Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin applaudere
. See Applaud
.] The act of applauding; approbation and praise publicly expressed by clapping the hands, stamping or tapping with the feet, acclamation, huzzas, or other means; marked commendation.
The brave man seeks not popular applause . Syn.
-- Acclaim; acclamation; plaudit; commendation; approval.
Applausive adjective [ Late Latin applausivus .] Expressing applause; approbative. -- Ap*plau"sive*ly , adverb
[ Middle English appel
, Anglo-Saxon æppel
; akin to Fries. & Dutch appel
, OHG, aphul
, German apfel
, Icelandic epli
, Swedish äple
, Danish æble
, Gael. ubhall
, W. afal
, Arm. aval
, Lithuanian obůlys
, Russian iabloko
; of unknown origin.] 1. The fleshy pome or fruit of a rosaceous tree ( Pyrus malus ) cultivated in numberless varieties in the temperate zones.
» The European crab apple is supposed to be the original kind, from which all others have sprung. 2. (bot.) Any tree genus Pyrus which has the stalk sunken into the base of the fruit; an apple tree. 3. Any fruit or other vegetable production resembling, or supposed to resemble, the apple; as, apple of love, or love apple (a tomato), balsam apple , egg apple , oak apple . 4. Anything round like an apple; as, an apple of gold. Apple
is used either adjectively or in combination; as, apple
paper or apple
pudding. Apple blight
, an aphid which injures apple trees. See Blight , noun
-- Apple borer (Zoology)
, a coleopterous insect ( Saperda candida or bivittata ), the larva of which bores into the trunk of the apple tree and pear tree.
-- Apple brandy
, brandy made from apples.
-- Apple butter
, a sauce made of apples stewed down in cider. Bartlett.
-- Apple corer
, an instrument for removing the cores from apples.
-- Apple fly (Zoology)
, any dipterous insect, the larva of which burrows in apples. Apple flies belong to the genera Drosophila and Trypeta .
-- Apple midge (Zoology) a small dipterous insect ( Sciara mali ), the larva of which bores in apples.
-- Apple of the eye
, the pupil.
-- Apple of discord
, a subject of contention and envy, so called from the mythological golden apple, inscribed "For the fairest," which was thrown into an assembly of the gods by Eris, the goddess of discord. It was contended for by Juno, Minerva, and Venus, and was adjudged to the latter.
-- Apple of love
, or Love apple
, the tomato ( Lycopersicum esculentum ).
-- Apple of Peru
, a large coarse herb ( Nicandra physaloides ) bearing pale blue flowers, and a bladderlike fruit inclosing a dry berry.
-- Apples of Sodom
, a fruit described by ancient writers as externally of fair appearance but dissolving into smoke and ashes when plucked; Dead Sea apples. The name is often given to the fruit of Solanum Sodomæum , a prickly shrub with fruit not unlike a small yellow tomato.
-- Apple sauce
, stewed apples.
[ U. S.] -- Apple snail
or Apple shell (Zoology)
, a fresh-water, operculated, spiral shell of the genus Ampullaria .
-- Apple tart
, a tart containing apples.
-- Apple tree
, a tree which naturally bears apples. See Apple, 2.
-- Apple wine
-- Apple worm (Zoology)
, the larva of a small moth ( Carpocapsa pomonella ) which burrows in the interior of apples. See Codling moth .
-- Dead Sea Apple
. (a) plural Apples of Sodom. Also Fig.
"To seek the Dead Sea apples
of politics." S. B. Griffin. (b) A kind of gallnut coming from Arabia. See Gallnut .
Apple (ăp"p'l) intransitive verb To grow like an apple; to bear apples. Holland.
Apple pie A pie made of apples (usually sliced or stewed) with spice and sugar. Apple-pie bed , a bed in which, as a joke, the sheets are so doubled (like the cover of an apple turnover) as to prevent any one from getting at his length between them. Halliwell Conybeare. -- Apple-pie order , perfect order or arrangement. [ Colloq.] Halliwell.
Apple-faced adjective Having a round, broad face, like an apple. " Apple-faced children." Dickens.
Apple-jack noun Apple brandy. [ U.S.]
Apple-john noun . A kind of apple which by keeping becomes much withered; -- called also Johnapple . Shak.
Apple-squire noun A pimp; a kept gallant. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.
[ See Apply
.] Applicable; also, compliant.
[ Obsolete] Howell.
1. The act of applying; application; [ Obsolete] subservience. Shak. 2. The thing applied or used as a means to an end; an apparatus or device; as, to use various appliances ; a mechanical appliance ; a machine with its appliances .
Applicability noun The quality of being applicable or fit to be applied.
[ Confer French aplicable
, from Latin applicare
. See Apply
.] Capable of being applied; fit or suitable to be applied; having relevance; as, this observation is applicable to the case under consideration.
Applicancy noun The quality or state of being applicable. [ R.]
[ Latin applicans
, present participle of applicare
. See Apply
.] One who apples for something; one who makes request; a petitioner.
The applicant for a cup of water.
The court require the applicant to appear in person.
[ Latin applicatus
, past participle of applicare
. See Apply
.] Applied or put to some use.
Those applicate sciences which extend the power of man over the elements. Applicate number (Math.)
, one which applied to some concrete case.
-- Applicate ordinate
, right line applied at right angles to the axis of any conic section, and bounded by the curve.
Applicate intransitive verb To apply.
The act of faith is applicated to the object.
[ Latin applicatio
, from applicare
: confer French application
. See Apply
.] 1. The act of applying or laying on, in a literal sense; as, the application of emollients to a diseased limb. 2. The thing applied.
He invented a new application by which blood might be stanched. 3. The act of applying as a means; the employment of means to accomplish an end; specific use.
If a right course . . . be taken with children, there will not be much need of the application of the common rewards and punishments. 4. The act of directing or referring something to a particular case, to discover or illustrate agreement or disagreement, fitness, or correspondence; as, I make the remark, and leave you to make the application ; the application of a theory. 5. Hence, in specific uses: (a) That part of a sermon or discourse in which the principles before laid down and illustrated are applied to practical uses; the "moral" of a fable. (b) The use of the principles of one science for the purpose of enlarging or perfecting another; as, the application of algebra to geometry. 6. The capacity of being practically applied or used; relevancy; as, a rule of general application . 7. The act of fixing the mind or closely applying one's self; assiduous effort; close attention; as, to injure the health by application to study.
Had his application been equal to his talents, his progress might have been greater. 8. The act of making request of soliciting; as, an application for an office; he made application to a court of chancery. 9. A request; a document containing a request; as, his application was placed on file.
[ Confer French applicatif
, from Latin applicare
. See Apply
.] Capable of being applied or used; applying; applicatory; practical. Bramhall.
Applicatorily adverb By way of application.
Applicatory adjective Having the property of applying; applicative; practical. -- noun That which applies.
Appliedly adverb By application. [ R.]
Applier noun He who, or that which, applies.
Appliment noun Application. [ Obsolete] Marston
Appliqué adjective [ French, from appliquer to put on.] Ornamented with a pattern (which has been cut out of another color or stuff) applied or transferred to a foundation; as, appliqué lace; appliqué work.
Applot transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Applotted
; present participle & verbal noun Applotting
.] [ Prefix ad-
.] To divide into plots or parts; to apportion. Milton.
Applotment noun Apportionment.
Apply transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Applied
; present participle & verbal noun Applying
.] [ Old French aplier
, French appliquer
, from Latin applicare
to join, fix, or attach to; ad
to fold, to twist together. See Applicant
.] 1. To lay or place; to put or adjust (one thing to another); -- with to ; as, to apply the hand to the breast; to apply medicaments to a diseased part of the body.
He said, and the sword his throat applied . 2. To put to use; to use or employ for a particular purpose, or in a particular case; to appropriate; to devote; as, to apply money to the payment of a debt. 3. To make use of, declare, or pronounce, as suitable, fitting, or relative; as, to apply the testimony to the case; to apply an epithet to a person.
Yet God at last 4. To fix closely; to engage and employ diligently, or with attention; to attach; to incline.
To Satan, first in sin, his doom applied .
Apply thine heart unto instruction. 5. To direct or address.
Prov. xxiii. 12.
Sacred vows . . . applied to grisly Pluto. 6. To betake; to address; to refer; -- used reflexively.
I applied myself to him for help. 7. To busy; to keep at work; to ply.
She was skillful in applying his "humors." 8. To visit.
Sir P. Sidney.
And he applied each place so fast. Applied chemistry
. See under Chemistry .
-- Applied mathematics
. See under Mathematics .
Apply intransitive verb 1. To suit; to agree; to have some connection, agreement, or analogy; as, this argument applies well to the case. 2. To make request; to have recourse with a view to gain something; to make application. ( to ); to solicit; as, to apply to a friend for information. 3. To ply; to move.
I heard the sound of an oar applying swiftly through the water. 4. To apply or address one's self; to give application; to attend closely ( to ).
Appoggiatura noun [ Italian , from appogiarre to lean, to rest; ap- (L. ad ) + poggiare to mount, ascend, poggio hill, from Latin podium an elevated place.] (Mus.) A passing tone preceding an essential tone, and borrowing the time it occupies from that; a short auxiliary or grace note one degree above or below the principal note unless it be of the same harmony; -- generally indicated by a note of smaller size, as in the illustration above. It forms no essential part of the harmony.
(ăp*point") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Appointed
; present participle & verbal noun Appointing
.] [ Middle English appointen
, Old French apointier
to prepare, arrange, lean, place, French appointer
to give a salary, refer a cause, from Late Latin appunctare
to bring back to the point, restore, to fix the point in a controversy, or the points in an agreement; Latin ad
a point. See Point
.] 1. To fix with power or firmness; to establish; to mark out.
When he appointed the foundations of the earth. 2. To fix by a decree, order, command, resolve, decision, or mutual agreement; to constitute; to ordain; to prescribe; to fix the time and place of.
Prov. viii. 29.
Thy servants are ready to do whatsoever my lord the king shall appoint .
2 Sam. xv. 15.
He hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness.
Acts xvii. 31.
Say that the emperor request a parley . . . and appoint the meeting. 3. To assign, designate, or set apart by authority.
Aaron and his shall go in, and appoint them every one to his service.
Num. iv. 19.
These were cities appointed for all the children of Israel, and for the stranger that sojourneth among them. 4. To furnish in all points; to provide with everything necessary by way of equipment; to equip; to fit out.
Josh. xx. 9.
The English, being well appointed , did so entertain them that their ships departed terribly torn. 5. To point at by way, or for the purpose, of censure or commendation; to arraign.
Appoint not heavenly disposition. 6. (Law) To direct, designate, or limit; to make or direct a new disposition of, by virtue of a power contained in a conveyance; -- said of an estate already conveyed. Burrill. Kent. To appoint one's self
, to resolve.
[ Obsolete] Crowley.
(ăp*point") intransitive verb To ordain; to determine; to arrange.
For the Lord had appointed to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel.
2 Sam. xvii. 14.
Appointable adjective Capable of being appointed or constituted.
[ French appointé
, past participle of appointer
. See Appoint
, transitive verb
] 1. A person appointed.
The commission authorizes them to make appointments, and pay the appointees . 2. (law) A person in whose favor a power of appointment is executed. Kent. Wharton.
Circular of Mass. Representatives (1768).
Appointer noun One who appoints, or executes a power of appointment. Kent.
Appointive adjective Subject to appointment; as, an appointive office. [ R.]
[ Confer French appointement
.] 1. The act of appointing; designation of a person to hold an office or discharge a trust; as, he erred by the appointment of unsuitable men. 2. The state of being appointed to som... service or office; an office to which one is appointed; station; position; an, the appointment of treasurer. 3. Stipulation; agreement; the act of fixing by mutual agreement. Hence:: Arrangement for a meeting; engagement; as, they made an appointment to meet at six. 4. Decree; direction; established order or constitution; as, to submit to the divine appointments .
According to the appointment of the priests. 5. (Law) The exercise of the power of designating (under a "power of appointment") a person to enjoy an estate or other specific property; also, the instrument by which the designation is made. 6. Equipment, furniture, as for a ship or an army; whatever is appointed for use and management; outfit; (pl.) the accouterments of military officers or soldiers, as belts, sashes, swords.
Ezra vi. 9.
The cavaliers emulated their chief in the richness of their appointments .
I'll prove it in my shackles, with these hands 7. An allowance to a person, esp. to a public officer; a perquisite; -- properly only in the plural.
Void of appointment , that thou liest.
Beau. & Fl.
An expense proportioned to his appointments and fortune is necessary. 8. A honorary part or exercise, as an oration, etc., at a public exhibition of a college; as, to have an appointment .
[ U.S.] Syn.
-- Designation; command; order; direction; establishment; equipment.
Appointor noun (Law) The person who selects the appointee. See Appointee, 2.
Apporter noun [ Confer French apporter to bring in, from Latin apportare ; ad + portare to bear.] A bringer in; an importer. [ Obsolete] Sir M. Hale.
Apportion transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Apportioned
; present participle & verbal noun Apportioning
.] [ Old French apportionner
, Late Latin apportionare
, from Latin ad
. See Portion
.] To divide and assign in just proportion; to divide and distribute proportionally; to portion out; to allot; as, to apportion undivided rights; to apportion time among various employments.
Apportionateness noun The quality of being apportioned or in proportion. [ Obsolete & R.]
Apportioner noun One who apportions.
Apportionment noun [ Confer French apportionnement , Late Latin apportionamentum .] The act of apportioning; a dividing into just proportions or shares; a division or shares; a division and assignment, to each proprietor, of his just portion of an undivided right or property. A. Hamilton.
Apposable adjective (Anat.) Capable of being apposed, or applied one to another, as the thumb to the fingers of the hand.
Appose transitive verb
[ French apposer
to set to; ... (L. ad
) + poser
to put, place. See Pose
.] 1. To place opposite or before; to put or apply (one thing to another).
The nymph herself did then appose , 2. To place in juxtaposition or proximity.
For food and beverage, to him all best meat.
Appose transitive verb
[ For oppose
. See Oppose
.] To put questions to; to examine; to try. [ Obsolete] See Pose .
To appose him without any accuser, and that secretly.
Apposed adjective Placed in apposition; mutually fitting, as the mandibles of a bird's beak.
Apposer noun An examiner; one whose business is to put questions. Formerly, in the English Court of Exchequer, an officer who audited the sheriffs' accounts.
Apposite adjective [ Latin appositus , past participle of apponere to set or put to; ad + ponere to put, place.] Very applicable; well adapted; suitable or fit; relevant; pat; -- followed by to ; as, this argument is very apposite to the case. -- Ap"po*site*ly , adverb -- Ap"po*site*ness , noun
[ Latin appositio
, from apponere
: confer French apposition
. See Apposite
.] 1. The act of adding; application; accretion.
It grows . . . by the apposition of new matter. 2. The putting of things in juxtaposition, or side by side; also, the condition of being so placed. 3. (Gram.) The state of two nouns or pronouns, put in the same case, without a connecting word between them; as, I admire Cicero, the orator. Here, the second noun explains or characterizes the first. Growth by apposition (Physiol.)
, a mode of growth characteristic of non vascular tissues, in which nutritive matter from the blood is transformed on the surface of an organ into solid unorganized substance.