Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Boisterously adverb In a boisterous manner.
Boisterousness noun The state or quality of being boisterous; turbulence; disorder; tumultuousness.
Boistous adjective Rough or rude; coarse; strong; violent; boisterous; noisy. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. -- Bois"tous*ly , adverb -- Bois"tous*ness , noun [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Bojanus organ [ From Bojanus , the discoverer.] (Zoology) A glandular organ of bivalve mollusca, serving in part as a kidney.
Boke transitive verb & i. To poke; to thrust. [ Obsolete or Dial.]
[ See Bole
clay.] Of or pertaining to bole or clay; partaking of the nature and qualities of bole; clayey.
Bolas noun sing. & plural [ Spanish ] A kind of missile weapon consisting of one, two, or more balls of stone, iron, or other material, attached to the ends of a leather cord; -- used by the Gauchos of South America, and others, for hurling at and entangling an animal.
[ Middle English bald
, Anglo-Saxon bald
; akin to Icelandic ballr
, Old High German bald
, Middle High German balt
, D. boud, Goth. balþei
boldness, Italian baldo
. In German there remains only bald
, adverb soon. Confer Bawd
] 1. Forward to meet danger; venturesome; daring; not timorous or shrinking from risk; brave; courageous.
Throngs of knights and barons bold . 2. Exhibiting or requiring spirit and contempt of danger; planned with courage; daring; vigorous.
design leased highly." Milton. 3. In a bad sense, too forward; taking undue liberties; over assuming or confident; lacking proper modesty or restraint; rude; impudent.
Thou art too wild, too rude and bold of voice. 4. Somewhat overstepping usual bounds, or conventional rules, as in art, literature, etc.; taking liberties in composition or expression; as, the figures of an author are bold .
The cathedral church is a very bold work. 5. Standing prominently out to view; markedly conspicuous; striking the eye; in high relief.
Shadows in painting . . . make the figure bolder . 6. Steep; abrupt; prominent.
Where the bold cape its warning forehead rears. Bold eagle
, (Zoology) an Australian eagle ( Aquila audax ), which destroys lambs and even the kangaroo.
-- To make bold
, to take liberties or the liberty; to venture. Syn.
-- Courageous; daring; brave; intrepid; fearless; dauntless; valiant; manful; audacious; stouthearted; high-spirited; adventurous; confident; strenuous; forward; impudent.
Bold transitive verb To make bold or daring. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Bold intransitive verb To be or become bold. [ Obsolete]
Bold-faced adjective 1. Somewhat impudent; lacking modesty; as, a bold-faced woman.
I have seen enough to confute all the bold-faced atheists of this age. 2. (Print.) Having a conspicuous or heavy face.
» This line is bold-faced nonpareil.
Bolden transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Boldened
] To make bold; to encourage; to embolden.
Ready speakers, being boldened with their present abilities to say more, . . . use less help of diligence and study.
Boldly adverb [ Anglo-Saxon bealdlīce .] In a bold manner.
Boldness noun The state or quality of being bold. Syn. -- Courage; bravery; intrepidity; dauntlessness; hardihood; assurance.
Boldo Bol"du noun (Botany) A fragrant evergreen shrub of Chili ( Peumus Boldus ). The bark is used in tanning, the wood for making charcoal, the leaves in medicine, and the drupes are eaten.
[ Middle English bole
, from Icelandic bolr
; akin to Swedish bål
, Danish bul
, trunk, stem of a tree, German bohle
a thick plank or board; confer LG. boll
round. Confer Bulge
.] The trunk or stem of a tree, or that which is like it.
Enormous elm-tree boles did stoop and lean.
[ Etym. doubtful.] An aperture, with a wooden shutter, in the wall of a house, for giving, occasionally, air or light; also, a small closet.
Open the bole wi'speed, that I may see if this be the right Lord Geraldin.
Sir W. Scott.
Bole noun A measure. See Boll , noun , 2. Mortimer.
[ Greek ...
a clod or lump of earth: confer French bol
, and also Latin bolus
morsel. Confer Bolus
.] 1. Any one of several varieties of friable earthy clay, usually colored more or less strongly red by oxide of iron, and used to color and adulterate various substances. It was formerly used in medicine. It is composed essentially of hydrous silicates of alumina, or more rarely of magnesia. See Clay , and Terra alba . 2. A bolus; a dose. Coleridge. Armenian bole
. See under Armenian .
-- Bole Armoniac
, or Armoniak
, Armenian bole.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Bolection noun (Architecture) A projecting molding round a panel. Same as Bilection . Gwilt.
Bolero noun [ Spanish ] (Mus.) A Spanish dance, or the lively music which accompanies it.
Bolero noun A kind of small outer jacket, with or without sleeves, worn by women.
bolete noun any fungus of the family Boletaceae .
[ WordNet 1.5]
Boletic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or obtained from, the Boletus . Boletic acid
, an acid obtained from the Boletus fomentarius , variety pseudo-igniarius . Same as Fumaric acid .
Boletus noun [ Latin boletus , Greek ... .] (Botany) A genus of fungi having the under side of the pileus or cap composed of a multitude of fine separate tubes. A few are edible, and others very poisonous.
Boley, Bolye noun Same as Booly .
[ French See Bolis
.] A kind of bright meteor; a bolis .
Bolis noun [ Latin , from Greek ... missile, arrow, from ... to throw.] A meteor or brilliant shooting star, followed by a train of light or sparks; esp. one which explodes.
Bolivian adjective Of or pertaining to Bolivia. -- noun A native of Bolivia.
[ Middle English bolle
boll, bowl, Anglo-Saxon bolla
. See Bowl
a vessel.] 1. The pod or capsule of a plant, as of flax or cotton; a pericarp of a globular form. 2. A Scotch measure, formerly in use: for wheat and beans it contained four Winchester bushels; for oats, barley, and potatoes, six bushels. A boll of meal is 140 lbs. avoirdupois. Also, a measure for salt of two bushels.
[ Sometimes spelled bole
Boll intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Bolled
] To form a boll or seed vessel; to go to seed.
The barley was in the ear, and the flax was bolled .
Ex. ix. 31.
Bollandists noun plural The Jesuit editors of the "Acta Sanctorum", or Lives of the Saints; -- named from John Bolland, who began the work.
[ Confer Bole
the stem of a tree, and Pollard
.] An upright wooden or iron post in a boat or on a dock, used in veering or fastening ropes. Bollard timber (Nautical)
, a timber, also called a knighthead , rising just within the stem in a ship, on either side of the bowsprit, to secure its end.
Bollen adjective See Boln , adjective
[ Confer Bole
stem of a tree, and Poll
, transitive verb
] A tree from which the branches have been cut; a pollard.
Bollworm noun (Zoology) The larva of a moth ( Heliothis armigera ) which devours the bolls or unripe pods of the cotton plant, often doing great damage to the crops.
Boln intransitive verb
[ Middle English bolnen
; confer Danish bulne
. Confer Bulge
.] To swell; to puff. Holland.
Boln, Bollen adjective Swollen; puffed out.
Thin, and boln out like a sail.
Bolo noun [ Spanish ] A kind of large knife resembling a machete. [ Phil. Islands]
Bologna noun Bologna sausage [ Italian salsiccia di Bologna ], a large sausage made of bacon or ham, veal, and pork, chopped fine and inclosed in a skin. -- Bologna stone (Min.) , radiated barite, or barium sulphate, found in roundish masses composed of radiating fibers, first discovered near Bologna. It is phosphorescent when calcined. -- Bologna vial , a vial of unannealed glass which will fly into pieces when its surface is scratched by a hard body, as by dropping into it a fragment of flint; whereas a bullet may be dropped into it without injury.
1. A city of Italy which has given its name to various objects. 2. A Bologna sausage.
Bolognese adjective Of or pertaining to Bologna. -- noun A native of Bologna. Bolognese school (Paint.) , a school of painting founded by the Carracci, otherwise called the Lombard or Eclectic school, the object of which was to unite the excellences of the preceding schools.
Bolognian adjective & noun Bolognese. Bolognian stone
. See Bologna stone , under Bologna .
Bolometer noun [ Greek ... a stroke, ray + -meter .] (Physics) An instrument for measuring minute quantities of radiant heat, especially in different parts of the spectrum; -- called also actinic balance , thermic balance . S. P. Langley.
[ Spanish , lit., purse. See Bourse
.] An exchange for the transaction of business.
[ Spanish Amer. & Phil. Islands]
[ Anglo-Saxon bolster
; akin to Icelandic b...lstr
, Swedish & Danish bolster
, Old High German bolstar
, German polster
; from the same root as English bole
hollow vessel. Confer Bulge
.] 1. A long pillow or cushion, used to support the head of a person lying on a bed; -- generally laid under the pillows.
And here I'll fling the pillow, there the bolster , 2. A pad, quilt, or anything used to hinder pressure, support any part of the body, or make a bandage sit easy upon a wounded part; a compress.
This way the coverlet, another way the sheets.
This arm shall be a bolster for thy head. 3. Anything arranged to act as a support, as in various forms of mechanism, etc. 4. (Saddlery) A cushioned or a piece part of a saddle. 5. (Nautical) (a) A cushioned or a piece of soft wood covered with tarred canvas, placed on the trestletrees and against the mast, for the collars of the shrouds to rest on, to prevent chafing. (b) Anything used to prevent chafing. 6. A plate of iron or a mass of wood under the end of a bridge girder, to keep the girder from resting directly on the abutment. 7. A transverse bar above the axle of a wagon, on which the bed or body rests. 8. The crossbeam forming the bearing piece of the body of a railway car; the central and principal cross beam of a car truck. 9. (Mech.) the perforated plate in a punching machine on which anything rests when being punched. 10. (Cutlery) (a) That part of a knife blade which abuts upon the end of the handle. (b) The metallic end of a pocketknife handle. G. Francis. 11. (Architecture) The rolls forming the ends or sides of the Ionic capital. G. Francis. 12. (Mil.) A block of wood on the carriage of a siege gun, upon which the breech of the gun rests when arranged for transportation.
[ See Illust.
of Gun carriage
.] Bolster work (Architecture)
, members which are bellied or curved outward like cushions, as in friezes of certain classical styles.
Bolster transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Bolstered
; present participle & verbal noun Bolstering
.] 1. To support with a bolster or pillow. S. Sharp. 2. To support, hold up, or maintain with difficulty or unusual effort; -- often with up .
To bolster baseness.
Shoddy inventions designed to bolster up a factitious pride.
1. Supported; upheld. 2. Swelled out.
Bolsterer noun A supporter.