Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Archetypal adjective Of or pertaining to an archetype; consisting a model (real or ideal) or pattern; original. "One archetypal mind." Gudworth.

» Among Platonists, the archetypal world is the world as it existed as an idea of God before the creation.

Archetypally adverb With reference to the archetype; originally. "Parts archetypally distinct." Dana.

Archetype (är"ke*tīp) noun [ Latin archetypum , Greek 'arche`typon , from 'arche`typos stamped first and as model; 'arche = 'archi + ty`pos stamp, figure, pattern, ty`ptein to strike: confer French archétype . See Arch- , pref .]
1. The original pattern or model of a work; or the model from which a thing is made or formed.

The House of Commons, the archetype of all the representative assemblies which now meet.
Macaulay.

Types and shadows of that glorious archetype that was to come into the world.
South.

2. (Coinage) The standard weight or coin by which others are adjusted.

3. (Biol.) The plan or fundamental structure on which a natural group of animals or plants or their systems of organs are assumed to have been constructed; as, the vertebrate archetype .

Archetypical adjective Relating to an archetype; archetypal.

Archeus noun [ Late Latin archēus , Greek 'archai^os ancient, primeval, from 'archh` beginning. See Archi- , pref .] The vital principle or force which (according to the Paracelsians) presides over the growth and continuation of living beings; the anima mundi or plastic power of the old philosophers. [ Obsolete] Johnson.

Archi- [ Latin , archi- , Greek 'archi- , a prefix which is from the same root as 'a`rchein to be first, to begin; 'archh the first place, beginning; 'archo`s chief. Confer Anglo-Saxon arce- , erce- , Old High German erzi- , German erz- .] A prefix signifying chief , arch ; as, archi tect, archi episcopal. In Biol . and Anat . it usually means primitive , original , ancestral ; as, archi pterygium, the primitive fin or wing.

Archiannelida noun plural [ New Latin ; prefix archi- + annelida .] (Zoology) A group of Annelida remarkable for having no external segments or distinct ventral nerve ganglions.

Archiater noun [ Latin archiatrus , Greek ...; prefix ... + ... physician, ... to heal.] Chief physician; -- a term applied, on the continent of Europe, to the first or body physician of princes and to the first physician of some cities. P. Cyc.

Archibald wheel A metal-hubbed wheel of great strength and elasticity, esp. adapted for artillery carriages and motor cars.

Archiblastula noun [ Prefix archi + blastula .] (Biol.) A hollow blastula, supposed to be the primitive form; a cœloblastula.

Archical adjective [ Greek ... able to govern, from ... beginning, government. See Arch- , prefix ] Chief; primary; primordial. [ Obsolete] Cudworth.

Archidiaconal adjective [ Latin archidiaconus , Greek ..., equiv. to English archdeacon .] Of or pertaining to an archdeacon.

This offense is liable to be censured in an archidiaconal visitation.
Johnson.

Archiepiscopacy noun [ Prefix archi- + episcopacy .]
1. That form of episcopacy in which the chief power is in the hands of archbishops.

2. The state or dignity of an archbishop.

Archiepiscopal adjective [ Prefix archi- + episcopal .] Of or pertaining to an archbishop; as, Canterbury is an archiepiscopal see.

Archiepiscopality noun The station or dignity of an archbishop; archiepiscopacy. Fuller.

Archiepiscopate noun [ Prefix archi- + episcopate .] The office of an archbishop; an archbishopric.

Archierey noun [ Russian archieréi , from Greek ...; prefix ... (E. arch- ) + » priest.] The higher order of clergy in Russia, including metropolitans, archbishops, and bishops. Pinkerton.

Archil noun [ Old French orchel , orcheil , Italian orcella , oricello , or OSp. orchillo . Confer Orchil .]
1. A violet dye obtained from several species of lichen ( Roccella tinctoria , etc.), which grow on maritime rocks in the Canary and Cape Verd Islands, etc. Tomlinson.

2. The plant from which the dye is obtained. [ Written also orchal and orchil .]

Archilochian adjective [ Latin Archilochius .] Of or pertaining to the satiric Greek poet Archilochus; as, Archilochian meter.

Archimage Ar`chi*ma"gus noun [ New Latin ; prefix archi- + Latin magus , Greek ..., a Magian.]
1. The high priest of the Persian Magi, or worshipers of fire.

2. A great magician, wizard, or enchanter. Spenser.

Archimandrite noun [ Latin archimandrita , LGr. ...; prefix ... (E. arch- ) + ... an inclosed space, esp. for cattle, a fold, a monastery.] (Gr. Church) (a) A chief of a monastery, corresponding to abbot in the Roman Catholic church. (b) A superintendent of several monasteries, corresponding to superior abbot , or father provincial , in the Roman Catholic church.

Archimedean adjective [ Latin Archimedeus .] Of or pertaining to Archimedes, a celebrated Greek philosopher; constructed on the principle of Archimedes' screw; as, Archimedean drill, propeller, etc.

Archimedean screw , or Archimedes' screw , an instrument, said to have been invented by Archimedes, for raising water, formed by winding a flexible tube round a cylinder in the form of a screw. When the screw is placed in an inclined position, and the lower end immersed in water, by causing the screw to revolve, the water is raised to the upper end. Francis.

Archimedes noun (Paleon.) An extinct genus of Bryzoa characteristic of the subcarboniferous rocks. Its form is that of a screw.

Arching noun
1. The arched part of a structure.

2. (Nautical) Hogging; -- opposed to sagging .

Archipelagic adjective Of or pertaining to an archipelago.

Archipelago noun ; plural - goes or -gos [ Italian arcipelago , properly, chief sea; Greek pref ... + ... sea, perhaps akin to ... blow, and expressing the beating of the waves. See Plague .]


1. The Grecian Archipelago, or Ægean Sea, separating Greece from Asia Minor. It is studded with a vast number of small islands.

2. Hence: Any sea or broad sheet of water interspersed with many islands or with a group of islands.

Archipterygium (är*kĭp`te*rĭj"ĭ*ŭm) noun [ New Latin , from Greek prefix 'archi- (E. arch- ) + ptery`gion wing, fin.] (Anat.) The primitive form of fin, like that of Ceratodus.

Architect (är"kĭ*tĕkt) noun [ Latin architectus , architecton , Greek ... chief artificer, master builder; prefix 'archi- (E. archi- ) + ... workman, akin to ... art, skill, ... to produce: confer French architecte , Italian architetto . See Technical .]
1. A person skilled in the art of building; one who understands architecture, or makes it his occupation to form plans and designs of buildings, and to superintend the artificers employed.

2. A contriver, designer, or maker.

The architects of their own happiness.
Milton.

A French woman is a perfect architect in dress.
Coldsmith.

Architective adjective Used in building; proper for building. Derham.

Architectonic noun [ Confer French architectonique .]
1. The science of architecture.

2. The act of arranging knowledge into a system.

Architectonic, Architectonical adjective [ Latin architectonicus , Greek .... See Architect .]
1. Pertaining to a master builder, or to architecture; evincing skill in designing or construction; constructive. " Architectonic wisdom." Boyle.

These architectonic functions which we had hitherto thought belonged.
J. C. Shairp.

2. Relating to the systemizing of knowledge.

Architectonics noun The science of architecture.

Architector noun An architect. [ Obsolete] North.

Architectress noun A female architect.

Architectural adjective Of or pertaining to the art of building; conformed to the rules of architecture. -- Ar`chi*tec"tur*al*ly , adverb

Architecture noun [ Latin architectura , from architectus : confer French architecture . See Architect .]
1. The art or science of building; especially, the art of building houses, churches, bridges, and other structures, for the purposes of civil life; -- often called civil architecture .

Many other architectures besides Gothic.
Ruskin.

3. Construction, in a more general sense; frame or structure; workmanship.

The architecture of grasses, plants, and trees.
Tyndall.

The formation of the first earth being a piece of divine architecture .
Burnet.

Military architecture , the art of fortifications. -- Naval architecture , the art of building ships.

Architeuthis noun [ New Latin , from Greek prefix ... + ..., ..., a kind of squid.] (Zoology) A genus of gigantic cephalopods, allied to the squids, found esp. in the North Atlantic and about New Zealand.

Architrave noun [ French architrave , from Italian architrave ; prefix archi- + trave beam, Latin trabs .] (Architecture) (a) The lower division of an entablature, or that part which rests immediately on the column, esp. in classical architecture. See Column . (b) The group of moldings, or other architectural member, above and on both sides of a door or other opening, especially if square in form.

Architraved adjective Furnished with an architrave. Cowper.

Archival adjective Pertaining to, or contained in, archives or records. Tooke.

Archive noun ; plural Archives [ French archives , plural, Latin archivum , archium , from Greek ... government house, ... ... archives, from ... the first place, government. See Archi- , pref .]
1. plural The place in which public records or historic documents are kept.

Our words . . . . become records in God's court, and are laid up in his archives as witnesses.
Gov. of Tongue.

2. plural Public records or documents preserved as evidence of facts; as, the archives of a country or family.

[ Rarely used in sing. ]

Some rotten archive , rummaged out of some seldom explored press.
Lamb.

Syn. -- Registers; records; chronicles.

Archivist noun [ French archiviste .] A keeper of archives or records. [ R.]

Archivolt noun [ French archivolte , from Italian archivolto ; prefix archi- + volto vault, arch. See Vault .] (Architecture) (a) The architectural member surrounding the curved opening of an arch, corresponding to the architrave in the case of a square opening. (b) More commonly, the molding or other ornaments with which the wall face of the voussoirs of an arch is charged.

Archlute, Archilute noun [ Confer French archiluth , Italian arciliuto .] (Mus.) A large theorbo, or double-necked lute, formerly in use, having the bass strings doubled with an octave, and the higher strings with a unison.

Archly adverb In an arch manner; with attractive slyness or roguishness; slyly; waggishly.

Archly the maiden smiled.
Longfellow.

Archmarshal noun [ German erzmarschall . See Arch- , pref .] The grand marshal of the old German empire, a dignity that to the Elector of Saxony.

Archness noun The quality of being arch; cleverness; sly humor free from malice; waggishness. Goldsmith.

Archon noun [ Latin archon , Greek ..., ..., ruler, chief magistrate, present participle of ... to be first, to rule.] (Antiq.) One of the chief magistrates in ancient Athens, especially, by preëminence, the first of the nine chief magistrates. -- Ar*chon"tic adjective

Archonship noun The office of an archon. Mitford.

Archontate noun [ Confer French archontat .] An archon's term of office. Gibbon.