internal diameter and eight inches in depth. The standard bushel measures, prepared by the United States Government and distributed to the States, hold each 77.6274 pounds of distilled water, at 39.8Â° Fahr. and 30 inches atmospheric pressure, being the equivalent of the Winchester bushel. The imperial bushel now in use in England is larger than the Winchester bushel, containing 2218.2 cubic inches, or 80 pounds of water at 62Â° Fahr. 2. A vessel of the capacity of a bushel, used in measuring; a bushel measure.
Is a candle brought to be put under a bushel , or under a bed, and not to be set on a candlestick? 3. A quantity that fills a bushel measure; as, a heap containing ten bushels of apples.
Mark iv. 21.
» In the United States a large number of articles, bought and sold by the bushel, are measured by weighing, the number of pounds that make a bushel being determined by State law or by local custom. For some articles, as apples, potatoes, etc., heaped measure is required in measuring a bushel. 4. A large indefinite quantity.
The worthies of antiquity bought the rarest pictures with bushels of gold, without counting the weight or the number of the pieces. 5. The iron lining in the nave of a wheel. [ Eng.] In the United States it is called a box . See 4th Bush .
Bushel transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Busheled
, present participle & verbal noun Busheling
.] [ Confer German bosseln
.] (Tailoring) To mend or repair, as men's garments; to repair garments.
[ U. S.]
Bushelage noun A duty payable on commodities by the bushel. [ Eng.]