Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin , he undertook, pret. of Latin assumere
. See Assume
.] (Law) (a) A promise or undertaking, founded on a consideration. This promise may be oral or in writing not under seal. It may be express or implied. (b) An action to recover damages for a breach or nonperformance of a contract or promise, express or implied, oral or in writing not under seal. Common or indebitatus assumpsit is brought for the most part on an implied promise. Special assumpsit is founded on an express promise or undertaking. Wharton.
Assumpt transitive verb
[ Latin assumptus
, past participle of assumere
. See Assume
.] To take up; to elevate; to assume.
[ Obsolete] Sheldon.
[ Latin assumptum
, past participle neut. of assumere
.] That which is assumed; an assumption.
The sun of all your assumpts is this.
[ Middle English assumpcioun
a taking up into heaven, Latin assumptio
a taking, from assumere
: confer French assomption
. See Assume
.] 1. The act of assuming, or taking to or upon one's self; the act of taking up or adopting.
The assumption of authority. 2. The act of taking for granted, or supposing a thing without proof; supposition; unwarrantable claim.
This gives no sanction to the unwarrantable assumption that the soul sleeps from the period of death to the resurrection of the body.
That calm assumption of the virtues. 3. The thing supposed; a postulate, or proposition assumed; a supposition.
Hold! says the Stoic; your assumption's wrong. 4. (Logic) The minor or second proposition in a categorical syllogism. 5. The taking of a person up into heaven.
Hence: (Rom. Cath. & Greek Churches) A festival in honor of the ascent of the Virgin Mary into heaven.
Assumptive adjective [ Latin assumptivus , from assumptus , from assumere .] Assumed, or capable of being assumed; characterized by assumption; making unwarranted claims. -- As*sump"tive*ly , adverb Assumptive arms (Her.) , originally, arms which a person had a right to assume, in consequence of an exploit; now, those assumed without sanction of the Heralds' College. Percy Smith.
[ Middle English assuraunce
, French assurance
, from assurer
. See Assure
.] 1. The act of assuring; a declaration tending to inspire full confidence; that which is designed to give confidence.
Whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead.
Acts xvii. 31.
Assurances of support came pouring in daily. 2. The state of being assured; firm persuasion; full confidence or trust; freedom from doubt; certainty.
Let us draw with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience. 3. Firmness of mind; undoubting, steadiness; intrepidity; courage; confidence; self-reliance.
Hebrew x. 22.
Brave men meet danger with assurance .
Conversation with the world will give them knowledge and assurance . 4. Excess of boldness; impudence; audacity; as, his assurance is intolerable. 5. Betrothal; affiance.
[ Obsolete] Sir P. Sidney. 6. Insurance; a contract for the payment of a sum on occasion of a certain event, as loss or death.
» Recently, assurance
has been used, in England, in relation to life contingencies, and insurance
in relation to other contingencies. It is called temporary assurance
, in the time within which the contingent event must happen is limited. See Insurance
. 7. (Law) Any written or other legal evidence of the conveyance of property; a conveyance; a deed.
» In England, the legal evidences of the conveyance of property are called the common assurances
of the kingdom. Blackstone.
Assure transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Assured
; present participle & verbal noun Assuring
.] [ Old French aseürer
, French assurer
, Late Latin assecurare
; Latin ad
secure, sure, certain. See Secure
, and confer Insure
.] 1. To make sure or certain; to render confident by a promise, declaration, or other evidence.
His promise that thy seed shall bruise our foe . . . 2. To declare to, solemnly; to assert to (any one) with the design of inspiring belief or confidence.
Assures me that the bitterness of death
Is past, and we shall live.
I dare assure thee that no enemy 3. To confirm; to make certain or secure.
Shall ever take alive the noble Brutus.
And it shall be assured to him.
Lev. xxvii. 19.
And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him. 4. To affiance; to betroth.
1 John iii. 19.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 5. (Law) To insure; to covenant to indemnify for loss, or to pay a specified sum at death. See Insure . Syn.
-- To declare; aver; avouch; vouch; assert; asseverate; protest; persuade; convince.
Assured adjective Made sure; safe; insured; certain; indubitable; not doubting; bold to excess.
Assured noun One whose life or property is insured.
Assuredly adverb Certainly; indubitably. "The siege assuredly I'll raise." Shak.
Assuredness noun The state of being assured; certainty; full confidence.
1. One who assures. Specifically: One who insures against loss; an insurer or underwriter. 2. One who takes out a life assurance policy.
Assurgency noun Act of rising.
The . . . assurgency of the spirit through the body.
Assurgent adjective [ Latin assurgens , present participle of assurgere ; ad + surgere to rise.] Ascending ; (Botany) rising obliquely; curving upward. Gray.
Assuring adjective That assures; tending to assure; giving confidence. -- As*sur"ing*ly , adverb
Assyrian adjective [ Latin Assyrius .] Of or pertaining to Assyria, or to its inhabitants. -- noun A native or an inhabitant of Assyria; the language of Assyria.
Assyriological adjective Of or pertaining to Assyriology; as, Assyriological studies.
Assyriologist noun One versed in Assyriology; a student of Assyrian archæology.
Assyriology noun [ Assyria + -logy .] The science or study of the antiquities, language, etc., of ancient Assyria.
[ From Old French aset
, orig. meaning enough
. See Assets
.] Indemnification for injury; satisfaction.
[ Chiefly in Scots law]
[ Latin astacus
a crab, Greek ....] (Zoology) A genus of crustaceans, containing the crawfish of fresh-water lobster of Europe, and allied species of western North America. See Crawfish .
Astarboard adverb (Nautical) Over to the starboard side; -- said of the tiller.
Astart transitive verb & i. Same as Astert .
Astarte noun [ Greek ... a Phœnician goddess.] (Zoology) A genus of bivalve mollusks, common on the coasts of America and Europe.
Astate noun Estate; state. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Astatic adjective [ Prefix a- not + static .] (Magnetism) Having little or no tendency to take a fixed or definite position or direction: thus, a suspended magnetic needle, when rendered astatic , loses its polarity, or tendency to point in a given direction. Astatic pair (Magnetism) , a pair of magnetic needles so mounted as to be nearly or quite astatic, as in some galvanometers.
Astatically adverb In an astatic manner.
Astaticism noun The state of being astatic.
Astatize intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Astatized
; present participle & verbal noun Astatizing
.] (Magnetism) To render astatic.
Astatki noun [ From Russian ostatki remnants, plural of ostatok .] A thick liquid residuum obtained in the distillation of Russian petroleum, much used as fuel.
Astay adverb (Nautical) An anchor is said to be astay , when, in heaving it, an acute angle is formed between the cable and the surface of the water.
Asteism noun [ Greek ... refined and witty talk, from ... of the town, polite, witty, from ... city: confer French astéisme .] (Rhet.) Genteel irony; a polite and ingenious manner of deriding another.
Astel (ăs"tẽl) noun [ Middle English astelle piece of wood, Old French astele splinter, shaving, French attelle , astelle : confer Latin astula , dim. of assis board.] (Mining) An arch, or ceiling, of boards, placed over the men's heads in a mine.
[ Latin aster
aster, star, Greek 'asth`r
star. See Star
.] 1. (Botany) A genus of herbs with compound white or bluish flowers; starwort; Michaelmas daisy. 2. (Floriculture) A plant of the genus Callistephus . Many varieties (called China asters , German asters , etc.) are cultivated for their handsome compound flowers.
Aster noun (Biol.) A star- shaped figure of achromatic substance found chiefly in cells dividing by mitosis.
Asterias noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... starred, from 'asth`r star.] (Zoology) A genus of echinoderms. » Formerly the group of this name included nearly all starfishes and ophiurans. Now it is restricted to a genus including the commonest shore starfishes.
[ See Asterias
.] Radiated, with diverging rays; as, asteriated sapphire.
Asteridian adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Asterioidea. -- noun A starfish; one of the Asterioidea.
Asterioidea As`ter*id"e*a noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek 'asteri`as + -oid . See Asterias .] (Zoology) A class of Echinodermata including the true starfishes. The rays vary in number and always have ambulacral grooves below. The body is star-shaped or pentagonal.
Asterion noun [ Greek 'aste`rion starry.] (Anat.) The point on the side of the skull where the lambdoid, parieto-mastoid and occipito-mastoid sutures.
[ Latin , an asterisk. See Asterisk
.] (Anat.) The smaller of the two otoliths found in the inner ear of many fishes.
[ Latin asteriscus
, Greek ..., dim. of 'asth`r
star. See Aster
.] The figure of a star, thus, ..., used in printing and writing as a reference to a passage or note in the margin, to supply the omission of letters or words, or to mark a word or phrase as having a special character.
[ Greek ..., from 'asth`r
star; confer French astérisme
.] 1. (Astron.) (a) A constellation.
[ Obsolete] (b) A small cluster of stars. 2. (Printing) (a) An asterisk, or mark of reference.
[ R.] (b) Three asterisks placed in this manner, , to direct attention to a particular passage. 3. (Crystallog.) An optical property of some crystals which exhibit a star-shaped by reflected light, as star sapphire, or by transmitted light, as some mica.
Astern adverb [ Prefix a- + stern .] (Nautical) To bake astern , to go stern foremost. -- To be astern of the reckoning , to be behind the position given by the reckoning. -- To drop astern , to fall or be left behind. -- To go astern , to go backward, as from the action of currents or winds.
1. In or at the hinder part of a ship; toward the hinder part, or stern; backward; as, to go astern . 2. Behind a ship; in the rear. "A gale of wind right astern ." De Foe. "Left this strait astern ." Drake.
Asternal adjective [ Prefix a- not + sternal .] (Anat.) Not sternal; -- said of ribs which do not join the sternum.
[ Greek ... starlike, starry; 'asth`r
star + ... form: confer French astéroïde
. See Aster
.] A starlike body; esp. one of the numerous small planets whose orbits lie between those of Mars and Jupiter; -- called also planetoids and minor planets .
Asteroidal adjective Of or pertaining to an asteroid, or to the asteroids.
Asterolepis noun [ New Latin , from Greek 'asth`r star + ... scale.] (Paleon.) A genus of fishes, some of which were eighteen or twenty feet long, found in a fossil state in the Old Red Sandstone. Hugh Miller.
Asterope noun [ Greek ..., lit., lightning.]
1. (Myth.) One of the Pleiades; -- called also Sterope . 2. (Astron.) A double star in the Pleiades (21 k and 22 l Pleiadum, of the 5.8 and 6.4 magnitude respectively), appearing as a single star of the 5.3 magnitude to the naked eye.