Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Bombyx (bŏm"bĭks) noun [ Latin , silkworm. See Bombazine .] (Zoology) A genus of moths, which includes the silkworm moth. See Silkworm .

Bon adjective [ French, from Latin bonus .] Good; valid as security for something.

Bon Silène [ French] (Botany) A very fragrant tea rose with petals of various shades of pink.

Bon ton [ French, good tone, manner.] The height of the fashion; fashionable society.

Bon vivant ; plural Bons vivants [ French bon good + vivant , present participle of vivre to live.] A good fellow; a jovial companion; a free liver.

Bon-accord noun Good will; good fellowship; agreement. [ Scot.]

Bona fide [ Latin ] In or with good faith; without fraud or deceit; real or really; actual or actually; genuine or genuinely; as, you must proceed bona fide ; a bona fide purchaser or transaction.

Bona fides (bō"nȧ fī"dēz). [ Latin ] Good faith; honesty; freedom from fraud or deception.

Bona peritura [ Latin ] (Law) Perishable goods. Bouvier.

Bona roba [ Italian , prop. "good stuff."] A showy wanton; a courtesan. Shak

Bonaci noun [ Amer. Spanish bonasí , probably from native name.] (Zoology) (a) A large grouper ( Mycteroperca bonaci ) of Florida and the West Indies, valuable as a food fish; -- called also aguaji and, in Florida, black grouper . (b) Also, any one of several other similar fishes.

Bonair adjective [ Middle English , also bonere , Old French bonnaire , Cotgr., abbrev. of debonnaire . See Debonair .] Gentle; courteous; complaisant; yielding. [ Obsolete]

Bonanza noun [ Spanish , prop. calm., fair weather, prosperity, from Latin bonus good.] In mining, a rich mine or vein of silver or gold; hence, anything which is a mine of wealth or yields a large income. [ Colloq. U. S.]

Bonapartean adjective Of or pertaining to Napoleon Bonaparte or his family.

Bonapartism noun The policy of Bonaparte or of the Bonapartes.

Bonapartist noun One attached to the policy or family of Bonaparte, or of the Bonapartes.

Bonasus, Bonassus noun [ Latin bonasus , Greek ... , ... .] (Zoology) The aurochs or European bison. See Aurochs .

Bonbon noun [ French bonbon , from bon bon very good, a superlative by reduplication, from bon good.] Sugar confectionery; a sugarplum; hence, any dainty.

Bonbonnière noun ; plural -nières . [ French] A small fancy box or dish for bonbons.

Bonce noun [ Etymol. unknown.] A boy's game played with large marbles.

Bonchrétien noun [ French, good Christian.] A name given to several kinds of pears. See Bartlett .

Boncilate noun [ Empirical trade name.] A substance composed of ground bone, mineral matters, etc., hardened by pressure, and used for making billiard balls, boxes, etc.

Bond noun [ The same word as band. Confer Band , Bend .]
1. That which binds, ties, fastens, or confines, or by which anything is fastened or bound, as a cord, chain, etc.; a band; a ligament; a shackle or a manacle.

Gnawing with my teeth my bonds in sunder,
I gained my freedom.
Shak.

2. plural The state of being bound; imprisonment; captivity, restraint. "This man doeth nothing worthy of death or of bonds ." Acts xxvi.

3. A binding force or influence; a cause of union; a uniting tie; as, the bonds of fellowship.

A people with whom I have no tie but the common bond of mankind.
Burke.

4. Moral or political duty or obligation.

I love your majesty
According to my bond , nor more nor less.
Shak.

5. (Law) A writing under seal, by which a person binds himself, his heirs, executors, and administrators, to pay a certain sum on or before a future day appointed. This is a single bond . But usually a condition is added, that, if the obligor shall do a certain act, appear at a certain place, conform to certain rules, faithfully perform certain duties, or pay a certain sum of money, on or before a time specified, the obligation shall be void; otherwise it shall remain in full force. If the condition is not performed, the bond becomes forfeited, and the obligor and his heirs are liable to the payment of the whole sum. Bouvier. Wharton.

6. An instrument (of the nature of the ordinary legal bond) made by a government or a corporation for purpose of borrowing money; as, a government, city, or railway bond .

7. The state of goods placed in a bonded warehouse till the duties are paid; as, merchandise in bond .

8. (Architecture) The union or tie of the several stones or bricks forming a wall. The bricks may be arranged for this purpose in several different ways, as in English or block bond (Fig. 1), where one course consists of bricks with their ends toward the face of the wall, called headers , and the next course of bricks with their lengths parallel to the face of the wall, called stretchers ; Flemish bond (Fig.2), where each course consists of headers and stretchers alternately, so laid as always to break joints; Cross bond , which differs from the English by the change of the second stretcher line so that its joints come in the middle of the first, and the same position of stretchers comes back every fifth line; Combined cross and English bond , where the inner part of the wall is laid in the one method, the outer in the other.

9. (Chemistry) A unit of chemical attraction; as, oxygen has two bonds of affinity. It is often represented in graphic formulæ by a short line or dash. See Diagram of Benzene nucleus , and Valence .

Arbitration bond . See under Arbitration . -- Bond crediter (Law) , a creditor whose debt is secured by a bond. Blackstone. -- Bond debt (Law) , a debt contracted under the obligation of a bond. Burrows. -- Bond (or lap ) of a slate , the distance between the top of one slate and the bottom or drip of the second slate above, i. e., the space which is covered with three thicknesses; also, the distance between the nail of the under slate and the lower edge of the upper slate. -- Bond timber , timber worked into a wall to tie or strengthen it longitudinally.

Syn. -- Chains; fetters; captivity; imprisonment.

Bond (bŏnd) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bonded ; present participle & verbal noun Bonding .]
1. To place under the conditions of a bond; to mortgage; to secure the payment of the duties on (goods or merchandise) by giving a bond.

2. (Architecture) To dispose in building, as the materials of a wall, so as to secure solidity.

Bond noun [ Middle English bond , bonde , peasant, serf, Anglo-Saxon bonda , bunda , husband, bouseholder, from Icelandic bōndi husbandman, for būandi , from būa to dwell. See Boor , Husband .] A vassal or serf; a slave. [ Obsolete or Archaic]

Bond adjective In a state of servitude or slavery; captive.

By one Spirit are we all baptized .. whether we be Jews or Bentiles, whether we be bond or free.
1 Cor. xii. 13.

Bond noun
1. (Electricity) A heavy copper wire or rod connecting adjacent rails of an electric railway track when used as a part of the electric circuit.

2. League; association; confederacy. [ South Africa]

The Africander Bond , a league or association appealing to African, but practically to Boer, patriotism.
James Bryce.

Bond servant A slave; one who is bound to service without wages.

If thy brother . . . be waxen poor, and be sold unto thee; thou shalt not compel him to serve as a bond servant : but as an hired servant.
Lev. xxv. 39, 40.

Bond service The condition of a bond servant; service without wages; slavery.

Their children . . . upon those did Solomon levy a tribute of bond service .
1 Kings ix. 21.

Bondage noun [ Late Latin bondagium . See Bond , adjective ]


1. The state of being bound; condition of being under restraint; restraint of personal liberty by compulsion; involuntary servitude; slavery; captivity.

The King, when he designed you for my guard,
Resolved he would not make my bondage hard.
Dryden.

2. Obligation; tie of duty.

He must resolve by no means to be . . . brought under the bondage of onserving oaths.
South.

3. (Old Eng. Law) Villenage; tenure of land on condition of doing the meanest services for the owner.

Syn. -- Thralldom; bond service; imprisonment.

Bondager noun A field worker, esp. a woman who works in the field. [ Scot.]

Bondar noun [ Native name.] (Zoology) A small quadruped of Bengal ( Paradoxurus bondar ), allied to the genet; -- called also musk cat .

Bonded adjective Placed under, or covered by, a bond, as for the payment of duties, or for conformity to certain regulations.

Bonded goods , goods placed in a bonded warehouse; goods, for the duties on which bonds are given at the customhouse. -- Bonded warehouse , a warehouse in which goods on which the duties are unpaid are stored under bond and in the joint custody of the importer, or his agent, and the customs officers.

Bonder noun
1. One who places goods under bond or in a bonded warehouse.

2. (Masonry) A bonding stone or brick; a bondstone.

Bonder noun [ Norwegian bonde .] A freeholder on a small scale. [ Norway] Emerson.

Bondholder noun A person who holds the bonds of a public or private corporation for the payment of money at a certain time.

Bondmaid noun [ Bond , adjective or noun + maid .] A female slave, or one bound to service without wages, as distinguished from a hired servant.

Bondman noun ; plural Bondmen [ Bond , adjective or noun + man .]
1. A man slave, or one bound to service without wages. "To enfranchise bondmen ." Macaulay.

2. (Old Eng. Law) A villain, or tenant in villenage.

Bondslave noun A person in a state of slavery; one whose person and liberty are subjected to the authority of a master.

Bondsman noun ; plural Bondsmen . [ Bond , adjective or noun + man .]
1. A slave; a villain; a serf; a bondman.

Carnal, greedy people, without such a precept, would have no mercy upon their poor bondsmen .
Derham.

2. (Law) A surety; one who is bound, or who gives security, for another.

Bondstone noun [ Bond , noun + stone .] (Masonry) A stone running through a wall from one face to another, to bind it together; a binding stone.

Bondswoman noun See Bondwoman .

Bonduc noun [ French bonduc , from Arabic bunduq hazel nut, filbert nut.] (Botany) See Nicker tree .

Bondwoman noun ; plural Bondwomen [ Bond , adjective or noun + woman .] A woman who is a slave, or in bondage.

He who was of the bondwoman .
Gal. iv. 23.

Bone noun [ Middle English bon , ban , Anglo-Saxon bān ; akin to Icelandic bein , Swedish ben , Dan. & Dutch been , German bein bone, leg; confer Icelandic beinn straight.]
1. (Anat.) The hard, calcified tissue of the skeleton of vertebrate animals, consisting very largely of calcic carbonate, calcic phosphate, and gelatine; as, blood and bone .

» Even in the hardest parts of bone there are many minute cavities containing living matter and connected by minute canals, some of which connect with larger canals through which blood vessels ramify.

2. One of the pieces or parts of an animal skeleton; as, a rib or a thigh bone ; a bone of the arm or leg; also, any fragment of bony substance. ( plural ) The frame or skeleton of the body.

3. Anything made of bone, as a bobbin for weaving bone lace.

4. plural Two or four pieces of bone held between the fingers and struck together to make a kind of music.

5. plural Dice.

6. Whalebone; hence, a piece of whalebone or of steel for a corset.

7. Fig.: The framework of anything.

A bone of contention , a subject of contention or dispute. -- A bone to pick , something to investigate, or to busy one's self about; a dispute to be settled (with some one). -- Bone ash , the residue from calcined bones; -- used for making cupels, and for cleaning jewelry. - - Bone black (Chemistry) , the black, carbonaceous substance into which bones are converted by calcination in close vessels; - - called also animal charcoal . It is used as a decolorizing material in filtering sirups, extracts, etc., and as a black pigment. See Ivory black , under Black . -- Bone cave , a cave in which are found bones of extinct or recent animals, mingled sometimes with the works and bones of man. Am. Cyc. -- Bone dust , ground or pulverized bones, used as a fertilizer. -- Bone earth (Chemistry) , the earthy residuum after the calcination of bone, consisting chiefly of phosphate of calcium. -- Bone lace , a lace made of linen thread, so called because woven with bobbins of bone. -- Bone oil , an oil obtained by, heating bones (as in the manufacture of bone black), and remarkable for containing the nitrogenous bases, pyridine and quinoline, and their derivatives; -- also called Dippel's oil . -- Bone setter . Same as Bonesetter . See in the Vocabulary. -- Bone shark (Zoology) , the basking shark. -- Bone spavin . See under Spavin . -- Bone turquoise , fossil bone or tooth of a delicate blue color, sometimes used as an imitation of true turquoise. -- Bone whale (Zoology) , a right whale. - - To be upon the bones of , to attack. [ Obsolete] -- To make no bones , to make no scruple; not to hesitate. [ Low] -- To pick a bone with , to quarrel with, as dogs quarrel over a bone; to settle a disagreement. [ Colloq.]

Bone transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Boned ; present participle & verbal noun Boning .]
1. To withdraw bones from the flesh of, as in cookery. "To bone a turkey." Soyer.

2. To put whalebone into; as, to bone stays. Ash.

3. To fertilize with bone.

4. To steal; to take possession of. [ Slang]

Bone transitive verb [ French bornoyer to look at with one eye, to sight, from borgne one-eyed.] To sight along an object or set of objects, to see if it or they be level or in line, as in carpentry, masonry, and surveying. Knight.

Joiners, etc., bone their work with two straight edges. W.
M. Buchanan.

Boneache noun Pain in the bones. Shak.

Boneblack noun See Bone black , under Bone , noun

Boned adjective
1. Having (such) bones; -- used in composition; as, big- boned ; strong- boned .

No big- boned men framed of the Cyclops' size.
Shak.

2. Deprived of bones; as, boned turkey or codfish.

3. Manured with bone; as, boned land.