Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Ash-fire noun A low fire used in chemical operations.

Ash-furnace, Ash-oven noun A furnace or oven for fritting materials for glass making.

Ashen adjective [ See Ash , the tree.] Of or pertaining to the ash tree. " Ashen poles." Dryden.

Ashen adjective Consisting of, or resembling, ashes; of a color between brown and gray, or white and gray.

The ashen hue of age.
Sir W. Scott.

Ashen noun , obsolete plural for Ashes . Chaucer.

Ashery noun
1. A depository for ashes.

2. A place where potash is made.

Ashes noun plural [ Middle English asche , aske , Anglo-Saxon asce , æsce , axe ; akin to Old High German asca , German asche , Dutch asch , Icelandic & Swedish aska , Danish aske , Goth. azgo .]
1. The earthy or mineral particles of combustible substances remaining after combustion, as of wood or coal.

2. Specifically: The remains of the human body when burnt, or when "returned to dust" by natural decay.

Their martyred blood and ashes sow.
Milton.

The coffins were broken open. The ashes were scattered to the winds.
Macaulay.

3. The color of ashes; deathlike paleness.

The lip of ashes , and the cheek of flame.
Byron.

In dust and ashes , In sackcloth and ashes , with humble expression of grief or repentance; -- from the method of mourning in Eastern lands. -- Volcanic ashes , or Volcanic ash , the loose, earthy matter, or small fragments of stone or lava, ejected by volcanoes.

Ashine adjective Shining; radiant.

Ashlar, Ashler noun [ Middle English ascheler , achiler , Old French aiseler , from aiselle , dim. of ais plank, from Latin axis , assis , plank, axle. See Axle .]
1. (Masonry) (a) Hewn or squared stone; also, masonry made of squared or hewn stone.

Rough ashlar , a block of freestone as brought from the quarry. When hammer-dressed it is known as common ashlar .
Knight.

(b) In the United States especially, a thin facing of squared and dressed stone upon a wall of rubble or brick. Knight.

Ashlaring, Ashlering noun
1. The act of bedding ashlar in mortar.

2. Ashlar when in thin slabs and made to serve merely as a case to the body of the wall. Brande & C.

3. (Carp.) The short upright pieces between the floor beams and rafters in garrets. See Ashlar , 2.

Ashore adverb [ Prefix a- + shore .] On shore or on land; on the land adjacent to water; to the shore; to the land; aground (when applied to a ship); -- sometimes opposed to aboard or afloat .

Here shall I die ashore .
Shak.

I must fetch his necessaries ashore .
Shak.

Ashtoreth noun ; plural Ashtaroth The principal female divinity of the Phœnicians, as Baal was the principal male divinity. W. Smith.

Ashweed noun (Botany) [ A corruption of ache -weed; French ache . So named from the likeness of its leaves to those of ache (celery).] Goutweed.

Ashy adjective
1. Pertaining to, or composed of, ashes; filled, or strewed with, ashes.

2. Ash-colored; whitish gray; deadly pale. Shak.

Ashy pale , pale as ashes. Shak.

Asian adjective [ Latin Asianus , Greek ..., from ..., Latin Asia .] Of or pertaining to Asia; Asiatic. " Asian princes." Jer. Taylor. -- noun An Asiatic.

Asiarch noun [ Latin Asiarcha , Greek ...; ... + ... ruler.] One of the chiefs or pontiffs of the Roman province of Asia, who had the superintendence of the public games and religious rites. Milner.

Asiatic adjective [ Latin Asiaticus , Greek ....] Of or pertaining to Asia or to its inhabitants. -- noun A native, or one of the people, of Asia.

Asiaticism noun Something peculiar to Asia or the Asiatics.

Aside adverb [ Prefix a- + side .]
1. On, or to, one side; out of a straight line, course, or direction; at a little distance from the rest; out of the way; apart.

Thou shalt set aside that which is full.
2 Kings iv. 4.

But soft! but soft! aside : here comes the king.
Shak.

The flames were blown aside .
Dryden.

2. Out of one's thoughts; off; away; as, to put aside gloomy thoughts. "Lay aside every weight." Hebrew xii. 1.

3. So as to be heard by others; privately.

Then lords and ladies spake aside .
Sir W. Scott.

To set aside (Law) , to annul or defeat the effect or operation of, by a subsequent decision of the same or of a superior tribunal; to declare of no authority; as, to set aside a verdict or a judgment.

Aside noun Something spoken aside; as, a remark made by a stageplayer which the other players are not supposed to hear.

Asilus noun [ Latin , a gadfly.] (Zoology) A genus of large and voracious two-winged flies, including the bee killer and robber fly.

Asinego, Assinego noun [ Spanish asnico , dim. of asno an ass.] A stupid fellow. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Asinine adjective [ Latin asininus , from asinus ass. See Ass .] Of or belonging to, or having the qualities of, the ass, as stupidity and obstinacy. " Asinine nature." B. Jonson. " Asinine feast." Milton.

Asininity noun The quality of being asinine; stupidity combined with obstinacy.

Asiphonate adjective (Zoology) Destitute of a siphon or breathing tube; -- said of many bivalve shells. -- noun An asiphonate mollusk.

Asiphonea A*si`pho*na"ta As`i*phon"i*da noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek 'a priv. + ... a tube.] (Zoology) A group of bivalve mollusks destitute of siphons, as the oyster; the asiphonate mollusks.

Asitia noun [ Greek ...; 'a priv. + ... food.] (Medicine) Want of appetite; loathing of food.

Ask transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Asked ; present participle & verbal noun Asking .] [ Middle English asken , ashen , axien , Anglo-Saxon āscian , ācsian ; akin to Old Saxon ēscōn , Old High German eiscōn , Swedish āska , Danish æske , Dutch eischen , German heischen , Lithuanian jëskóti , OSlav. iskati to seek, Sanskrit ish to desire. √5.]
1. To request; to seek to obtain by words; to petition; to solicit; -- often with of , in the sense of from , before the person addressed.

Ask counsel, we pray thee, of God.
Judg. xviii. 5.

If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you.
John xv. 7.

2. To require, demand, claim, or expect, whether by way of remuneration or return, or as a matter of necessity; as, what price do you ask ?

Ask me never so much dowry.
Gen. xxxiv. 12.

To whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.
Luke xii. 48.

An exigence of state asks a much longer time to conduct a design to maturity.
Addison.

3. To interrogate or inquire of or concerning; to put a question to or about; to question.

He is of age; ask him: he shall speak for himself.
John ix. 21.

He asked the way to Chester.
Shak.

4. To invite; as, to ask one to an entertainment.

5. To publish in church for marriage; -- said of both the banns and the persons. Fuller.

Syn. -- To beg; request; seek; petition; solicit; entreat; beseech; implore; crave; require; demand; claim; exhibit; inquire; interrogate. See Beg .

Ask intransitive verb
1. To request or petition; -- usually followed by for ; as, to ask for bread.

Ask , and it shall be given you.
Matt. vii. 7.

2. To make inquiry, or seek by request; -- sometimes followed by after .

Wherefore . . . dost ask after my name?
Gen. xxxii. 29.

Ask noun [ See 2d Asker .] (Zoology) A water newt. [ Scot. & North of Eng.]

Askance transitive verb To turn aside. [ Poet.]

O, how are they wrapped in with infamies
That from their own misdeeds askance their eyes!
Shak.

Askance, Askant adverb [ Confer Dutch schuin , schuins , sideways, schuiven to shove, schuinte slope. Confer Asquint .] Sideways; obliquely; with a side glance; with disdain, envy, or suspicion.

They dart away; they wheel askance .
Beattie.

My palfrey eyed them askance .
Landor.

Both . . . were viewed askance by authority.
Gladstone.

Asker noun One who asks; a petitioner; an inquirer. Shak.

Asker noun [ A corruption of Anglo-Saxon a...exe lizard, newt.] (Zoology) An ask; a water newt. [ Local Eng.]

Askew adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + skew .] Awry; askance; asquint; oblique or obliquely; -- sometimes indicating scorn, or contempt, or entry. Spenser.

Asking noun
1. The act of inquiring or requesting; a petition; solicitation. Longfellow.

2. The publishing of banns.

Aslake (ȧ*slāk") transitive verb & i. [ Anglo-Saxon āslacian , slacian , to slacken. Confer Slake .] To mitigate; to moderate; to appease; to abate; to diminish. [ Archaic] Chaucer.

Aslant adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + slant .] Toward one side; in a slanting direction; obliquely.

[ The shaft] drove through his neck aslant .
Dryden.

Aslant preposition In a slanting direction over; athwart.

There is a willow grows aslant a brook.
Shak.

Asleep adjective & adverb [ Prefix a- + sleep .]
1. In a state of sleep; in sleep; dormant.

Fast asleep the giant lay supine.
Dryden.

By whispering winds soon lulled asleep .
Milton.

2. In the sleep of the grave; dead.

Concerning them which are asleep . . . sorrow not, even as others which have no hope.
1 Thess. iv. 13.

3. Numbed, and, usually, tingling. Udall.

Leaning long upon any part maketh it numb, and, as we call it, asleep .
Bacon.

Aslope adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + slope .] Slopingly; aslant; declining from an upright direction; sloping. "Set them not upright, but aslope ." Bacon.

Aslug adverb [ Prefix a- + slug to move slowly.] Sluggishly. [ Obsolete] Fotherby.

Asmear adjective [ Prefix a- + smear .] Smeared over. Dickens.

Asmonean adjective Of or pertaining to the patriotic Jewish family to which the Maccabees belonged; Maccabean; as, the Asmonean dynasty. [ Written also Asmonæan .]

Asmonean noun One of the Asmonean family. The Asmoneans were leaders and rulers of the Jews from 168 to 35 b. c.

Asoak adjective [ Prefix a- + soak .] Soaking.

Asomatous adjective [ Latin asomatus , Greek ...; 'a priv. + ... body.] Without a material body; incorporeal. Todd.

Asonant adjective [ Prefix a- not + sonant .] Not sounding or sounded. [ R.] C. C. Felton.

Asp noun (Botany) Same as Aspen . "Trembling poplar or asp ." Martyn.

Asp (ȧsp) noun [ Latin aspis , from Greek 'aspi`s : confer Old French aspe , French aspic .] (Zoology) A small, hooded, poisonous serpent of Egypt and adjacent countries, whose bite is often fatal. It is the Naja haje . The name is also applied to other poisonous serpents, esp. to Vipera aspis of southern Europe. See Haje .


As*pal"a*thus noun [ Latin aspalathus , Greek ....] (Botany) (a) A thorny shrub yielding a fragrant oil. Ecclus. xxiv. 15. (b) A genus of plants of the natural order Leguminosæ . The species are chiefly natives of the Cape of Good Hope.

Asparagine noun [ Confer French asparagine .] (Chemistry) A white, nitrogenous, crystallizable substance, C 4 H 8 N 2 O 3 +H 2 O, found in many plants, and first obtained from asparagus . It is believed to aid in the disposition of nitrogenous matter throughout the plant; -- called also altheine .

Asparaginous adjective Pertaining or allied to, or resembling, asparagus; having shoots which are eaten like asparagus; as, asparaginous vegetables.