|Arrival Ar·riv"al noun
[ From Arrive
.] 1. The act of arriving, or coming; the act of reaching a place from a distance, whether by water (as in its original sense) or by land.
Our watchmen from the towers, with longing eyes, 2. The attainment or reaching of any object, by effort, or in natural course; as, our arrival at this conclusion was wholly unexpected. 3. The person or thing arriving or which has arrived; as, news brought by the last arrival .
Expect his swift arrival .
Another arrival still more important was speedily announced. 4. An approach.
The house has a corner arrival .
Arrivance Ar·riv"ance noun Arrival. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Arrive Ar·rive" intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Arrived
; present participle & verbal noun Arriving
.] [ Middle English ariven
to arrive, land, Old French ariver
, French arriver
, from Late Latin arripare
, to come to shore; Latin ad
the shore or sloping bank of a river. Confer Riparian
.] 1. To come to the shore or bank. In present usage: To come in progress by water, or by traveling on land; to reach by water or by land; -- followed by at (formerly sometimes by to ), also by in and from .
in Padua." Shak.
[ Æneas] sailing with a fleet from Sicily, arrived . . . and landed in the country of Laurentum.
There was no outbreak till the regiment arrived at Ipswich. 2. To reach a point by progressive motion; to gain or compass an object by effort, practice, study, inquiry, reasoning, or experiment. To arrive at
, or attain to.
When he arrived at manhood.
We arrive at knowledge of a law of nature by the generalization of facts.
If at great things thou wouldst arrive . 3. To come; said of time; as, the time arrived . 4. To happen or occur.
Happy! to whom this glorious death arrives .
Arrive Ar·rive" transitive verb 1. To bring to shore.
And made the sea-trod ship arrive them. 2. To reach; to come to.
Ere he arrive the happy isle.
Ere we could arrive the point proposed.
Arrive at last the blessed goal.
Arrive Ar·rive" noun Arrival.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
How should I joy of thy arrive to hear!
Arriver Ar·riv"er noun One who arrives.
Arroba Ar·ro"ba noun [ Spanish and Portuguese , from Arabic arrub , ar-rubu , a fourth part.] 1. A Spanish weight used in Mexico and South America = 25.36 lbs. avoir.; also, an old Portuguese weight, used in Brazil = 32.38 lbs. avoir. 2. A Spanish liquid measure for wine = 3.54 imperfect gallons, and for oil = 2.78 imperfect gallons.
Arrogance Ar"ro·gance noun
[ French, from Latin arrogantia
, from arrogans
. See Arrogant
.] The act or habit of arrogating, or making undue claims in an overbearing manner; that species of pride which consists in exorbitant claims of rank, dignity, estimation, or power, or which exalts the worth or importance of the person to an undue degree; proud contempt of others; lordliness; haughtiness; self-assumption; presumption.
I hate not you for her proud arrogance . Syn.
-- Haughtiness; hauteur; assumption; lordliness; presumption; pride; disdain; insolence; conceit; conceitedness. See Haughtiness
Arrogancy Ar"ro·gan·cy noun Arrogance. Shak.
Arrogant Ar"ro·gant adjective
[ French arrogant
, Latin arrogans
, present participle of arrogare
. See Arrogate
.] 1. Making, or having the disposition to make, exorbitant claims of rank or estimation; giving one's self an undue degree of importance; assuming; haughty; -- applied to persons.
Arrogant Winchester, that haughty prelate. 2. Containing arrogance; marked with arrogance; proceeding from undue claims or self-importance; -- applied to things; as, arrogant pretensions or behavior. Syn.
-- Magisterial; lordly; proud; assuming; overbearing; presumptuous; haughty. See Magisterial
Arrogantly Ar"ro·gant·ly adverb In an arrogant manner; with undue pride or self-importance.
Arrogantness Ar"ro·gant·ness noun Arrogance. [ R.]
Arrogate Ar"ro·gate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Arrogated
; present participle & verbal noun Arrogating
] [ Latin arrogatus
, past participle of adrogare
, to ask, appropriate to one's self; ad
to ask. See Rogation
.] To assume, or claim as one's own, unduly, proudly, or presumptuously; to make undue claims to, from vanity or baseless pretensions to right or merit; as, the pope arrogated dominion over kings.
He arrogated to himself the right of deciding dogmatically what was orthodox doctrine.
Arrogation Ar`ro·ga"tion noun [ Latin arrogatio , from arrogare . Confer Adrogation .] 1. The act of arrogating, or making exorbitant claims; the act of taking more than one is justly entitled to. Hall. 2. (Civ. Law) Adoption of a person of full age.
Arrogative Ar"ro·ga·tive adjective Making undue claims and pretension; prone to arrogance. [ R.] Dr. H. More.
Arrondissement Ar`ron`disse`ment" noun [ French, from arrondir to make round; ad + rond round, Latin rotundus .] A subdivision of a department. [ France] » The territory of France, since the revolution, has been divided into departments , those into arrondissements , those into cantons , and the latter into communes .
Arrose Ar·rose" transitive verb
[ French arroser
.] To drench; to besprinkle; to moisten.
The blissful dew of heaven does arrose you.
Two N. Kins.
Arrosion Ar·ro"sion noun [ Latin arrodere , arrosum , to gnaw: confer French arrosion .] A gnawing. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Arrow Ar"row noun [ Middle English arewe , Anglo-Saxon arewe , earh ; akin to Icelandic ör , örvar , Goth. arhwazna , and perhaps Latin arcus bow. Confer Arc .] A missile weapon of offense, slender, pointed, and usually feathered and barbed, to be shot from a bow. Broad arrow . (a) An arrow with a broad head. (b) A mark placed upon British ordnance and government stores, which bears a rude resemblance to a broad arrowhead.
Arrow grass Ar"row grass` noun (Botany) An herbaceous grasslike plant ( Triglochin palustre , and other species) with pods opening so as to suggest barbed arrowheads.
Arrowhead Ar"row·head` noun 1. The head of an arrow. 2. (Botany) An aquatic plant of the genus Sagittaria , esp. S. sagittifolia , -- named from the shape of the leaves.
Arrowheaded Ar"row·head`ed adjective Shaped like the head of an arrow; cuneiform. Arrowheaded characters , characters the elements of which consist of strokes resembling arrowheads, nailheads, or wedges; -- hence called also nail-headed , wedge-formed , cuneiform , or cuneatic characters; the oldest written characters used in the country about the Tigris and Euphrates, and subsequently in Persia, and abounding among the ruins of Persepolis, Nineveh, and Babylon. See Cuneiform .
Arrowroot Ar"row·root` noun 1. (Botany) A west Indian plant of the genus Maranta , esp. M. arundinacea , now cultivated in many hot countries. It said that the Indians used the roots to neutralize the venom in wounds made by poisoned arrows. 2. A nutritive starch obtained from the rootstocks of Maranta arundinacea , and used as food, esp. for children an invalids; also, a similar starch obtained from other plants, as various species of Maranta and Curcuma .
Arrowwood Ar"row·wood` noun A shrub ( Viburnum dentatum ) growing in damp woods and thickets; -- so called from the long, straight, slender shoots.
Arrowworm Ar"row·worm` noun (Zoology) A peculiar transparent worm of the genus Sagitta , living at the surface of the sea. See Sagitta .
Arrowy Ar"row·y adjective 1. Consisting of arrows.
How quick they wheeled, and flying, behind them shot 2. Formed or moving like, or in any respect resembling, an arrow; swift; darting; piercing.
Sharp sleet of arrowy showers.
By the blue rushing of the arrowy Rhone.
With arrowy vitalities, vivacities, and ingenuities.
Arroyo Ar·roy"o noun
; plural Arroyos
[ Spanish , from Late Latin arrogium
; confer Greek ... river, stream, from ... to flow.] 1. A water course; a rivulet. 2. The dry bed of a small stream.
[ Western U. S.]
Arschin Ar"schin noun See Arshine .
Arse Arse noun [ Anglo-Saxon ears ; ærs ; akin to Old High German ars . German arsch , Dutch aars , Swedish ars , Danish arts , Greek ... (cf. ... tail).] The buttocks, or hind part of an animal; the posteriors; the fundament; the bottom.
Arsenal Ar"se·nal noun [ Spanish & French arsenal arsenal, dockyard, or Italian arzanale , arsenale (cf. Italian & darsena dock); all from Arabic dār...inā'a house of industry or fabrication; dār house + ...inā art, industry.] A public establishment for the storage, or for the manufacture and storage, of arms and all military equipments, whether for land or naval service.
Arsenate Ar"se·nate noun (Chemistry) A salt of arsenic acid.
Arseniate Ar·se"ni·ate noun See Arsenate . [ R.]
Arsenic Ar"se·nic (är"se*nĭk; 277) noun [ Latin arsenicum , Greek 'arseniko`n , 'arreniko`n , yellow orpiment, perhaps from 'arseniko`s or better Attic 'arreniko`s masculine, 'a`rrhn male, on account of its strength, or from Persian zernīkh : confer French arsenic .] 1. (Chemistry) One of the elements, a solid substance resembling a metal in its physical properties, but in its chemical relations ranking with the nonmetals. It is of a steel- gray color and brilliant luster, though usually dull from tarnish. It is very brittle, and sublimes at 356Â° Fahrenheit. It is sometimes found native, but usually combined with silver, cobalt, nickel, iron, antimony, or sulphur. Orpiment and realgar are two of its sulphur compounds, the first of which is the true arsenicum of the ancients. The element and its compounds are active poisons. Specific gravity from 5.7 to 5.9. Atomic weight 75. Symbol As. 2. (Com.) Arsenious oxide or arsenious anhydride; -- called also arsenious acid , white arsenic , and ratsbane .
Arsenic Ar·sen"ic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, arsenic; -- said of those compounds of arsenic in which this element has its highest equivalence; as, arsenic acid.
Arsenical Ar·sen"ic·al adjective Of or pertaining to, or containing, arsenic; as, arsenical vapor; arsenical wall papers. Arsenical silver , an ore of silver containing arsenic.
Arsenicate Ar·sen"i·cate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Arsenicated ; present participle & verbal noun Arsenicating .] To combine with arsenic; to treat or impregnate with arsenic.
Arsenicism Ar·sen"i·cism noun (Medicine) A diseased condition produced by slow poisoning with arsenic.
Arsenide Ar"sen·ide noun (Chemistry) A compound of arsenic with a metal, or positive element or radical; -- formerly called arseniuret .
Arseniferous Ar`sen·if"er·ous adjective [ Arsenic + -ferous .] Containing or producing arsenic.
Arsenious Ar·se"ni·ous adjective [ Confer French arsénieux .] 1. Pertaining to, consisting of, or containing, arsenic; as, arsenious powder or glass. 2. (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, arsenic, when having an equivalence next lower than the highest; as, arsenious acid.
Arsenite Ar"sen·ite noun [ Confer French arsénite .] (Chemistry) A salt formed by the union of arsenious acid with a base.
Arseniuret Ar`se·ni"u·ret noun (Chemistry) See Arsenide .
Arseniureted Ar`se·ni"u·ret`ed adjective (Chemistry) Combined with arsenic; -- said some elementary substances or radicals; as, arseniureted hydrogen. [ Also spelt arseniuretted .]
Arsenopyrite Ar`sen·o·pyr"ite noun [ Arsenic + pyrite .] (Min.) A mineral of a tin-white color and metallic luster, containing arsenic, sulphur, and iron; -- also called arsenical pyrites and mispickel .
Arsesmart Arse"smart noun Smartweed; water pepper. Dr. Prior.
Arshine Ar"shine (är"shēn) noun [ Russian arshin , of Turkish-Tartar origin; Turk. arshin , arshūn , ell, yard.] A Russian measure of length = 2 ft. 4.246 inches.
Arsine Ar"sine (är"sĭn or -sēn) noun [ From Arsenic .] (Chemistry) A compound of arsenic and hydrogen, AsH 3 , a colorless and exceedingly poisonous gas, having an odor like garlic; arseniureted hydrogen.
Arsis Ar"sis (är"sĭs) noun [ Latin arsis , Greek 'a`rsis a raising or lifting, an elevation of the voice, from a'i`rein to raise or lift up. Its ordinary use is the result of am early misapprehension; originally and properly it denotes the lifting of the hand in beating time, and hence the unaccented part of the rhythm.] 1. (Pros.) (a) That part of a foot where the ictus is put, or which is distinguished from the rest (known as the thesis ) of the foot by a greater stress of voice. Hermann. (b) That elevation of voice now called metrical accentuation , or the rhythmic accent. » It is uncertain whether the arsis originally consisted in a higher musical tone, greater volume, or longer duration of sound, or in all combined. 2. (Mus.) The elevation of the hand, or that part of the bar at which it is raised, in beating time; the weak or unaccented part of the bar; -- opposed to thesis . Moore.
Arsmetrike Ars`met"rike (ärz`mĕt"rĭk) noun [ An erroneous form of arithmetic , as if from Latin ars metrica the measuring art.] Arithmetic. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Arson Ar"son (är"s'n; 277) noun [ Old French arson , arsun , from Latin ardere , arsum , to burn.] (Law) The malicious burning of a dwelling house or outhouse of another man, which by the common law is felony; the malicious and voluntary firing of a building or ship. Wharton. » The definition of this crime is varied by statues in different countries and states. The English law of arson has been considerably modified in the United States; in some of the States it has been materially enlarged, while in others, various degrees of arson have been established, with corresponding punishment. Burrill.
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