|Bog Bog noun
[ Ir. & Gael. bog
soft, tender, moist: confer Ir. bogach bog, moor, marsh, Gael. bogan
quagmire.] 1. A quagmire filled with decayed moss and other vegetable matter; wet spongy ground where a heavy body is apt to sink; a marsh; a morass.
Appalled with thoughts of bog , or caverned pit, 2. A little elevated spot or clump of earth, roots, and grass, in a marsh or swamp.
Of treacherous earth, subsiding where they tread.
[ Local, U. S.] Bog bean
. See Buck bean .
-- Bog bumper
(bump, to make a loud noise), Bog blitter
, Bog bluiter
, Bog jumper
, the bittern.
[ Prov.] -- Bog butter
, a hydrocarbon of butterlike consistence found in the peat bogs of Ireland.
-- Bog earth (Min.)
, a soil composed for the most part of silex and partially decomposed vegetable fiber. P. Cyc.
-- Bog moss
. (Botany) Same as Sphagnum .
-- Bog myrtle (Botany)
, the sweet gale.
-- Bog ore
. (Min.) (a) An ore of iron found in boggy or swampy land; a variety of brown iron ore, or limonite. (b) Bog manganese, the hydrated peroxide of manganese.
-- Bog rush (Botany)
, any rush growing in bogs; saw grass.
-- Bog spavin
. See under Spavin .
Bog Bog transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Bogged
; present participle & verbal noun Bogging
.] To sink, as into a bog; to submerge in a bog; to cause to sink and stick, as in mud and mire.
At another time, he was bogged up to the middle in the slough of Lochend.
Sir W. Scott.
Bogberry Bog"ber`ry noun (Botany) The small cranberry ( Vaccinium oxycoccus ), which grows in boggy places.
Bogey Bo"gey noun A goblin; a bugbear. See Bogy .
Bogey Bo"gey noun
; plural Bogeys
. [ Also bogie
.] 1. A goblin; a bugbear.
I have become a sort of bogey -- a kill- joy. Wm. Black. 2. (Golf) A given score or number of strokes, for each hole, against which players compete; -- said to be so called because assumed to be the score of an imaginary first-rate player called Colonel Bogey.
Boggard Bog"gard noun A bogey. [ Local, Eng.]
Boggle Bog"gle intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Boggled
; present participle & verbal noun Boggling
] [ See Bogle
] 1. To stop or hesitate as if suddenly frightened, or in doubt, or impeded by unforeseen difficulties; to take alarm; to exhibit hesitancy and indecision.
We start and boggle at every unusual appearance.
Boggling at nothing which serveth their purpose. 2. To do anything awkwardly or unskillfully. 3. To play fast and loose; to dissemble. Howell. Syn.
-- To doubt; hesitate; shrink; stickle; demur.
Boggle Bog"gle transitive verb To embarrass with difficulties; to make a bungle or botch of. [ Local, U. S.]
Boggler Bog"gler noun One who boggles.
Bogglish Bog"glish adjective Doubtful; skittish. [ Obsolete]
Boggy Bog"gy adjective Consisting of, or containing, a bog or bogs; of the nature of a bog; swampy; as, boggy land.
Bogie Bo"gie noun [ A dialectic word. N. of Eng. & Scot.] A four-wheeled truck, having a certain amount of play around a vertical axis, used to support in part a locomotive on a railway track.
Bogie engine Bo"gie en"gine (Railroads) A switching engine the running gear and driving gear of which are on a bogie, or truck.
Bogle Bo"gle noun [ Scot. and North Eng. bogle , bogill , bugill , specter; as a verb, to terrify, from W. bwgwl threatening, fear, bwg , bwgan , specter, hobgoblin. Confer Bug .] A goblin; a specter; a frightful phantom; a bogy; a bugbear. [ Written also boggle .]
Bogsucker Bog"suck`er noun (Zoology) The American woodcock; -- so called from its feeding among the bogs.
Bogtrotter Bog"trot`ter noun One who lives in a boggy country; -- applied in derision to the lowest class of Irish. Halliwell.
Bogtrotting Bog"trot`ting adjective Living among bogs.
Bogue Bogue intransitive verb (Nautical) To fall off from the wind; to edge away to leeward; -- said only of inferior craft.
Bogue Bogue noun (Zoology) The boce; -- called also bogue bream . See Boce .
Bogus Bo"gus adjective [ Etymol. uncertain.] Spurious; fictitious; sham; -- a cant term originally applied to counterfeit coin, and hence denoting anything counterfeit. [ Colloq. U. S.]
Bogus Bo"gus noun A liquor made of rum and molasses. [ Local, U. S.] Bartlett.
Bogwood Bog"wood` noun The wood of trees, esp. of oaks, dug up from peat bogs. It is of a shining black or ebony color, and is largely used for making ornaments.
Bogy Bo"gy noun
; plural Bogies
[ See Bogle
.] A specter; a hobgoblin; a bugbear.
"Death's heads and bogies
." J. H. Newman.
[ Written also bogey
There are plenty of such foolish attempts at playing bogy in the history of savages.
Bohea Bo·hea" noun [ From Wu-i , pronounced by the Chinese bu-i , the name of the hills where this kind of tea is grown.] Bohea tea, an inferior kind of black tea. See under Tea . » The name was formerly applied to superior kinds of black tea, or to black tea in general.
Bohemia Bo·he"mi·a noun 1. A country of central Europe. 2. Fig.: The region or community of social Bohemians. See Bohemian , noun , 3.
She knew every one who was any one in the land of Bohemia .
Bohemian Bo·he"mi·an adjective 1. Of or pertaining to Bohemia, or to the language of its ancient inhabitants or their descendants. See Bohemian , noun , 2. 2. Of or pertaining to a social gypsy or "Bohemian" (see Bohemian , noun , 3); vagabond; unconventional; free and easy.
Hers was a pleasant Bohemian life till she was five and thirty.
Artists have abandoned their Bohemian manners and customs nowadays. Bohemian chatterer
, or Bohemian waxwing (Zoology)
, a small bird of Europe and America ( Ampelis garrulus ); the waxwing.
-- Bohemian glass
, a variety of hard glass of fine quality, made in Bohemia. It is of variable composition, containing usually silica, lime, and potash, rarely soda, but no lead. It is often remarkable for beauty of color.
Bohemian Bo·he"mi·an noun 1. A native of Bohemia. 2. The language of the Czechs (the ancient inhabitants of Bohemia), the richest and most developed of the dialects of the Slavic family. 3. A restless vagabond; -- originally, an idle stroller or gypsy (as in France) thought to have come from Bohemia; in later times often applied to an adventurer in art or literature, of irregular, unconventional habits, questionable tastes, or free morals.
[ Modern] » In this sense from the French bohémien
, a gypsy; also, a person of irregular habits.
She was of a wild, roving nature, inherited from father and mother, who were both Bohemians by taste and circumstances.
Bohemianism Bo·he"mi·an·ism noun The characteristic conduct or methods of a Bohemian. [ Modern]
Bohun upas Bo"hun u"pas See Upas .
Boiar Bo·iar" noun See Boyar .
(boil) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Boiled
(boild); present participle & verbal noun Boiling
.] [ Middle English boilen
, Old French boilir
, French bouillir
, from Latin bullire
to be in a bubbling motion, from bulla
bubble; akin to Greek ...
, Lithuanian bumbuls
. Confer Bull
an edict, Budge
, and Ebullition
.] 1. To be agitated, or tumultuously moved, as a liquid by the generation and rising of bubbles of steam (or vapor), or of currents produced by heating it to the boiling point; to be in a state of ebullition; as, the water boils . 2. To be agitated like boiling water, by any other cause than heat; to bubble; to effervesce; as, the boiling waves.
He maketh the deep to boil like a pot. 3. To pass from a liquid to an aëriform state or vapor when heated; as, the water boils away. 4. To be moved or excited with passion; to be hot or fervid; as, his blood boils with anger.
Job xii. 31.
Then boiled my breast with flame and burning wrath. 5. To be in boiling water, as in cooking; as, the potatoes are boiling . To boil away
, to vaporize; to evaporate or be evaporated by the action of heat.
-- To boil over
, to run over the top of a vessel, as liquid when thrown into violent agitation by heat or other cause of effervescence; to be excited with ardor or passion so as to lose self-control.
Boil Boil transitive verb 1. To heat to the boiling point, or so as to cause ebullition; as, to boil water. 2. To form, or separate, by boiling or evaporation; as, to boil sugar or salt. 3. To subject to the action of heat in a boiling liquid so as to produce some specific effect, as cooking, cleansing, etc.; as, to boil meat; to boil clothes.
The stomach cook is for the hall, 4. To steep or soak in warm water.
And boileth meate for them all.
To try whether seeds be old or new, the sense can not inform; but if you boil them in water, the new seeds will sprout sooner. To boil down
, to reduce in bulk by boiling; as, to boil down sap or sirup.
Boil Boil noun Act or state of boiling. [ Colloq.]
Boil Boil noun [ Influenced by boil , v. See Beal , Bile .] A hard, painful, inflamed tumor, which, on suppuration, discharges pus, mixed with blood, and discloses a small fibrous mass of dead tissue, called the core . A blind boil , one that suppurates imperfectly, or fails to come to a head. -- Delhi boil (Medicine) , a peculiar affection of the skin, probably parasitic in origin, prevailing in India (as among the British troops) and especially at Delhi.
Boilary Boil"a·ry noun See Boilery .
Boiled Boiled adjective Dressed or cooked by boiling; subjected to the action of a boiling liquid; as, boiled meat; a boiled dinner; boiled clothes.
Boiler Boil"er noun 1. One who boils. 2. A vessel in which any thing is boiled. » The word boiler is a generic term covering a great variety of kettles, saucepans, clothes boilers, evaporators, coppers, retorts, etc. 3. (Mech.) A strong metallic vessel, usually of wrought iron plates riveted together, or a composite structure variously formed, in which steam is generated for driving engines, or for heating, cooking, or other purposes. » The earliest steam boilers were usually spheres or sections of spheres, heated wholly from the outside. Watt used the wagon boiler (shaped like the top of a covered wagon) which is still used with low pressures. Most of the boilers in present use may be classified as plain cylinder boilers , flue boilers , sectional and tubular boilers . Barrel of a boiler , the cylindrical part containing the flues. -- Boiler plate , Boiler iron , plate or rolled iron of about a quarter to a half inch in thickness, used for making boilers and tanks, for covering ships, etc. -- Cylinder boiler , one which consists of a single iron cylinder. -- Flue boilers are usually single shells containing a small number of large flues, through which the heat either passes from the fire or returns to the chimney, and sometimes containing a fire box inclosed by water. -- Locomotive boiler , a boiler which contains an inclosed fire box and a large number of small flues leading to the chimney. -- Multiflue boiler . Same as Tubular boiler , below. -- Sectional boiler , a boiler composed of a number of sections, which are usually of small capacity and similar to, and connected with, each other. By multiplication of the sections a boiler of any desired capacity can be built up. -- Tubular boiler , a boiler containing tubes which form flues, and are surrounded by the water contained in the boiler. See Illust. of Steam boiler , under Steam . -- Tubulous boiler . See under Tubulous . See Tube , noun , 6, and 1st Flue .
Boiler Boil"er noun A sunken reef; esp., a coral reef on which the sea breaks heavily.
Boilery Boil"er·y (boil"ẽr*ȳ) noun [ Confer French bouillerie .] A place and apparatus for boiling, as for evaporating brine in salt making.
Boiling Boil"ing adjective Heated to the point of bubbling; heaving with bubbles; in tumultuous agitation, as boiling liquid; surging; seething; swelling with heat, ardor, or passion. Boiling point , the temperature at which a fluid is converted into vapor, with the phenomena of ebullition. This is different for different liquids, and for the same liquid under different pressures. For water, at the level of the sea, barometer 30 in., it is 212 Â° Fahrenheit; for alcohol, 172.96Â°; for ether, 94.8Â°; for mercury, about 675Â°. The boiling point of water is lowered one degree Fahrenheit for about 550 feet of ascent above the level of the sea. -- Boiling spring , a spring which gives out very hot water, or water and steam, often ejecting it with much force; a geyser. -- To be at the boiling point , to be very angry. -- To keep the pot boiling , to keep going on actively, as in certain games. [ Colloq.]
Boiling Boil"ing noun 1. The act of ebullition or of tumultuous agitation. 2. Exposure to the action of a hot liquid.
Boilingly Boil"ing·ly adverb With boiling or ebullition.
And lakes of bitumen rise boiling higher.
Bois d'arc Bois" d'arc"
[ French, bow wood. So called because used for bows by the Western Indians.] (Botany) The Osage orange ( Maclura aurantiaca ).
The bois d'arc seems to be the characteristic growth of the black prairies.
U. S. Census (1880).
Bois durci Bois" dur`ci" [ French, hardened wood.] A hard, highly polishable composition, made of fine sawdust from hard wood (as rosewood) mixed with blood, and pressed.
Boist Boist noun [ Old French boiste , French boîte , from the same root as English box .] A box. [ Obsolete]
Boisterous Bois"ter·ous adjective
[ Middle English boistous
; of uncertain origin; confer W. bwyst
wild, savage, wildness, ferocity, bwystus
ferocious.] 1. Rough or rude; unbending; unyielding; strong; powerful.
[ Obsolete] " Boisterous
sword." " Boisterous
hand." Shak. 2. Exhibiting tumultuous violence and fury; acting with noisy turbulence; violent; rough; stormy.
The waters swell before a boisterous storm.
The brute and boisterous force of violent men. 3. Noisy; rough; turbulent; as, boisterous mirth; boisterous behavior.
I like not that loud, boisterous man. 4. Vehement; excessive.
The heat becomes too powerful and boisterous for them. Syn.
-- Loud; roaring; violent; stormy; turbulent; furious; tumultuous; noisy; impetuous; vehement.
Boisterously Bois"ter·ous·ly adverb In a boisterous manner.
Boisterousness Bois"ter·ous·ness noun The state or quality of being boisterous; turbulence; disorder; tumultuousness.
Boistous Bois"tous adjective Rough or rude; coarse; strong; violent; boisterous; noisy. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. -- Bois"tous*ly , adverb -- Bois"tous*ness , noun [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Bojanus organ Bo·ja"nus or"gan [ From Bojanus , the discoverer.] (Zoology) A glandular organ of bivalve mollusca, serving in part as a kidney.
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