Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Approachment noun [ Confer French approachement .] Approach. [ Archaic] Holland.
Approbate adjective [ Latin approbatus , past participle of approbare to approve.] Approved. [ Obsolete] Elyot.
Approbate transitive verb To express approbation of; to approve; to sanction officially.
I approbate the one, I reprobate the other.
Sir W. Hamilton.
» This word is obsolete in England, but is occasionally heard in the United States, chiefly in a technical sense for license
; as, a person is approbated
to preach; approbated
to keep a public house. Pickering (1816).
[ Latin approbatio
: confer French approbation
. See Approve
to prove.] 1. Proof; attestation.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 2. The act of approving; an assenting to the propriety of a thing with some degree of pleasure or satisfaction; approval; sanction; commendation.
Many . . . joined in a loud hum of approbation .
The silent approbation of one's own breast.
Animals . . . love approbation or praise. 3. Probation or novitiate.
This day my sister should the cloister enter, Syn.
And there receive her approbation .
-- Approval; liking; sanction; consent; concurrence. -- Approbation
have the same general meaning, assenting to or declaring as good, sanction, commendation; but approbation
is stronger and more positive. "We may be anxious for the approbation
of our friends; but we should be still more anxious for the approval
of our own consciences." "He who is desirous to obtain universal approbation
will learn a good lesson from the fable of the old man and his ass." "The work has been examined by several excellent judges, who have expressed their unqualified approval
of its plan and execution."
Approbative adjective [ Confer French approbatif .] Approving, or implying approbation. Milner.
1. The quality of being approbative. 2. (Phren.) Love of approbation.
Approbator noun [ Latin ] One who approves. [ R.]
Approbatory adjective Containing or expressing approbation; commendatory. Sheldon.
Appromt transitive verb
[ Prefix ad-
.] To quicken; to prompt.
To appromt our invention.
[ See Approve
, and Proof
.] 1. Trial; proof.
[ Archaic] Shak. 2. Approval; commendation. Shak.
Appropinquate intransitive verb [ Latin appropinquatus , past participle of appropinquare ; ad + prope near.] To approach. [ Archaic] Ld. Lytton.
Appropinquation noun [ Latin appropinquatio .] A drawing nigh; approach. [ R.] Bp. Hall.
Appropinquity noun [ Prefix ad- + propinquity .] Nearness; propinquity. [ R.] J. Gregory.
Appropre transitive verb
[ Middle English appropren
, Old French approprier
, from Latin appropriare
. See Appropriate
.] To appropriate.
[ Obsolete] Fuller.
[ See Appropriate
.] Capable of being appropriated, set apart, sequestered, or assigned exclusively to a particular use. Sir T. Browne.
Appropriament noun What is peculiarly one's own; peculiar qualification.
If you can neglect
Your own appropriaments .
[ Latin appropriatus
, past participle of appropriare
to appropriate, from proprius
one's own, proper. See Proper
.] Set apart for a particular use or person. Hence: Belonging peculiarly; peculiar; suitable; fit; proper.
In its strict and appropriate meaning.
Appropriate acts of divine worship.
It is not at all times easy to find words appropriate to express our ideas.
Appropriate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Appropriated
; present participle & verbal noun Appropriating
] 1. To take to one's self in exclusion of others; to claim or use as by an exclusive right; as, let no man appropriate the use of a common benefit. 2. To set apart for, or assign to, a particular person or use, in exclusion of all others; -- with to or for ; as, a spot of ground is appropriated for a garden; to appropriate money for the increase of the navy. 3. To make suitable; to suit.
[ Archaic] Paley. 4. (Eng. Eccl. Law) To annex, as a benefice, to a spiritual corporation, as its property. Blackstone.
Appropriate noun A property; attribute. [ Obsolete]
Appropriately adverb In an appropriate or proper manner; fitly; properly.
Appropriateness noun The state or quality of being appropriate; peculiar fitness. Froude.
[ Latin appropriatio
: confer French appropriation
.] 1. The act of setting apart or assigning to a particular use or person, or of taking to one's self, in exclusion of all others; application to a special use or purpose, as of a piece of ground for a park, or of money to carry out some object. 2. Anything, especially money, thus set apart.
The Commons watched carefully over the appropriation . 3. (Law) (a) The severing or sequestering of a benefice to the perpetual use of a spiritual corporation. Blackstone . (b) The application of payment of money by a debtor to his creditor, to one of several debts which are due from the former to the latter. Chitty.
Appropriative adjective Appropriating; making, or tending to, appropriation; as, an appropriative act. -- Ap*pro"pri*a*tive*ness , noun
1. One who appropriates. 2. (Law) A spiritual corporation possessed of an appropriated benefice; also, an impropriator.
Approvable adjective Worthy of being approved; meritorious. -- Ap*prov"a*ble*ness , noun
Approval noun Approbation; sanction.
A censor . . . without whose approval n... capital sentences are to be executed. Syn.
-- See Approbation
Approvance noun Approval. [ Archaic] Thomson.
Approve transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Approved
; present participle & verbal noun Approving
.] [ Middle English aproven
, to prove, Old French aprover
, French approuver
, to approve, from Latin approbare
to esteem as good, approve, prove. See Prove
, and confer Approbate
.] 1. To show to be real or true; to prove.
Wouldst thou approve thy constancy? Approve 2. To make proof of; to demonstrate; to prove or show practically.
First thy obedience.
Opportunities to approve . . . worth.
He had approved himself a great warrior.
'T is an old lesson; Time approves it true.
His account . . . approves him a man of thought. 3. To sanction officially; to ratify; to confirm; as, to approve the decision of a court-martial. 4. To regard as good; to commend; to be pleased with; to think well of; as, we approve the measured of the administration. 5. To make or show to be worthy of approbation or acceptance.
The first care and concern must be to approve himself to God.
» This word, when it signifies to be pleased with
, to think favorably
), is often followed by of
They had not approved of the deposition of James.
They approved of the political institutions.
(ăp*prōv") transitive verb
[ Old French aprouer
) + a form apparently derived from the pro
, in Latin prodest
it is useful or profitable, properly the preposition pro
for. Confer Improve
.] (Eng. Law) To make profit of; to convert to one's own profit; -- said esp. of waste or common land appropriated by the lord of the manor.
Approvedly adverb So as to secure approbation; in an approved manner.
[ Obsolete] 1. Approbation.
I did nothing without your approvement . 2. (Eng. Law) a confession of guilt by a prisoner charged with treason or felony, together with an accusation of his accomplish and a giving evidence against them in order to obtain his own pardon. The term is no longer in use; it corresponded to what is now known as turning king's (or queen's ) evidence in England, and state's evidence in the United States. Burrill. Bouvier.
Approvement noun (Old Eng. Law) Improvement of common lands, by inclosing and converting them to the uses of husbandry for the advantage of the lord of the manor. Blackstone.
Approver noun 1. One who approves. Formerly, one who made proof or trial. 2. An informer; an accuser.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 3. (Eng. Law) One who confesses a crime and accuses another. See 1st Approvement , 2.
[ See 2d Approve
, transitive verb
] (Eng. Law) A bailiff or steward; an agent.
[ Obsolete] Jacobs.
Approving adjective Expressing approbation; commending; as, an approving smile. -- Ap*prov"ing*ly , adverb
[ Latin approximatus
, past participle of approximare
to approach; ad
to come near. See Proximate
.] 1. Approaching; proximate; nearly resembling. 2. Near correctness; nearly exact; not perfectly accurate; as, approximate results or values. Approximate quantities (Math.)
, those which are nearly, but not, equal.
Approximate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Approximated
; present participle & verbal noun Approximating
.] 1. To carry or advance near; to cause to approach.
To approximate the inequality of riches to the level of nature. 2. To come near to; to approach.
The telescope approximates perfection.
Approximate intransitive verb To draw; to approach.
Approximately adverb With approximation; so as to approximate; nearly.
[ Confer French approximation
, Late Latin approximatio
.] 1. The act of approximating; a drawing, advancing or being near; approach; also, the result of approximating.
The largest capacity and the most noble dispositions are but an approximation to the proper standard and true symmetry of human nature. 2. An approach to a correct estimate, calculation, or conception, or to a given quantity, quality, etc. 3. (Math.) (a) A continual approach or coming nearer to a result; as, to solve an equation by approximation . (b) A value that is nearly but not exactly correct.
Approximative adjective [ Confer French approximatif .] Approaching; approximate. -- Ap*prox"i*ma*tive*ly , adverb -- Ap*prox"i*ma*tive*ness , noun
Approximator noun One who, or that which, approximates.
[ French, from Latin ad
foothold, Greek ..., dim. of ..., ..., foot.] A support or supporter; a stay; a prop.
If a vine be to climb trees that are of any great height, there would be stays and appuies set to it. Point d'appui
[ French, a point of support.] (Mil.) (a) A given point or body, upon which troops are formed, or by which are marched in line or column. (b) An advantageous defensive support, as a castle, morass, wood, declivity, etc.
Appui noun (Man.) The mutual bearing or support of the hand of the rider and the mouth of the horse through the bit and bridle. -- Point d'appui any point of support or basis of operations, as a rallying point.
[ Latin appulsus
, from appellere
, to drive to; ad
to drive: confer French appulse
.] 1. A driving or running towards; approach; impulse; also, the act of striking against.
In all consonants there is an appulse of the organs. 2. (Astron.) The near approach of one heavenly body to another, or to the meridian; a coming into conjunction; as, the appulse of the moon to a star, or of a star to the meridian.
Appulsion noun A driving or striking against; an appulse.
Appulsive adjective Striking against; impinging; as, the appulsive influence of the planets. P. Cyc.
Appulsively adverb By appulsion.
[ Old French apurtenaunce
, French appartenance
, Late Latin appartenentia
, from Latin appertinere
. See Appertain
.] That which belongs to something else; an adjunct; an appendage; an accessory; something annexed to another thing more worthy; in common parlance and legal acceptation, something belonging to another thing as principal, and which passes as incident to it, as a right of way, or other easement to land; a right of common to pasture, an outhouse, barn, garden, or orchard, to a house or messuage. In a strict legal sense, land can never pass as an appurtenance to land. Tomlins. Bouvier. Burrill.
Globes . . . provided as appurtenances to astronomy.
The structure of the eye, and of its appurtenances .