Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Archonts noun plural
[ Greek 'a`rchwn
, present participle
.] (Zoology) The group including man alone.
[ See Archon
.] (Biol.) The substance from which attraction spheres develop in mitotic cell division, and of which they consist.
Archprelate noun [ Prefix arch- + prelate .] An archbishop or other chief prelate.
Archpresbytery noun [ Prefix arch- + presbytery .] The absolute dominion of presbytery. Milton.
Archpriest noun A chief priest; also, a kind of vicar, or a rural dean.
Archprimate noun [ Prefix arch- + primate .] The chief primate. Milton.
Archtraitor noun [ Prefix arch- + traitor .] A chief or transcendent traitor. I. Watts.
Archtreasurer noun [ Prefix arch- + treasurer .] A chief treasurer. Specifically, the great treasurer of the German empire.
Archway noun A way or passage under an arch.
Archwife noun [ Prefix arch- + wife .] A big, masculine wife. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Archwise adverb Arch- shaped.
Archy adjective Arched; as, archy brows.
[ Greek ..., from ... chief. See Arch-
.] A suffix properly meaning a rule , ruling , as in mon archy , the rule of one only. Confer -arch .
Arciform adjective [ Latin arcus bow + -form .] Having the form of an arch; curved.
Arcograph noun [ Latin arcus (E. arc ) + -graph .] An instrument for drawing a circular arc without the use of a central point; a cyclograph.
Arctation noun [ Latin arctus shut in, narrow, past participle of arcere to shut in: confer French arctation .] (Medicine) Constriction or contraction of some natural passage, as in constipation from inflammation.
[ Middle English artik
, Old French artique
, French arctique
, Latin arcticus
, from Greek ..., from ... a bear, also a northern constellation so called; akin to Latin ursus
bear, Sanskrit ...ksha.] Pertaining to, or situated under, the northern constellation called the Bear ; northern; frigid; as, the arctic pole, circle, region, ocean; an arctic expedition, night, temperature.
» The arctic
circle is a lesser circle, parallel to the equator, 23Â° 28′ from the north pole. This and the antarctic
circle are called the polar circles
, and between these and the poles lie the frigid zones. See Zone
1. The arctic circle. 2. A warm waterproof overshoe. [ U.S.]
Arctisca noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... bear.] (Zoology) A group of Arachnida. See Illust. in Appendix.
Arctogeal adjective [ Greek ... the north + ..., ..., country.] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to arctic lands; as, the arctogeal fauna.
Arctoidea noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... bear + -oid .] (Zoology) A group of the Carnivora, that includes the bears, weasels, etc.
[ Latin Arcturus
, Greek ... bearward, equiv. to ...; ... bear + ... ward, guard. See Arctic
.] (Anat.) A fixed star of the first magnitude in the constellation Boötes.
has sometimes been incorrectly used as the name of the constellation, or even of Ursa Major.
Canst thou guide Arcturus with his sons [ Rev. Ver.: "the Bear with her train"].
Job xxxviii. 32.
Arcual adjective Of or pertaining to an arc. Arcual measure of an angle (Math.) , that in which the unit angle has its measuring arc equal to the radius of the circle.
Arcuate, Arcuated adjective
[ Latin arcuatus
, past participle of arcuare
to shape like a bow, from arcus
. See Arc
.] Bent or curved in the form of a bow.
Arcuately adverb In the form of a bow.
Arcuation noun [ Latin arcuatio .]
1. The act of bending or curving; incurvation; the state of being bent; crookedness. Coxe. 2. (Hort.) A mode of propagating trees by bending branches to the ground, and covering the small shoots with earth; layering. Chambers.
[ See Arbalist
.] A crossbow. Fosbroke.
[ Latin arcuballistarius
. Confer Arbalister
.] A crossbowman; one who used the arcubalist. Camden.
Ardassine noun [ French (cf. Spanish ardacina ), from ardasse a kind of silk thread, from Arabic & Persian ardan a kind of raw silk.] A very fine sort of Persian silk.
1. Heat. [ R.] Sir T. Herbert. 2. Warmth of passion or affection; ardor; vehemence; eagerness; as, the ardency of love or zeal.
[ Middle English ardaunt
, French ardant
, present participle of arder
to burn, from Latin ardere
.] 1. Hot or burning; causing a sensation of burning; fiery; as, ardent spirits, that is, distilled liquors; an ardent fever. 2. Having the appearance or quality of fire; fierce; glowing; shining; as, ardent eyes. Dryden. 3. Warm, applied to the passions and affections; passionate; fervent; zealous; vehement; as, ardent love, feelings, zeal, hope, temper.
An ardent and impetuous race. Syn.
-- Burning; hot; fiery; glowing; intense; fierce; vehement; eager; zealous; keen; fervid; fervent; passionate; affectionate.
Ardently adverb In an ardent manner; eagerly; with warmth; affectionately; passionately.
Ardentness noun Ardency. [ R.]
Ardois system (Nautical) A widely used system of electric night signals in which a series of double electric lamps (white and red) is arranged vertically on a mast, and operated from a keyboard below.
[ Latin ardor
, from ardere
to burn: confer Old French ardor
, French ardeur
.] [ Spelt also ardour
.] 1. Heat, in a literal sense; as, the ardor of the sun's rays. 2. Warmth or heat of passion or affection; eagerness; zeal; as, he pursues study with ardor ; the fought with ardor ; martial ardor . 3. plural Bright and effulgent spirits; seraphim.
[ Thus used by Milton.] Syn.
-- Fervor; warmth; eagerness. See Fervor
[ Latin arduus
steep, high; akin to Ir. ard
high, height.] 1. Steep and lofty, in a literal sense; hard to climb.
Those arduous paths they trod. 2. Attended with great labor, like the ascending of acclivities; difficult; laborious; as, an arduous employment, task, or enterprise. Syn.
-- Difficult; trying; laborious; painful; exhausting. -- Arduous
is simpler, blunter, and more general in sense than difficult
; as, a hard
duty to perform, hard
work, a hard
task, one which requires much bodily effort and perseverance to do. Difficult
commonly implies more skill and sagacity than hard
, as when there is disproportion between the means and the end. A work may be hard
but not difficult
. We call a thing arduous
when it requires strenuous and persevering exertion, like that of one who is climbing a precipice; as, an arduous
task, an arduous
duty. "It is often difficult
to control our feelings; it is still harder
to subdue our will; but it is an arduous
undertaking to control the unruly and contending will of others."
Arduously adverb In an arduous manner; with difficulty or laboriousness.
Arduousness noun The quality of being arduous; difficulty of execution.
Ardurous adjective Burning; ardent.
Lo! further on,
Where flames the arduous Spirit of Isidore.
[ Anglo-Saxon (Northumbrian) aron
, akin to the 1st pers. plural forms, Icelandic erum
, Goth. sijum
, Latin sumus
, Greek ..., Sanskrit smas
; all from a root as
. ... See Am
, and confer Be
.] The present indicative plural of the substantive verb to be ; but etymologically a different word from be , or was . Am , art , are , and is , all come from the root as .
[ French, from Latin area
. See Area
.] (Metric system) The unit of superficial measure, being a square of which each side is ten meters in length; 100 square meters, or about 119.6 square yards.
(ā"re*ȧ; 277) noun
; plural Areas
(-ȧz) . [ Latin area
a broad piece of level ground. Confer Are
] 1. Any plane surface, as of the floor of a room or church, or of the ground within an inclosure; an open space in a building.
The Alban lake . . . looks like the area of some vast amphitheater. 2. The inclosed space on which a building stands. 3. The sunken space or court, giving ingress and affording light to the basement of a building. 4. An extent of surface; a tract of the earth's surface; a region; as, vast uncultivated areas . 5. (Geom.) The superficial contents of any figure; the surface included within any given lines; superficial extent; as, the area of a square or a triangle. 6. (Biol.) A spot or small marked space; as, the germinative area . 7. Extent; scope; range; as, a wide area of thought.
The largest area of human history and man's common nature. Dry area
. See under Dry .
Aread, Areed transitive verb
[ Middle English areden
, Anglo-Saxon ārǣdan
to interpret. See Read
.] 1. To tell, declare, explain, or interpret; to divine; to guess; as, to aread a riddle or a dream.
Therefore more plain aread this doubtful case. 2. To read.
[ Obsolete] Drayton. 3. To counsel, advise, warn, or direct.
But mark what I aread thee now. Avaunt! 4. To decree; to adjudge.
[ Archaic] Ld. Lytton.
Areal adjective [ Confer Latin arealis , from area .] Of or pertaining to an area; as, areal interstices (the areas or spaces inclosed by the reticulate vessels of leaves).
Arear transitive verb & i.
[ Anglo-Saxon ārǣran
. See Rear
.] To raise; to set up; to stir up.
[ See Arrear
] Backward; in or to the rear; behindhand. Spenser.
Areca noun [ Canarese adiki : confer Portuguese & Spanish areca .] (Botany) A genus of palms, one species of which produces the areca nut, or betel nut, which is chewed in India with the leaf of the Piper Betle and lime.