Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Arride transitive verb
[ Latin arridere
to laugh.] To please; to gratify.
[ Archaic] B. Jonson.
Above all thy rarities, old Oxenford, what do most arride and solace me are thy repositories of moldering learning.
[ French arrière
. See Arrear
.] "That which is behind"; the rear; -- chiefly used as an adjective in the sense of behind , rear , subordinate . Arriere fee
, Arriere fief
, a fee or fief dependent on a superior fee, or a fee held of a feudatory.
-- Arriere vassal
, the vassal of a vassal.
[ French, from Middle English arban
, from Old High German hariban
, German heerbann
, the calling together of an army; Old High German heri
an army + ban
a public call or order. The French have misunderstood their old word, and have changed it into arrière-ban
, though arrière
has no connection with its proper meaning. See Ban
.] A proclamation, as of the French kings, calling not only their immediate feudatories, but the vassals of these feudatories, to take the field for war; also, the body of vassals called or liable to be called to arms, as in ancient France.
Arris noun [ Old French areste , French arête , from Latin arista the top or beard of an ear of grain, the bone of a fish.] (Architecture) The sharp edge or salient angle formed by two surfaces meeting each other, whether plane or curved; - - applied particularly to the edges in moldings, and to the raised edges which separate the flutings in a Doric column. P. Cyc. Arris fillet , a triangular piece of wood used to raise the slates of a roof against a chimney or wall, to throw off the rain. Gwilt. -- Arris gutter , a gutter of a V form fixed to the eaves of a building. Gwilt.
[ See Eddish
.] The stubble of wheat or grass; a stubble field; eddish.
[ Eng.] [ Written also arish
The moment we entered the stubble or arrish .
Arriswise adverb Diagonally laid, as tiles; ridgewise.
[ From Arrive
.] 1. The act of arriving, or coming; the act of reaching a place from a distance, whether by water (as in its original sense) or by land.
Our watchmen from the towers, with longing eyes, 2. The attainment or reaching of any object, by effort, or in natural course; as, our arrival at this conclusion was wholly unexpected. 3. The person or thing arriving or which has arrived; as, news brought by the last arrival .
Expect his swift arrival .
Another arrival still more important was speedily announced. 4. An approach.
The house has a corner arrival .
Arrivance noun Arrival. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Arrive intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Arrived
; present participle & verbal noun Arriving
.] [ Middle English ariven
to arrive, land, Old French ariver
, French arriver
, from Late Latin arripare
, to come to shore; Latin ad
the shore or sloping bank of a river. Confer Riparian
.] 1. To come to the shore or bank. In present usage: To come in progress by water, or by traveling on land; to reach by water or by land; -- followed by at (formerly sometimes by to ), also by in and from .
in Padua." Shak.
[ Æneas] sailing with a fleet from Sicily, arrived . . . and landed in the country of Laurentum.
There was no outbreak till the regiment arrived at Ipswich. 2. To reach a point by progressive motion; to gain or compass an object by effort, practice, study, inquiry, reasoning, or experiment. To arrive at
, or attain to.
When he arrived at manhood.
We arrive at knowledge of a law of nature by the generalization of facts.
If at great things thou wouldst arrive . 3. To come; said of time; as, the time arrived . 4. To happen or occur.
Happy! to whom this glorious death arrives .
Arrive transitive verb 1. To bring to shore.
And made the sea-trod ship arrive them. 2. To reach; to come to.
Ere he arrive the happy isle.
Ere we could arrive the point proposed.
Arrive at last the blessed goal.
Arrive noun Arrival.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
How should I joy of thy arrive to hear!
Arriver noun One who arrives.
Arroba noun [ Spanish and Portuguese , from Arabic arrub , ar-rubu , a fourth part.]
1. A Spanish weight used in Mexico and South America = 25.36 lbs. avoir.; also, an old Portuguese weight, used in Brazil = 32.38 lbs. avoir. 2. A Spanish liquid measure for wine = 3.54 imperfect gallons, and for oil = 2.78 imperfect gallons.
[ French, from Latin arrogantia
, from arrogans
. See Arrogant
.] The act or habit of arrogating, or making undue claims in an overbearing manner; that species of pride which consists in exorbitant claims of rank, dignity, estimation, or power, or which exalts the worth or importance of the person to an undue degree; proud contempt of others; lordliness; haughtiness; self-assumption; presumption.
I hate not you for her proud arrogance . Syn.
-- Haughtiness; hauteur; assumption; lordliness; presumption; pride; disdain; insolence; conceit; conceitedness. See Haughtiness
Arrogancy noun Arrogance. Shak.
[ French arrogant
, Latin arrogans
, present participle of arrogare
. See Arrogate
.] 1. Making, or having the disposition to make, exorbitant claims of rank or estimation; giving one's self an undue degree of importance; assuming; haughty; -- applied to persons.
Arrogant Winchester, that haughty prelate. 2. Containing arrogance; marked with arrogance; proceeding from undue claims or self-importance; -- applied to things; as, arrogant pretensions or behavior. Syn.
-- Magisterial; lordly; proud; assuming; overbearing; presumptuous; haughty. See Magisterial
Arrogantly adverb In an arrogant manner; with undue pride or self-importance.
Arrogantness noun Arrogance. [ R.]
Arrogate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Arrogated
; present participle & verbal noun Arrogating
] [ Latin arrogatus
, past participle of adrogare
, to ask, appropriate to one's self; ad
to ask. See Rogation
.] To assume, or claim as one's own, unduly, proudly, or presumptuously; to make undue claims to, from vanity or baseless pretensions to right or merit; as, the pope arrogated dominion over kings.
He arrogated to himself the right of deciding dogmatically what was orthodox doctrine.
[ Latin arrogatio
, from arrogare
. Confer Adrogation
.] 1. The act of arrogating, or making exorbitant claims; the act of taking more than one is justly entitled to. Hall. 2. (Civ. Law) Adoption of a person of full age.
Arrogative adjective Making undue claims and pretension; prone to arrogance. [ R.] Dr. H. More.
Arrondissement noun [ French, from arrondir to make round; ad + rond round, Latin rotundus .] A subdivision of a department. [ France] » The territory of France, since the revolution, has been divided into departments , those into arrondissements , those into cantons , and the latter into communes .
Arrose transitive verb
[ French arroser
.] To drench; to besprinkle; to moisten.
The blissful dew of heaven does arrose you.
Two N. Kins.
Arrosion noun [ Latin arrodere , arrosum , to gnaw: confer French arrosion .] A gnawing. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
[ Middle English arewe
, Anglo-Saxon arewe
; akin to Icelandic ör
, Goth. arhwazna
, and perhaps Latin arcus
bow. Confer Arc
.] A missile weapon of offense, slender, pointed, and usually feathered and barbed, to be shot from a bow. Broad arrow
. (a) An arrow with a broad head. (b) A mark placed upon British ordnance and government stores, which bears a rude resemblance to a broad arrowhead.
Arrow grass noun (Botany) An herbaceous grasslike plant ( Triglochin palustre , and other species) with pods opening so as to suggest barbed arrowheads.
1. The head of an arrow. 2. (Botany) An aquatic plant of the genus Sagittaria , esp. S. sagittifolia , -- named from the shape of the leaves.
Arrowheaded adjective Shaped like the head of an arrow; cuneiform. Arrowheaded characters
, characters the elements of which consist of strokes resembling arrowheads, nailheads, or wedges; -- hence called also nail-headed , wedge-formed , cuneiform , or cuneatic characters; the oldest written characters used in the country about the Tigris and Euphrates, and subsequently in Persia, and abounding among the ruins of Persepolis, Nineveh, and Babylon. See Cuneiform .
1. (Botany) A west Indian plant of the genus Maranta , esp. M. arundinacea , now cultivated in many hot countries. It said that the Indians used the roots to neutralize the venom in wounds made by poisoned arrows. 2. A nutritive starch obtained from the rootstocks of Maranta arundinacea , and used as food, esp. for children an invalids; also, a similar starch obtained from other plants, as various species of Maranta and Curcuma .
Arrowwood noun A shrub ( Viburnum dentatum ) growing in damp woods and thickets; -- so called from the long, straight, slender shoots.
Arrowworm noun (Zoology) A peculiar transparent worm of the genus Sagitta , living at the surface of the sea. See Sagitta .
Arrowy adjective 1. Consisting of arrows.
How quick they wheeled, and flying, behind them shot 2. Formed or moving like, or in any respect resembling, an arrow; swift; darting; piercing.
Sharp sleet of arrowy showers.
By the blue rushing of the arrowy Rhone.
With arrowy vitalities, vivacities, and ingenuities.
; plural Arroyos
[ Spanish , from Late Latin arrogium
; confer Greek ... river, stream, from ... to flow.] 1. A water course; a rivulet. 2. The dry bed of a small stream.
[ Western U. S.]
Arse noun [ Anglo-Saxon ears ; ærs ; akin to Old High German ars . German arsch , Dutch aars , Swedish ars , Danish arts , Greek ... (cf. ... tail).] The buttocks, or hind part of an animal; the posteriors; the fundament; the bottom.
Arsenal noun [ Spanish & French arsenal arsenal, dockyard, or Italian arzanale , arsenale (cf. Italian & darsena dock); all from Arabic dār...inā'a house of industry or fabrication; dār house + ...inā art, industry.] A public establishment for the storage, or for the manufacture and storage, of arms and all military equipments, whether for land or naval service.
Arsenate noun (Chemistry) A salt of arsenic acid.
Arsenic (är"se*nĭk; 277) noun [ Latin arsenicum , Greek 'arseniko`n , 'arreniko`n , yellow orpiment, perhaps from 'arseniko`s or better Attic 'arreniko`s masculine, 'a`rrhn male, on account of its strength, or from Persian zernīkh : confer French arsenic .]
1. (Chemistry) One of the elements, a solid substance resembling a metal in its physical properties, but in its chemical relations ranking with the nonmetals. It is of a steel- gray color and brilliant luster, though usually dull from tarnish. It is very brittle, and sublimes at 356Â° Fahrenheit. It is sometimes found native, but usually combined with silver, cobalt, nickel, iron, antimony, or sulphur. Orpiment and realgar are two of its sulphur compounds, the first of which is the true arsenicum of the ancients. The element and its compounds are active poisons. Specific gravity from 5.7 to 5.9. Atomic weight 75. Symbol As. 2. (Com.) Arsenious oxide or arsenious anhydride; -- called also arsenious acid , white arsenic , and ratsbane .
Arsenic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, arsenic; -- said of those compounds of arsenic in which this element has its highest equivalence; as, arsenic acid.
Arsenical adjective Of or pertaining to, or containing, arsenic; as, arsenical vapor; arsenical wall papers. Arsenical silver , an ore of silver containing arsenic.
Arsenicate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Arsenicated
; present participle & verbal noun Arsenicating
.] To combine with arsenic; to treat or impregnate with arsenic.
Arsenicism noun (Medicine) A diseased condition produced by slow poisoning with arsenic.
Arsenide noun (Chemistry) A compound of arsenic with a metal, or positive element or radical; -- formerly called arseniuret .
Arseniferous adjective [ Arsenic + -ferous .] Containing or producing arsenic.
Arsenious adjective [ Confer French arsénieux .]
1. Pertaining to, consisting of, or containing, arsenic; as, arsenious powder or glass. 2. (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, arsenic, when having an equivalence next lower than the highest; as, arsenious acid.
Arsenite noun [ Confer French arsénite .] (Chemistry) A salt formed by the union of arsenious acid with a base.
Arseniuret noun (Chemistry) See Arsenide .
Arseniureted adjective (Chemistry) Combined with arsenic; -- said some elementary substances or radicals; as, arseniureted hydrogen. [ Also spelt arseniuretted .]
Arsenopyrite noun [ Arsenic + pyrite .] (Min.) A mineral of a tin-white color and metallic luster, containing arsenic, sulphur, and iron; -- also called arsenical pyrites and mispickel .