Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Appositional adjective Pertaining to apposition; put in apposition syntactically. Ellicott.
Appositive adjective Of or relating to apposition; in apposition.
-- noun A noun in apposition.
Appositive to the words going immediately before.
Appraisable adjective Capable of being appraised.
[ See Appraise
. Confer Apprizal
.] A valuation by an authorized person; an appraisement.
Appraise transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Appraised
; present participle & verbal noun Appraising
.] [ Prefix ad-
. See Praise
.] 1. To set a value; to estimate the worth of, particularly by persons appointed for the purpose; as, to appraise goods and chattels. 2. To estimate; to conjecture.
Enoch . . . appraised his weight. 3. To praise; to commend.
[ Obsolete] R. Browning.
Appraised the Lycian custom.
» In the United States, this word is often pronounced, and sometimes written, apprize
[ See Appraise
. Confer Apprizement
.] The act of setting the value; valuation by an appraiser; estimation of worth.
[ See Appraise
.] One who appraises; esp., a person appointed and sworn to estimate and fix the value of goods or estates.
[ Latin apprecari
to pray to; ad
to pray, prex
, prayer.] Earnest prayer; devout wish.
A solemn apprecation of good success.
Apprecatory adjective Praying or wishing good. [ Obsolete]" Apprecatory benedictions." Bp. Hall.
Appreciable adjective [ Confer French appréciable .] Capable of being appreciated or estimated; large enough to be estimated; perceptible; as, an appreciable quantity. -- Ap*pre"ci*a*bly , adverb
Appreciant adjective Appreciative. [ R.]
Appreciate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Appreciated
; present participle & verbal noun Appreciating
.] [ Latin appretiatus
, past participle of appretiare
to value at a price, appraise; ad
to prize, pretium
price. Confer Appraise
.] 1. To set a price or value on; to estimate justly; to value.
To appreciate the motives of their enemies. 3. To raise the value of; to increase the market price of; -- opposed to depreciate .
Lest a sudden peace should appreciate the money. 4. To be sensible of; to distinguish.
To test the power of bees to appreciate color. Syn.
-- To Appreciate
is an act of judgment; esteem
is an act of valuing or prizing, and when applied to individuals, denotes a sentiment of moral approbation. See Estimate
lies between the two. As compared with estimate
, it supposes a union of sensibility with judgment, producing a nice and delicate perception. As compared with esteem
, it denotes a valuation of things according to their appropriate and distinctive excellence, and not simply their moral worth. Thus, with reference to the former of these (delicate perception), an able writer says. "Women have a truer appreciation
of character than men;" and another remarks, "It is difficult to appreciate
the true force and distinctive sense of terms which we are every day using." So, also, we speak of the difference between two things, as sometimes hardly appreciable
. With reference to the latter of these (that of valuation as the result of a nice perception), we say, "It requires a peculiar cast of character to appreciate
the poetry of Wordsworth;" "He who has no delicacy himself, can not appreciate
it in others;" "The thought of death is salutary, because it leads us to appreciate
worldly things aright." Appreciate
is much used in cases where something is in danger of being overlooked or undervalued; as when we speak of appreciating
the difficulties of a subject, or the risk of an undertaking. So Lord Plunket, referring to an "ominous silence" which prevailed among the Irish peasantry, says, "If you knew how to appreciate
that silence, it is more formidable than the most clamorous opposition." In like manner, a person who asks some favor of another is apt to say, "I trust you will appreciate
my motives in this request." Here we have the key to a very frequent use of the word. It is hardly necessary to say that appreciate
looks on the favorable side of things. we never speak of appreciating
a man's faults, but his merits. This idea of regarding things favorably appears more fully in the word appreciative
; as when we speak of an appreciative
audience, or an appreciative
review, meaning one that manifests a quick perception and a ready valuation of excellence.
Appreciate intransitive verb To rise in value. [ See note under Rise , intransitive verb ] J. Morse.
Appreciatingly adverb In an appreciating manner; with appreciation.
[ Confer French appréciation
.] 1. A just valuation or estimate of merit, worth, weight, etc.; recognition of excellence. 2. Accurate perception; true estimation; as, an appreciation of the difficulties before us; an appreciation of colors.
His foreboding showed his appreciation of Henry's character. 3. A rise in value; -- opposed to depreciation .
J. R. Green.
Appreciative adjective Having or showing a just or ready appreciation or perception; as, an appreciative audience. -- Ap*pre"ci*a*tive*ly , adverb
Appreciativeness noun The quality of being appreciative; quick recognition of excellence.
Appreciator noun One who appreciates.
Appreciatory adjective Showing appreciation; appreciative; as, appreciatory commendation. -- Ap*pre"ci*a*to*ri*ly adverb
(ăp`pre*hĕnd") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Apprehended
; present participle & verbal noun Apprehending
.] [ Latin apprehendere
to lay hold of, seize; prae
before + -hendere
(used only in comp.); akin to Greek chanda`nein
to hold, contain, and English get
: confer French appréhender
. See Prehensile
.] 1. To take or seize; to take hold of.
We have two hands to apprehend it. 2. Hence: To take or seize (a person) by legal process; to arrest; as, to apprehend a criminal. 3. To take hold of with the understanding, that is, to conceive in the mind; to become cognizant of; to understand; to recognize; to consider.
This suspicion of Earl Reimund, though at first but a buzz, soon got a sting in the king's head, and he violently apprehended it.
The eternal laws, such as the heroic age apprehended them. 4. To know or learn with certainty.
G. You are too much distrustful of my truth. 5. To anticipate; esp., to anticipate with anxiety, dread, or fear; to fear.
E. Then you must give me leave to apprehend
The means and manner how.
Beau. & Fl.
The opposition had more reason than the king to apprehend violence. Syn.
-- To catch; seize; arrest; detain; capture; conceive; understand; imagine; believe; fear; dread. -- To Apprehend
. These words come into comparison as describing acts of the mind. Apprehend
denotes the laying hold
of a thing mentally, so as to understand it clearly, at least in part. Comprehend
denotes the embracing or understanding it in all its compass and extent. We may apprehended
many truths which we do not comprehend
. The very idea of God supposes that he may be apprehended
, though not comprehended
, by rational beings. "We may apprehended
much of Shakespeare's aim and intention in the character of Hamlet or King Lear; but few will claim that they have comprehended
all that is embraced in these characters." Trench.
Apprehend intransitive verb 1. To think, believe, or be of opinion; to understand; to suppose. 2. To be apprehensive; to fear.
It is worse to apprehend than to suffer.
Apprehender noun One who apprehends.
Apprehensibiity noun The quality of being apprehensible. [ R.] De Quincey.
[ Latin apprehensibilis
. See Apprehend
.] Capable of being apprehended or conceived.
by faith." Bp. Hall.
[ Latin apprehensio
: confer French appréhension
. See Apprehend
.] 1. The act of seizing or taking hold of; seizure; as, the hand is an organ of apprehension . Sir T. Browne. 2. The act of seizing or taking by legal process; arrest; as, the felon, after his apprehension , escaped. 3. The act of grasping with the intellect; the contemplation of things, without affirming, denying, or passing any judgment; intellection; perception.
Simple apprehension denotes no more than the soul's naked intellection of an object. 4. Opinion; conception; sentiment; idea.
» In this sense, the word often denotes a belief, founded on sufficient evidence to give preponderation to the mind, but insufficient to induce certainty; as, in our apprehension
, the facts prove the issue.
To false, and to be thought false, is all one in respect of men, who act not according to truth, but apprehension . 5. The faculty by which ideas are conceived; understanding; as, a man of dull apprehension . 6. Anticipation, mostly of things unfavorable; distrust or fear at the prospect of future evil.
After the death of his nephew Caligula, Claudius was in no small apprehension for his own life. Syn.
springs from a sense of danger when somewhat remote, but approaching; alarm
arises from danger when announced as near at hand. Apprehension
is calmer and more permanent; alarm
is more agitating and transient.
[ Confer French appréhensif
. See Apprehend
.] 1. Capable of apprehending, or quick to do so; apt; discerning.
It may be pardonable to imagine that a friend, a kind and apprehensive . . . friend, is listening to our talk. 2. Knowing; conscious; cognizant.
A man that has spent his younger years in vanity and folly, and is, by the grace of God, apprehensive of it. 3. Relating to the faculty of apprehension.
Judgment . . . is implied in every apprehensive act. 4. Anticipative of something unfavorable' fearful of what may be coming; in dread of possible harm; in expectation of evil.
Sir W. Hamilton.
Not at all apprehensive of evils as a distance.
Reformers . . . apprehensive for their lives. 5. Sensible; feeling; perceptive.
Thoughts, my tormentors, armed with deadly stings,
Mangle my apprehensive , tenderest parts.
Apprehensively adverb In an apprehensive manner; with apprehension of danger.
Apprehensiveness noun The quality or state of being apprehensive.
[ Middle English apprentice
, Old French aprentis
, nom. of aprentif
, from apprendare
to learn, Latin apprendere
, equiv. to apprehendere
, to take hold of (by the mind), to comprehend. See Apprehend
.] 1. One who is bound by indentures or by legal agreement to serve a mechanic, or other person, for a certain time, with a view to learn the art, or trade, in which his master is bound to instruct him. 2. One not well versed in a subject; a tyro. 3. (Old law) A barrister, considered a learner of law till of sixteen years' standing, when he might be called to the rank of serjeant.
[ Obsolete] Blackstone.
Apprentice transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Apprenticed
; present participle & verbal noun Apprenticing
.] To bind to, or put under the care of, a master, for the purpose of instruction in a trade or business.
Apprenticeage noun [ French apprentissage .] Apprenticeship. [ Obsolete]
Apprenticehood noun Apprenticeship. [ Obsolete]
1. The service or condition of an apprentice; the state in which a person is gaining instruction in a trade or art, under legal agreement. 2. The time an apprentice is serving (sometimes seven years, as from the age of fourteen to twenty-one).
Appressed, Apprest adjective
[ past participle appress
, which is not in use. See Adpress
.] (Botany) Pressed close to, or lying against, something for its whole length, as against a stem. Gray.
Apprise transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Apprised
; present participle & verbal noun Apprising
.] [ French appris
, fem. apprise
, past participle apprendre
to learn, to teach, to inform. Confer Apprehend
.] To give notice, verbal or written; to inform; -- followed by of ; as, we will apprise the general of an intended attack; he apprised the commander of what he had done.
Apprise noun Notice; information. [ Obsolete] Gower.
Apprize transitive verb
[ The same as Appraise
, only more accommodated to the English form of the Latin pretiare
.] To appraise; to value; to appreciate.
Apprizement noun Appraisement.
1. An appraiser. 2. (Scots Law) A creditor for whom an appraisal is made. Sir W. Scott.
Approach intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Approached
; present participle & verbal noun Approaching
.] [ Middle English approchen
, Old French approcher
, Late Latin appropriare
, from Latin ad
to draw near, prope
near.] 1. To come or go near, in place or time; to draw nigh; to advance nearer.
Wherefore approached ye so nigh unto the city?
2 Sam. xi. 20.
But exhorting one another; and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching . 2. To draw near, in a figurative sense; to make advances; to approximate; as, he approaches to the character of the ablest statesman.
Hebrew x. 25.
Approach transitive verb 1. To bring near; to cause to draw near; to advance.
[ Archaic] Boyle. 2. To come near to in place, time, or character; to draw nearer to; as, to approach the city; to approach my cabin; he approached the age of manhood.
He was an admirable poet, and thought even to have approached Homer. 3. (Mil.) To take approaches to.
[ Confer French approche
. See Approach
, intransitive verb
] 1. The act of drawing near; a coming or advancing near.
of summer." Horsley.
A nearer approach to the human type. 2. A access, or opportunity of drawing near.
The approach to kings and principal persons. 3. plural Movements to gain favor; advances. 4. A way, passage, or avenue by which a place or buildings can be approached; an access. Macaulay. 5. plural (Fort.) The advanced works, trenches, or covered roads made by besiegers in their advances toward a fortress or military post. 6. (Hort.) See Approaching .
Approach noun (Golf) A stroke whose object is to land the ball on the putting green. It is made with an iron club.
Approachability noun The quality of being approachable; approachableness.
Approachable adjective Capable of being approached; accessible; as, approachable virtue.
Approachableness noun The quality or state of being approachable; accessibility.
Approacher noun One who approaches.
Approaching noun (Hort.) The act of ingrafting a sprig or shoot of one tree into another, without cutting it from the parent stock; -- called, also, inarching and grafting by approach .
Approachless adjective Impossible to be approached.