Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Appanage noun [ French apanage , from Old French apaner to nourish, support, from Late Latin apanare to furnish with bread, to provision; Latin ad + pains bread.]
1. The portion of land assigned by a sovereign prince for the subsistence of his younger sons.

2. A dependency; a dependent territory.

3. That which belongs to one by custom or right; a natural adjunct or accompaniment. "Wealth . . . the appanage of wit." Swift.

Appanagist (ăp*păn"ȧ*jĭst) noun [ French apanagiste .] A prince to whom an appanage has been granted.

Apparaillyng noun [ See Apparel , noun & v. ] Preparation. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Apparatus noun ; plural Apparatus , also rarely Apparatuses [ Latin , from apparare , apparatum , to prepare; ad + prepare to make ready.]
1. Things provided as means to some end.

2. Hence: A full collection or set of implements, or utensils, for a given duty, experimental or operative; any complex instrument or appliance, mechanical or chemical, for a specific action or operation; machinery; mechanism.

3. (Physiol.) A collection of organs all of which unite in a common function; as, the respiratory apparatus .

Apparel noun [ Middle English apparel , apareil , Old French apareil , appareil , preparation, provision, furniture, Old French apareiller to match, prepare, French appareiller ; Old French a (L. ad ) + pareil like, similar, from Late Latin pariculus , dim. of Latin par equal. See Pair .]
1. External clothing; vesture; garments; dress; garb; external habiliments or array.

Fresh in his new apparel , proud and young.

At public devotion his resigned carriage made religion appear in the natural apparel of simplicity.

2. A small ornamental piece of embroidery worn on albs and some other ecclesiastical vestments.

3. (Nautical) The furniture of a ship, as masts, sails, rigging, anchors, guns, etc.

Syn. -- Dress; clothing; vesture; garments; raiment; garb; costume; attire; habiliments.

Apparel transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Appareled , or Apparelled ; present participle & verbal noun Appareling , or Apparelling .] [ Old French apareiller .]
1. To make or get (something) ready; to prepare. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

2. To furnish with apparatus; to equip; to fit out.

Ships . . . appareled to fight.

3. To dress or clothe; to attire.

They which are gorgeously appareled , and live delicately, are in kings' courts.
Luke vii. 25.

4. To dress with external ornaments; to cover with something ornamental; to deck; to embellish; as, trees appareled with flowers, or a garden with verdure.

Appareled in celestial light.

Apparence noun [ Old French aparence .] Appearance. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Apparency noun
1. Appearance. [ Obsolete]

2. Apparentness; state of being apparent. Coleridge.

3. The position of being heir apparent.

Apparent adjective [ French apparent , Latin apparens , -entis , present participle of apparere . See Appear .]
1. Capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to the eye; within sight or view.

The moon . . . apparent queen.

2. Clear or manifest to the understanding; plain; evident; obvious; known; palpable; indubitable.

It is apparent foul play.

3. Appearing to the eye or mind (distinguished from, but not necessarily opposed to, true or real ); seeming; as the apparent motion or diameter of the sun.

To live on terms of civility, and even of apparent friendship.

What Berkeley calls visible magnitude was by astronomers called apparent magnitude.

Apparent horizon , the circle which in a level plain bounds our view, and is formed by the apparent meeting of the earth and heavens, as distinguished from the rational horizon. -- Apparent time . See Time . -- Heir apparent (Law) , one whose to an estate is indefeasible if he survives the ancestor; -- in distinction from presumptive heir . See Presumptive .

Syn. -- Visible; distinct; plain; obvious; clear; certain; evident; manifest; indubitable; notorious.

Apparent noun An heir apparent. [ Obsolete]

I'll draw it [ the sword] as apparent to the crown.

Apparently adverb
1. Visibly. [ Obsolete] Hobbes.

2. Plainly; clearly; manifestly; evidently.

If he should scorn me so apparently .

3. Seemingly; in appearance; as, a man may be apparently friendly, yet malicious in heart.

Apparentness noun Plainness to the eye or the mind; visibleness; obviousness. [ R.] Sherwood.

Apparition noun [ French apparition , Latin apparitio , from apparere . See Appear .]
1. The act of becoming visible; appearance; visibility. Milton.

The sudden apparition of the Spaniards.

The apparition of Lawyer Clippurse occasioned much speculation in that portion of the world.
Sir W. Scott.

2. The thing appearing; a visible object; a form.

Which apparition , it seems, was you.

3. An unexpected, wonderful, or preternatural appearance; a ghost; a specter; a phantom. "The heavenly bands . . . a glorious apparition ." Milton.

I think it is the weakness of mine eyes
That shapes this monstrous apparition .

4. (Astron.) The first appearance of a star or other luminary after having been invisible or obscured; -- opposed to occultation .

Circle of perpetual apparition . See under Circle .

Apparitional adjective Pertaining to an apparition or to apparitions; spectral. "An apparitional soul." Tylor.

Apparitor noun [ Latin , from apparere . See Appear .]
1. Formerly, an officer who attended magistrates and judges to execute their orders.

Before any of his apparitors could execute the sentence, he was himself summoned away by a sterner apparitor to the other world.
De Quincey.

2. (Law) A messenger or officer who serves the process of an ecclesiastical court. Bouvier.

Appaumé noun [ French appaumé ; ... (l. ad ) + paume the palm, from Latin palma .] (Her.) A hand open and extended so as to show the palm.

Appay transitive verb [ Old French appayer , apaier , Late Latin appacare , appagare , from Latin ad + pacare to pacify, pax , pacis , peace. See Pay , Appease .] To pay; to satisfy or appease. [ Obsolete] Sir P. Sidney.

Appeach transitive verb [ Middle English apechen , for empechen , Old French empeechier , French empêcher , to hinder. See Impeach .] To impeach; to accuse; to asperse; to inform against; to reproach. [ Obsolete]

And oft of error did himself appeach .

Appeacher noun An accuser. [ Obsolete] Raleigh.

Appeachment noun Accusation. [ Obsolete]

Appeal transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Appealed ; present participle & verbal noun Appealing .] [ Middle English appelen , apelen , to appeal, accuse, Old French appeler , from Latin appellare to approach, address, invoke, summon, call, name; akin to appellere to drive to; ad + pellere to drive. See Pulse , and confer Peal .]
1. (Law) (a) To make application for the removal of (a cause) from an inferior to a superior judge or court for a rehearing or review on account of alleged injustice or illegality in the trial below. We say, the cause was appealed from an inferior court. (b) To charge with a crime; to accuse; to institute a private criminal prosecution against for some heinous crime; as, to appeal a person of felony.

2. To summon; to challenge. [ Archaic]

Man to man will I appeal the Norman to the lists.
Sir W. Scott.

3. To invoke. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Appeal transitive verb
1. (Law) To apply for the removal of a cause from an inferior to a superior judge or court for the purpose of reëxamination of for decision. Tomlins.

I appeal unto Cæsar.
Acts xxv. 11.

2. To call upon another to decide a question controverted, to corroborate a statement, to vindicate one's rights, etc.; as, I appeal to all mankind for the truth of what is alleged. Hence: To call on one for aid; to make earnest request.

I appeal to the Scriptures in the original.

They appealed to the sword.

Appeal noun [ Middle English appel , apel , Old French apel , French appel , from appeler . See Appeal , transitive verb ]
1. (Law) (a) An application for the removal of a cause or suit from an inferior to a superior judge or court for reëxamination or review. (b) The mode of proceeding by which such removal is effected. (c) The right of appeal. (d) An accusation; a process which formerly might be instituted by one private person against another for some heinous crime demanding punishment for the particular injury suffered, rather than for the offense against the public. (e) An accusation of a felon at common law by one of his accomplices, which accomplice was then called an approver . See Approvement . Tomlins. Bouvier.

2. A summons to answer to a charge. Dryden.

3. A call upon a person or an authority for proof or decision, in one's favor; reference to another as witness; a call for help or a favor; entreaty.

A kind of appeal to the Deity, the author of wonders.

4. Resort to physical means; recourse.

Every milder method is to be tried, before a nation makes an appeal to arms.

Appealable adjective
1. Capable of being appealed against; that may be removed to a higher tribunal for decision; as, the cause is appealable .

2. That may be accused or called to answer by appeal; as, a criminal is appealable for manslaughter. [ Obsolete]

Appealant noun An appellant. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Appealer noun One who makes an appeal.

Appealing adjective That appeals; imploring. -- Ap*peal"ing*ly , adverb -- Ap*peal"ing*ness , noun

Appear intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Appeared ; present participle & verbal noun Appearing .] [ Middle English apperen , aperen , Old French aparoir , French apparoir , from Latin appar...re to appear + par...re to come forth, to be visible; probably from the same root as par...re to produce. Confer Apparent , Parent , Peer , intransitive verb ]
1. To come or be in sight; to be in view; to become visible.

And God . . . said, Let . . . the dry land appear .
Gen. i. 9.

2. To come before the public; as, a great writer appeared at that time.

3. To stand in presence of some authority, tribunal, or superior person, to answer a charge, plead a cause, or the like; to present one's self as a party or advocate before a court, or as a person to be tried.

We must all appear before the judgment seat.
» Cor. v. 10.

One ruffian escaped because no prosecutor dared to appear .

4. To become visible to the apprehension of the mind; to be known as a subject of observation or comprehension, or as a thing proved; to be obvious or manifest.

It doth not yet appear what we shall be.
1 John iii. 2.

Of their vain contest appeared no end.

5. To seem; to have a certain semblance; to look.

They disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast.
Matt. vi. 16.

Syn. -- To seem; look. See Seem .

Appear noun Appearance. [ Obsolete] J. Fletcher.

Appearance noun [ French apparence , Latin apparentia , from apparere . See Appear .]
1. The act of appearing or coming into sight; the act of becoming visible to the eye; as, his sudden appearance surprised me.

2. A thing seed; a phenomenon; a phase; an apparition; as, an appearance in the sky.

3. Personal presence; exhibition of the person; look; aspect; mien.

And now am come to see . . .
It thy appearance answer loud report.

4. Semblance, or apparent likeness; external show. plural Outward signs, or circumstances, fitted to make a particular impression or to determine the judgment as to the character of a person or a thing, an act or a state; as, appearances are against him.

There was upon the tabernacle, as it were, the appearance of fire.
Num. ix. 15.

For man looketh on the outward appearance .
1 Sam. xvi. 7.

Judge not according to the appearance .
John. vii. 24.

5. The act of appearing in a particular place, or in society, a company, or any proceedings; a coming before the public in a particular character; as, a person makes his appearance as an historian, an artist, or an orator.

Will he now retire,
After appearance , and again prolong
Our expectation?

6. Probability; likelihood. [ Obsolete]

There is that which hath no appearance .

7. (Law) The coming into court of either of the parties; the being present in court; the coming into court of a party summoned in an action, either by himself or by his attorney, expressed by a formal entry by the proper officer to that effect; the act or proceeding by which a party proceeded against places himself before the court, and submits to its jurisdiction. Burrill. Bouvier. Daniell.

To put in an appearance , to be present; to appear in person. -- To save appearances , to preserve a fair outward show.

Syn. -- Coming; arrival; presence; semblance; pretense; air; look; manner; mien; figure; aspect.

Appearer noun One who appears. Sir T. Browne.

Appearingly adverb Apparently. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Appeasable adjective Capable of being appeased or pacified; placable. -- Ap*peas"a*ble*ness , noun

Appease transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Appealed ; present participle & verbal noun Appeasing .] [ Middle English apesen , apaisen , Old French apaisier , apaissier , French apaiser , from a (L. ad ) + Old French pais peace, French paix , from Latin pax , pacis . See Peace .] To make quiet; to calm; to reduce to a state of peace; to still; to pacify; to dispel (anger or hatred); as, to appease the tumult of the ocean, or of the passions; to appease hunger or thirst.

Syn. -- To pacify; quiet; conciliate; propitiate; assuage; compose; calm; allay; hush; soothe; tranquilize.

Appeasement noun The act of appeasing, or the state of being appeased; pacification. Hayward.

Appeaser noun One who appeases; a pacifier.

Appeasive adjective Tending to appease.

Appel noun [ French, prop., a call. See Appeal , noun ] (Fencing) A tap or stamp of the foot as a warning of intent to attack; -- called also attack .

Appellable adjective Appealable.

Appellancy noun Capability of appeal.

Appellant adjective [ Latin appellans , present participle of appellare ; confer French appelant . See Appeal .] Relating to an appeal; appellate. "An appellant jurisdiction." Hallam.

Party appellant (Law) , the party who appeals; appellant; -- opposed to respondent , or appellee . Tomlins.

Appellant noun
1. (Law) (a) One who accuses another of felony or treason. [ Obsolete] (b) One who appeals, or asks for a rehearing or review of a cause by a higher tribunal.

2. A challenger. [ Obsolete] Milton.

3. (Eccl. Hist.) One who appealed to a general council against the bull Unigenitus.

4. One who appeals or entreats.

Appellate adjective [ Latin appelatus , past participle of appellare .] Pertaining to, or taking cognizance of, appeals. " Appellate jurisdiction." Blackstone. " Appellate judges." Burke.

Appelate court , a court having cognizance of appeals.

Appellate noun A person or prosecuted for a crime. [ Obsolete] See Appellee .

Appellation noun [ Latin appellatio , from appellare : confer French appellation . See Appeal .]
1. The act of appealing; appeal. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

2. The act of calling by a name.

3. The word by which a particular person or thing is called and known; name; title; designation.

They must institute some persons under the appellation of magistrates.

Syn. -- See Name .

Appellative adjective [ Latin appellativus , from appellare : confer French appelatif . See Appeal .]
1. Pertaining to a common name; serving as a distinctive denomination; denominative; naming. Cudworth.

2. (Gram.) Common, as opposed to proper ; denominative of a class.

Appellative noun [ Latin appelativum , sc. nomen .]
1. A common name, in distinction from a proper name. A common name, or appellative , stands for a whole class, genus, or species of beings, or for universal ideas. Thus, tree is the name of all plants of a particular class; plant and vegetable are names of things that grow out of the earth. A proper name, on the other hand, stands for a single thing; as, Rome , Washington , Lake Erie .

2. An appellation or title; a descriptive name.

God chosen it for one of his appellatives to be the Defender of them.
Jer. Taylor.

Appellatively adverb After the manner of nouns appellative; in a manner to express whole classes or species; as, Hercules is sometimes used appellatively , that is, as a common name, to signify a strong man.

Appellativeness noun The quality of being appellative. Fuller.

Appellatory adjective [ Latin appellatorius , from appellare .] Containing an appeal.

An appellatory libel ought to contain the name of the party appellant.