Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Argentation noun [ Latin argentare to silver, from argentum silver. See Argent .] A coating or overlaying with silver. [ R.] Johnson.

Argentic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, silver; -- said of certain compounds of silver in which this metal has its lowest proportion; as, argentic chloride.

Argentiferous adjective [ Latin argentum silver + -ferous : confer French argentifère .] Producing or containing silver; as, argentiferous lead ore or veins.

Argentine adjective
1. Pertaining to, or resembling, silver; made of, or sounding like, silver; silvery.

Celestial Dian, goddess argentine .
Shak.

2. Of or pertaining to the Argentine Republic in South America.

Argentine noun [ Confer French argentin , from Latin argentum silver.]
1. (Min.) A siliceous variety of calcite, or carbonate of lime, having a silvery-white, pearly luster, and a waving or curved lamellar structure.

2. White metal coated with silver. Simmonds.

3. (Zoology) A fish of Europe ( Maurolicus Pennantii ) with silvery scales. The name is also applied to various fishes of the genus Argentina .

4. A citizen of the Argentine Republic.

Argentite noun [ Latin argentum silver.] (Min.) Sulphide of silver; -- also called vitreous silver , or silver glance . It has a metallic luster, a lead-gray color, and is sectile like lead.

Argentous adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or containing, silver; -- said of certain silver compounds in which silver has a higher proportion than in argentic compounds; as, argentous chloride.

Argentry noun [ French argenterie , from argent silver, Latin argentum .] Silver plate or vessels. [ Obsolete]

Bowls of frosted argentry .
Howell.

Argil noun [ French argile , Latin argilla white clay, akin to Greek ... or ... argil, ... white. See Argent .] (Min.) Clay, or potter's earth; sometimes pure clay, or alumina. See Clay .

Argillaceous adjective [ Latin argillaceus , from argilla .] Of the nature of clay; consisting of, or containing, argil or clay; clayey.

Argillaceous sandstone (Geol.) , a sandstone containing much clay. -- Argillaceous iron ore , the clay ironstone. -- Argillaceous schist or state . See Argillite .

Argilliferous adjective [ Latin argilla white clay + -ferous .] Producing clay; -- applied to such earths as abound with argil. Kirwan.

Argillite noun [ Greek ... clay + - lite .] (Min.) Argillaceous schist or slate; clay slate. Its colors is bluish or blackish gray, sometimes greenish gray, brownish red, etc. -- Ar`gil*lit"ic , adjective

Argillo-areenaceous adjective Consisting of, or containing, clay and sand, as a soil.

Argillo-calcareous adjective Consisting of, or containing, clay and calcareous earth.

Argillo-ferruginous adjective Containing clay and iron.

Argillous adjective [ Latin argillosus , from argilla . See Argil .] Argillaceous; clayey. Sir T. Browne.

Argive adjective [ Latin Argivus , from Argos , Argi .] Of or performance to Argos, the capital of Argolis in Greece. -- noun A native of Argos. Often used as a generic term, equivalent to Grecian or Greek .

Argo noun [ Latin Argo , Greek ....]
1. (Myth.) The name of the ship which carried Jason and his fifty-four companions to Colchis, in quest of the Golden Fleece.

2. (Astron.) A large constellation in the southern hemisphere, called also Argo Navis . In modern astronomy it is replaced by its three divisions, Carina , Puppis , and Vela .

Argoan adjective Pertaining to the ship Argo.

Argoile noun Potter's clay. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Argol noun [ Confer Argal , Orgal . Of unknown origin.] Crude tartar; an acidulous salt from which cream of tartar is prepared. It exists in the juice of grapes, and is deposited from wines on the sides of the casks. Ure.

Argolic adjective [ Latin Argolicus , Greek ....] Pertaining to Argolis, a district in the Peloponnesus.

Argon noun [ Greek ... inactive.] (Chemistry) A substance regarded as an element, contained in the atmosphere and remarkable for its chemical inertness. Rayleigh and Ramsay.

Argon noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., neut. of ... inactive; ... priv. + ... work.] (Chemistry) A colorless, odorless gas occurring in the air (of which it constitutes 0.93 per cent by volume), in volcanic gases, etc.; -- so named on account of its inertness by Rayleigh and Ramsay, who prepared and examined it in 1894-95. Symbol, A ; at. wt., 39.9. Argon is condensible to a colorless liquid boiling at -186.1° C. and to a solid melting at -189.6° C. It has a characteristic spectrum. No compounds of it are known, but there is physical evidence that its molecule is monatomic. Weight of one liter at 0° C. and 760 mm., 1.7828 g.

Argonaut noun [ Latin Argonauta , Greek ...; ... + ... sailor, ... ship. See Argo .]
1. Any one of the legendary Greek heroes who sailed with Jason, in the Argo, in quest of the Golden Fleece.

2. (Zoology) A cephalopod of the genus Argonauta.

Argonaut noun One of those who went to California in search of gold shortly after it was discovered there in 1848. [ U. S.] Bret Harte.

The " Argonauts of '49" were a strong, self- reliant, generous body of men.
D. S. Jordan.

Argonauta noun (Zoology) A genus of Cephalopoda. The shell is called paper nautilus or paper sailor .

» The animal has much resemblance to an Octopus. It has eight arms, two of which are expanded at the end and clasp the shell, but are never elevated in the air for sails as was formerly supposed. The creature swims beneath the surface by means of a jet of water, like other cephalopods. The male has no shell, and is much smaller than the female. See Hectocotylus .

Argonautic adjective [ Latin Argonauticus .] Of or pertaining to the Argonauts.

Argosy noun ; plural Argosies [ Earlier ragusy , from ragusa meaning orig. a vessel of Ragusa.] A large ship, esp. a merchant vessel of the largest size.

Where your argosies with portly sail . . .
Do overpeer the petty traffickers.
Shak.

Argot noun [ French Of unknown origin.] A secret language or conventional slang peculiar to thieves, tramps, and vagabonds; flash.

Arguable adjective Capable of being argued; admitting of debate.

Argue intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Argued ; present participle & verbal noun Arguing .] [ Middle English arguen , French arguer , from Latin argutare , freq. of arguere to make clear; from the same root as English argent .]
1. To invent and offer reasons to support or overthrow a proposition, opinion, or measure; to use arguments; to reason.

I argue not
Against Heaven's hand or will.
Milton.

2. To contend in argument; to dispute; to reason; - - followed by with ; as, you may argue with your friend without convincing him.

Argue transitive verb
1. To debate or discuss; to treat by reasoning; as, the counsel argued the cause before a full court; the cause was well argued .

2. To prove or evince; too manifest or exhibit by inference, deduction, or reasoning.

So many laws argue so many sins.
Milton.

3. To persuade by reasons; as, to argue a man into a different opinion.

4. To blame; to accuse; to charge with. [ Obsolete]

Thoughts and expressions . . . which can be truly argued of obscenity, profaneness, or immorality.
Dryden.

Syn. -- to reason; evince; discuss; debate; expostulate; remonstrate; controvert. -- To Argue , Dispute , Debate . These words, as here compared, suppose a contest between two parties in respect to some point at issue. To argue is to adduce arguments or reasons in support of one's cause or position. To dispute is to call in question or deny the statements or arguments of the opposing party. To debate is to strive for or against in a somewhat formal manner by arguments.

Men of many words sometimes argue for the sake of talking; men of ready tongues frequently dispute for the sake of victory; men in public life often debate for the sake of opposing the ruling party, or from any other motive than the love of truth.
Crabb.

Unskilled to argue , in dispute yet loud,
Bold without caution, without honors proud.
Falconer.

Betwixt the dearest friends to raise debate .
Dryden.

Arguer noun One who argues; a reasoner; a disputant.

Argufy transitive verb & i. [ Argue + -fy .]
1. To argue pertinaciously. [ Colloq.] Halliwell.

2. To signify. [ Colloq.]

Argulus noun [ New Latin , dim of Argus .] (Zoology) A genus of copepod Crustacea, parasitic of fishes; a fish louse. See Branchiura .

Argument noun [ French argument , Latin argumentum , from arguere to argue.]
1. Proof; evidence. [ Obsolete]

There is.. no more palpable and convincing argument of the existence of a Deity.
Ray.

Why, then, is it made a badge of wit and an argument of parts for a man to commence atheist, and to cast off all belief of providence, all awe and reverence for religion?
South.

2. A reason or reasons offered in proof, to induce belief, or convince the mind; reasoning expressed in words; as, an argument about , concerning , or regarding a proposition, for or in favor of it, or against it.

3. A process of reasoning, or a controversy made up of rational proofs; argumentation; discussion; disputation.

The argument is about things, but names.
Locke.

4. The subject matter of a discourse, writing, or artistic representation; theme or topic; also, an abstract or summary, as of the contents of a book, chapter, poem.

You and love are still my argument .
Shak.

The abstract or argument of the piece.
Jeffrey.

[ Shields] with boastful argument portrayed.
Milton.

5. Matter for question; business in hand. [ Obsolete]

Sheathed their swords for lack of argument .
Shak.

6. (Astron.) The quantity on which another quantity in a table depends; as, the altitude is the argument of the refraction.

7. (Math.) The independent variable upon whose value that of a function depends. Brande & C.

Argument (ăr"gu*m e nt) intransitive verb [ Latin argumentari .] To make an argument; to argue. [ Obsolete] Gower.

Argumentable (-m e n"tȧ*b'l) adjective [ Latin argumentabilis .] Admitting of argument. [ R.] Chalmers.

Argumental adjective [ Latin argumentalis .] Of, pertaining to, or containing, argument; argumentative.

Argumentation noun [ Latin argumentatio , from argumentari : confer French argumentation .]
1. The act of forming reasons, making inductions, drawing conclusions, and applying them to the case in discussion; the operation of inferring propositions, not known or admitted as true, from facts or principles known, admitted, or proved to be true.

Which manner of argumentation , how false and naught it is, . . . every man that hath with perceiveth.
Tyndale.

2. Debate; discussion.

Syn. -- Reasoning; discussion; controversy. See Reasoning .

Argumentative adjective
1. Consisting of, or characterized by, argument; containing a process of reasoning; as, an argumentative discourse.

2. Adductive as proof; indicative; as, the adaptation of things to their uses is argumentative of infinite wisdom in the Creator. [ Obsolete]

3. Given to argument; characterized by argument; disputatious; as, an argumentative writer.

-- Ar`gu*men"ta*tive*ly , adverb -- Ar`gu*men"ta*tive*ness , noun

Argumentize intransitive verb To argue or discuss. [ Obsolete] Wood.

Argus noun [ Latin Argus , Greek ....]
1. (Myth.) A fabulous being of antiquity, said to have had a hundred eyes, who has placed by Juno to guard Io. His eyes were transplanted to the peacock's tail.

2. One very vigilant; a guardian always watchful.

3. (Zoology) A genus of East Indian pheasants. The common species ( A. giganteus ) is remarkable for the great length and beauty of the wing and tail feathers of the male. The species A. Grayi inhabits Borneo.

Argus shell (Zoology) A species of shell ( Cypræa argus ), beautifully variegated with spots resembling those in a peacock's tail.

Argus-eyed adjective Extremely observant; watchful; sharp-sighted.

Argutation noun [ Latin argutatio . See Argue .] Caviling; subtle disputation. [ Obsolete]

Argute adjective [ Latin argutus , past participle of arguere . See Argue .]
1. Sharp; shrill. [ Obsolete] Johnson.

2. Sagacious; acute; subtle; shrewd.

The active preacher . . . the argue schoolman.
Milman.

Argutely adverb In a subtle; shrewdly.

Arguteness noun Acuteness. Dryden.