Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Italian , from Latin aër
. See Air
.] (Mus.) An air or song; a melody; a tune.
» The Italian term is now mostly used for the more elaborate accompanied melodies sung by a single voice, in operas, oratorios, cantatas, anthems, etc., and not so much for simple airs or tunes.
Arian adjective & noun (Ethnol.) See Aryan .
Arian adjective [ Latin Arianus .] Pertaining to Arius, a presbyter of the church of Alexandria, in the fourth century, or to the doctrines of Arius, who held Christ to be inferior to God the Father in nature and dignity, though the first and noblest of all created beings. -- noun One who adheres to or believes the doctrines of Arius. Mosheim.
Arianism noun The doctrines of the Arians.
Arianize intransitive verb To admit or accept the tenets of the Arians; to become an Arian.
Arianize transitive verb To convert to Arianism.
Aricine noun [ From Arica , in Chile.] (Chemistry) An alkaloid, first found in white cinchona bark.
Arid adjective [ Latin aridus , from arere to be dry: confer French aride .] Exhausted of moisture; parched with heat; dry; barren. "An arid waste." Thomson.
; plural Aridities
[ Latin ariditas
, from aridus
.] 1. The state or quality of being arid or without moisture; dryness. 2. Fig.: Want of interest of feeling; insensibility; dryness of style or feeling; spiritual drought. Norris.
Aridness noun Aridity; dryness.
Ariel noun , or A"ri*el ga*zelle" [ Arabic aryil , ayyil , stag.] (Zoology) (a) A variety of the gazelle ( Antilope, or Gazella, dorcas ), found in Arabia and adjacent countries. (b) A squirrel-like Australian marsupial, a species of Petaurus . (c) A beautiful Brazilian toucan Ramphastos ariel ).
Ariel noun [ Hebrew ariël , perhaps confused with English aërial .] In the Cabala, a water spirit; in later folklore, a light and graceful spirit of the air. » In zoölogy, ariel is used adjectively of certain birds noted for their graceful flight; as, the ariel toucan; the ariel petrel.
Aries noun [ Latin ]
1. (Astron.) (a) The Ram; the first of the twelve signs in the zodiac, which the sun enters at the vernal equinox, about the 21st of March. (b) A constellation west of Taurus, drawn on the celestial globe in the figure of a ram. 2. (Rom. Antiq.) A battering-ram.
Arietate intransitive verb [ Latin arietatus , past participle of arietare , from aries ram.] To butt, as a ram. [ Obsolete]
Arietation noun [ Latin arietatio .]
1. The act of butting like a ram; act of using a battering-ram. [ Obsolete] Bacon. 2. Act of striking or conflicting. [ R.] Glanvill.
Arietta, Ariette noun [ Italian arietta , dim. of aria ; French ariette .] (Mus.) A short aria, or air. "A military ariette ." Sir W. Scott.
Aright adverb [ Prefix a- + right .] Rightly; correctly; in a right way or form; without mistake or crime; as, to worship God aright .
Aril A*ril"lus noun [ From Late Latin arilli dry grapes, perhaps from Latin aridus dry: confer F,. arille .] (Botany) A exterior covering, forming a false coat or appendage to a seed, as the loose, transparent bag inclosing the seed of the white water lily. The mace of the nutmeg is also an aril . Gray.
Arillate, Arllated Ar"iled adjective [ Confer New Latin arillatus , French arillé .] Having an aril.
Arillode noun [ Arillus + Greek ... form.] (Botany) A false aril; an aril originating from the micropyle instead of from the funicle or chalaza of the ovule. The mace of the nutmeg is an arillode.
Ariolation noun [ Latin ariolatio , hariolatio , from hariolari to prophesy, from hariolus soothsayer.] A soothsaying; a foretelling. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
[ Italian arioso
, from aria
.] Characterized by melody, as distinguished from harmony.
Mendelssohn wants the ariose beauty of Handel; vocal melody is not his forte; the interest of his airs is harmonic.
Foreign Quart. Rev.
Arioso adverb & adjective [ Italian ] (Mus.) In the smooth and melodious style of an air; ariose.
(ȧ*rīz") intransitive verb
[ imperfect Arose
(-rōz"); present participle & verbal noun Arising
; past participle Arisen
(- rĭz"'n).]. [ Anglo-Saxon ārīsan
(equiv. to Goth. us-
, German er-
, orig. meaning out) + rīsan
to rise; confer Goth. urreisan
to arise. See Rise
.] 1. To come up from a lower to a higher position; to come above the horizon; to come up from one's bed or place of repose; to mount; to ascend; to rise; as, to arise from a kneeling posture; a cloud arose ; the sun ariseth ; he arose early in the morning. 2. To spring up; to come into action, being, or notice; to become operative, sensible, or visible; to begin to act a part; to present itself; as, the waves of the sea arose ; a persecution arose ; the wrath of the king shall arise .
There arose up a new king . . . which knew not Joseph.
Ex. i. 8.
The doubts that in his heart arose . 3. To proceed; to issue; to spring.
Whence haply mention may arise
Of something not unseasonable to ask.
Arise noun Rising. [ Obsolete] Drayton.
Arist 3d sing. present of Arise , for ariseth .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Arista noun [ Latin ] (Botany) An awn. Gray.
[ From Aristarchus
, a Greek grammarian and critic, of Alexandria, about 200 b. c
.] A severe critic. Knowles.
Aristarchian adjective Severely critical.
Aristarchy noun Severely criticism.
Aristarchy noun Severe criticism. [ Obsolete] Sir J. Harrington.
[ Latin aristatus
, from arista
. See Arista
.] 1. (Botany) Having a pointed, beardlike process, as the glumes of wheat; awned. Gray. 2. (Zoology) Having a slender, sharp, or spinelike tip.
; plural Aristocracies
[ Greek ...; ... best + ... to be strong, to rule, ... strength; ... is perhaps from the same root as English arm
, and orig. meant fitting
: confer French aristocratie
. See Arm
, and Create
, which is related to Greek ....] 1. Government by the best citizens. 2. A ruling body composed of the best citizens.
In the Senate 3. A form a government, in which the supreme power is vested in the principal persons of a state, or in a privileged order; an oligarchy.
Right not our quest in this, I will protest them
To all the world, no aristocracy .
The aristocracy of Venice hath admitted so many abuses, trough the degeneracy of the nobles, that the period of its duration seems approach. 4. The nobles or chief persons in a state; a privileged class or patrician order; (in a popular use) those who are regarded as superior to the rest of the community, as in rank, fortune, or intellect.
[ French aristocrate
. See Aristocracy
.] 1. One of the aristocracy or people of rank in a community; one of a ruling class; a noble. 2. One who is overbearing in his temper or habits; a proud or haughty person.
A born aristocrat , bred radical. 3. One who favors an aristocracy as a form of government, or believes the aristocracy should govern.
His whole family are accused of being aristocrats .
Aristocratic, Aristocratical adjective [ Greek ...: confer French aristocratique .]
1. Of or pertaining to an aristocracy; consisting in, or favoring, a government of nobles, or principal men; as, an aristocratic constitution. 2. Partaking of aristocracy; befitting aristocracy; characteristic of, or originating with, the aristocracy; as, an aristocratic measure; aristocratic pride or manners. - - Ar`is*to*crat"ic*al*ly , adverb -- Ar`is*to*crat"ic*al*ness , noun
1. The principles of aristocrats. Romilly. 2. Aristocrats, collectively. [ R.]
Aristology noun [ Greek ... dinner + -logy .] The science of dining. Quart. Rev.
Aristophanic adjective Of or pertaining to Aristophanes, the Athenian comic poet.
Aristotelian adjective Of or pertaining to Aristotle, the famous Greek philosopher (384-322 b. c .).
-- noun A follower of Aristotle; a Peripatetic. See Peripatetic .
Aristotelianism The philosophy of Aristotle, otherwise called the Peripatetic philosophy.
Aristotelic adjective Pertaining to Aristotle or to his philosophy. " Aristotelic usage." Sir W. Hamilton.
Aristotle's lantern (Zoology) The five united jaws and accessory ossicles of certain sea urchins.
Aristotype noun [ Greek ... best + -type .] (Photog.) Orig., a printing-out process using paper coated with silver chloride in gelatin; now, any such process using silver salts in either collodion or gelatin; also, a print so made.
Aristulate adjective [ Dim. from arista .] (Botany) Having a short beard or awn. Gray.
Arithmancy noun [ Greek ... number + -mancy .] Divination by means of numbers.
[ Middle English arsmetike
, Old French arismetique
, Latin arithmetica
, from Greek ... (sc. ...), from ... arithmetical, from ... to number, from ... number, probably from same root as English arm
, the idea of counting coming from that of fitting, attaching. See Arm
. The modern Eng. and French forms are accommodated to the Greek.] 1. The science of numbers; the art of computation by figures. 2. A book containing the principles of this science. Arithmetic of sines
-- Political arithmetic
, the application of the science of numbers to problems in civil government, political economy, and social science.
-- Universal arithmetic
, the name given by Sir Isaac Newton to algebra.
Arithmetical adjective Of or pertaining to arithmetic; according to the rules or method of arithmetic. Arithmetical complement of a logarithm
. See Logarithm .
-- Arithmetical mean
. See Mean .
-- Arithmetical progression
. See Progression .
-- Arithmetical proportion
. See Proportion .
Arithmetically adverb Conformably to the principles or methods of arithmetic.