Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Bulrush noun [ Middle English bulrysche , bolroysche ; of uncertain origin, perhaps from bole stem + rush .] (Botany) A kind of large rush, growing in wet land or in water. » The name bulrush is applied in England especially to the cat-tail ( Typha latifolia and T. angustifolia ) and to the lake club-rush ( Scirpus lacustris ); in America, to the Juncus effusus , and also to species of Scirpus or club-rush.
Bulse noun A purse or bag in which to carry or measure diamonds, etc. [ India] Macaulay.
[ Late Latin bultellus
. See Bolt
to sift.] A bolter or bolting cloth; also, bran.
Bulti noun (Zoology) Same as Bolty .
Bultong noun Biltong.
Bultow noun A trawl; a boulter; the mode of fishing with a boulter or spiller.
[ Akin to Dutch bolwerk
, German bollwerk
, Swedish bolwerk
, Danish bolvärk
, rampart; akin to German bohle
plank, and werk
work, defense. See Bole
stem, and Work
, and confer Boulevard
.] 1. (Fort.) A rampart; a fortification; a bastion or outwork. 2. That which secures against an enemy, or defends from attack; any means of defense or protection.
The royal navy of England hath ever been its greatest defense, . . . the floating bulwark of our island. 3. plural (Nautical) The sides of a ship above the upper deck. Syn.
-- See Rampart
Bulwark transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Bulwarked
; present participle
. noun Bulwarking
.] To fortify with, or as with, a rampart or wall; to secure by fortification; to protect.
Of some proud city, bulwarked round and armed
With rising towers.
Bum noun [ Contr. from bottom in this sense.] The buttock. [ Low] Shak.
Bum intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Bummed
; present participle
. noun Bumming
] [ See Boom
, intransitive verb ,
to roar.] To make murmuring or humming sound. Jamieson.
Bum noun A humming noise. Halliwell.
[ A corruption of bound bailiff
.] [ Low, Eng.] See Bound bailiff , under Bound , adjective
Bumbarge noun See Bumboat . Carlyle.
; plural Bumbeloes
[ Italian bombola
.] A glass used in subliming camphor.
[ Spelled also bombolo
[ See Bump
to boom.] (Zoology) The bittern.
[ Local, Eng.]
Bumble intransitive verb To make a hollow or humming noise, like that of a bumblebee; to cry as a bittern.
As a bittern bumbleth in the mire.
[ Middle English bumblen
to make a humming noise (dim. of bum
, intransitive verb ) + bee
. Confer Humblebee
.] (Zoology) A large bee of the genus Bombus , sometimes called humblebee ; -- so named from its sound.
» There are many species. All gather honey, and store it in the empty cocoons after the young have come out.
[ Origin unknown; confer Bumble
] 1. The old game of nineholes. 2. (Card Playing) Whist played in an unscientific way.
Bumboat noun [ From bum the buttocks, on account of its clumsy form; or from Dutch bun a box for holding fish in a boat.] (Nautical) A clumsy boat, used for conveying provisions, fruit, etc., for sale, to vessels lying in port or off shore.
a beam + - kin
. See Bumpkin
.] (Nautical) A projecting beam or boom; as: (a) One projecting from each bow of a vessel, to haul the fore tack to, called a tack bumpkin . (b) One from each quarter, for the main-brace blocks, and called brace bumpkin . (c) A small outrigger over the stern of a boat, to extend the mizzen.
[ Written also boomkin
Bummalo noun [ Native name.] (Zoology) A small marine Asiatic fish ( Saurus ophidon ) used in India as a relish; -- called also Bombay duck .
Bummer noun An idle, worthless fellow, who is without any visible means of support; a dissipated sponger. [ Slang, U.S.]
Bummery noun See Bottomery .
There was a scivener of Wapping brought to hearing for relief against a bummery bond.
Bump transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Bumped
; present participle & verbal noun Bumping
.] [ Confer W. pwmp
round mass, pwmpiaw
to thump, bang, and English bum
, intransitive verb , boom
to roar.] To strike, as with or against anything large or solid; to thump; as, to bump the head against a wall.
Bump intransitive verb To come in violent contact with something; to thump. " Bumping and jumping." Southey.
[ From Bump
to strike, to thump.] 1. A thump; a heavy blow. 2. A swelling or prominence, resulting from a bump or blow; a protuberance.
It had upon its brow 3. (Phren.) One of the protuberances on the cranium which are associated with distinct faculties or affections of the mind; as, the bump of "veneration;" the bump of "acquisitiveness."
A bump as big as a young cockerel's stone.
[ Colloq.] 4. The act of striking the stern of the boat in advance with the prow of the boat following.
Bump intransitive verb
[ See Boom
to roar.] To make a loud, heavy, or hollow noise, as the bittern; to boom.
As a bittern bumps within a reed.
Bump noun The noise made by the bittern.
[ A corruption of bumbard
, a large drinking vessel.] 1. A cup or glass filled to the brim, or till the liquor runs over, particularly in drinking a health or toast.
He frothed his bumpers to the brim. 2. A covered house at a theater, etc., in honor of some favorite performer.
1. That which bumps or causes a bump. 2. Anything which resists or deadens a bump or shock; a buffer.
[ The same word as bumkin
, which Cotgrave defines thus: " Bumkin
, Fr. chicambault, the luffe-block, a long and thick piece of wood, whereunto the fore-sayle and sprit-sayle are fastened, when a ship goes by the winde." Hence, a clumsy man may easily have been compared to such a block of wood; confer OD. boomken
a little tree. See Boom
a pole.] An awkward, heavy country fellow; a clown; a country lout.
"Bashful country bumpkins
." W. Irving.
Bumptious adjective Self-conceited; forward; pushing. [ Colloq.] Halliwell.
Bumptiousness noun Conceitedness. [ Colloq.]
Bun, Bunn noun [ Scot. bun , bunn , Middle English bunne , bonne ; from Celtic; confer Ir. bunna , Gael. bonnach , or Old French bugne tumor, Prov. French bugne a kind of pancake; akin to Old High German bungo bulb, Middle High German bunge , Prov. English bung heap, cluster, bunny a small swelling.] A slightly sweetened raised cake or bisquit with a glazing of sugar and milk on the top crust.
[ Akin to OSw. & Danish bunke
heap, Icelandic bunki
heap, pile, bunga
tumor, protuberance; confer W. pwng
cluster. Confer Bunk
.] 1. A protuberance; a hunch; a knob or lump; a hump.
They will carry . . . their treasures upon the bunches of camels. 2. A collection, cluster, or tuft, properly of things of the same kind, growing or fastened together; as, a bunch of grapes; a bunch of keys. 3. (Mining) A small isolated mass of ore, as distinguished from a continuous vein. Page.
Isa. xxx. 6.
Bunch intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Bunched
; present participle & verbal noun Bunching
.] To swell out into a bunch or protuberance; to be protuberant or round.
Bunching out into a large round knob at one end.
Bunch transitive verb To form into a bunch or bunches.
Bunch grass (Botany) A grass growing in bunches and affording pasture. In California, Atropis tenuifolia , Festuca scabrella , and several kinds of Stipa are favorite bunch grasses. In Utah, Eriocoma cuspidata is a good bunch grass.
Bunch-backed adjective Having a bunch on the back; crooked. " Bunch-backed toad." Shak.
Bunchberry noun (Botany) The dwarf cornel ( Cornus Canadensis ), which bears a dense cluster of bright red, edible berries.
Bunchiness noun The quality or condition of being bunchy; knobbiness.
Bunchy adjective 1. Swelling out in bunches.
An unshapen, bunchy spear, with bark unpiled. 2. Growing in bunches, or resembling a bunch; having tufts; as, the bird's bunchy tail. 3. (Mining) Yielding irregularly; sometimes rich, sometimes poor; as, a bunchy mine. Page.
Buncombe, Bunkum noun
a county of North Carolina.] Speech-making for the gratification of constituents, or to gain public applause; flattering talk for a selfish purpose; anything said for mere show.
[ Cant or Slang, U.S.]
All that flourish about right of search was bunkum -- all that brag about hanging your Canada sheriff was bunkum . . . slavery speeches are all bunkum . To speak for Buncombe
, to speak for mere show, or popularly.
» "The phrase originated near the close of the debate on the famous ‘Missouri Question,' in the 16th Congress. It was then used by Felix Walker -- a naïve
old mountaineer, who resided at Waynesville, in Haywood, the most western country of North Carolina, near the border of the adjacent county of Buncombe
, which formed part of his district. The old man rose to speak, while the house was impatiently calling for the ‘ Question
,' and several members gathered round him, begging him to desist. He preserved, however, for a while, declaring that the people of his district expected it, and that he was bound to ‘make a speech for Buncombe
.'" W. Darlington.
Bund noun [ G.] League; confederacy; esp. the confederation of German states.
Bund noun [ Hindi band .] An embankment against inundation. [ India] S. Wells Williams.
Bunder noun [ Pers. bandar a landing place, pier.] A boat or raft used in the East Indies in the landing of passengers and goods.
[ G., from bund
(akin to English bond
) confederacy + rath
council, probably akin to English read
.] The federal council of the German Empire. In the Bundesrath and the Reichstag are vested the legislative functions. The federal council of Switzerland is also so called.
» The Bundesrath
of the German empire is presided over by a chancellor, and is composed of sixty-two members, who represent the different states of the empire, being appointed for each session by their respective governments.
By this united congress, the highest tribunal of Switzerland, -- the Bundesrath -- is chosen, and the head of this is a president.
J. P. Peters (Trans. Müller's Pol. Hist.).
[ G.; bund
confederacy + rath
council.] Lit., a federal council, esp. of the German Empire. See Legislature .