Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Assizer noun An officer who has the care or inspection of weights and measures, etc.
Assizor noun (Scots Law) A juror.
Assober transitive verb
[ Prefix ad-
. Confer Ensober
.] To make or keep sober.
[ Obsolete] Gower.
Associability noun The quality of being associable, or capable of association; associableness. "The associability of feelings." H. Spencer.
[ See Associate
.] 1. Capable of being associated or joined.
We know feelings to be associable only by the proved ability of one to revive another. 2. Sociable; companionable.
[ Obsolete] 3. (Medicine) Liable to be affected by sympathy with other parts; -- said of organs, nerves, muscles, etc.
The stomach, the most associable of all the organs of the animal body.
Associableness noun Associability.
Associate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Associated
; present participle & verbal noun Associating
] [ Latin associatus
, past participle of associare
to join or unite, socius
companion. See Social
.] 1. To join with one, as a friend, companion, partner, or confederate; as, to associate others with us in business, or in an enterprise. 2. To join or connect; to combine in acting; as, particles of gold associated with other substances. 3. To connect or place together in thought.
He succeeded in associating his name inseparably with some names which will last as long as our language. 4. To accompany; to keep company with.
Friends should associate friends in grief and woe.
Associate intransitive verb
1. To unite in company; to keep company, implying intimacy; as, congenial minds are disposed to associate . 2. To unite in action, or to be affected by the action of a different part of the body. E. Darwin.
[ Latin associatus
, past participle ] 1. Closely connected or joined with some other, as in interest, purpose, employment, or office; sharing responsibility or authority; as, an associate judge.
While I descend . . . to my associate powers. 2. Admitted to some, but not to all, rights and privileges; as, an associate member. 3. (Physiol.) Connected by habit or sympathy; as, associate motions, such as occur sympathetically, in consequence of preceding motions. E. Darwin.
Associate noun 1. A companion; one frequently in company with another, implying intimacy or equality; a mate; a fellow. 2. A partner in interest, as in business; or a confederate in a league. 3. One connected with an association or institution without the full rights or privileges of a regular member; as, an associate of the Royal Academy. 4. Anything closely or usually connected with another; an concomitant.
The one [ idea] no sooner comes into the understanding, than its associate appears with it. Syn.
-- Companion; mate; fellow; friend; ally; partner; coadjutor; comrade; accomplice.
Associated adjective Joined as a companion; brought into association; accompanying; combined. Associated movements (Physiol.) , consensual movements which accompany voluntary efforts without our consciousness. Dunglison.
Associateship noun The state of an associate, as in Academy or an office.
[ Confer French association
, Late Latin associatio
, from Latin associare
.] 1. The act of associating, or state of being associated; union; connection, whether of persons of things.
"Some . . . bond of association
Self-denial is a kind of holy association with God. 2. Mental connection, or that which is mentally linked or associated with a thing.
Words . . . must owe their powers association .
Why should . . . the holiest words, with all their venerable associations , be profaned? 3. Union of persons in a company or society for some particular purpose; as, the American Association for the Advancement of Science; a benevolent association . Specifically, as among the Congregationalists, a society, consisting of a number of ministers, generally the pastors of neighboring churches, united for promoting the interests of religion and the harmony of the churches. Association of ideas (Physiol.)
, the combination or connection of states of mind or their objects with one another, as the result of which one is said to be revived or represented by means of the other. The relations according to which they are thus connected or revived are called the law of association . Prominent among them are reckoned the relations of time and place, and of cause and effect. Porter.
1. Of or pertaining to association, or to an association. 2. Pertaining to the theory held by the associationists.
Associationism noun (Philos.) The doctrine or theory held by associationists.
Associationist noun (Philos.) One who explains the higher functions and relations of the soul by the association of ideas; e. g. , Hartley, J. C. Mill.
Associative adjective Having the quality of associating; tending or leading to association; as, the associative faculty. Hugh Miller.
Associator noun An associate; a confederate or partner in any scheme.
How Pennsylvania's air agrees with Quakers,
And Carolina's with associators .
Assoil transitive verb
[ Old French assoiler
, French absoudre
, Latin absolvere
. See Absolve
.] 1. To set free; to release.
Till from her hands the spright assoiled is. 2. To solve; to clear up.
Any child might soon be able to assoil this riddle. 3. To set free from guilt; to absolve.
Acquitted and assoiled from the guilt.
Dr. H. More.
Many persons think themselves fairly assoiled , because they are . . . not of scandalous lives. 4. To expiate; to atone for.
[ Archaic] Spenser.
Let each act assoil a fault. 5. To remove; to put off.
She soundly slept, and careful thoughts did quite assoil .
Assoil transitive verb
[ Prefix ad-
.] To soil; to stain.
[ Obsolete or Poet.] Beau. & Fl.
Ne'er assoil my cobwebbed shield.
Assoilment noun Act of assoiling, or state of being assoiled; absolution; acquittal.
Assoilment noun A soiling; defilement.
Assoilzie, Assoilyie transitive verb
[ Old form assoilʒe
. See Assoil
.] (Scots Law) To absolve; to acquit by sentence of court.
God assoilzie him for the sin of bloodshed.
Sir W. Scott.
[ Confer French assonance
. See Assonant
.] 1. Resemblance of sound.
"The disagreeable assonance
of ‘sheath' and ‘sheathed.'" Steevens. 2. (Pros.) A peculiar species of rhyme, in which the last acce`ted vow`l and tnose whioh follow it in one word correspond in sound with the vowels of another word, while the consonants of the two words are unlike in sound; as, calamo and platano , baby and chary .
The assonance is peculiar to the Spaniard. 3. Incomplete correspondence.
Assonance between facts seemingly remote.
[ Latin assonans
, present participle of assonare
to sound to, to correspond to in sound; ad
to sound, sonus
sound: confer French assonant
. See Sound
.] 1. Having a resemblance of sounds. 2. (Pros.) Pertaining to the peculiar species of rhyme called assonance ; not consonant.
Assonantal adjective Assonant.
Assonate intransitive verb [ Latin assonare , assonatum , to respond to.] To correspond in sound.
Assort transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Assorted
; present participle & verbal noun Assorting
.] [ French assortir
) + sortir
to cast or draw lots, to obtain by lot, Latin sortiri
, from sors
, lot. See Sort
.] 1. To separate and distribute into classes, as things of a like kind, nature, or quality, or which are suited to a like purpose; to classify; as, to assort goods. [ Rarely applied to persons.]
They appear . . . no ways assorted to those with whom they must associate. 2. To furnish with, or make up of, various sorts or a variety of goods; as, to assort a cargo.
Assort intransitive verb To agree; to be in accordance; to be adapted; to suit; to fall into a class or place. Mitford.
Assorted (ăs*sôrt"ĕd) adjective Selected; culled.
Assortment (-m e nt) noun [ Confer French assortiment .]
1. Act of assorting, or distributing into sorts, kinds, or classes. 2. A collection or quantity of things distributed into kinds or sorts; a number of things assorted. 3. A collection containing a variety of sorts or kinds adapted to various wants, demands, or purposes; as, an assortment of goods.
Assot transitive verb
[ Old French asoter
, French assoter
; ... (L. ad
) + sot
stupid. See Sot
.] To besot; to befool; to beguile; to infatuate.
Some ecstasy assotted had his sense.
Assot adjective Dazed; foolish; infatuated.
Willie, I ween thou be assot .
Assuage transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Assuaged
; present participle & verbal noun Assuaging
] [ Middle English asuagen
, Old French asoagier
, from assouagier
, from Latin ad
sweet. See Sweet
.] To soften, in a figurative sense; to allay, mitigate, ease, or lessen, as heat, pain, or grief; to appease or pacify, as passion or tumult; to satisfy, as appetite or desire.
Refreshing winds the summer's heat assuage .
To assuage the sorrows of a desolate old man
The fount at which the panting mind assuages Syn.
Her thirst of knowledge.
-- To alleviate; mitigate; appease; soothe; calm; tranquilize; relieve. See Alleviate
Assuage intransitive verb To abate or subside.
[ Archaic] "The waters assuaged
." Gen. vii. 1.
The plague being come to a crisis, its fury began to assuage .
Assuagement noun [ Old French assouagement , asuagement .] Mitigation; abatement.
Assuager noun One who, or that which, assuages.
[ From assuage
, as if this were from a supposed Latin assuadere
to persuade to; or from E. prefix ad
as in per suasive
.] Mitigating; tranquilizing; soothing.
Music her soft assuasive voice applies.
Assubjugate transitive verb [ Prefix ad- + subjugate .] To bring into subjection. [ Obsolete] Shak.
[ Latin assuefacere
to accustom to; assuetus
(past participle of assuescere
to accustom to) + facere
to make; confer Old French assuefaction
.] The act of accustoming, or the state of being accustomed; habituation.
Custom and studies efform the soul like wax, and by assuefaction introduce a nature.
[ Latin assuetudo
, from assuetus
accustomed.] Accustomedness; habit; habitual use.
Assuetude of things hurtful doth make them lose their force to hurt.
Assumable adjective That may be assumed.
Assumably adverb By way of assumption.
Assume transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Assumed
; present participle & verbal noun Assuming
.] [ Latin assumere
to take; sub
to take, buy: confer French assumer
. See Redeem
.] 1. To take to or upon one's self; to take formally and demonstratively; sometimes, to appropriate or take unjustly.
Trembling they stand while Jove assumes the throne.
The god assumed his native form again. 2. To take for granted, or without proof; to suppose as a fact; to suppose or take arbitrarily or tentatively.
The consequences of assumed principles. 3. To pretend to possess; to take in appearance.
Ambition assuming the mask of religion.
Assume a virtue, if you have it not. 4. To receive or adopt.
The sixth was a young knight of lesser renown and lower rank, assumed into that honorable company. Syn.
Sir W. Scott.
-- To arrogate; usurp; appropriate.
Assume intransitive verb
1. To be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due. Bp. Burnet. 2. (Law) To undertake, as by a promise. Burrill.
1. Supposed. 2. Pretended; hypocritical; make-believe; as, an assumed character.
Assumedly adverb By assumption.
Assument noun [ Latin assumentum , from ad + suere to sew.] A patch; an addition; a piece put on. [ Obsolete] John Lewis (1731).
Assumer noun One who assumes, arrogates, pretends, or supposes. W. D. Whitney.
Assuming adjective Pretentious; taking much upon one's self; presumptuous. Burke.