Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Asterophyllite (ăs`tẽr*ŏf"ĭl*līt) noun [ Greek 'asth`r star + fy`llon leaf.] (Paleon.) A fossil plant from the coal formations of Europe and America, now regarded as the branchlets and foliage of calamites.
Astert transitive verb [ Prefix a- + start ; Middle English asterten , asturten .] To start up; to befall; to escape; to shun. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Astert intransitive verb To escape. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Asthenia, Astheny noun [ New Latin asthenia , Greek 'asqe`nia ; 'a priv. + sqe`nos strength.] (Medicine) Want or loss of strength; debility; diminution of the vital forces.
Asthenic adjective [ Greek 'asqeniko`s ; 'a priv. + sqe`nos strength.] (Medicine) Characterized by, or pertaining to, debility; weak; debilitating.
Asthenopia noun [ Greek 'a priv. + sqe`nos strength + 'w`ps eye.] Weakness of sight. Quain. -- As`the*nop"ic adjective
Asthma noun [ Greek ... short-drawn breath, from ... to blow, for ...: confer Sanskrit vā , Goth. waian , to blow, English wind .] (Medicine) A disease, characterized by difficulty of breathing (due to a spasmodic contraction of the bronchi), recurring at intervals, accompanied with a wheezing sound, a sense of constriction in the chest, a cough, and expectoration.
Asthma paper Paper impregnated with saltpeter. The fumes from the burning paper are often inhaled as an alleviative by asthmatics.
Asthmatic noun A person affected with asthma.
Asthmatic, Asthmatical adjective [ Latin asthmaticus , Greek ....] Of or pertaining to asthma; as, an asthmatic cough; liable to, or suffering from, asthma; as, an asthmatic patient. -- Asth*mat"ic*al*ly , adverb
Astigmatic adjective (Med. & Opt.) Affected with, or pertaining to, astigmatism; as, astigmatic eyes; also, remedying astigmatism; as, astigmatic lenses.
Astigmatism noun [ Greek 'a priv. + ..., ..., a prick of a pointed instrument, a spot, from ... to prick: confer French astigmatisme .] (Med. & Opt.) A defect of the eye or of a lens, in consequence of which the rays derived from one point are not brought to a single focal point, thus causing imperfect images or indistinctness of vision. » The term is applied especially to the defect causing images of lines having a certain direction to be indistinct, or imperfectly seen, while those of lines transverse to the former are distinct, or clearly seen.
Astipulate intransitive verb [ Latin astipulari ; ad + stipulari to stipulate.] To assent. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Astipulation noun [ Latin astipulatio .] Stipulation; agreement. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Astir adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + stir .] Stirring; in a state of activity or motion; out of bed.
Astomatous, Astomous adjective [ Greek 'a priv. + ..., ..., mouth.] Not possessing a mouth.
Aston, Astone transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Astoned
, or Astound
.] [ See Astonish
.] To stun; to astonish; to stupefy.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Astonied past participle Stunned; astonished. See Astony .
And I astonied fell and could not pray.
Astonish transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Astonished
; present participle & verbal noun Astonishing
.] [ Middle English astonien
, Old French estoner
, French étonner
, from Latin ex
out + tonare
to thunder, but perhaps influenced by English stun
. See Thunder
.] 1. To stun; to render senseless, as by a blow.
Enough, captain; you have astonished him. [ Fluellen had struck Pistol].
The very cramp-fish [ i. e. , torpedo] . . . being herself not benumbed, is able to astonish others. 2. To strike with sudden fear, terror, or wonder; to amaze; to surprise greatly, as with something unaccountable; to confound with some sudden emotion or passion.
Musidorus . . . had his wits astonished with sorrow.
I, Daniel . . . was astonished at the vision. Syn.
Dan. viii. 27.
-- To amaze; astound; overwhelm; surprise. -- Astonished
. We are surprised
at what is unexpected. We are astonished
at what is above or beyond our comprehension. We are taken
by surprise. We are struck
with astonishment. C. J. Smith.
Astonishedly adverb In an astonished manner. [ R.] Bp. Hall.
Astonishing adjective Very wonderful; of a nature to excite astonishment; as, an astonishing event. Syn. -- Amazing; surprising; wonderful; marvelous.
[ Confer Old French estonnement
, French étonnement
.] 1. The condition of one who is stunned. Hence: Numbness; loss of sensation; stupor; loss of sense.
A coldness and astonishment in his loins, as folk say. 2. Dismay; consternation.
[ Archaic] Spenser. 3. The overpowering emotion excited when something unaccountable, wonderful, or dreadful is presented to the mind; an intense degree of surprise; amazement.
Lest the place 4. The object causing such an emotion.
And my quaint habits breed astonishment .
Thou shalt become an astonishment . Syn.
Deut. xxviii. 37.
-- Amazement; wonder; surprise.
Astony transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Astonied
; present participle & verbal noun Astonying
. See Astone
.] To stun; to bewilder; to astonish; to dismay.
The captain of the Helots . . . strake Palladius upon the side of his head, that he reeled astonied .
Sir P. Sidney.
This sodeyn cas this man astonied so,
That reed he wex, abayst, and al quaking.
Astoop adverb [ Prefix a- + stoop .] In a stooping or inclined position. Gay.
[ Middle English astouned
, past participle of astone
. See Astone
.] Stunned; astounded; astonished.
[ Archaic] Spenser.
Thus Ellen, dizzy and astound .
As sudden ruin yawned around.
Sir W. Scott.
Astound transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Astounded
, [ Obsolete] Astound
; present participle & verbal noun Astounding
.] [ See Astound
] 1. To stun; to stupefy.
No puissant stroke his senses once astound . 2. To astonish; to strike with amazement; to confound with wonder, surprise, or fear.
These thoughts may startle well, but not astound
The virtuous mind.
Astounding adjective Of a nature to astound; astonishing; amazing; as, an astounding force, statement, or fact. -- As*tound"ing*ly , adverb
Astoundment noun Amazement. Coleridge.
Astraddle adverb [ Prefix a- + straddle .] In a straddling position; astride; bestriding; as, to sit astraddle a horse.
Astragal noun [ Latin astragalus , Greek ... the ankle bone, a molding in the capital of the Ionic column.]
1. (Architecture) A convex molding of rounded surface, generally from half to three quarters of a circle. 2. (Gun.) A round molding encircling a cannon near the mouth.
Astragalar adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the astragalus.
Astragaloid adjective [ Astragalus + -oid .] (Anat.) Resembling the astragalus in form.
Astragalomancy noun [ Greek ... ankle bone, die + -mancy .] Divination by means of small bones or dice.
[ Latin See Astragal
.] 1. (Anat.) The ankle bone, or hock bone; the bone of the tarsus which articulates with the tibia at the ankle. 2. (Botany) A genus of papilionaceous plants, of the tribe Galegeæ , containing numerous species, two of which are called, in English, milk vetch and licorice vetch . Gum tragacanth is obtained from different oriental species, particularly the A. gummifer and A. verus . 3. (Architecture) See Astragal , 1.
Astrakhan adjective Of or pertaining to Astrakhan in Russia or its products; made of an Astrakhan skin. - - noun The skin of stillborn or young lambs of that region, the curled wool of which resembles fur.
[ Latin astralis
, from astrum
star, Greek ...: confer French astral
. See Star
.] Pertaining to, coming from, or resembling, the stars; starry; starlike.
Shines only with an astral luster.
Some astral forms I must invoke by prayer. Astral lamp
, an Argand lamp so constructed that no shadow is cast upon the table by the flattened ring-shaped reservoir in which the oil is contained.
-- Astral spirits
, spirits formerly supposed to live in the heavenly bodies or the aërial regions, and represented in the Middle Ages as fallen angels, spirits of the dead, or spirits originating in fire.
1. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to an aster; as, astral rays; astral sphere. 2. (Theosophy) Consisting of, belonging to, or designating, a kind of supersensible substance alleged to be next above the tangible world in refinement; as, astral spirits; astral bodies of persons; astral current.
Astrand adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + strand .] Stranded. Sir W. Scott.
Astray adverb & adjective
[ See Estray
.] Out of the right, either in a literal or in a figurative sense; wandering; as, to lead one astray .
Ye were as sheep going astray .
1 Pet. ii. 25.
Astrict transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Astricted
; present participle & verbal noun Astricting
.] [ Latin astrictus
, past participle of astringere
. See Astringe
.] 1. To bind up; to confine; to constrict; to contract.
The solid parts were to be relaxed or astricted . 2. To bind; to constrain; to restrict; to limit.
The mind is astricted to certain necessary modes or forms of thought. 3. (Scots Law) To restrict the tenure of; as, to astrict lands. See Astriction , 4. Burrill.
Sir W. Hamilton.
Astrict adjective Concise; contracted. [ Obsolete] Weever.
Astriction noun [ Latin astrictio .]
1. The act of binding; restriction; also, obligation. Milton. 2. (Medicine) (a) A contraction of parts by applications; the action of an astringent substance on the animal economy. Dunglison. (b) Constipation. Arbuthnot. 3. Astringency. [ Obsolete] Bacon. 4. (Scots Law) An obligation to have the grain growing on certain lands ground at a certain mill, the owner paying a toll. Bell. » The lands were said to be astricted to the mill.
Astrictive adjective Binding; astringent. -- noun An astringent. -- As*tric"tive*ly , adverb
Astrictory adjective Astrictive. [ R.]
[ Prefix a-
.] With one leg on each side, as a man when on horseback; with the legs stretched wide apart; astraddle.
Placed astride upon the bars of the palisade.
Sir W. Scott.
Glasses with horn bows sat astride on his nose.
Astriferous (acr/s*trĭf"ẽr*ŭs) adjective [ Latin astrifer ; astrum star + ferre to bear.] Bearing stars. [ R.] Blount.
(ăs*trĭnj") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Astringed
(-trĭnjd"); present participle & verbal noun Astringing
(-jĭng).] [ Latin astringere
to draw tight. Confer Astrict
, and see Strain
, transitive verb
] 1. To bind fast; to constrict; to contract; to cause parts to draw together; to compress.
Which contraction . . . astringeth the moisture of the brain and thereby sendeth tears into the eyes. 2. To bind by moral or legal obligation. Wolsey.
Astringency (ăs*trĭn"j e n*sȳ) noun The quality of being astringent; the power of contracting the parts of the body; that quality in medicines or other substances which causes contraction of the organic textures; as, the astringency of tannin.
Astræan adjective [ Greek ... starry.] (Zoology) Pertaining to the genus Astræa or the family Astræidæ . -- noun A coral of the family Astræidæ ; a star coral.