Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Arabic araq
sweat, juice, spirituous liquor, from araqa
to sweat. Confer Rack
arrack.] A name in the East Indies and the Indian islands for all ardent spirits. Arrack is often distilled from a fermented mixture of rice, molasses, and palm wine of the cocoanut tree or the date palm, etc.
Arraign transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Arraigned
; present participle & verbal noun Arraigning
.] [ Middle English arainen
, Old French aragnier
, French arraisonner
, from Late Latin arrationare
to address to call before court; Latin ad
reason, reasoning, Late Latin cause, judgment. See Reason
.] 1. (Law) To call or set as a prisoner at the bar of a court to answer to the matter charged in an indictment or complaint. Blackstone. 2. To call to account, or accuse, before the bar of reason, taste, or any other tribunal.
They will not arraign you for want of knowledge.
It is not arrogance, but timidity, of which the Christian body should now be arraigned by the world. Syn.
-- To accuse; impeach; charge; censure; criminate; indict; denounce. See Accuse
Arraign noun Arraignment; as, the clerk of the arraigns . Blackstone. Macaulay.
Arraign transitive verb [ From Old French aramier , from Late Latin adhramire .] (Old Eng. Law) To appeal to; to demand; as, to arraign an assize of novel disseizin.
Arraigner noun One who arraigns. Coleridge.
[ Confer Old French arraynement
.] 1. (Law) The act of arraigning, or the state of being arraigned; the act of calling and setting a prisoner before a court to answer to an indictment or complaint. 2. A calling to an account to faults; accusation.
In the sixth satire, which seems only an Arraignment of the whole sex, there is a latent admonition.
Arraiment, Arrayment noun
[ From Array
, transitive verb
] Clothes; raiment.
Arrange transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Arranged
; present participle & verbal noun Arranging
] [ Middle English arayngen
, Old French arengier
, French arranger
, from a
) + Old French rengier
, French ranger
. See Range
, transitive verb
] 1. To put in proper order; to dispose (persons, or parts) in the manner intended, or best suited for the purpose; as, troops arranged for battle.
So [ they] came to the market place, and there he arranged his men in the streets.
[ They] were beginning to arrange their hampers.
A mechanism previously arranged . 2. To adjust or settle; to prepare; to determine; as, to arrange the preliminaries of an undertaking. Syn.
-- Adjust; adapt; range; dispose; classify.
Arrangement noun [ Confer French arrangement .]
1. The act of arranging or putting in an orderly condition; the state of being arranged or put in order; disposition in suitable form. 2. The manner or result of arranging; system of parts disposed in due order; regular and systematic classification; as, arrangement of one's dress; the Linnæan arrangement of plants. 3. Preparatory proceeding or measure; preparation; as, we have made arrangement for receiving company. 4. Settlement; adjustment by agreement; as, the parties have made an arrangement between themselves concerning their disputes; a satisfactory arrangement . 5. (Mus.) (a) The adaptation of a composition to voices or instruments for which it was not originally written. (b) A piece so adapted; a transcription; as, a pianoforte arrangement of Beethoven's symphonies; an orchestral arrangement of a song, an opera, or the like.
Arranger noun One who arranges. Burke.
[ Middle English erraunt
, equiv. to English errant
wandering, which was first applied to vagabonds, as an errant rogue
, an errant thief
, and hence passed gradually into its present and worse sense. See Errant
.] Notoriously or preëminently bad; thorough or downright, in a bad sense; shameless; unmitigated; as, an arrant rogue or coward.
I discover an arrant laziness in my soul. 2. Thorough or downright, in a good sense.
An arrant honest woman.
Arrantly adverb Notoriously, in an ill sense; infamously; impudently; shamefully. L'Estrange.
[ From Arras
the capital of Artois, in the French Netherlands.] Tapestry; a rich figured fabric; especially, a screen or hangings of heavy cloth with interwoven figures.
Stateliest couches, with rich arras spread.
Behind the arras I'll convey myself.
Arras transitive verb To furnish with an arras. Chapman.
[ From Arras
.] A material of wool or silk used for working the figures in embroidery.
Arrastre noun [ Spanish ] A rude apparatus for pulverizing ores, esp. those containing free gold.
Arraswise, Arrasways adverb
[ Prob. a corruption of arriswise
. See Arris
.] Placed in such a position as to exhibit the top and two sides, the corner being in front; -- said of a rectangular form. Encyc. Brit. Cussans.
[ The past tense of an old v. areach
. Confer Reach
, obsolete pret. raught
.] Obtained; seized. Spenser.
[ Middle English arai
, Old French arrai
, order, arrangement, dress, French arroi
) + Old French rai
, order, arrangement, from G. or Scand.; confer Goth. raidjan
, to arrange, Middle High German gereiten
, Icelandic reiði
rigging, harness; akin to English ready
. Confer Ready
.] 1. Order; a regular and imposing arrangement; disposition in regular lines; hence, order of battle; as, drawn up in battle array .
Wedged together in the closest array . 2. The whole body of persons thus placed in order; an orderly collection; hence, a body of soldiers.
A gallant array of nobles and cavaliers. 3. An imposing series of things.
Their long array of sapphire and of gold. 4. Dress; garments disposed in order upon the person; rich or beautiful apparel. Dryden. 5. (Law) (a) A ranking or setting forth in order, by the proper officer, of a jury as impaneled in a cause. (b) The panel itself. (c) The whole body of jurors summoned to attend the court. To challenge the array (Law)
, to except to the whole panel. Cowell. Tomlins. Blount.
-- Commission of array (Eng. Hist.)
, a commission given by the prince to officers in every county, to muster and array the inhabitants, or see them in a condition for war. Blackstone.
Array transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Arrayed
; present participle & verbal noun Arraying
.] [ Middle English araien
, from Middle English arraier
, from arrai
. See Array
] 1. To place or dispose in order, as troops for battle; to marshal.
By torch and trumpet fast arrayed ,
Each horseman drew his battle blade.
These doubts will be arrayed before their minds. 2. To deck or dress; to adorn with dress; to cloth to envelop; -- applied esp. to dress of a splendid kind.
Pharaoh . . . arrayed him in vestures of fine linen.
In gelid caves with horrid gloom arrayed . 3. (Law) To set in order, as a jury, for the trial of a cause; that is, to call them man by man. Blackstone. To array a panel
, to set forth in order the men that are impaneled. Cowell. Tomlins. Syn.
-- To draw up; arrange; dispose; set in order.
Arrayer noun One who arrays. In some early English statutes, applied to an officer who had care of the soldiers' armor, and who saw them duly accoutered.
[ Middle English arere
, Old French arere
, French arrière
, from Latin ad
backward. See Rear
.] To or in the rear; behind; backwards.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Arrear noun That which is behind in payment, or which remains unpaid, though due; esp. a remainder, or balance which remains due when some part has been paid; arrearage; -- commonly used in the plural, as, arrears of rent, wages, or taxes. Locke.
For much I dread due payment by the Greeks
Of yesterday's arrear .
I have a large arrear of letters to write. In arrear
J. D. Forbes.
or In arrears
, behind; backward; behindhand; in debt.
[ French arrérage
, from arrière
, Old French arere
. See Arrear
.] That which remains unpaid and overdue, after payment of a part; arrears.
The old arrearages . . . being defrayed.
Arrect transitive verb 1. To direct.
My supplication to you I arrect . 2.
[ See Aret
.] To impute.
[ Obsolete] Sir T. More.
Arrect, Arrected adjective
[ Latin arrectus
, past participle of arrigere
to raise, erect; ad
to lead straight, to direct.] 1. Lifted up; raised; erect. 2. Attentive, as a person listening.
God speaks not the idle and unconcerned hearer, but to the vigilant and arrect .
Arrectary noun [ Latin arrectarius , from arrigere o set up.] An upright beam. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Arrenotokous adjective [ Greek ... bearing males; ... a male + ... a bringing forth.] (Zoology) Producing males from unfertilized eggs, as certain wasps and bees.
[ Confer French arrenter
to give or take as rent. See Arendator
.] (O. Eng. Law) A letting or renting, esp. a license to inclose land in a forest with a low hedge and a ditch, under a yearly rent.
[ Latin arripere
, to seize, snatch; ad
to snatch. See Rapacious
.] The act of taking away.
[ Obsolete] "This arreption
was sudden." Bp. Hall.
[ Latin arreptitius
.] Snatched away; seized or possessed, as a demoniac; raving; mad; crack-brained.
Odd, arreptitious , frantic extravagances.
Arrest transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Arrested
; present participle & verbal noun Arresting
.] [ Middle English aresten
, Old French arester
, French arrêter
, from Late Latin arrestare
; Latin ad
to remain, stop; re
to stand. See Rest
remainder.] 1. To stop; to check or hinder the motion or action of; as, to arrest the current of a river; to arrest the senses.
Nor could her virtues the relentless hand 2. (Law) To take, seize, or apprehend by authority of law; as, to arrest one for debt, or for a crime.
Of Death arrest .
» After this word Shakespeare uses of
high treason") or on
; the modern usage is for
. 3. To seize on and fix; to hold; to catch; as, to arrest the eyes or attention. Buckminster. 4. To rest or fasten; to fix; to concentrate.
We may arrest our thoughts upon the divine mercies. Syn.
-- To obstruct; delay; detain; check; hinder; stop; apprehend; seize; lay hold of.
Arrest intransitive verb To tarry; to rest. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ Middle English arest
, Old French arest
, French arrêt
, from arester
. See Arrest
, transitive verb
.] 1. The act of stopping, or restraining from further motion, etc.; stoppage; hindrance; restraint; as, an arrest of development.
As the arrest of the air showeth. 2. (Law) The taking or apprehending of a person by authority of law; legal restraint; custody. Also, a decree, mandate, or warrant.
William . . . ordered him to be put under arrest .
[ Our brother Norway] sends out arrests
On Fortinbras; which he, in brief, obeys.
» An arrest may be made by seizing or touching the body; but it is sufficient in the party be within the power of the officer and submit to the arrest. In Admiralty law, and in old English practice, the term is applied to the seizure of property. 3. Any seizure by power, physical or moral.
The sad stories of fire from heaven, the burning of his sheep, etc., . . . were sad arrests to his troubled spirit. 4. (Far.) A scurfiness of the back part of the hind leg of a horse; -- also named rat-tails . White. Arrest of judgment (Law)
, the staying or stopping of a judgment, after verdict, for legal cause. The motion for this purpose is called a motion in arrest of judgment .
[ French arrestation
, Late Latin arrestatio
The arrestation of the English resident in France was decreed by the National Convention.
H. M. Williams.
[ See Arrest
] (Scots Law) The person in whose hands is the property attached by arrestment.
1. One who arrests. 2. (Scots Law) The person at whose suit an arrestment is made. [ Also written arrestor .]
(ăr*rĕst"ĭng) adjective Striking; attracting attention; impressive.
This most solemn and arresting occurrence.
J. H. Newman.
Arrestive (-ĭv) adjective Tending to arrest. McCosh.
Arrestment noun [ Old French arrestement .]
1. (Scots Law) The arrest of a person, or the seizure of his effects; esp., a process by which money or movables in the possession of a third party are attached. 2. A stoppage or check. Darwin.
[ French See Arrest
] (F. Law) (a) A judgment, decision, or decree of a court or high tribunal; also, a decree of a sovereign. (b) An arrest; a legal seizure.
Arret transitive verb Same as Aret .
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
; plural Arrhæ
. [ Latin Confer Earnest
.] (Law) Money or other valuable thing given to evidence a contract; a pledge or earnest.
Arrhaphostic adjective [ Greek ...; 'a priv. + ... to sew together.] Seamless. [ R.]
Arrhizal, Arrhizous adjective [ Greek ... not rooted; 'a priv. + ... a root.] (Botany) Destitute of a true root, as a parasitical plant.
Arrhythmic, Arrhythmous adjective [ Greek ...; 'a priv. + ... rhythm.] (Medicine) Being without rhythm or regularity, as the pulse.
Arrhytmy noun [ Greek ...; 'a priv. + ... rhythm.] Want of rhythm. [ R.]