Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Armor-plated adjective Covered with defensive plates of metal, as a ship of war; steel-clad.
This day will be launched . . . the first armor- plated steam frigate in the possession of Great Britain.
Times (Dec. 29, 1860).
[ French armorial
, from armoiries
arms, coats of arms, for armoieries
, from Old French armoier
to paint arms, coats of arms, from armes
, from Latin arma
. See Arms
.] Belonging to armor, or to the heraldic arms or escutcheon of a family.
Figures with armorial signs of race and birth. Armorial bearings
. See Arms , 4.
Armoric, Armorican adjective [ Latin Armoricus , from Celtic ar on, at + mor sea.] Of or pertaining to the northwestern part of France (formerly called Armorica , now Bretagne or Brittany), or to its people. -- noun The language of the Armoricans, a Celtic dialect which has remained to the present times.
Armorican noun A native of Armorica.
Armorist noun [ French armoriste .] One skilled in coat armor or heraldry. Cussans.
; plural Armories
[ Old French armaire
, French armoire
, from Latin armarium
place for keeping arms; but confused with French armoiries
. See Armorial
.] 1. A place where arms and instruments of war are deposited for safe keeping. 2. Armor; defensive and offensive arms.
Celestial armory , shields, helms, and spears. 3. A manufactory of arms, as rifles, muskets, pistols, bayonets, swords.
[ U.S.] 4. Ensigns armorial; armorial bearings. Spenser. 5. That branch of heraldry which treats of coat armor.
The science of heraldry, or, more justly speaking, armory , which is but one branch of heraldry, is, without doubt, of very ancient origin.
Armozeen, Armozine noun [ armosin , armoisin .] A thick plain silk, generally black, and used for clerical. Simmonds.
Armpit noun [ Arm + pit .] The hollow beneath the junction of the arm and shoulder; the axilla.
Armrack noun A frame, generally vertical, for holding small arms.
Arms noun plural
[ Middle English armes
, French arme
, plural armes
, from Latin arma
, plural, arms, orig. fittings, akin to armus
shoulder, and English arm
. See Arm
] 1. Instruments or weapons of offense or defense.
He lays down his arms , but not his wiles.
Three horses and three goodly suits of arms . 2. The deeds or exploits of war; military service or science.
and the man I sing." Dryden. 3. (Law) Anything which a man takes in his hand in anger, to strike or assault another with; an aggressive weapon. Cowell. Blackstone. 4. (Her.) The ensigns armorial of a family, consisting of figures and colors borne in shields, banners, etc., as marks of dignity and distinction, and descending from father to son. 5. (Falconry) The legs of a hawk from the thigh to the foot. Halliwell. Bred to arms
, educated to the profession of a soldier.
-- In arms
, armed for war; in a state of hostility.
-- Small arms
, portable firearms known as muskets, rifles, carbines, pistols, etc.
-- A stand of arms
, a complete set for one soldier, as a musket, bayonet, cartridge box and belt; frequently, the musket and bayonet alone.
-- To arms ! a summons to war or battle.
-- Under arms
, armed and equipped and in readiness for battle, or for a military parade. Arm's end
, Arm's length
, Arm's reach
. See under Arm .
[ French See Armor
.] 1. Armor.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. A variety of twilled fabric ribbed on the surface.
[ French armée
, from Latin armata
, fem. of armatus
, past participle of armare
to arm. Confer Armada
.] 1. A collection or body of men armed for war, esp. one organized in companies, battalions, regiments, brigades, and divisions, under proper officers. 2. A body of persons organized for the advancement of a cause; as, the Blue Ribbon Army . 3. A great number; a vast multitude; a host.
An army of good words. Standing army
, a permanent army of professional soldiers, as distinguished from militia or volunteers.
Army organization The system by which a country raises, classifies, arranges, and equips its armed land forces. The usual divisions are: ( 1 ) A regular or active army , in which soldiers serve continuously with the colors and live in barracks or cantonments when not in the field; ( 2 ) the reserves of this army, in which the soldiers, while remaining constantly subject to a call to the colors, live at their homes, being summoned more or less frequently to report for instruction, drill, or maneuvers; and ( 3 ) one or more classes of soldiers organized largely for territorial defense, living at home and having only occasional periods of drill and instraction, who are variously called home reserves (as in the table below), second , third , etc., line of defense (the regular army and its reserves ordinarily constituting the first line of defense ), territorial forces , or the like. In countries where conscription prevails a soldier is supposed to serve a given number of years. He is usually enrolled first in the regular army, then passes to its reserve, then into the home reserves, to serve until he reaches the age limit. It for any reason he is not enrolled in the regular army, he may begin his service in the army reserves or even the home reserves, but then serves the full number of years or up to the age limit. In equipment the organization of the army is into the three great arms of infantry, cavalry, and artillery, together with more or less numerous other branches, such as engineers, medical corps, etc., besides the staff organizations such as those of the pay and subsistence departments.
Army worm (Zoology) (a) A lepidopterous insect, which in the larval state often travels in great multitudes from field to field, destroying grass, grain, and other crops. The common army worm of the northern United States is Leucania unipuncta . The name is often applied to other related species, as the cotton worm. (b) The larva of a small two-winged fly ( Sciara ), which marches in large companies, in regular order. See Cotton worm , under Cotton .
Arna Ar"nee noun (Zoology) The wild buffalo of India ( Bos, or Bubalus, arni ), larger than the domestic buffalo and having enormous horns.
Arnaut Ar*naout" noun [ Turk. Arnaut , from NGr. ..., for ....] An inhabitant of Albania and neighboring mountainous regions, specif. one serving as a soldier in the Turkish army.
Arnica noun [ Prob. a corruption of ptarmica .] (Botany) A genus of plants; also, the most important species ( Arnica montana ), native of the mountains of Europe, used in medicine as a narcotic and stimulant. » The tincture of arnica is applied externally as a remedy for bruises, sprains, etc.
[ See Arnica
.] (Chemistry) An active principle of Arnica montana . It is a bitter resin.
Arnicine noun (Chemistry) An alkaloid obtained from the arnica plant.
Arnot, Arnut noun [ Confer Dutch aardnoot , English earthut .] The earthnut. [ Obsolete]
Aroid noun [ Ar um + - oid .] (Botany) Any plant of the Arum family ( Araceæ ).
Aroid, Aroideous adjective [ Ar um + - oid .] (Botany) Belonging to, or resembling, the Arum family of plants.
[ Confer Prov. English rynt
, or runt
, terms used by milkmaids to a cow that has been milked, in order to drive her away, to make room for others; Anglo-Saxon rȳman
to make room or way, from rūm
room. The final t
is perhaps for ta
, for thou
. Confer Room
space.] Stand off, or begone.
Aroint thee, witch, the rump-fed ronyon cries.
Aroint transitive verb To drive or scare off by some exclamation. [ R.] "Whiskered cats arointed flee." Mrs. Browning.
Arolla (ȧ*rŏl"lȧ) noun [ French arolle .] (Botany) The stone pine ( Pinus Cembra ).
Aroma noun [ Latin aroma , Greek ...: confer Middle English aromaz , aromat , spice, French aromate .]
1. The quality or principle of plants or other substances which constitutes their fragrance; agreeable odor; as, the aroma of coffee. 2. Fig.: The fine diffusive quality of intellectual power; flavor; as, the subtile aroma of genius.
Aromatic (ăr`o*măt"ĭk) noun A plant, drug, or medicine, characterized by a fragrant smell, and usually by a warm, pungent taste, as ginger, cinnamon, spices.
Aromatic, Aromatical adjective
[ Latin aromaticus
, Greek ...: confer French aromatique
. See Aroma
.] Pertaining to, or containing, aroma; fragrant; spicy; strong-scented; odoriferous; as, aromatic balsam. Aromatic compound (Chemistry)
, one of a large class of organic substances, as the oils of bitter almonds, wintergreen, and turpentine, the balsams, camphors, etc., many of which have an aromatic odor. They include many of the most important of the carbon compounds and may all be derived from the benzene group, C 6 H 6 . The term is extended also to many of their derivatives.
-- Aromatic vinegar
. See under Vinegar .
Aromatization noun [ Confer French aromatisation .] The act of impregnating or secting with aroma.
Aromatize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Aromatized
; present participle & verbal noun Aromatizing
.] [ Latin aromatizare
, Greek ...: confer French aromatiser
.] To impregnate with aroma; to render aromatic; to give a spicy scent or taste to; to perfume. Bacon.
Aromatizer noun One who, or that which, aromatizes or renders aromatic. Evelyn.
Aromatous adjective Aromatic. [ Obsolete] Caxton.
Aroph noun [ A contraction of aro ma ph ilosophorum.] A barbarous word used by the old chemists to designate various medical remedies. [ Obsolete]
Arose The past or preterit tense of Arise .
[ Prefix a-
.] 1. In a circle; circularly; on every side; round. 2. In a circuit; here and there within the surrounding space; all about; as, to travel around from town to town. 3. Near; in the neighborhood; as, this man was standing around when the fight took place.
[ Colloq. U. S.] » See Round
, the shorter form, adverb & preposition
, which, in some of the meanings, is more commonly used.
Around preposition 1. On all sides of; encircling; encompassing; so as to make the circuit of; about.
A lambent flame arose, which gently spread 2. From one part to another of; at random through; about; on another side of; as, to travel around the country; a house standing around the corner.
Around his brows.
[ Colloq. U. S.]
Arousal noun The act of arousing, or the state of being aroused.
Whatever has associated itself with the arousal and activity of our better nature.
Arouse transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Aroused
; present participle & verbal noun Arousing
.] [ Prefix a-
.] To excite to action from a state of rest; to stir, or put in motion or exertion; to rouse; to excite; as, to arouse one from sleep; to arouse the dormant faculties.
Grasping his spear, forth issued to arouse
His brother, mighty sovereign on the host.
No suspicion was aroused .
[ Prefix a-
.] In a row, line, or rank; successively; in order. Shak.
And twenty, rank in rank, they rode arow .
Arpeggio noun [ Italian , from arpeggiare to play on the harp, from arpa harp.] (Mus.) The production of the tones of a chord in rapid succession, as in playing the harp, and not simultaneously; a strain thus played.
Arpent, Arpen noun [ French arpent , from Latin arepennis , arapennis . According to Columella, a Gallic word for a measure equiv. to half a Roman jugerum .] Formerly, a measure of land in France, varying in different parts of the country. The arpent of Paris was 4,088 sq. yards, or nearly five sixths of an English acre. The woodland arpent was about 1 acre, 1 rood, 1 perch, English.
[ See Arpent
.] The Anglicized form of the French arpenteur , a land surveyor.
Arpine noun An arpent. [ Obsolete] Webster (1623).
Arquated adjective Shaped like a bow; arcuate; curved. [ R.]
Arquebus, Arquebuse noun
[ French arquebuse
, Old French harquebuse
, from Dutch haak-bus
; confer German hakenbüchse
a gun with a hook. See Hagbut
.] A sort of hand gun or firearm a contrivance answering to a trigger, by which the burning match was applied. The musket was a later invention.
[ Written also harquebus
Arquebusade noun [ French arquebusade shot of an arquebus; eau d' arquebusade a vulnerary for gunshot wounds.]
1. The shot of an arquebus. Ash. 2. A distilled water from a variety of aromatic plants, as rosemary, millefoil, etc.; -- originally used as a vulnerary in gunshot wounds. Parr.
[ French arquebusier
.] A soldier armed with an arquebus.
Soldiers armed with guns, of whatsoever sort or denomination, appear to have been called arquebusiers .