Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Archaic adjective [ Greek 'archai:ko`s old-fashioned, from 'archai^os ancient.] Of or characterized by antiquity or archaism; antiquated; obsolescent.

Archaical adjective Archaic. [ R.] -- Ar*cha"ic*al*ly , adverb

Archaism noun [ Greek 'archai:smo`s , from 'archai^os ancient, from 'archh` beginning: confer French archaïsme . See Arch , adjective ]
1. An ancient, antiquated, or old-fashioned, word, expression, or idiom; a word or form of speech no longer in common use.

2. Antiquity of style or use; obsoleteness.

A select vocabulary corresponding (in point of archaism and remoteness from ordinary use) to our Scriptural vocabulary.
De Quincey.

Archaist noun
1. Am antiquary.

2. One who uses archaisms.

Archaistic adjective Like, or imitative of, anything archaic; pertaining to an archaism.

Archaize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Archaized ; present participle & verbal noun Archaizing .] [ Greek 'archai:`zein .] To make appear archaic or antique. Mahaffy.

Archangel noun [ Latin archangelus , Greek 'archa`ggelos : confer Old French archangel , French archange . See Arch- , prefix , and Angel .]
1. A chief angel; one high in the celestial hierarchy. Milton.

2. (Botany) A term applied to several different species of plants ( Angelica archangelica , Lamium album , etc.).

Archangelic adjective [ Confer French archangélique .] Of or pertaining to archangels; of the nature of, or resembling, an archangel. Milton.

Archbishop noun [ Anglo-Saxon arcebisceop , arcebiscop , Latin archiepiscopus , from Greek 'archiepi`skopos . See Bishop .] A chief bishop; a church dignitary of the first class (often called a metropolitan or primate) who superintends the conduct of the suffragan bishops in his province, and also exercises episcopal authority in his own diocese.

Archbishopric noun [ Anglo-Saxon arcebiscoprīce . See -ric .] The jurisdiction or office of an archbishop; the see or province over which archbishop exercises archiepiscopal authority.

Archbutler noun [ Prefix arch- + butler .] A chief butler; -- an officer of the German empire.

Archchamberlain noun [ Confer German erzkämmerer . See Arch- , pref .] A chief chamberlain; -- an officer of the old German empire, whose office was similar to that of the great chamberlain in England.

Archchancellor noun [ Confer German erzkanzler . See Arch- , pref .] A chief chancellor; -- an officer in the old German empire, who presided over the secretaries of the court.

Archchemic adjective Of supreme chemical powers. [ R.] "The archchemic sun." Milton.

Archdeacon noun [ Anglo-Saxon arcediacon , archidiacon , Latin archidiaconus , from Greek .... See Arch- , pref ., and Deacon .] In England, an ecclesiastical dignitary, next in rank below a bishop, whom he assists, and by whom he is appointed, though with independent authority. Blackstone.

Archdeaconry noun The district, office, or residence of an archdeacon. See Benefice .

Every diocese is divided into archdeaconries .

Archdeaconship noun The office of an archdeacon.

Archdiocese noun [ Prefix arch- + diocese .] The diocese of an archbishop.

Archducal adjective Of or pertaining to an archduke or archduchy.

Archduchess noun [ Prefix arch- + duchess .] The consort of an archduke; also, a princess of the imperial family of Austria. See Archduke .

Archduchy noun The territory of an archduke or archduchess. Ash.

Archduke noun [ Prefix arch- + duke .] A prince of the imperial family of Austria.

» Formerly this title was assumed by the rulers of Lorraine, Brabant, Austria, etc. It is now appropriated to the descendants of the imperial family of Austria through the make line, all such male descendants being styled archduke , and all such female descendants archduchesses .

Archdukedom noun An archduchy.

Archebiosis noun [ Prefix arche- = archi- + Greek bi`wsis , bi`os , life.] The origination of living matter from non-living. See Abiogenesis . Bastian.

Arched adjective Made with an arch or curve; covered with an arch; as, an arched door.

Archegonial adjective Relating to the archegonium.

Archegonium noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... the first of a race.] (Botany) The pistillidium or female organ in the higher cryptogamic plants, corresponding to the pistil in flowering plants.

Archegony noun [ See Archegonium .] (Biol.) Spontaneous generation; abiogenesis.

Archelogy noun [ Greek ... an element or first principle + -logy .] The science of, or a treatise on, first principles. Fleming.

Archencephala noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek prefix ... + ... the brain.] (Zoology) The division that includes man alone. R. Owen.

Archenemy noun [ Prefix arch- + enemy .] A principal enemy. Specifically, Satan, the grand adversary of mankind. Milton.

Archenteric adjective (Biol.) Relating to the archenteron; as, archenteric invagination.

Archenteron noun [ Prefix arch- + Greek ... intestine.] (Biol.) The primitive enteron or undifferentiated digestive sac of a gastrula or other embryo. See Illust. under Invagination .

Archeology noun , Ar`che*o*log`ic*al adjective Same as Archæology , etc.

Archer noun [ archier , French archer , Late Latin arcarius , from Latin arcus bow. See Arc , Arch , noun ] A bowman, one skilled in the use of the bow and arrow.

Archer fish (Zoology) A small fish ( Toxotes jaculator ), of the East Indies; -- so called from its ejecting drops of water from its mouth at its prey. The name is also applied to Chætodon rostratus .

Archeress noun A female archer. Markham.

Archership noun The art or skill of an archer.

Archery noun [ Middle English archerie .]
1. The use of the bow and arrows in battle, hunting, etc.; the art, practice, or skill of shooting with a bow and arrows.

2. Archers, or bowmen, collectively.

Let all our archery fall off
In wings of shot a-both sides of the van.
Webster (1607).

Arches pl. of Arch , noun

Court of arches , or Arches Court (Eng. Law) , the court of appeal of the Archbishop of Canterbury, whereof the judge, who sits as deputy to the archbishop, is called the Dean of the Arches , because he anciently held his court in the church of St. Mary- le-Bow (de arcubus) . It is now held in Westminster. Mozley & W.

Archæan adjective [ Greek 'archai^os ancient, from 'archh` beginning.] Ancient; pertaining to the earliest period in geological history.

Archæan noun (Geol.) The earliest period in geological period, extending up to the Lower Silurian. It includes an Azoic age, previous to the appearance of life, and an Eozoic age, including the earliest forms of life.

» This is equivalent to the formerly accepted term Azoic , and to the Eozoic of Dawson.

Archæography noun [ Greek ... ancient + -graphy .] A description of, or a treatise on, antiquity or antiquities.

Archæolithic adjective [ Greek 'archai^os ancient + liqiko`s pertaining to a stone.] (Archæol.) Of or pertaining to the earliest Stone age; -- applied to a prehistoric period preceding the Paleolithic age.

Archæologian noun An archæologist.

Archæologic, Archæological Relating to archæology, or antiquities; as, archæological researches. -- Ar`*chæ*o*log"ic*al*ly , adverb

Archæologist noun One versed in archæology; an antiquary. Wright.

Archæology noun [ Greek ...; 'archai^os ancient (fr. 'archh` beginning) + ... discourse, ... to speak.] The science or study of antiquities, esp. prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of buildings or monuments of an early epoch, inscriptions, implements, and other relics, written manuscripts, etc.

Archæopteryx noun [ Greek 'archai^os ancient + pte`ryx wing.] (Paleon.) A fossil bird, of the Jurassic period, remarkable for having a long tapering tail of many vertebræ with feathers along each side, and jaws armed with teeth, with other reptilian characteristics.

Archæostomatous adjective [ Greek 'archai^os ancient + sto`ma mouth.] (Biol.) Applied to a gastrula when the blastopore does not entirely close up.

Archæozoic adjective [ Greek 'archai^os ancient + zw^,on animal.] (Zoology) Like or belonging to the earliest forms of animal life.